HOME

TheInfoList




The Council of Agriculture (COA, ) is the official government body in the Republic of China (
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
) under the
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a st ...
in charged with overseeing affairs related to agriculture, forestry, fishery, animal husbandry and food affairs.


History

In 1912, the Ministry of Basic Industries was created after the establishment of the Provisional Government of the ROC. The ministry was in charge for agriculture, forestry, industry and commerce in China. After the
Beiyang Government The Beiyang government (), officially the Republic of China (), also sometimes Chinese postal romanization, spelled Peiyang Government or the First Republic of China, refers to the government of the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic o ...
was established in the same year, the ministry was divided into two office, one is to oversee the agriculture and forestry, and the other is to oversee the industry and commerce. In 1914, the two offices reemerged to become the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce. In 1925, the Ministry of Basic Industries was installed but renamed to Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery. In 1930, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery and Ministry of Industry and Commerce were combined to form the Ministry of Basic Industries. In 1938, the ministry was changed to Ministry of Economic Affairs with the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was placed under it. In 1940, the department was expanded to become Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. In 1941, the ministry was changed to Agriculture and Forestry Administration. On the other hand, there was the Sino-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR) established in
Nanking Nanjing (; , Mandarin pronunciation: ), alternately romanized as Nanking, is the capital of Jiangsu Jiangsu (; ; formerly romanized Kiangsu) is an eastern-central coastal province A province is almost always an administrative divisi ...

Nanking
in 1948. After the
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
's defeat in the
Chinese Civil War The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led Nationalist government, government of the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China (ROC) and forces of the Communist Party of China (CPC) lastin ...
in 1949, which saw the government evacuated to Taiwan, the JCRR moved there. That same year, the Department of Agriculture was created under the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) in which it was later renamed to Department of Agriculture and Forestry. In November 1981, the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was upgraded to Agriculture Bureau of the MOEA. In 1978, the JCRR was changed to the Council for Agricultural Planning and Development (CAPD) under the
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a st ...
. On 20 July 1984, both of the CAPD and the Agriculture Bureau were merged to become the Council of Agriculture.


Organization structures

* Department of Planning * Department of Animal Industry * Department of Farmers’ Services * Department of International Affairs * Department of Science and Technology * Department of Irrigation and Engineering * Secretariat * Personnel Office * Accounting Office * Civil Service Ethics Office * Legal Affairs Committee * Petitions and Appeals Committee * Information Management Center


Agencies

*
Agriculture and Food Agency The Agriculture and Food Agency (AFA; ) is the agency of the Council of Agriculture (Taiwan), Council of Agriculture of the Taiwan, Taiwan (ROC) handling affairs related to agriculture in Taiwan. Organizational structure Operational divisions ...
** North Region Branch ** Central Region Branch ** Southern Region Branch ** Eastern Region Branch *
Fisheries Agency The Fisheries Agency (FA; ) is the agency of the Council of Agriculture of the Taiwan, Taiwan (ROC) responsible for all matters relating to fisheries. History In May 1998, the amendment of the Regulation for the Organization of the Council of A ...
* Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine ** Keelung Branch ** Hsinchu Branch ** Taichung Branch ** Kaohsiung Branch * Bureau of Agricultural Finance * Forestry Bureau ** Luodong Forest District Office ** Hsinchu Forest District Office ** Dongshi Forest District Office ** Nantou Forest District Office ** Chiayi Forest District Office ** Pingtung Forest District Office ** Taitung Forest District Office ** Hualien Forest District Office ** Aerial Survey Office * Soil and Water Conservation Bureau ** First Engineering Office ** Second Engineering Office ** Third Engineering Office ** Fourth Engineering Office ** Fifth Engineering Office ** Sixth Engineering Office * Taiwan Agricultural Research institute * Taiwan Forestry Research Institute * Fisheries Research Institute * Taiwan Livestock Research Institute ** Taitung Animal Propagation Station * Animal Health Research Institute ** Animal Drugs Inspection Branch * Taiwan Agricultural Chemicals and Toxic Substances Research Institute * Endemic Species Research Institute * Taoyuan District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Miaoli District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Taichung District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Tainan District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Kaohsiung District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station * Tea Research and Extension Station * Taiwan Seed Improvement and Propagation Station * Preparatory Office of Pingtung Agricultural Biotechnology Park


Ministers

Political Party:


Access

The council is accessible within walking distance West from Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall metro station, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall Station of the Taipei Metro.


See also

* Agriculture in Taiwan * Economy of Taiwan


References

{{Authority control 1984 establishments in Taiwan Executive Yuan Government agencies established in 1984 Councils of the Republic of China Agriculture ministries