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Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a
ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial counties, are areas of England to which lord-lieutenant, lord-lieutenants are appointed. Legal ...

ceremonial county
in
South East England South East England is one of the nine official regions of England at the ITL 1 statistical regions of England, first level of International Territorial Level, ITL for Statistics, statistical purposes. It consists of the counties of england, c ...
that borders
Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ...

Greater London
to the south-east,
Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers D ...

Berkshire
to the south,
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a landlocked county in the far west of the government statistical region of South East England. The Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buc ...

Oxfordshire
to the west,
Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county A county is a geographical region of a country us ...

Northamptonshire
to the north,
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...

Bedfordshire
to the north-east and
Hertfordshire Hertfordshire (; often abbreviated Herts) is one of the home counties in southern England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotla ...

Hertfordshire
to the east. Buckinghamshire is one of the Home Counties, the
counties of England The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term 'county' is defined in several ways and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each o ...
that surround
Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ...

Greater London
. Towns such as
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
,
Amersham Amersham ( ) is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to ...

Amersham
,
Chesham Chesham (, , or ) is a market town and civil parish in Buckinghamshire, England. It is south-east of the county town of Aylesbury and north-west of Charing Cross, central London, and is part of the London metropolitan area, London commuter bel ...
and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the
Metropolitan Green Belt The Metropolitan Green Belt is a statutory green belt around London, England. It comprises parts of Greater London Greater London is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that makes up the majority of the London ...
. Other large settlements include the county town of
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
,
Marlow
Marlow
in the south near the
Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of the southernmos ...
and
Princes Risborough Princes Risborough () is a market town in Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, N ...
in the west near Oxford. Some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of
Buckingham Buckingham ( ) is a market town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census. Buckingham was the county town of Buc ...

Buckingham
and near
OlneyOlney may refer to: Places Australia * Parish of Olney, Olney Parish, New South Wales England * Olney, Buckinghamshire, a town near Milton Keynes, England United States * Olney, Alabama * Olney, Georgia - see List of places in Georgia (U.S. state) ...
in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is
Milton Keynes Milton Keynes ( ) is the largest settlement in , England, north-west of . At the 2011 Census, the population of was almost . The forms its northern boundary; a tributary, the , meanders through its s and s. Approximately 25% of the urban ...
in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized gove ...
separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire. The remainder of the county is administered by
Buckinghamshire Council Buckinghamshire Council is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary Local Government in England, local authority in England, the area of which comprises most of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It was created in April 2020 from the area ...
as another unitary authority. In national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
. A large part of the
Chiltern Hills The Chiltern Hills or the Chilterns, is a chalk escarpment An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as a result of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively level areas having different elevations. Usually ''scarp'' and ...
, an
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB; ; AHNE) is an area of countryside A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000.">South_Karelia.html" ;"title="Lappeenranta, South Karelia">Lappeenranta, South Karelia ...
, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are often made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to high housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
as having among the highest property prices outside London.
Chequers Chequers, or Chequers Court, is the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. A 16th-century manor house in origin, it is located near the village of Ellesborough, halfway between Princes Risborough and Wendover in Buckingha ...

Chequers
, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the
Vale of Aylesbury The Aylesbury Vale (or Vale of Aylesbury) is a geographical region in Buckinghamshire, England, which is bounded by the Borough of Milton Keynes and South Northamptonshire to the north, Central Bedfordshire and the Borough of Dacorum (Hertfordshi ...

Vale of Aylesbury
and around the
Great Ouse The River Great Ouse () is a river in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest ...
. The
Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of the southernmos ...
forms part of the county's southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are
Pinewood Film Studios Pinewood Studios is a British film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere throug ...
,
Dorney rowing lake
Dorney rowing lake
and part of
Silverstone race track
Silverstone race track
on the Northamptonshire border. Many national companies have head-offices or major centres in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries.


History

The name Buckinghamshire is
Anglo-Saxon The Anglo-Saxons were a who inhabited . They traced their origins to the 5th century settlement of incomers to Britain, who migrated to the island from the coastlands of . However, the of the Anglo-Saxons occurred within Britain, and the ide ...
in origin and means ''The district (scire) of Bucca's home''. ''Bucca's home'' refers to
Buckingham Buckingham ( ) is a market town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census. Buckingham was the county town of Buc ...

Buckingham
in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. The county has been so named since about the 12th century; however, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of
Mercia Mercia (, ang, Miercna rīċe; la, Merciorum regnum) was one of the kingdoms of the . The name is a of the or (West Saxon dialect; in the Mercian dialect itself), meaning "border people" (see ). Mercia dominated what would later become ...

Mercia
(585–919). The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Brythonic and
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *, the capital city of Italy *, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *, the people of ancient Rome *', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible Roman ...
periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with
King Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Ital ...
intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later the
English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country A country is a distinct territory, ...
was reputedly started by
John Hampden John Hampden (24 June 1643) was an English landowner and politician whose opposition to arbitrary taxes imposed by Charles I of England, Charles I made him a national figure. An ally of Roundhead, Parliamentarian leader John Pym, and cousin to Ol ...

John Hampden
in mid-Bucks. Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of
cholera Cholera is an infection An infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host A host is a person responsible for guests at an event or for providing hospit ...

cholera
and
famine A famine is a widespread scarcity of food Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ὀργανισμός, ''organismos'') is any individual con ...

famine
hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work. Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; however, some pockets of relative deprivation remain. The expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury, Amersham and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham itself to the north in a relative backwater. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham.


Geography

The county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the
River Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of the southernmos ...
up the gentle slopes of the
Chiltern Hills The Chiltern Hills or the Chilterns, is a chalk escarpment An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as a result of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively level areas having different elevations. Usually ''scarp'' and ...
to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the
Vale of Aylesbury The Aylesbury Vale (or Vale of Aylesbury) is a geographical region in Buckinghamshire, England, which is bounded by the Borough of Milton Keynes and South Northamptonshire to the north, Central Bedfordshire and the Borough of Dacorum (Hertfordshi ...

Vale of Aylesbury
and the Borough of Milton Keynes, a large and relatively level expanse of land that is the southern
catchment A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation In meteorology Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences Atmospheric science is the study of the Earth's atmosphere File:Atmosphere gas proportions.svg, Composi ...

catchment
of the
River Great Ouse The River Great Ouse () is a river in England, the longest of Ouse (disambiguation)#Rivers in England, several British rivers called "Ouse". From Syresham in Northamptonshire, the Great Ouse flows through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridg ...
.


Waterways


Rivers

The county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England. The
River Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of the southernmos ...
forms the southern boundary with
Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers D ...

Berkshire
, which has crept over the border at Eton and
Slough Slough () is a large town in Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a Counties of England, county in South East England. One of the home counties, Berkshire was recog ...

Slough
so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in
Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county A county is a geographical region of a country us ...

Northamptonshire
and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes and
OlneyOlney may refer to: Places Australia * Parish of Olney, Olney Parish, New South Wales England * Olney, Buckinghamshire, a town near Milton Keynes, England United States * Olney, Alabama * Olney, Georgia - see List of places in Georgia (U.S. state) ...
.


Canals

The main branch of the
Grand Union Canal The Grand Union Canal in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of Englan ...

Grand Union Canal
passes through the county as do its arms to
Slough Slough () is a large town in Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a Counties of England, county in South East England. One of the home counties, Berkshire was recog ...
,
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
,
Wendover Wendover is a market town and civil parish at the foot of the Chiltern Hills in Buckinghamshire, England. It is situated at the point where the main road across the Chilterns between London and Aylesbury intersects with the once important road al ...
(disused) and
Buckingham Buckingham ( ) is a market town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census. Buckingham was the county town of Buc ...
(disused). The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes.


Landscape

The southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are
Haddington Hill Haddington Hill (also called Wendover Hill''The Hardys – ...
in Wendover Woods (a stone marks its summit) at above sea level, and Coombe Hill near
Wendover Wendover is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, ...
at .


Mineral extraction

Quarrying has taken place for chalk, clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint, also extracted from quarries, was often used to build older local buildings. Several former quarries, now flooded, have become nature reserves.


Demography

Buckinghamshire is sub-divided into civil parishes. Today Buckinghamshire is ethnically diverse, particularly in the larger towns. At the end of the 19th century some Welsh drover families settled in north Bucks and, in the last quarter of the 20th century, a large number of Londoners in Milton Keynes. Between 6 and 7% of the population of Aylesbury are of Asian or Asian British origin. Likewise Chesham has a similar-sized Asian community, and High Wycombe is the most ethnically diverse town in the county, with large Asian and
Afro-Caribbean Afro-Caribbean people or African-Caribbean people are Caribbean people who trace their full or partial ancestry to Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 mil ...
populations. During the Second World War there were many Polish settlements in Bucks, Czechs in Aston Abbotts and Wingrave, and Albanians in Frieth. Remnants of these communities remain in the county.


Politics


Ceremonial

The
ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial counties, are areas of England to which lord-lieutenant, lord-lieutenants are appointed. Legal ...

ceremonial county
of Buckinghamshire consists of the area administered by
Buckinghamshire Council Buckinghamshire Council is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary Local Government in England, local authority in England, the area of which comprises most of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It was created in April 2020 from the area ...
and by Milton Keynes Borough Council. The ceremonial county has a
Lord Lieutenant A lord-lieutenant () is the British monarch's personal representative in each lieutenancy area Lieutenancy areas are the separate areas of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as ...
and a
High Sheriff A high sheriff is a ceremonial officer for each shrieval county of England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England an ...
. Currently the
Lord Lieutenant of BuckinghamshireThere has been a Lord Lieutenant A lord-lieutenant ( ) is the British monarch's personal representative in each lieutenancy area of the United Kingdom. Historically, each lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia. In 1871, the ...
is Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher and the
High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire The High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, in common with other counties, was originally the King's representative on taxation upholding the law in Anglo-Saxons, Saxon times. The word Sheriff evolved from 'shire-reeve'. High Sheriff, Sheriff is the oldes ...
is Amanda Nicholson. The office of ''
Custos rotulorum ''Custos rotulorum'' (; plural: ''custodes rotulorum''; Latin for "keeper of the rolls", ) is a civic post which is recognised in the United Kingdom (except Scotland) and in Jamaica. England, Wales and Northern Ireland The ''custos rotulorum'' is ...
'' has been combined with that of Lord Lieutenant since 1702.


Buckinghamshire County Council (1889–1997)

Until 31 March 2020, the ceremonial county had two top-level administrations: Buckinghamshire County Council, which administered about four-fifths of the county and the Borough of Milton Keynes, a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
, which administers the remaining fifth. There were four district councils that are subsidiary to the county council: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern,
South Bucks South Bucks was one of four Non-metropolitan district, local government districts in the non-metropolitan county of Buckinghamshire, in South East England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, by the amalgamat ...
and Wycombe districts. The
county council A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county. This term has slightly different meanings in different countries. Members are elected in County Council elections. Ireland The county councils created und ...
was founded in 1889 with its base in new municipal buildings in Walton Street, Aylesbury (which are still there). In Buckinghamshire, local administration was run on a two-tier system where public services were split between the county council and a number of district councils. In 1966 the council moved into new premises: a 15-storey tower block in the centre of Aylesbury (pictured) designed by county architect Fred Pooley. It is now a Grade II
listed building A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) is an executive ...
.


Buckinghamshire County Council (1997–2020)

In 1997 the northernmost part of Buckinghamshire, (the part of Buckinghamshire north of the
Varsity Line The Varsity Line (or the Oxford to Cambridge railway line) was the main railway route that once linked the English university cities of Oxford and Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a College town, university city and the county town of Cambridgesh ...
together with
Bow Brickhill Bow Brickhill is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is located just south of Milton Keynes itself, approximately east of Fenny Stratford and west of Woburn Sands. ...
,
Woburn Sands Woburn Sands () is a town that straddles the border between Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Be ...
and parts of
Bletchley and Fenny Stratford Bletchley and Fenny Stratford is a civil parish with a town council, in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It was formed in 2001 from the unparished area of Milton Keynes, and according to the 2011 census had a population of 15,313. Togethe ...
) until then Milton Keynes District, was separated to form a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
, the
Borough of Milton Keynes The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority for a place's borough which is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the re ...
; for ceremonial purposes Milton Keynes remains part of Buckinghamshire. The administration of the remainder of the county continued to be called Buckinghamshire County Council. Buckinghamshire County Council was a large employer in the county and provided a variety of services, including education (schools, adult education and youth services), social services, highways, libraries, County Archives and Record Office, the County Museum and the
Roald Dahl Children's Gallery The Roald Dahl Children's Gallery is a children's museum that uses characters and themes from the books of Roald Dahl to stimulate children's interest in science, history and literature. It is located on Church Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, ...
in Aylesbury, consumer services and some aspects of waste disposal and planning.


Buckinghamshire Council (2020 onwards)

Buckinghamshire Council Buckinghamshire Council is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary Local Government in England, local authority in England, the area of which comprises most of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It was created in April 2020 from the area ...
is a unitary authority covering most of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It was created in April 2020 from the areas that were previously administered by
Buckinghamshire County Council Buckinghamshire County Council was the upper-tier local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represen ...
and the district councils of
South Bucks South Bucks was one of four Non-metropolitan district, local government districts in the non-metropolitan county of Buckinghamshire, in South East England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, by the amalgamat ...
, Chiltern,
WycombeWycombe may refer to: *Wycombe, Pennsylvania, a village in Wrightstown Township, United States *Wycombe, Queensland, Australia *High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England **Wycombe District, a local government district surrounding High Wycombe in Buckin ...
,
Aylesbury Vale The Aylesbury Vale (or Vale of Aylesbury) is a geographical region in Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south ...
.


Milton Keynes Council

Milton Keynes Council Milton Keynes Council is the local authority of the Borough of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, England. It is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and Non-metropolitan district, d ...
was formed by the Local Government Act 1972 as the Milton Keynes District Council, subordinate to Buckinghamshire County Council. The (district) council was first elected in 1973, a year before formally coming into its powers and prior to the creation of the District of Milton Keynes on 1 April 1974. The council gained
borough status Borough status is granted by royal charter to local government districts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The status is purely honorary, and does not give any additional powers to the Borough Council, council or inhabitants of the district. ...
, entitling it to be known as Milton Keynes Borough Council and to annually appoint a (ceremonial) Mayor of Milton Keynes. On 1 April 1997, it became a self-governing
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
.


Flag

The traditional
flag of Buckinghamshire The flag of Buckinghamshire is the flag of the historic county of Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfor ...

flag of Buckinghamshire
comprises a chained swan on a bicolour of red and black. The flag was registered with the
Flag Institute The Flag Institute is an educational charity headquartered in London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in ...
on 20 May 2011.


Coat of arms

The
coat of arms#REDIRECT coat of arms A coat of arms is a heraldry, heraldic communication design, visual design on an escutcheon (heraldry), escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the fu ...

coat of arms
of the former Buckinghamshire County Council features a white
swan Swans are birds of the family (biology), family Anatidae within the genus ''Cygnus''. The swans' closest relatives include the goose, geese and ducks. Swans are grouped with the closely related geese in the subfamily Anserinae where they form th ...

swan
in chains. This dates back to the Anglo-Saxon period, when swans were bred in Buckinghamshire for the king's pleasure. That the swan is in chains illustrates that , an ancient law that still applies to wild swans in the UK today. The arms were first borne at the Battle of Agincourt by the
Duke of Buckingham Duke of Buckingham held with Duke of Chandos, referring to Buckingham, is a title that has been created several times in the peerages of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It ...
. Above the swan is a gold band, in the centre of which is
Whiteleaf Crossimage:Whiteleaf Cross Aug 2005.JPG, Whiteleaf Cross from below Whiteleaf Cross is a cross-shaped chalk hill carving, with a triangular base, on Whiteleaf Hill in Whiteleaf, Buckinghamshire, Whiteleaf near Princes Risborough in Buckinghamshire. It si ...
, representing the many ancient landmarks of the county. The shield is surmounted by a
beech Beech (''Fagus'') is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), ...

beech
tree, representing the
Chiltern Forest The Chiltern Forest is a large expanse of woodland that covers part of the Chiltern Hills The Chiltern Hills is a chalk Chalk is a soft, white, porous Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the (i.e. "empty") spaces in a , and is a ...
that once covered almost half the county. Either side of the shield are a
buck Buck may refer to: Common meanings * A colloquialism for a dollar Dollar (symbol: $) is the name of more than 20 currencies. They include Australian dollar The Australian dollar ( sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of Australia, includi ...

buck
, for Buckingham, and a swan, the county symbol. The motto of the shield is ''Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum''. This is
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
and means 'no stepping back' (or 'no steps backwards').


Economy

Buckinghamshire has a modern service-based economy and is part of the
Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers D ...

Berkshire
, Buckinghamshire and
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a landlocked county in the far west of the government statistical region of South East England. The Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buc ...

Oxfordshire
NUTS-2 Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics or NUTS (french: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standardization, standard for referencing the country subdivision, subdivisions of country, countries for statist ...
region, which was the seventh richest subregion in the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
in 2002. As well as the highest GDP per capita outside Inner London, Buckinghamshire has the highest quality of life, the highest life expectancy and the best education results in the country. The southern part of the county is a prosperous section of the
London commuter belt The London metropolitan area includes London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of Englan ...
. The county has fertile agricultural lands, with many
landed estate In real estate, a landed property or landed estate is a property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing. In the conte ...
s, especially those of the
Rothschild banking family of England The Rothschild banking family of England was founded in (1798) by Nathan Mayer von Rothschild (1777–1836) who first settled in Manchester Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a ty ...
in the 19th century (see Rothschild properties in England). The county has several annual agricultural shows, with the Bucks County Show established in 1859. Manufacturing industries include furniture-making (traditionally centred at
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
), pharmaceuticals and agricultural processing. Pinewood Studios in Iver Heath is a principal centre of operations for film and TV production in the UK. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Buckinghamshire at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds sterling (except GVA index).


Places of interest

Buckinghamshire is notable for its open countryside and natural features, including the
Chiltern Hills The Chiltern Hills or the Chilterns, is a chalk escarpment An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as a result of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively level areas having different elevations. Usually ''scarp'' and ...
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB; ; AHNE) is an area of countryside A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000.">South_Karelia.html" ;"title="Lappeenranta, South Karelia">Lappeenranta, South Karelia ...
, Stowe House, Stowe Landscaped Gardens near
Buckingham Buckingham ( ) is a market town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census. Buckingham was the county town of Buc ...

Buckingham
, and the
River Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, is an area of England consisting of the southernmos ...
. The Ridgeway Path, a long-distance footpath, passes through the county. The county also has many historic houses. Some of these are opened to the public by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, National Trust, such as Waddesdon Manor, West Wycombe Park and Cliveden. Other historic houses are still in use as private homes, such as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister's country retreat
Chequers Chequers, or Chequers Court, is the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. A 16th-century manor house in origin, it is located near the village of Ellesborough, halfway between Princes Risborough and Wendover in Buckingha ...

Chequers
. Claydon House (near Steeple Claydon), Hughendon Manor (near High Wycombe), Stowe Landscaped Gardens, and Waddesdon Manor (near Aylesbury) are in the care of the National Trust. Mentmore Towers, a 19th-century English country house built by the Rothschild family, Rothschilds is located the village of Mentmore. It is the largest of the English Rothschild houses and is known for its Jacobean-styled architecture designed by Joseph Paxton. Bletchley Park in Milton Keynes is the site of World War II British codebreaking and Colossus computer, Colossus, the world's first programmable electronic digital computer. Together with the co-located National Museum of Computing, it is a nationally important visitor attraction. Pinewood Studios. The market town of
OlneyOlney may refer to: Places Australia * Parish of Olney, Olney Parish, New South Wales England * Olney, Buckinghamshire, a town near Milton Keynes, England United States * Olney, Alabama * Olney, Georgia - see List of places in Georgia (U.S. state) ...
, in the
Borough of Milton Keynes The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority for a place's borough which is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the re ...
, is home to Cowper and Newton Museum which celebrates the work and lives of two famous figures: William Cowper (1731–1800) a celebrated 18th-century poet; and John Newton, a prominent Abolition of slavery timeline, slave trade abolitionist who was curate in the local church. Together, Cowper and Newton wrote the ''Olney Hymns'', including one of the world's most popular hymns, Amazing Grace''. Buckinghamshire is the home of various notable people in connection with whom tourist attractions have been established: for example the author Roald Dahl who included many local features and characters in his works. Sports facilities in Buckinghamshire include half of the international Silverstone Circuit which straddles the Buckinghamshire and Northamptonshire border, the Adams Park Stadium in the south and Stadium MK in the north, and Dorney Lake (named 'Eton Dorney' for the event) was used as the rowing venue for the 2012 Summer Olympics.


Transport


Roads

The ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire is served by four motorways, although two are on its borders: * M1 motorway: serves Milton Keynes in the north. * M4 motorway: passes through the very south of the county with only J7 in Bucks. * M25 motorway: passes into Bucks but has only one junction (J16-interchange for the M40). * M40 motorway: cuts through the south of the county serving towns such as High Wycombe and Beaconsfield. Five important A roads also enter the county (from north to south): * A4 road (England), A4: serves Taplow in the very south. * A5 road (Great Britain), A5: serves Milton Keynes. * A421 road, A421: serves Milton Keynes and Buckingham; links the M1 to the M40. * A40 road, A40: parallels M40 through south Bucks and continues to Central London. * A41 road, A41: cuts through the centre of the county from Watford to Bicester, serving
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
. Also less important primary A roads enter the country: *A404 road, A404: serves Marlow and High Wycombe. *A509 road, A509: serves the north of the county through Olney, crossing the M1 at J14, ending at the A5 in Milton Keynes. *A4010 road, A4010: runs from M40 J4 (High Wycombe) to Stoke Mandeville. *A4146 road, A4146: runs from Leighton Buzzard (Bedfordshire) to Milton Keynes. The county is poorly served with internal routes, with the A413 road, A413 and A418 road, A418 linking the south and north of the county.


Rail

As part of the
London commuter belt The London metropolitan area includes London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of Englan ...
, Buckinghamshire is well connected to the national rail network, with both local commuter and inter-city services serving some destinations. Chiltern Railways is a principal train operating company in Buckinghamshire, providing the majority of local commuter services from the centre and south of the county, with trains running into . Great Western Railway (train operating company), Great Western operates commuter services from and into Paddington railway station, London Paddington. West Midlands Trains provides these services from into or , and Southern (train operating company), Southern operates commuter services via the West London Line from Milton Keynes Central to East Croydon railway station, East Croydon. Avanti West Coast operates inter-city services from Milton Keynes Central to Euston, North West England, the West Midlands (region), West Midlands, the Scottish Central Belt, and North Wales. Great Western operates non-stop services through the south of the county from Paddington to South West England and South Wales. There are four main lines running through the county: *The West Coast Main Line in the north of the county serves stations in Milton Keynes *London to Aylesbury Line serves
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
and other settlements along the A413 towards London. Once part of the Metropolitan line of London Underground, which now runs to Amersham *Chiltern Main Line: serves the towns along the M40 motorway including
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
and
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
*Great Western Main Line: runs through
Slough Slough () is a large town in Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a Counties of England, county in South East England. One of the home counties, Berkshire was recog ...

Slough
. Slough is now in
Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers D ...

Berkshire
, but the line enters Bucks twice, on either side of Slough, with Taplow and Iver both having stations in Buckinghamshire. There are the following additional lines: *Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line: a single track branch that connects the Chiltern Main Line to the London to Aylesbury Line. *Marston Vale Line: between Bletchley railway station, Bletchley and Bedford railway station, Bedford. This is a remnant of the former
Varsity Line The Varsity Line (or the Oxford to Cambridge railway line) was the main railway route that once linked the English university cities of Oxford and Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a College town, university city and the county town of Cambridgesh ...
between and *Marlow Branch Line: between Marlow railway station, Marlow, Bourne End railway station, Bourne End and Maidenhead railway station, Maidenhead. * Metropolitan line: between and to London *Chinnor and Princes Risborough Railway, a preserved railway. From 2020, Iver railway station, Iver is to be served by Elizabeth line services. From 2024, East West Rail is to reinstate the route via between and Bletchley, enabling services to Milton Keynes Central. The line between Aylesbury and Claydon railway station#Claydon LNE Junction, Claydon Junction may also be reinstated in the same programme, enabling services between Aylesbury and Milton Keynes. The proposed High Speed 2 is planned to run non-stop through the county at some future date.


Settlements

For the full list of towns, villages and hamlet (place), hamlets in Buckinghamshire, see List of places in Buckinghamshire. Throughout history, there have been a List of Buckinghamshire boundary changes, number of changes to the Buckinghamshire boundary.


Education

Education in Buckinghamshire is governed by two Subdivisions of England, Local Education Authorities. Buckinghamshire Council is one of the few remaining Local Education Authority, LEAs still using the Tripartite system of education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, tripartite system, albeit with some revisions such as the abolition of secondary technical schools. It has a completely selective education system: pupils transfer either to a grammar school or to a secondary modern school or Free school (England), free school depending on how they perform in the Eleven-Plus exam and on their preferences. Pupils who do not take the test can only be allocated places at secondary modern schools or free school. There are 9 independent schools and 34 maintained (state) secondary schools, not including sixth form colleges, in the county council area. There is also the Buckinghamshire University Technical College which offers secondary education from age 14. The unitary authority of Milton Keynes operates a comprehensive education system: there are 8 maintained (state) secondary schools in the borough council area. Buckinghamshire is also home to the University of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire New University, the National Film and Television School, the Open University and the University Campus Milton Keynes.


Notable people

Buckinghamshire is the birthplace and/or final resting place of several notable individuals. St Osyth was born in Quarrendon (village), Quarrendon and was buried in
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
in the 7th century while at about the same time Rumwold of Buckingham, Saint Rumwold was buried in
Buckingham Buckingham ( ) is a market town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census. Buckingham was the county town of Buc ...

Buckingham
. In the medieval period Roger of Wendover was, as the name suggests, from
Wendover Wendover is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, ...
and Anne Boleyn also owned property in the same town. It is said that
King Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Ital ...
made Aylesbury the county town in preference to Buckingham because Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, Boleyn's father owned property there and was a regular visitor himself. Other medieval residents included Edward the Confessor, who had a palace at Brill, Buckinghamshire, Brill, and John Wycliffe who lived in Ludgershall, Buckinghamshire, Ludgershall. Buckinghamshire later became home to some notable literary characters. Edmund Waller was brought up in
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
and served as Member of Parliament for both Amersham (UK Parliament constituency), Amersham and Wycombe (UK Parliament constituency), Wycombe. Mary Shelley and her husand Percy Bysshe Shelley lived for some time in , attracted to the town by their friend Thomas Love Peacock who also lived there. John Milton lived in Chalfont St Giles and his cottage can still be visited there and John Wilkes was Member of Parliament, MP for Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency), Aylesbury. Later authors include Jerome K. Jerome who lived at Marlow, T. S. Eliot who also lived at Marlow, Roald Dahl who lived at Great Missenden, Enid Blyton who lived in
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
and Edgar Wallace who lived at Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, Bourne End and is buried in Little Marlow. Modern-day writers from Bucks include Terry Pratchett who was born in Beaconsfield, Tim Rice who is from Amersham and Andy Riley who is from Aylesbury. During the Second World War a number of European politicians and statesmen were exiled in England. Many of these settled in Bucks as it is close to London. President Edvard Beneš of Czechoslovakia lived at Aston Abbotts with his family while some of his officials were stationed at nearby Addington, Buckinghamshire, Addington and Wingrave. Meanwhile, Władysław Sikorski, military leader of Poland, lived at Iver and King Zog of Albania lived at Frieth. Much earlier, King Louis XVIII of France lived in exile at Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire, Hartwell House from 1809 to 1814. Also on the local political stage Buckinghamshire has been home to Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, Nancy Astor who lived in Cliveden, Frederick, Prince of Wales who also lived in Cliveden, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Baron Carrington who lives in Bledlow, Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli who lived at Hughenden Manor and was made Earl of Beaconsfield,
John Hampden John Hampden (24 June 1643) was an English landowner and politician whose opposition to arbitrary taxes imposed by Charles I of England, Charles I made him a national figure. An ally of Roundhead, Parliamentarian leader John Pym, and cousin to Ol ...

John Hampden
who was from Great Hampden and is revered in Aylesbury to this day and Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery who lived at Mentmore. Also worthy of note are William Penn who believed he was descended from the Penn family of Penn, Buckinghamshire, Penn and so is buried nearby and the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, who has an official residence at
Chequers Chequers, or Chequers Court, is the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. A 16th-century manor house in origin, it is located near the village of Ellesborough, halfway between Princes Risborough and Wendover in Buckingha ...

Chequers
. John Archdale, the colonial governor of North Carolina and South Carolina, was born in Buckinghamshire. Other notable natives of Buckinghamshire include: * The Japanese House, Amber Bain, musician, known as The Japanese House * Errol Barnett, news reporter, was born in
Milton Keynes Milton Keynes ( ) is the largest settlement in , England, north-west of . At the 2011 Census, the population of was almost . The forms its northern boundary; a tributary, the , meanders through its s and s. Approximately 25% of the urban ...
* Nick Beggs, musician, is from Winslow, Buckinghamshire, Winslow * Lynda Bellingham, actress, was from
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Emily Bergl, actress, born in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, though her family moved to suburban Chicago a few years after her birth * Emmerson Boyce, Wigan Athletic F.C., Wigan Athletic footballer, was born in
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Nick Bracegirdle aka Chicane, was born in Chalfont St Giles * Den Brotheridge, British Army Officer who died taking Pegasus Bridge in France was from
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Charles Butler (beekeeper), Charles Butler, pastor, grammarian, and pioneering beekeeper was born in the county. * Giles Richard Cooper, Giles Cooper, entertainment producer, best known for Royal Variety Performance. Born in
Amersham Amersham ( ) is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to ...

Amersham
, brought up in
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
. * James Corden, actor, grew up in Hazlemere * John Crowder (Lord Mayor of London), John Crowder (1756–1830), alderman of the ward of Farringdon Within, and Lord Mayor of London * Lucinda Dryzek, actress, born in
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
in
South Bucks South Bucks was one of four Non-metropolitan district, local government districts in the non-metropolitan county of Buckinghamshire, in South East England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, by the amalgamat ...
* Emma Ferreira English contemporary artist, sculptor, photographer, entrepreneur and philanthropist * Martin Grech, musician, is from
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Julian Haviland, former Political Editor of both ITN and ''The Times'' newspaper, was born and brought up in Iver Heath in Iver * Howard Jones (musician), Howard Jones, musician, is from
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
* Prince Michael of Kent, member of the British Royal Family, born in Iver in
South Bucks South Bucks was one of four Non-metropolitan district, local government districts in the non-metropolitan county of Buckinghamshire, in South East England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, by the amalgamat ...
* Arthur Lasenby Liberty, merchant, was from
Chesham Chesham (, , or ) is a market town and civil parish in Buckinghamshire, England. It is south-east of the county town of Aylesbury and north-west of Charing Cross, central London, and is part of the London metropolitan area, London commuter bel ...
* Richard Lee (footballer), Richard Lee, footballer, attended Aylesbury Grammar School * Jon Lewis (cricketer, born 1975), Jonathon Lewis, England test cricketer, was born in
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Al Murray, television/radio presenter also known as The Pub Landlord originates from Stewkley * John Otway, musician, is from
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Leigh-Anne Pinnock, singer and member of 2011 X-Factor winning girl group Little Mix, born in High Wycombe * Matt Phillips, footballer playing for Queens Park Rangers F.C., was born in
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Dominic Raab, politician,
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
Member of Parliament and current Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Secretary, grew up in Gerrards Cross and attended Dr Challoner's Grammar School in
Amersham Amersham ( ) is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to ...

Amersham
* Steve Redgrave, five-time Olympic gold medallist sport rowing, rower is from Marlow Bottom * Tim Rice, lyricist and author, lives in
Amersham Amersham ( ) is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to ...

Amersham
* George Gilbert Scott, architect famous for his numerous Gothic revival buildings, born in Gawcott * Simon Standage, Baroque violinist, is from
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval p ...

High Wycombe
* Justin Sullivan, musician with New Model Army * Michael York (actor), Michael York, actor, born in Fulmer in
South Bucks South Bucks was one of four Non-metropolitan district, local government districts in the non-metropolitan county of Buckinghamshire, in South East England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, by the amalgamat ...
* Jack Garratt, singer and songwriter, is from Little Chalfont. Celebrities living in Bucks include: * Cilla Black, television presenter, lived in Denham, Buckinghamshire, Denham * Fern Britton, television presenter, lives in Holmer Green * Melanie Brown, musician, lived in Little Marlow * Roy Castle, dancer, singer, comedian, actor, television presenter and musician lived in Gerrards Cross * John Craven, television presenter, lives in
Princes Risborough Princes Risborough () is a market town in Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, N ...
* Cheryl Cole, Singer, dancer, lives in Chalfont St. Peter * Tess Daly has a house in Fulmer * Iain Duncan Smith, politician, lives in Swanbourne * Ian Dury, musician, lived in Wingrave * Noel Edmonds, television presenter, once lived in Weston Turville * Andrew Fletcher (musician), Andrew Fletcher, musician with Depeche Mode, has a home in * Barry Gibb, musician from Bee Gees, lives in
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
* John Gielgud, Sir John Gielgud, actor, was living in Wotton Underwood when he died * David Jason, Sir David Jason, actor, lives in Ellesborough * Peter Jones (entrepreneur), Peter Jones, businessman, lives in
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield ( ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a ...

Beaconsfield
* Jason Kay, Jason "Jay" Kay, musician and frontman of Jamiroquai, lives in Horsenden * Vernon Kay has a house in Fulmer * John Laurie, actor, lived in Chalfont St Peter * Hayley Mills and Roy Boulting lived in Ibstone * John Mills, actor, lived in Denham, Buckinghamshire, Denham * Mike Oldfield, musician, once lived in Little Chalfont * Nduka Onwuegbute, playwright, lives in
Aylesbury Aylesbury ( ) is the county town of Buckinghamshire, South East England. It is a large ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Aylesbury Waterside Theatre, Wate ...
* Ozzy Osbourne, musician, has a home in Jordans, Buckinghamshire, Jordans * Liam Payne, musician, One Direction member, has a rented home in Chalfont St. Peter * Pauline Quirke, actress, lives in Penn, Buckinghamshire, Penn * Joan G. Robinson, author and illustrator * Steve Rothery, musician with Marillion, lives in Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, Whitchurch * Rothschild family, bankers, had houses in Ascott, Buckinghamshire, Ascott, Aston Clinton, Eythrope, Halton, Buckinghamshire, Halton, Mentmore and Waddesdon * Tiny Rowland, businessman, lived in Hedsor * Chris Standring, jazz guitarist and musician * Jackie Stewart, three-time Formula One world championship winner, lives in Ellesborough * Andrew Strauss, England cricket captain, lives in * Dave Vitty, former BBC Radio 1 DJ, lives in Fulmer * Mark Webber, former Formula 1 racing driver, lives in Aston Clinton * Terry Wogan, radio and television broadcaster, lived in Taplow


See also

* Architecture of Aylesbury * Bucks County, Pennsylvania * Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies—Archives, Record Office, Local History and Family History * Duke of Buckingham * Safety Centre * Wendover Woods


Notes


References

* *


External links


Buckinghamshire County Council

Buckinghamshire County Museum and Roald Dahl Children's Gallery

Buckinghamshire Libraries

Buckinghamshire Tourist Guide

Bucks County and District Councils Portal

Photographic Archive of Buckinghamshire

Images of Buckinghamshire
at the English Heritage Archive {{Authority control Buckinghamshire, Non-metropolitan counties South East England Home counties Counties of England established in antiquity