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The Loop, one of
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subd ...

Chicago
's 77 designated community areas, is the
central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it often coincides with t ...

central business district
of the city and is the main section of Downtown Chicago. Home to Chicago's commercial core, it is the second largest commercial business district in North America and contains the headquarters and regional offices of several global and national businesses, retail establishments, restaurants, hotels, and theaters, as well as many of Chicago's most famous attractions. It is home to Chicago's
City Hall In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre (in the UK or Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continen ...
, the seat of
Cook County Cook County is the most populous county (United States), county in the U.S. state of Illinois and the List of the most populous counties in the United States, second-most-populous county in the United States after Los Angeles County, California ...
, and numerous offices of other levels of government and consulates of foreign nations. In it, at the intersection of State Street and Madison Street, is the origin of Chicago's street grid addresses, established in 1909. Most of Grant Park's 319 acres (1.29 km2) are in the eastern section of the community area. The Loop community area is bounded on the north and west by the
Chicago River The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center (the Chicago Loop). Though not especially long, the river is notable because it is one of the reasons for C ...
, on the east by
Lake Michigan Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume () and the third-largest by surface area (), after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. To the east, its basin is conjoined with that o ...

Lake Michigan
, and on the south by
Roosevelt Road Roosevelt Road (originally named 12th Street) is a major east-west street in the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its western suburbs. It is 1200 South in the city's Streets and highways of Chicago, street numbering system, but only south of Madis ...
, although the commercial core has greatly expanded into adjacent community areas. The
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mai ...
erected
Fort Dearborn Fort Dearborn was a United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, sta ...

Fort Dearborn
in 1803 in what is now the Loop, the first settlement in the area sponsored by the United States' federal government. When Chicago and Cook County were incorporated in the 1830s the area was selected as the site of their respective seats. Originally mixed use, the character of the area became commercial starting in the 1870s, especially after it was mostly destroyed in the
Great Chicago Fire The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration A conflagration is a large and destructive fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction Pro ...
of 1871. At that time some of the world's earliest
skyscraper A skyscraper is a large continuously habitable building having multiple floors. Modern sources currently define skyscrapers as being at least 100 metres or 150 metres in height, though there is no universally accepted definition. Historically, t ...

skyscraper
s were constructed in the area, starting a legacy of architecture that continues to this day. In the late 19th century cable car turnarounds and a prominent elevated railway loop encircled the area, giving the Loop its name. Starting in the 1920s many highways were constructed in the Loop, most prominently
U.S. Route 66 U.S. Route 66 or U.S. Highway 66 (US 66 or Route 66), also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways in the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established ...
, which opened in 1926 with its eastern terminus in the area. While dominated by offices and public buildings, its residential population boomed during the latter 20th century and first decades of the 21st; its population has increased the most of Chicago's community areas since 1950.


History


Etymology

Some believe the origin of the term ''Loop'' is derived from the cable car, and especially those of two lines that shared a loop, constructed in 1882, bounded by Van Buren Street, Wabash Avenue,
Wells Street Wells Street is a street in the City of Westminster City of Westminster is an Inner London, inner London City status in the United Kingdom, city and London boroughs, borough. It has been the capital city, ''de facto'', of multiple British g ...
, and Lake Street . Other research has concluded that "the Loop" was not used as a proper noun until after the 1895–97 construction of the Union elevated railway loop.


19th century

In what is now the Loop, on the south bank of the
Chicago River The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center (the Chicago Loop). Though not especially long, the river is notable because it is one of the reasons for C ...
near today's
Michigan Avenue Bridge The DuSable Bridge (formerly the Michigan Avenue Bridge) is a bascule bridge A bascule bridge (also referred to as a drawbridge or a lifting bridge) is a moveable bridge with a counterweight that continuously balances a span, or leaf, throughou ...

Michigan Avenue Bridge
, the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mai ...
erected
Fort Dearborn Fort Dearborn was a United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, sta ...

Fort Dearborn
in 1803, the first settlement in the area sponsored by the United States. When Chicago was initially platted in 1830 by the surveyor
James ThompsonJames Thompson may refer to: Arts and sciences * James Thompson (poet) (1700–1748), Scottish poet and playwright * James Thompson (cartographer) (active 1785), who produced one of the first maps of York * James Thompson (surveyor) (1789–1872), w ...
, it included what is now the Loop north of Madison Street and west of State Street. The
Sauganash Hotel Sauganash Hotel (originally Eagle Exchange Tavern) is a former hotel; regarded as the first hotel in Chicago, Illinois. Built in 1831, it was located at Wolf Point, Chicago, Wolf Point in the present day Loop, Chicago, Loop Community areas of Chi ...
, the first hotel in Chicago, was built in 1831 near Wolf Point at what is now the northwestern corner of the Loop. When
Cook County Cook County is the most populous county (United States), county in the U.S. state of Illinois and the List of the most populous counties in the United States, second-most-populous county in the United States after Los Angeles County, California ...
was incorporated in 1831, the first meeting of its government was held at Fort Dearborn with two representatives from Chicago and one from
Naperville Naperville () is a city in DuPage and Will Will may refer to: Common meanings * Will and testament A will or testament is a legal document that expresses a person's ( testator) wishes as to how their property (estate (law), estate) is to b ...
. Except for the Fort Dearborn reservation (which wouldn't become part of the city until 1839) and land reclaimed from Lake Michigan, the entirety of what is now the Loop was part of the Town of Chicago when it was initially incorporated in 1833. The area was bustling by the end of the 1830s. Lake Street started to be a center for retail at that time, until it was eclipsed by State Street in the 1850s.


20th century

By 1948 an estimated one million people came to and went from the Loop each day. Afterwards, suburbanization caused a decrease in the area's importance. Starting in the 1960s, however, the presence of an upscale shopping district caused the area's fortunes to increase.


21st century

The Loop's population has boomed in recent years, having a 158 percent population increase between 2000 and 2020. Between 2010 and 2014, the number of jobs in The Loop increased by nearly 63,000 jobs, or an increase of over 13%.


Economy and employment

The Loop, along with the rest of downtown Chicago, is the second largest commercial business district in the United States after New York City's
Midtown Manhattan Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the boroughs of New York City, New York City borough of Manhattan. Midtown is home to some of the city's most prominent buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudso ...

Midtown Manhattan
. Its financial district near
LaSalle Street LaSalle Street is a major north-south street in Chicago named for René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Robert de La Salle, an early explorer of Illinois. The portion that runs through the Chicago Loop is considered to be Chicago's financial ...
is home to the
CME Group CME Group Inc. (Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Chicago Board of Trade, New York Mercantile Exchange, The Commodity Exchange) is an American global markets company. It is the world's largest financial derivatives exchange, and trades in asset clas ...
's
Chicago Board of TradeThe Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges. On July 12, 2007, the CBOT merged with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) to form CME Group CME Group Inc. (Chicago M ...

Chicago Board of Trade
and
Chicago Mercantile Exchange The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) (often called "the Chicago Merc", or "the Merc") is a global derivatives marketplace based in Chicago and located at 20 S. Wacker Drive. The CME was founded in 1898 as the Chicago Butter and Egg Board, an ag ...
.
Aon Corporation Aon plc () is a multinational British professional services firm that sells a range of financial risk-mitigation products, including insurance, pension administration, and health-insurance plans. Aon has approximately 50,000 employees in 120 co ...
maintains an office in the Aon Center. Chase Tower houses the headquarters of
Exelon Exelon Corporation is an American Fortune 100 energy industry, energy company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois and incorporated in Pennsylvania. It generates revenues of approximately $33.5 billion and employs approximately 33,400 people. Exelo ...

Exelon
.
United Airlines United Airlines, Inc. (commonly referred to as United) is a Major airlines of the United States, major American airline headquartered in Willis Tower in Chicago, Illinois.
United Airlines
has its headquarters in
Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer to: Common uses * Story, a narrative (an account of imaginary or real people and events) ** Short story, a piece of pro ...

Willis Tower
, having moved its headquarters to Chicago from suburban Elk Grove Township in early 2007.
Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) is a federation A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central fed ...
has its headquarters in the Michigan Plaza complex.
Sidley Austin Sidley Austin LLP, is an international law firm, employing approximately 2,000 lawyers in 20 offices worldwide. The firm's headquarters is at One South Dearborn in Chicago's Chicago Loop, Loop. The firm specializes in a variety of areas in both ...
has an office in the Loop. The Chicago Loop Alliance is located at 55 West Monroe, the Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce is located in an office in the Aon Center, the French-American Chamber of Commerce in Chicago has an office in 35 East Wacker, the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce in the United States is located in an office at 303 East Wacker Drive, and the US Mexico Chamber of Commerce Mid-America Chapter is located in an office in
One Prudential Plaza One Prudential Plaza (formerly known as the Prudential Building) is a 41-story structure in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates ...
.
McDonald's McDonald's Corporation is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States. They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, and late ...

McDonald's
was headquartered in the Loop until 1971, when it moved to suburban Oak Brook. When
Bank One Corporation Bank One Corporation was the sixth-largest bank in the United States. It traded on the New York Stock Exchange The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, nicknamed "The Big Board") is an American stock exchange in the Financial District of Lower Man ...
existed, its headquarters were in the Bank One Plaza, which is now Chase Tower. When
Amoco Amoco Corporation (; originally, Standard Oil Company (Indiana) until 1985) was an American chemical and Petroleum, oil company that was founded in 1889, around a Oil refinery, refinery located in Whiting, Indiana, United States. Originally part ...
existed, its headquarters were in the Amoco Building, which is now the Aon Center. The plurality of Loop residents, 40 percent, also work there. 26.8 percent work outside of Chicago. Respectively 11.5, 8.0, and 2.8 percent work in the Near North Side, the
Near West SideNear West Side or Near Westside can refer to: *Near West Side, Chicago *Near Westside Historic District *Near Westside, Syracuse See also

*Near East Side (disambiguation) *Near North Side (disambiguation) *Near South Side (disambiguation) *West ...
, and
Hyde Park Hyde Park may refer to: Places In England * Hyde Park, London, a Royal Park in Central London * Hyde Park, Leeds, an inner-city area of north-west Leeds * Hyde Park, Sheffield, district of Sheffield * Hyde Park, in Hyde, Greater Manchester * Hyde ...

Hyde Park
. The plurality of those employed within the Loop, at 45.5 percent, live outside of Chicago. The community area of Lake View is the second most prevalent residence, housing 4 percent of Loop employees. The Near North Side,
West TownWest Town or Westtown may refer to any of the following places. United Kingdom *West Town, Peterborough in Cambridgeshire *West Town, Hayling Island in Hampshire *West Town, Backwell in North Somerset United States *West Town, Chicago in Illinois * ...
, and
Lincoln Park Lincoln Park is a park situated along Lake Michigan Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume () and the third-largest by surface area (), after Lake Superior and Lak ...
respectively house 3.8, 2.6, and 2.5 percent of those working in the Loop. The professional sector is the largest source of employment of both Loop residents and Loop employees, at respectively 21.4 and 23.3 percent. Finance was the second most common employment for both groups, at respectively 13.5 and 17.7 percent. Health Care was the third largest sector for residents at 10.2 percent while Education was the third largest sector for Loop employees at 13 percent. Education was the fourth largest employer of residents at 9.4 percent while Public Administration was the fourt largest for Loop employees at 13 percent. Administration was the fifth largest sector for both groups, at respectively 6.9 and 7.3 percent.


Architecture

The area has long been a hub for architecture. The vast majority of the area was destroyed by the
Great Chicago Fire The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration A conflagration is a large and destructive fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction Pro ...
in 1871 but rebuilt quickly. In 1885 the
Home Insurance Building The Home Insurance Building was a early skyscrapers, skyscraper that stood in Chicago from 1885 to 1931. Originally ten stories and tall, it was designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884 and completed the next year. Two floors were added in 1 ...

Home Insurance Building
, generally considered the world's first skyscraper, was constructed, followed by the development of the Chicago school best exemplified by such buildings as the
Rookery Building The Rookery Building is a historic office building located at 209 South LaSalle Street in the Chicago Loop The Loop, one of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps ...
in 1888, the
Monadnock Building The Monadnock Building (historically the Monadnock Block; pronounced ) is a 16-story skyscraper located at 53 West Jackson Boulevard in the south Chicago Loop, Loop area of Chicago. The north half of the building was designed by the firm of Burn ...

Monadnock Building
in 1891, and the
Sullivan Center The Sullivan Center, formerly known as the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building or Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Store, is a commercial building at 1 South State Street (Chicago), State Street at the corner of East Madison Street (Chicago ...
in 1899. Loop architecture has been dominated by skyscrapers and high-rises since early in its history. Notable buildings include the
Home Insurance Building The Home Insurance Building was a early skyscrapers, skyscraper that stood in Chicago from 1885 to 1931. Originally ten stories and tall, it was designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884 and completed the next year. Two floors were added in 1 ...

Home Insurance Building
, considered the world's first skyscraper (demolished in 1931); the
Chicago Board of Trade Building The Chicago Board of Trade Building is a 44-story, Art Deco Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I World War I or the First Wo ...

Chicago Board of Trade Building
, a
National Historic Landmark A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government ...
; and
Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer to: Common uses * Story, a narrative (an account of imaginary or real people and events) ** Short story, a piece of pro ...

Willis Tower
, the world's tallest building for nearly 25 years. Some of the historic buildings in this district were instrumental in the development of towers. This area abounds in shopping opportunities, including the
Loop Retail Historic District Loop Retail Historic District is a shopping district within the Chicago Loop Community areas of Chicago, community area in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is bounded by Lake Street (Chicago), Lake Street to the north, Ida B. Wells Drive t ...
, although it competes with the more upscale
Magnificent Mile The Magnificent Mile, sometimes referred to as The Mag Mile, is an upscale section of Chicago, Chicago's Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue, running from the Chicago River to Oak Street (Chicago), Oak Street in the Near North Side, Chi ...
area to the north. It includes Chicago's former
Marshall Field's Marshall Field's (officially Marshall Field & Company) was a department store A department store is a retail Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or Service (economics), services to customers through multiple distribution channe ...
department store A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different areas of the store, each area ("department") specializing in a product category. In modern major cities, the department store made a dramatic appear ...
location in the
Marshall Field and Company Building The Marshall Field and Company Building, which now houses Macy's State Street in Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates ...
; the original
Sullivan Center The Sullivan Center, formerly known as the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building or Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Store, is a commercial building at 1 South State Street (Chicago), State Street at the corner of East Madison Street (Chicago ...
Carson Pirie Scott Carson Pirie Scott & Co. (also known as Carson's) is an online retailer founded in 1854 as an American department store A department store is a retail Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or Service (economics), services to cust ...
store location (closed February 21, 2007). Chicago's Downtown Theatre District is also found within this area, along with numerous restaurants and hotels. Chicago has a famous
skyline A skyline is the outline or shape A shape is the form of an object or its external boundary, outline, or external surface, as opposed to other properties such as color Color ( American English), or colour ( Commonwealth English), is ...

skyline
which features many of the tallest buildings in the world as well as the
Chicago Landmark , designated on October 14, 1970, was one of the first official Chicago Landmarks. Image:Cbot-close-night.jpg, 200px, Night view of the top of The Chicago Board of Trade Building at 141 West Jackson, an address that has twice housed List of tal ...
Historic Michigan Boulevard District The Historic Michigan Boulevard District is a historic district in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas in Chicago, community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States encompassing Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue betwe ...
. Chicago's skyline is spaced out throughout the downtown area. The
Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer to: Common uses * Story, a narrative (an account of imaginary or real people and events) ** Short story, a piece of pro ...

Willis Tower
, formerly known as the Sears Tower, the second tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, stands in the western Loop in the heart of the city's financial district, along with other buildings, such as
311 South Wacker Drive 311 South Wacker Drive is a Postmodern architecture, post-modern 65-story skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois, and completed in 1990. At 961 feet (293 m) tall, it is the List of tallest buildings in Chicago, seventh-tallest building in Chicago ...

311 South Wacker Drive
and the AT&T Corporate Center. Chicago's fourth tallest building, the Aon Center, is located just south of
Illinois Center File:Old Illinois Central Yard Restored.jpg, The former Illinois Central Railroad freight terminal with 333 North Michigan, Wrigley Building and Tribune Tower in the background (April 1943) Illinois Center is a mixed-use urban development in downt ...
. The complex is at the east end of the Loop, east of .
Two Prudential Plaza The Two Prudential Plaza is a 64-story skyscraper located in the Chicago Loop, Loop area of Chicago, Illinois, United States. At tall, it is currently the sixth-tallest building in Chicago and the List of tallest buildings in the United States, s ...

Two Prudential Plaza
is also located here, just to the west of the Aon Center. The Loop contains a wealth of outdoor sculpture, including works by
Pablo Picasso Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th cen ...

Pablo Picasso
,
Joan Miró Joan Miró i Ferrà ( , , ; 20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona Barcelona ( , , ) is a city on the coast of northeastern Spain. It is the capital and largest city o ...
,
Henry Moore Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English artist. He is best known for his semi- abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. As well as sculpture, Moore produced m ...

Henry Moore
,
Marc Chagall Marc Chagall; russian: Марк Заха́рович Шага́л ; be, Марк Захаравіч Шагал . (born Moishe Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist. An early modernist , Solomon Guggenheim Museum 1946–1959 Mod ...
,
Magdalena Abakanowicz Marta Magdalena Abakanowicz-Kosmowska (20 June 1930 – 20 April 2017) was a Polish sculptor and fiber artist of Tartar descent. She was known for her use of textile A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlockin ...
,
Alexander Calder Alexander Calder (; July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) was an American Sculpture, sculptor known both for his innovative mobile (sculpture), mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic, a ...
, and
Jean Dubuffet Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French Painting, painter and sculpture, sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so-called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favor of what h ...
. Chicago's cultural heavyweights, such as the
Art Institute of Chicago The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdiv ...
, the
Goodman Theatre Goodman Theatre is a professional theater Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audienc ...
, the Chicago Theatre, the Lyric Opera at the
Civic Opera House The Civic Opera House, also called Lyric Opera House is an opera house An opera house is a theatre building used for performances of opera Opera is a form of theatre in which music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are take ...
building, and the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas (conductor), Theodore Thomas in 1891. The ensemble makes its home at Symphony Center, Orchestra Hall in Chicago and plays a summer season at the Ravinia Festival. The music dire ...
, are also in this area, as is the historic
Palmer House Hilton The Palmer House - A Hilton Hotel is a historic hotel in Chicago's downtown Chicago, Loop area. It is a member of the Historic Hotels of America program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The Palmer House was the city's first hotel w ...
hotel, found on East Monroe Street. Chicago's waterfront, which is almost exclusively recreational beach and park areas from north to south, features Grant Park in the downtown area. Grant Park is the home of
Buckingham Fountain Buckingham Fountain is a Chicago Landmark in the center of Grant Park, and between Queen's Landing and Congress Parkway. Dedicated in 1927, it is one of the largest fountains in the world. Built in a rococo wedding cake style and inspired by ...
, the
Petrillo Music Shell The Petrillo Music Shell (sometimes referred to as the Petrillo Bandshell or formally as the James C. Petrillo Music Shell) is an outdoor amphitheater An amphitheatre ( British English) or amphitheater (American English American English ...

Petrillo Music Shell
, the Grant Park Symphony (where free concerts can be enjoyed throughout the summer), and Chicago's annual two-week food festival, the
Taste of Chicago The Taste of Chicago (also known locally as The Taste) is the world's largest food festival, held for five days in July in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Ch ...

Taste of Chicago
, where more than 3 million people try foods from over 70 vendors. The area also hosts the annual music festival
Lollapalooza Lollapalooza (Lolla) is an annual four-day music festival in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_ ...
which features popular alternative rock, heavy metal, EDM, hip hop, and punk rock, artists.
Millennium Park Millennium Park is a public park located in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas of Chicago, community area of Chicago in Illinois operated by the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs and managed by MB Real Estate. The park was intended to c ...

Millennium Park
, which is a section of Grant Park, opened in the summer of 2004 and features
Frank Gehry Frank Owen Gehry, , Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, FAIA (; born Frank Owen Goldberg; )Reinhart, Anthony (July 28, 2010"Frank Gehry clears the air", ''The Globe and Mail'' is a Canadian-born American architect and designer. A numb ...
's
Jay Pritzker Pavilion Jay Pritzker Pavilion, also known as Pritzker Pavilion or Pritzker Music Pavilion, is a bandshell in Millennium Park in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas of Chicago, community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is ...

Jay Pritzker Pavilion
,
Jaume Plensa Jaume Plensa (; born 1955) is a Spanish artist and sculptor. Biography Plensa was born in Barcelona, Catalonia and studied art there, in the "Llotja" School and in the Escola Superior de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi. Works Plensa's works includ ...

Jaume Plensa
's
Crown Fountain ''Crown Fountain'' is an interactive work of public art Public art is art in any Media (arts), media whose form, function and meaning are created for the general public through a public process. It is a specific art genre with its own profession ...
, and
Anish Kapoor Sir Anish Kapoor (born 12 March 1954) is a British Indian British Indians or Indian Britons are citizens of the United Kingdom (UK) whose ancestral roots are from India. This includes people born in the UK who are of Indian origin as well ...
's
Cloud Gate ''Cloud Gate'' is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociolog ...
sculpture along
Lake Michigan Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume () and the third-largest by surface area (), after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. To the east, its basin is conjoined with that o ...

Lake Michigan
. The
Chicago River The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center (the Chicago Loop). Though not especially long, the river is notable because it is one of the reasons for C ...
and its accompanying Chicago Riverwalk, which delineates the area, also provides entertainment and recreational opportunities, including the annual dyeing of the river green in honor of St. Patrick's Day. Trips down the Chicago River, including architectural tours, by commercial boat operators, are great favorites with both locals and tourists alike.


Notable landmarks

*
Agora upAgora of Tyre The agora (; grc, ἀγορά ''agorá'') was a central public space in ancient Greek city-states. It is the best representation of a city-state's response to accommodate the social and political order of the polis. The liter ...
, a group of sculptures at the south end of Grant Park. *
Art Institute of Chicago The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdiv ...
*
Auditorium Building The Auditorium Building in Chicago is one of the best-known designs of Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler. Completed in 1889, the building is located at the northwest corner of South Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue and Congress Street ...
*
Buckingham Fountain Buckingham Fountain is a Chicago Landmark in the center of Grant Park, and between Queen's Landing and Congress Parkway. Dedicated in 1927, it is one of the largest fountains in the world. Built in a rococo wedding cake style and inspired by ...
*
Carbide & Carbon Building The Carbide & Carbon Building is a 37-story, landmark Art Deco high rise built in 1929, located on Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois, Chicago. It was converted to a hotel in 2004. History The building was designe ...

Carbide & Carbon Building
* Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building *
Chicago Board of Trade Building The Chicago Board of Trade Building is a 44-story, Art Deco Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I World War I or the First Wo ...

Chicago Board of Trade Building
* Chicago Theatre *
Chicago Cultural Center The Chicago Cultural Center, opened in 1897, is a Chicago Landmark , designated on October 14, 1970, was one of the first official Chicago Landmarks. Image:Cbot-close-night.jpg, 200px, Night view of the top of The Chicago Board of Trade Bu ...

Chicago Cultural Center
*
Chicago City Hall Chicago City Hall is a 10-story building that houses the official seat of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associa ...
*
Civic Opera House The Civic Opera House, also called Lyric Opera House is an opera house An opera house is a theatre building used for performances of opera Opera is a form of theatre in which music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are take ...
* Commercial National Bank Building * Field Building * Fine Arts Building * Grant Park *
Jewelers Row District The Jewelers Row District is a historic district , Estonia Image:historic_district_street_sign.JPG, Historic district street sign in Ypsilanti, Michigan A historic district or heritage district is a section of a city which contains historic bui ...
* *
Historic Michigan Boulevard District The Historic Michigan Boulevard District is a historic district in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas in Chicago, community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States encompassing Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue betwe ...
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Monadnock Building The Monadnock Building (historically the Monadnock Block; pronounced ) is a 16-story skyscraper located at 53 West Jackson Boulevard in the south Chicago Loop, Loop area of Chicago. The north half of the building was designed by the firm of Burn ...

Monadnock Building
* * Great Northern Hotel, Chicago * Printing House Row *
Reliance Building The Reliance Building is a skyscraper located at 1 W. Washington Street in the Loop community area of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates ...
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Rookery Building The Rookery Building is a historic office building located at 209 South LaSalle Street in the Chicago Loop The Loop, one of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps ...
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Symphony Center Symphony Center is a music complex located at 220 South Michigan Avenue in the Chicago Loop, Loop area of Chicago, Illinois. Home to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra; Chicago Symphony Chorus; Civic Orchestra of Chicago; and the Institute for Learning ...

Symphony Center
– home of the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas (conductor), Theodore Thomas in 1891. The ensemble makes its home at Symphony Center, Orchestra Hall in Chicago and plays a summer season at the Ravinia Festival. The music dire ...
*
Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer to: Common uses * Story, a narrative (an account of imaginary or real people and events) ** Short story, a piece of pro ...

Willis Tower
– formerly the Sears Tower


Government

The Loop is the seat of Chicago's city government. It is also the government seat of
Cook County Cook County is the most populous county (United States), county in the U.S. state of Illinois and the List of the most populous counties in the United States, second-most-populous county in the United States after Los Angeles County, California ...
and houses an office for the
governor of Illinois The governor of Illinois is the head of government of Illinois, and the various agencies and departments over which the officer has jurisdiction, as prescribed in the Constitution of Illinois, state constitution. It is a directly elected positio ...
. The city and county governments are situated in the same . Across the street, the Richard J. Daley Center accommodates a sculpture by Pablo Picasso and the state law courts. Given its proximity to government offices, the center's plaza serves as a kind of town square for celebrations, protests, and other events. The Loop is in South Chicago Township within Cook County. Townships in Chicago were abolished for governmental purposes in 1902 but are still used for property assessment. The nearby James R. Thompson Center is the city headquarters for state government, with an office for the Governor. Many state agencies have offices here, including the
Illinois State Board of EducationThe Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) administers public education in the state of Illinois. The State Board consists of nine members who are appointed by the Governor of Illinois, Governor with the consent of the Illinois Senate, Senate. Boar ...
. A few blocks away is the
Everett McKinley Dirksen United States Courthouse The Everett McKinley Dirksen United States Courthouse, commonly referred to as the Dirksen Federal Building, is a skyscraper in the Chicago Loop at 219 South Dearborn Street. It was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and completed in 1964. The b ...
housing federal law courts and other federal government offices. This is the seat of the
United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (in case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called Reporter (law), reporters or law reports, ...
. The
Kluczynski Federal Building The Kluczynski Federal Building is a skyscraper A skyscraper is a large continuously habitable building having multiple floors. Modern sources currently define skyscrapers as being at least 100 metres or 150 metres in height, though there is no ...

Kluczynski Federal Building
is across the street. The
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (informally the Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes ...
is located on
LaSalle Street LaSalle Street is a major north-south street in Chicago named for René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Robert de La Salle, an early explorer of Illinois. The portion that runs through the Chicago Loop is considered to be Chicago's financial ...
in the heart of the financial district. The
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a ter ...
operates the Loop Station Post Office at 211 South Clark Street.


Fire Department

The
Chicago Fire Department The Chicago Fire Department (CFD) provides fire suppression, and rescue and emergency medical response services to the city of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of ...
operates 3 Fire Stations in the Loop District: *Engine Company 1, Aerial Tower Company 1, Ambulance 41 – 419 S. Wells St. – South Loop *Engine Company 5, Truck Company 2, Special Operations Battalion Chief 5-1-5, Collapse Unit 5-2-1 – 324 S. Des Plaines St. – West Loop/Near West Side *Engine Company 13, Truck Company 6, Ambulance 74, Battalion Chief 1, Dive Master 6-8-6, SCUBA Team 6-8-7 – 259 N. Columbus Dr. – East Loop/Near East Side


Diplomatic missions

Several countries maintain consulates in the Loop. They include
Lithuania Lithuania (; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countri ...
, Diplomatic missions of Argentina, Argentina, Diplomatic missions of Australia, Australia, List of diplomatic missions of Brazil, Brazil Diplomatic missions of Canada, Canada, Diplomatic missions of Costa Rica, Costa Rica, Diplomatic missions of the Czech Republic, the Czech Republic, Diplomatic missions of Ecuador, Ecuador, Diplomatic missions of El Salvador, El Salvador, Diplomatic missions of France, France, Diplomatic missions of Guatemala, Guatemala, Diplomatic missions of Haiti, Haiti, Diplomatic missions of india, India, Diplomatic missions of Indonesia, Indonesia, Diplomatic missions of Israel, Israel, Diplomatic missions of South Korea, The Republic of Korea, Diplomatic missions of Macedonia, the Republic of Macedonia, Diplomatic missions of the Netherlands, the Netherlands, Consulate-General of Pakistan in Chicago, Pakistan, Diplomatic missions of Peru, Peru, Diplomatic missions of the Philippines, the Philippines, Diplomatic missions of South Africa, South Africa, Diplomatic missions of Turkey, Turkey, and Diplomatic missions of Venezuela, Venezuela. In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office Diplomatic missions of the Republic of China, of the Republic of China is in the Loop.


Politics


Local

The Loop is currently a part of the 4th, 25th, and 42nd wards of the Chicago City Council, which are represented by aldermen Sophia King, Byron Sigcho-Lopez, and Brendan Reilly (politician), Brendan Reilly. From the city's incorporation and division into wards in 1837 to 1992, the Loop as currently defined was at least partially contained within the 1st ward. From 1891 to 1992 it was entirely within the 1st ward and was coterminous with it between 1891 and 1901. It was while part of the 1st ward that it was represented by the Gray Wolves. The area has not had a Republican alderman since Francis P. Gleason served alongside Coughlin from 1895 to 1897. (Prior to 1923, each ward elected two aldermen in staggered two-year terms). In the Cook County Board of Commissioners the eastern half of the area is part of the 3rd district, represented by Democrat Jerry Butler, while the western half is part of the 2nd district, represented by Democrat Dennis Deer.


State

In the Illinois House of Representatives the community area is roughly evenly split lengthwise between, from east to west, Districts 26, 5, and 6, represented respectively by Democrats Kambium Buckner, Lamont Robinson, and Sonya Harper, with a minuscule portion in District 9 represented by Democrat Lakesia Collins. In the Illinois Senate most of the community area is in District 3, represented by Democrat Mattie Hunter, while a large part in the east is part of District 13, represented by Democrat Robert Peters (politician), Robert Peters, and a very small part in the west is part of District 5, represented by Democrat Patricia Van Pelt.


Federal

The Loop community area has supported the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections by large margins. In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2016, 2016 presidential election, the Loop cast 11,141 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 2,148 votes for Donald Trump (79.43% to 15.31%). In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2012, 2012 presidential election, the Loop cast 8,134 votes for Barack Obama and cast 2,850 votes for Mitt Romney (72.26% to 25.32%). In the United States House of Representatives, U.S. House of Representatives, the area is wholly within Illinois's 7th congressional district, which is the most Democratically leaning district in Illinois according to the Cook Partisan Voting Index with a score of D+38 and represented by Democrat Danny K. Davis. List of United States representatives representing the Loop since 1903
Illinois's 1st congressional district (1903 – 1963): *Martin Emerich, Democratic (March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905) *Martin B. Madden, Republican (March 4, 1905 – April 27, 1928) *''Vacant'' (April 27, 1928 – March 3, 1929) *Oscar Stanton De Priest, Republican (March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1935) *Arthur W. Mitchell, Democratic (January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1943) *William L. Dawson (politician), William L. Dawson, Democratic (January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1963) Illinois's 7th congressional district (1963 – present): *Roland V. Libonati, Democratic (January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965) *Frank Annunzio, Democratic (January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1973) *''Vacant'' (January 3 – June 5, 1973) *Cardiss Collins, Democratic (June 5, 1973 – January 3, 1997) *Danny K. Davis, Democratic (January 3, 1997 – present)


Transportation

The Loop area derives its name from transportation networks present in it.


Public transportation

Passenger lines reached seven Loop-area stations by the 1890s, with transfers from one to the other being a major business for taxi drivers prior to the advent of Amtrak in the 1970s and the majority of trains being concentrated at Chicago Union Station across the river in the
Near West SideNear West Side or Near Westside can refer to: *Near West Side, Chicago *Near Westside Historic District *Near Westside, Syracuse See also

*Near East Side (disambiguation) *Near North Side (disambiguation) *Near South Side (disambiguation) *West ...
. The construction of a streetcar loop in 1882 and the elevated railway loop in the 1890s gave the area its name and cemented its dominance in the city. In Metra the Millennium Station, which serves as the Chicago terminal of the Metra Electric District line that goes to University Park, Illinois, University Park, and LaSalle Street Station, which serves as the Chicago terminal of the Rock Island District line bound for Joliet, Illinois, Joliet, are in the Loop. In addition to the terminals, the Van Buren Street station and Museum Campus/11th Street station on the Electric District line are also in the Loop. All stations in the Loop are in Zone A for fare collection purposes. The interurban South Shore Line, which goes to South Bend, Indiana, has its Chicago terminal at Millennium Station. All lines of the Chicago "L" except the Yellow Line (CTA), Yellow Line serve the Loop area for at least some hours. The State Street Subway and Dearborn Street Subway, respectively parts of the Red Line (CTA), Red Line and Blue Line (CTA), Blue Line, are present in the Loop area and offer 24/7 service; the Red and Blue Lines are the only rapid transit lines in the United States outside of the New York City and Philadelphia metropolitan areas to offer such service. Bus Rapid Transit has been implemented in the Loop.


Private transportation and roads

Chicago's address system has been standardized as beginning at the intersection of State and Madison Streets since September 1, 1909. Prior to that time, Chicago's street system was a hodgepodge of various systems which had resulted from the different municipalities that Chicago annexed in the late 19th century. The implementation of the new street system was delayed by two years in the Loop to allow businesses more time to acclimate to their new addresses. Several streets in the Loop have Multilevel streets in Chicago, multiple levels, some as many as three. The most prominent of these is Wacker Drive, which faces the Chicago River throughout the area.
Illinois Center File:Old Illinois Central Yard Restored.jpg, The former Illinois Central Railroad freight terminal with 333 North Michigan, Wrigley Building and Tribune Tower in the background (April 1943) Illinois Center is a mixed-use urban development in downt ...
neighborhood has three-level streets. The eastern terminus of U.S. Route 66 in Illinois, U.S. Route 66 (US 66), an iconic highway in the United States first charted in 1926, was located at Jackson Boulevard and . When Illinois and Missouri agreed that the local signage for US 66 should be replaced with that of Interstate 55 in Illinois, Interstate 55 (I-55) as the highway was predominately north–south in those states, most signs of the former highway in Chicago were removed without incident but the final sign on the corner of Jackson and Michigan was removed with great fanfare on January 13, 1977, and replaced with a sign reading "END OF ROUTE 66". The La Salle Hotel's parking garage was the first high-rise parking garage in the Loop, constructed in 1917 at the corner of Washington and
LaSalle Street LaSalle Street is a major north-south street in Chicago named for René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Robert de La Salle, an early explorer of Illinois. The portion that runs through the Chicago Loop is considered to be Chicago's financial ...
s and remaining in service until its demolition in 2005. In the 1920s old buildings were purchased in the area and converted to parking structures. More high-rise garages and parking lots were constructed in the 1930s, which also saw the advent of double-deck parking. The first parking meters were installed in 1947 and private garages were regulated in 1957; they were banned outright in the Loop in the 1970s in response to federal air-quality standards. The first underground garages were built by the city in early 1950s. The plurality of households in the Loop, at 46.8 percent, have one vehicle available, compared to a citywide figure of 44.2 percent. 44.6 percent of households have no vehicles available, compared to 26.9 percent citywide. The plurality of residents in the workforce, at 39.8 percent, walk or bike to work compared to 8.2 percent citywide. Transit is the second most popular form of commute, at 23.8 percent of residents compared to a citywide average of 28.2 percent. For vehicular commutes 21.5 percent of residents drive alone while 2.2 percent carpool, compared to 48.8 and 7.7 percent of citywide residents. All people and jobs are located in highly walkable areas, compared to respectively citywide figures of 94.6 percent and 40.5 percent; the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning defines such areas based on population density, the length of city blocks, tree canopy cover, fatalities or grievous injuries incurred by pedestrians and bicyclists in the area, the density of intersections, and amenities located near the area.


Geography and neighborhoods

The Loop is community area #32. In addition to the financial (West Loop–LaSalle Street Historic District), theatre, and jewelry (
Jewelers Row District The Jewelers Row District is a historic district , Estonia Image:historic_district_street_sign.JPG, Historic district street sign in Ypsilanti, Michigan A historic district or heritage district is a section of a city which contains historic bui ...
) districts, there are neighborhoods that are also part of the Loop community area.


New Eastside

According to the 2010 census, 29,283 people live in the neighborhoods in or near the Loop. The median sale price for residential real estate was $710,000 in 2005 according to Forbes. In addition to the government, financial, theatre and shopping districts, there are neighborhoods that are also part of the Loop community area. For much of its history this Section was used for Illinois Central rail yards, including the IC's Great Central Station, with commercial buildings along Michigan Avenue. The New Eastside is a mixed-use district bordered by Michigan Avenue to the west, the Chicago River to the north, Randolph Street to the south, and Lake Shore Drive to the east. It encompasses the entire Illinois Center and Lakeshore East is the latest lead-developer of the 1969 Planned Development #70, as well as separate developments like Aon Center, Prudential Plaza, Park Millennium Condominium Building, Hyatt Regency Chicago, and the Fairmont Chicago, Millennium Park. The area has a triple-level street system and is bisected by Columbus Drive. Most of this district has been developed on land that was originally water and once used by the Illinois Central Railroad rail yards. The early buildings in this district such as the Aon Center and
One Prudential Plaza One Prudential Plaza (formerly known as the Prudential Building) is a 41-story structure in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates ...
used airspace rights in order to build above the railyards. The New Eastside Association of Residents (NEAR) has been the recognized community representative (Illinois non-profit corporation) since 1991 and is a 501(c)(3) IRS tax-exempt organization. The Multilevel streets in Chicago, triple-level street system allows for trucks to mainly travel and make deliveries on the lower levels, keeping traffic to a minimum on the upper levels. Through north–south traffic uses Middle Columbus and the bridge over the Chicago River. East–west through traffic uses either Middle Randolph or Upper and Middle Wacker between Michigan Avenue and Lake Shore Drive.


Printer's Row

Printer's Row, Chicago, Printer's Row, also known as Printing House Row, is a neighborhood located in the southern portion of the Loop community area of Chicago. It is centered on Dearborn Street from Congress Parkway, Ida B. Wells Drive on the north to Polk Street on the south, and includes buildings along Plymouth Court on the east and Federal Street to the west. Most of the buildings in this area were built between 1886 and 1915 for house printing, publisher, publishing, and related businesses. Today, the buildings have mainly been converted into residential lofts. Part of Printer's Row is an official landmark district, called the Printing House Row District. The annual Printers Row Lit Fest is held in early June along Dearborn Street.


South Loop

Dearborn Station at the south end of South Loop Printing House District, Printers Row, is the oldest train station still standing in Chicago; it has been converted to retail and office space. Most of the area south of Ida B. Wells Drive between Lake Michigan and the
Chicago River The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center (the Chicago Loop). Though not especially long, the river is notable because it is one of the reasons for C ...
, excepting Chinatown, is referred to as the South Loop. Perceptions of the southern boundary of the neighborhood have changed as development spread south, and the name is now used as far south as 26th Street. The neighborhood includes former railyards that have been redeveloped as new-town-in-town such as Dearborn Park and Central Station. Former warehouses and factory lofts have been converted to residential buildings, while new townhouses and highrises have been developed on vacant or underused land. A major landowner in the South Loop is Columbia College Chicago, a private school that owns 17 buildings. South Loop is zoned to the following Chicago Schools: South Loop School and Phillips Academy High School. Jones College Prep High School, which is a selective enrollment University-preparatory school, prep school drawing students from the entire city, is also located in the South Loop. The South Loop was historically home to vice districts, including the brothels, bars, burlesque theaters, and arcades. Inexpensive residential hotels on Van Buren and State Street made it one of the city's Skid Rows until the 1970s. One of the largest homeless shelters in the city, the Pacific Garden Mission, was located at State and Balbo from 1923 to 2007, when it moved to 1458 S. Canal St.


Historic Michigan Boulevard District

The Loop also contains the
Chicago Landmark , designated on October 14, 1970, was one of the first official Chicago Landmarks. Image:Cbot-close-night.jpg, 200px, Night view of the top of The Chicago Board of Trade Building at 141 West Jackson, an address that has twice housed List of tal ...
Historic Michigan Boulevard District The Historic Michigan Boulevard District is a historic district in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas in Chicago, community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States encompassing Michigan Avenue (Chicago), Michigan Avenue betwe ...
, which is the section of opposite Grant Park and
Millennium Park Millennium Park is a public park located in the Chicago Loop, Loop Community areas of Chicago, community area of Chicago in Illinois operated by the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs and managed by MB Real Estate. The park was intended to c ...

Millennium Park
. Historical images and current architecture of the Chicago Loop can be found i
Explore Chicago Collections
a digital repository made available by Chicago Collections archives, libraries and other cultural institutions in the city.


Loop Retail Historic District

The
Loop Retail Historic District Loop Retail Historic District is a shopping district within the Chicago Loop Community areas of Chicago, community area in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is bounded by Lake Street (Chicago), Lake Street to the north, Ida B. Wells Drive t ...
is a shopping district within the Chicago Loop community area in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is bounded by Lake Street to the north, Ida B. Wells Drive to the south, State Street to the west and Wabash Avenue to the east. The district has the highest density of National Historic Landmark, National Register of Historic Places and Chicago Landmark designated buildings in Chicago. It hosts several historic buildings including former department store flagship locations Marshall Field and Company Building (now Macy's at State Street), and the Sullivan Center (formerly Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building).


Education


Colleges and universities

Columbia College Chicago and Roosevelt University are all located in the Loop. DePaul University also has a campus in the Loop. The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and University of Notre Dame run their EMBA programs in their Chicago Campuses in the Loop. National-Louis University is located in the historic Peoples Gas Building on across the street from the
Art Institute of Chicago The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdiv ...
. The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, one of the nation's largest independent schools of art and design, is headquartered in Grant Park. Harold Washington College is a City Colleges of Chicago community college located in the Loop. Adler School of Professional Psychology is a college located in the Loop. Argosy University has its head offices on the thirteenth floor of 205 North Michigan Avenue in Michigan Plaza. Harrington College of Design is located at 200 West Madison Street after relocating from the Merchandise Mart. Trinity Christian College offers an accelerated teaching certification program at 1550 S. State Street in the South Loop. Spertus Institute, a center for Jewish learning & culture, is located at 610 S. Michigan Ave. Graduate level courses (Master and Doctorate) are offered in Jewish Studies, Jewish Professional Studies and Non-profit Management. Also housed in the Spertus building is Meadville Lombard Theological School which is affiliated with the Unitarian Universalist Association, a liberal, progressive seminary offering graduate level theological and ministerial training. East-West University is located at 816 S Michigan Ave.


Primary and secondary schools

Chicago Public Schools serves residents of the Loop. Some residents are zoned to the South Loop School, while some are zoned to the Ogden International School for grades K-8. Some residents are zoned to Phillips Academy High School, while others are zoned to Wells Community Academy High School. Any graduate from Ogden's 8th grade program may automatically move on to the 9th grade at Ogden, but students who did not graduate from Ogden's middle school must apply to the high school. Jones College Prep High School, a public Magnet school, selective enrollment school, is also located here. Muchin College Prep, a Noble Network of Charter Schools, is also located here, in the heart of Chicago on State Street. Private schools: * British International School of Chicago, South Loop * GEMS World Academy-Chicago


Parks and recreation

The Loop has several parks.


Chicago Riverwalk

The Chicago Riverwalk spans the southern edge of the Chicago River.


Grant Park

Grant Park is located on the shores of Lake Michigan. Set aside in the late 19th century, it was originally known as "Lake Park" but was renamed for Civil War general and U.S. President Ulysses Grant.
Buckingham Fountain Buckingham Fountain is a Chicago Landmark in the center of Grant Park, and between Queen's Landing and Congress Parkway. Dedicated in 1927, it is one of the largest fountains in the world. Built in a rococo wedding cake style and inspired by ...
was constructed in 1927 in Grant Park.


Maggie Daley Park

Maggie Daley Park is located to the east of Millennium Park.


Millennium Park

Millennium Park is located northwest of Grant Park. Originally intended to celebrate the new millennium, it opened in 2004.


Printer's Row Park

Officially known as Park No. 543, this park is located in the Printer's Row neighborhood. It contains a community garden and an ornamental fountain.


Pritzker Park

Pritzker Park is located on State Street near Harold Washington Library. It occupies the site of the Rialto Hotel, which was demolished in 1990. It is a green space developed by Ronald Jones and named for Pritzker family, Cindy Pritzker. Originally constructed by the Chicago Department of Planning and Development, the Chicago Park District assumed control of it in 2008. It has a short wall with quotes from famous writers and philosophers.


Theodore Roosevelt Park

Theodore Roosevelt Park is located in the South Loop. Named for U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, it was constructed beginning in 1980 as an adjunct to the Dearborn Park homes. It contains open space and three tennis courts. It is located on Roosevelt Road, also named for Roosevelt.


See also

* Looptopia


Notes


References


Bibliography

* *


External links


City of Chicago Loop Community MapChicago Collections ConsortiumChicago Loop AllianceGreater South Loop AssociationPrairie District Neighborhood Alliance
{{Portal bar, Chicago, Illinois Central business districts in the United States Central Chicago, Community areas of Chicago, Loop Geography of Chicago, Loop Shopping malls in Chicago, Loop