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Bolton is a small suburban town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. It is primarily residential with an economy made up mostly of small businesses. The high school typically has between fifty and one hundred students per grade. The population was 4,980 as of the 2010 census. Bolton was incorporated in October 1720 and is governed by town meeting, with a first selectman and board of selectman as well as other boards serving specific functions. Bolton was named after a town of the same name in England, also located near Manchester.

History

Originally part of the town of Hartford, the area was referred to as Hartford Mountains or Hanover, until incorporation in October 1720. On 11 November 1723, Jonathan Edwards was installed as the pastor of Bolton. Bolton was known for its high quality schist stone in the 18th century, and many tombstone carvers such as Gershom Bartlett and Jonathan Loomis sourced their stone from Bolton quarries. Bolton was removed from Hartford County when Tolland County was originally formed on 13 October 1785. The northern half of Bolton was set aside in 1808 to form the town of Vernon. Quarries played a significant role in the area's developing economy, and Bolton Notch became the location of the small community of Quarryville. Prior to the railroad, granite was taken by oxcart to the Connecticut River where it was then shipped to major cities on the East Coast. The Bolton historical society has been actively purchasing sites throughout the town in their effort to preserve the town's history and rural character. Most recently of which was Rose's Farm, a several hundred-acre site where the Comte de Rochambeau camped with his troops. Bolton has several ordinances to ensure it never becomes built-up or densely populated. Including a limit on the types and number of businesses. As well as a requirement that all new residential lots be no smaller than 1 acre. There are also numerous parks, open spaces and trails.

Climate

Bolton, like much of Tolland County, straddles the humid continental climate (Dfa) and (Dfb) line.

Education

Bolton High School is a public school with about two to three hundred students. It underwent major renovations and expansion during 2011, including a new outdoor seating area for the cafeteria, a larger and more technologically advanced library, computer labs and media center, and a new science wing and larger administrative offices. Several other improvements were made including parking, bus lanes and the board of education offices being moved to the location. The school has a student-teacher ratio of about 12:1 and a combined math and reading proficiency level of 92.5%. ''U.S. News & World Report'' ranked it #27 in Connecticut and #1030 in the United States, and it earned a Silver Award in 2012. Bolton High is affiliated with the NCCC athletic conference.

Geography

Bolton Green According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which, is land and (1.91%) is water. This includes the Bolton Green Historic District and may include land owned or leased by the State of Connecticut and the federal government. Bolton doesn't have any unincorporated land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,980 people, 1,915 households, and 1,438 families residing in the town. The town consists primarily of middle-class families with some working-class families/individuals and small businesses. There are also a few larger commercial entities, notably the Simoniz corporation, specializing in automotive and car wash cleaning supplies. The population density in 2010 was 346 people per square mile (133.5/km). There were 2,015 housing units in the town, of which 100, or 5.0%, were vacant. 86.7% of the occupied units are owned and 13.3% are rented. The racial makeup of the town was 95.7% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% some other race, and 1.5% two or more races. 3.00% of the population identified as Latino or Hispanic of any race (the US Census Bureau does not consider Latino a race). The median age in 2010 was 45.4. 49.4% of the population were male and 50.6% female. For the period 2012–16, the estimated median household income was $91,087, and the median family income was $118,958. About 3.2% of the population are living below the poverty line.

Notable residents

* Aloysius Ahearn, teacher and member of the Connecticut House of Representatives (1975–1977, 1979–1981) * Ralph Earl, artist and portrait painter; died in Bolton in 1801 * Ron Hainsey, NHL alternate captain and defenseman for the Ottawa Senators and Stanley Cup champion * Simeon Olcott, US Senator from New Hampshire; born in Bolton in 1735 * Julius L. Strong (1828–1872), U.S. Congressman * George G. Sumner, politician; Connecticut House of Representative for Bolton; Mayor of Hartford; Lieutenant Governor and Governor of Connecticut; a native of Bolton * William Williams, born in Bolton on September 6, 1815

References



External links


Town websiteBolton Public SchoolsBolton Historical Society
{{authority control Category:Towns in Tolland County, Connecticut Category:Towns in Connecticut Category:Greater Hartford