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The Bishop of London is the
ordinary Ordinary or The Ordinary often refer to: Music * Ordinary (EP), ''Ordinary'' (EP) (2015), by South Korean group Beast * Ordinary (Every Little Thing album), ''Ordinary'' (Every Little Thing album) (2011) * Ordinary (Two Door Cinema Club song), "O ...
of the
Church of England The Church of England (C of E) is a Christian church Christian Church is a Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Critic ...
Diocese of London In church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted ...
in the
Province of Canterbury The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England The Church of England (C of E) is a Christian church Christian Church is a Protestant ...
. The diocese covers of 17 boroughs of
Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ...

Greater London
north of the
River Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the The Isis, River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At , it is the longest river entirely in England and the Longest rivers of the United Kingdom, se ...

River Thames
(historically the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
and the County of
Middlesex Middlesex (; abbreviation: Middx) is a Historic counties of England, historic county in South East England, southeast England. Its area is almost entirely within the wider urbanised area of London and mostly within the Ceremonial counties of En ...

Middlesex
) and a small part of the County of
Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and R ...

Surrey
(the district of Spelthorne, historically part of Middlesex). The
see See or SEE may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media * Music: ** ''See'' (album), studio album by rock band The Rascals *** "See", song by The Rascals, on the album ''See'' ** "See" (Tycho song), song by Tycho * Television ** "See" (''Preac ...
is in the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
where the seat is
St Paul's Cathedral St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Jun ...

St Paul's Cathedral
which was founded as a cathedral in 604 and was rebuilt from 1675 following the
Great Fire of London Great may refer to: Descriptions or measurements * Great, a relative measurement in physical space, see Size * Greatness, being divine, majestic, superior, majestic, or transcendent People with the name * "The Great", a historical suffix to people ...

Great Fire of London
(1666). Third in seniority in the Church of England after the Archbishops of
Canterbury Canterbury (, ) is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, situated in the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England. It lies on the River Stour, Kent, River Stour ...
and
York York is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United ...
, the bishop is one of five senior bishops who sit as of right as one of the 26
Lords Spiritual The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the Unite ...
in the
House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membership is by , or . Like the , it meets in the . ar ...

House of Lords
(for the remaining diocesan bishops of lesser rank, seats are attained upon vacancy, determined by chronological seniority). The other four senior bishops are the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York, the
Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junc ...
and the
Bishop of Winchester The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester The Diocese of Winchester forms part of the Province of Canterbury The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical ...
. The bishop's residence is The Old Deanery, Dean's Court,
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
. Previously, for over 1000 years,
Fulham Palace Fulham Palace, in Fulham Fulham () is an area of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham () is a London boroughs, London borough in West London and which also forms part of Inner Lon ...

Fulham Palace
was the residence and from the 18th century the bishop had chambers at London House next to the Bishop's Chapel in
Aldersgate Aldersgate was one of the northern gates Gates is the plural of gate Candi bentar, a typical Indonesian gate that is often found on the islands of Java">Indonesia.html" ;"title="Candi bentar, a typical Indonesia">Candi bentar, a typical ...
Street. The current (133rd) Bishop of London is
Sarah Mullally Dame Sarah Elisabeth Mullally, (née __NOTOC__ A birth name is the name of the person given upon their birth. The term may be applied to the surname In some cultures, a surname, family name, or last name is the portion of one's personal ...

Sarah Mullally
. She was
confirmed A woodcut depicting the confirmation of Lutheran youth In Christian denominations that practice infant baptism, confirmation is seen as the sealing of the covenant created in baptism. It is an affirmation of commitment and belief. Those bei ...
on 8 March 2018 after acting in post immediately after her
canonical election A canonical election, in the canon law Canon law (from grc, κανών, , a 'straight measuring rod, ruler A ruler, sometimes called a rule or line gauge, is a device used in geometry and technical drawing, as well as the engineering and ...
on 25 January 2018.Diocese of London — Next Bishop of London announced
(Accessed 18 December 2017)
Diocese of London — Mullally’s installation as Bishop of London
(Accessed 26 January 2018)
The diocesan bishop of London has had direct episcopal oversight in the Two Cities area (the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
and the
City of Westminster The City of Westminster is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and London boroughs, borough in Inner London which forms a core part of Central London. It is the site of the United Kingdom's Houses of Parliament and much of the British gov ...

City of Westminster
) since the institution of the London
area scheme A suffragan bishop is a type of bishop in some Christian denominations. In the Anglican Communion, a suffragan bishop is a bishop who is subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop (bishop ordinary) and so is not normally jurisdictiona ...
in 1979.


History

According to a 12th-century list, which may be recorded by Jocelyne of Furness, there had been 14 "archbishops" of London, claiming London's
Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian'' derive from the Koi ...
community was founded in the 2nd century under the legendary
King Lucius Lucius (Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European language family, indigenous to the British Isles, spoken in Wales ** Patagonian Welsh, ...
and his missionary saints Fagan,
Deruvian Deruvian ( lat-med, Deruvianus), also known by #Name, several other names including Damian, was a possibly legendary 2nd-century bishop and list of Welsh saints, saint, said to have been sent by the Bishop of Rome, pope to answer King Lucius ...
, Elvanus, and Medwin. None of that is considered credible by modern historians but, although the surviving text is problematic, either Bishop
Restitutus Restitutus () was a Romano-British bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Easte ...
or Adelphius at the 314 Council of Arles seems to have come from
Londinium Londinium, also known as Roman London, was the capital of Roman Britain during most of the period of Roman rule. It was originally a settlement established on the current site of the City of London around AD 47–50. It sat at a key cross ...
. However, according to later sources, there had been 16 Romano-British "bishops" of London. The location of Londinium's original cathedral is uncertain. The present structure of
St Peter upon Cornhill St Peter upon Cornhill is an Anglican church on the corner of Cornhill and Gracechurch Street in the City of London of medieval origin. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and rebuilt to the designs of Sir Christopher Wren. It ...
was designed by
Christopher Wren Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS FRS may also refer to: Government and politics * Facility Registry System, a centrally managed Environmental Protection Agency database that identifies places of environmental interest in the United States * Fa ...

Christopher Wren
following the in 1666 but it stands upon the highest point in the area of old Londinium and medieval legends tied it to the city's earliest Christian community. In 1995, however, a large and ornate 4th-century church was discovered on
Tower Hill Tower Hill is infamous for the public execution of high status prisoners from the late 14th to the mid 18th century. The execution site on the higher ground north-west of the Tower of London moat is now occupied by Trinity Square Gardens. ...
, which seems to have mimicked
St Ambrose Ambrose of Milan (born Aurelius Ambrosius; c. 340 – 397), venerated as Saint Ambrose, ; lmo, Sant Ambroeus . was the Bishop of Milan The Archdiocese of Milan ( it, Arcidiocesi di Milano; la, Archidioecesis Mediolanensis) is a metropolitan ...
's
cathedral A cathedral is a church Church may refer to: Religion * Church (building) A church building, church house, or simply church, is a building used for Christian worship services and other Christian religious activities. The term is used ...
in the imperial capital at
Milan Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome. The city proper has a population of about 1.4 million, while its ...

Milan
on a still-larger scale. This possible cathedral was built between 350 and 400 out of stone taken from other buildings, including its veneer of black marble. It was burnt down in the early 5th century. Following the establishment of the
archdiocese of Canterbury The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England. The other is the Province of York (which consists of 12 dioceses). Overview It consists of 30 dio ...
by the
Gregorian mission The Gregorian missionJones "Gregorian Mission" ''Speculum'' p. 335 or Augustinian missionMcGowan "Introduction to the Corpus" ''Companion to Anglo-Saxon Literature'' p. 17 was a Christian mission A Christian mission is an organized effort ...
, its leader consecrated
Mellitus Mellitus (died 24 April 624) was the first bishop of London The Bishop of London is the Ordinary (church officer), ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers of 17 boroughs of ...
as the first bishop to the
Saxon The Saxons ( la, Saxones, german: Sachsen, ang, Seaxan, osx, Sahson, nds, Sassen, nl, Saksen) were a group of early Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguistic group identified by their use of the Germanic langua ...
kingdom of Essex The Kingdom of the East Saxons ( ang, Ēastseaxna rīce; la, Regnum Orientalium Saxonum), referred to as the Kingdom of Essex , was one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon The Anglo-Saxons were a who inhabited . They trac ...
. (The first
bishop of Rochester The Bishop of Rochester is the ordinary Ordinary or The Ordinary often refer to: Music * Ordinary (EP), ''Ordinary'' (EP) (2015), by South Korean group Beast * Ordinary (Every Little Thing album), ''Ordinary'' (Every Little Thing album) (2011 ...
was also consecrated the same year.)
Bede Bede ( ; ang, Bǣda , ; 672/326 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, The Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable ( la, Beda Venerabilis), was an English Benedictine The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict ( la, Ordo Sa ...
records that Augustine's patron, King Æthelberht of
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert ...

Kent
, built a cathedral for his nephew King Sæberht of Essex as part of this mission. This cathedral was constructed in "London" and dedicated to St Paul. Although it's not clear whether
Lundenwic The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city Towns and cities A city is a large human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people ...
or
Lundenburh The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city Towns and cities A city is a large human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people ...
was intended, it is generally assumed the church was located in the same place occupied by the present
St Paul's Cathedral St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglicanism, Anglican cathedral in London. As the seat of the Bishop of London, the cathedral serves as the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London a ...

St Paul's Cathedral
atop
Ludgate Hill Ludgate Hill is a hill in the City of London The City of London is a City status in the United Kingdom, city, Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and the pr ...

Ludgate Hill
in London.
Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. is a period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in ...
rumours that the cathedral had been erected over a
Roman temple Ancient Roman temples were among the most important buildings in culture of ancient Rome, Roman culture, and some of the richest buildings in Architecture of ancient Rome, Roman architecture, though only a few survive in any sort of complete ...
of the goddess
Diana Diana most commonly refers to: * Diana (name) Diana is a feminine given name of Italian origin.Diana translates to Artemis from Latin. Some usually falsely refer to the name as Diviana. Variants * Female: Daiana ** Altered: Dianella ** Hypocor ...
are no longer credited: during his rebuilding of the cathedral following the of 1666,
Christopher Wren Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS FRS may also refer to: Government and politics * Facility Registry System, a centrally managed Environmental Protection Agency database that identifies places of environmental interest in the United States * Fa ...

Christopher Wren
reported discovering no trace of such a structure. Because the bishop's diocese includes the royal palaces and the seat of government at
Westminster Westminster is a district in Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city sta ...

Westminster
, he has been regarded as the "King's bishop" and has historically had considerable influence with members of the Royal Family and leading politicians of the day. Since 1748 it has been customary to appoint the Bishop of London to the post of Dean of Her Majesty’s Chapels Royal, which has the amusing effect of putting under the bishop's jurisdiction, ''as dean'', several chapels (at the
Tower of London The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle A castle is a type of structure built during the predominantly by the or royalty and by . Scholars debate the sc ...

Tower of London
and St. James's Palace, among others) which are geographically in the Diocese of London but, as royal peculiars, are specifically outside the bishop's jurisdiction ''as bishop''. The Bishop of London originally had responsibility for the church in the
British colonies in North America British North America comprised the British Empire's colonial territories in North America from 1783 to 1907, not including the Caribbean. The Atlantic island of Bermuda (originally part of Virginia and, with the Bahamas, grouped with North Ame ...
, although after the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
of 1776, all that remained under his jurisdiction were the islands of the
British West Indies The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen dependent territo ...
. The diocese was further reduced in 1846, when the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire were ceded to the
Diocese of Rochester The Diocese of Rochester is a Church of England diocese in the England, English county of Kent and the Province of Canterbury. The cathedral church of the diocese is Rochester Cathedral in the former city of Rochester, Kent, Rochester. The bishop ...
. The ''Report of the Commissioners appointed by his Majesty to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Revenues of England and Wales'' (1835), noted the annual net income for the London see was £13,929.


List of bishops


Romano-British

The dates and names of these early bishops are very uncertain.


Post-Augustinian


Post-Conquest


During the Reformation


Post-Reformation


Assistant bishops

Among those who called Assistant Bishop of London, or
coadjutor bishop A coadjutor bishop (or bishop coadjutor) is a bishop in the Catholic The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek languag ...
, were: *Several coadjutor bishops "in Northern and Central Europe", predecessors of the European Bishops of Fulham *1897–1910 (d.):
Alfred Barry Alfred Barry (15 January 18261 April 1910) was the third Anglican Bishop of Sydney, Bishop of Sydney serving 1884–1889. Over the course of his career, Barry served as headmaster of independent schools, Principal (university), Principal of King' ...
, a
Canon of Windsor The Dean and Canons of Windsor are the ecclesiastical body of St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. Foundation The college of canons was established in 1348 by Letters Patent of Edward III of England, King Edward III. It was formally constitute ...
, Rector of St James's Church, Piccadilly and frequently deputised for the Bishop of Marlborough (until 1900), assistant bishop for West London (effectively acting Bishop of Marlborough; 1900–1903), and former Anglican Bishop of Sydney *1916–1933 (d.): Herbert Bury, Bishop in Northern and Central Europe (1911–1926) and incumbent of City churches (1911–d.); former Bishop of British Honduras *1962–1966:
Ambrose Reeves Richard Ambrose Reeves (6 December 189923 December 1980) was an Anglican bishop and opponent of Apartheid in the 20th century. Education and ordinations Reeves was educated at Great Yarmouth High School, Great Yarmouth Grammar School, served in t ...
, former Anglican Bishop of Johannesburg *1961–1966: Nathaniel Newnham Davis, Warden of United Westminster Almshouses and former Bishop of Antigua *19781981 (res.):
Kenneth Woollcombe Kenneth John Woollcombe (Ken; 2 January 19242 March 2008) was an Anglican academic who was Bishop of Oxford in the middle part of his career, from 1971 to 1978. Early years Woollcombe was born in Sutton, London, Sutton, where his father, the Reve ...
, assistant for Westminster and former
Bishop of Oxford The Bishop of Oxford is the diocesan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of Oxford in the Province of Canterbury; his seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford. The current bishop is Steven Croft (bishop), Steven Croft, following the Confirma ...
*19761979 (ret.): Kenneth Howell, Minister of St John's Downshire Hill, Hampstead and former Bishop in Chile, Bolivia and Peru *19761987 (ret.): Edward Knapp-Fisher,
Canon Canon or Canons may refer to: Places * Canon, Georgia Canon is a city in Franklin County, Georgia, Franklin and Hart County, Georgia, Hart counties in the U.S. state of Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia. The population was 804 at the 2010 census. H ...
and
Archdeacon of Westminster The Archdeacon of Westminster is a senior ecclesiastical officer within the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, Chapter of the Royal Peculiar of Westminster Abbey in London. The holder of the post oversees relationships with the twenty-four parishes o ...
, Sub-
Dean of Westminster The Dean of Westminster is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and language ...
(from 1982) and former
Bishop of Pretoria The Diocese of Pretoria is a diocese of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa. It is divided into seven archdeaconries and has 61 parishes. History The diocese originally covered the whole of the South African Republic, which later became the T ...
Honorary assistant bishop An assistant bishop in the Anglican Communion The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion Communion may refer to: Religion * The Eucharist (also called the Holy Communion or Lord's Supper), the Christian rite involvin ...
s — retired bishops taking on occasional duties voluntarily — have included: *1929–1934 (d.): William Perrin, Rector of
St Andrew Undershaft St Andrew Undershaft is a Church of England church (building), church in the City of London, the historic nucleus and modern financial centre of London. It is located on St Mary Axe, within the Aldgate ward, and is a rare example of a City church ...
, bishop for Hampstead deanery and retired
Bishop of Willesden The Bishop of Willesden is an Episcopal polity, episcopal title used by a suffragan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of London, in the Province of Canterbury, England. The title takes its name after Willesden, an area of the London Borough of ...
*1985–1991 (res.), in Kensington area:
Alan RogersAlan Rogers may refer to: *Alan Rogers (bishop) (1907–2003), Bishop of Mauritius, Bishop of Fulham and Bishop of Edmonton *Alan Rogers (camping) (died 2000), camping enthusiast and publisher *Alan Rogers (footballer, born 1977), English football p ...
, retired Bishop of Edmonton


References


Bibliography

* * * * * * * * *


External links


Diocese of London website
* ttp://archives.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk/calmview/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=fp The papers of the Bishops of London covering 1423–1945 are held at Lambeth Palace Library {{Portal bar, Christianity, England, London London, Bishop of
Bishops A bishop is an ordained Ordination is the process by which individuals are Consecration, consecrated, that is, set apart and elevated from the laity class to the clergy, who are thus then authorization, authorized (usually by the religious denom ...