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Cambridge Observatory is an
astronomical observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial, marine, or celestial event A celestial event is an astronomy, astronomical phenomenon of interest that involves one or more astronomical object, celestial objects. Some examples of ...
at the
University of Cambridge , mottoeng = Literal: From here, light and sacred draughts. Non literal: From this place, we gain enlightenment and precious knowledge. , established = , other_name = The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of ...
in the East of
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. It was established in 1823 and is now part of the site of the Institute of Astronomy. The old Observatory building houses the Institute of Astronomy Library which has a collection of modern and historical astronomical books. There are a set of optical telescopes at the site on the
Madingley Road Madingley Road is a major arterial road linking central Cambridge, England with Junction 13 of the M11 motorway. It passes by West Cambridge, a major new site where some University of Cambridge departments are being relocated. The road is designa ...
in the west of
Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a university city and the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...

Cambridge
. By modern standards these are small, as well as being affected by light pollution. Nevertheless, the 36-inch telescope continues to be used for studies of stellar radial velocities and the historic Northumberland and Thorrowgood telescopes are used as part of the public outreach activities of the Institute. Much more significant is the
Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory The Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory (MRAO) is located near Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a university city and the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as th ...
, built in 1957, a few kilometres southwest. From 1990 to 1998, the
Royal Greenwich Observatory The Royal Observatory, Greenwich (ROG; known as the Old Royal Observatory from 1957 to 1998, when the working Royal Greenwich Observatory, RGO, temporarily moved south from Greenwich to Herstmonceux Herstmonceux ( , ) is a village and ci ...
was based in Cambridge in Greenwich House, just to the north of the Observatory.


Notable Senior Observers

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John Couch Adams Prof John Couch Adams FRSE Royal Astronomical Society, FRAS LLD (; 5 June 1819 – 21 January 1892) was a British mathematician and astronomer. He was born in Laneast, near Launceston, Cornwall, and died in Cambridge. His most famous achievement ...

John Couch Adams
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Hugh Ernest Butler Hugh Ernest Butler FRSE MRIA FRAS (27 December 1916 – 10 May 1978) was a pioneering Welsh-born astronomer. Wartime work included important contributions to anti-aircraft gunnery followed in peacetime by major contributions to galactic and ex ...
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Arthur Eddington Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was an English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. He was also a Philosophy of science, philosopher of science and a populariser of science. The Eddington limit, the nat ...
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Hugh NewallHugh Frank Newall, Fellow of the Royal Society, FRS Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, FRAS (21 June 1857 – 22 February 1944) was a British astrophysicist. He was Professor of Astrophysics (1909) at Cambridge. He was the son of Robert S ...
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Robert Woodhouse Robert Woodhouse (28 April 1773 – 23 December 1827) was an English mathematician. Biography He was born at Norwich, the son of Robert Woodhouse, linen draper, and educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, (BA 1795) of which society he ...
https://www.ast.cam.ac.uk/about/history/biographies.t.-.z


References


See also

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List of largest optical telescopes in the British Isles List of largest optical telescopes in the British Isles is a list of the largest optical telescopes in the British Isles, including in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Some of the most famous telescopes would be Herschel's reflector, which h ...


External links


Institute of Astronomy website

Institute of Astronomy Library website
Astronomical observatories in England
Observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial, marine, or celestial events. Astronomy, climatology/meteorology, geophysics, geophysical, oceanography and volcanology are examples of disciplines for which observatories have been cons ...
Observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial, marine, or celestial events. Astronomy, climatology/meteorology, geophysics, geophysical, oceanography and volcanology are examples of disciplines for which observatories have been cons ...
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