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The Apple A12 Bionic is a
64-bit In computer architecture, 64-bit Integer (computer science), integers, Memory address, memory addresses, or other Data#Uses%20of%20data%20in%20computing, data units are those that are 64 bits (8 Octet (computing), octets) wide. Also, 64-bit cent ...
ARM-based
system on a chip A system on a chip (SoC; or This article uses the convention that SoC is pronounced . Therefore, it uses the convention "an" for the indefinite article Indefinite may refer to: * the opposite of definite in grammar ** indefinite article ...
(SoC) designed by
Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...
It first appeared in the
iPhone XS, XS Max
iPhone XS, XS Max
, and XR in 2018, the 2019 versions of the
iPad Air The iPad Air is a tablet designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Mult ...
and
iPad Mini The iPad Mini (branded and marketed as iPad mini) is a line of mini tablet computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, ...
, and the
iPad (2020) The iPad 10.2-inch (officially iPad (8th generation)) is a tablet computer A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can ...
, and the
Apple TV 4K (2021)
Apple TV 4K (2021)
. Apple states that the two high-performance cores are 15% faster and 50% more energy-efficient than the
Apple A11 The Apple A11 Bionic is a 64-bit In computer architecture In computer engineering Computer engineering (CoE or CpE) is a branch of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific method, scientific principles to design and bui ...

Apple A11
's, and the four high-efficiency cores use 50% less power than the A11's. It is the first mass-market system on a chip to be built on the 7nm node.


Design

The Apple A12 SoC features an Apple-designed 64-bit
ARMv8.3-A AArch64 or ARM64 is the 64-bit extension of the ARM architecture ARM (stylised in lowercase as arm, previously an acronym for Advanced RISC Machines and originally Acorn RISC Machine) is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RI ...
six-core CPU, with two high-performance cores running at 2.49 GHz called Vortex and four energy-efficient cores called Tempest. The Vortex cores are a 7-wide decode out-of-order
superscalar A superscalar processor is a CPU A central processing unit (CPU), also called a central processor, main processor or just processor, is the electronic circuit File:PExdcr01CJC.jpg, 200px, A circuit built on a printed circuit board (PCB) ...
design, while the Tempest cores are a 3-wide decode out-of-order superscalar design. Like the Mistral cores, the Tempest cores are based on Apple's Swift cores from the
Apple A6 The Apple A6 is a 32-bit package on package (PoP) system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. that was introduced on September 12, 2012 at the launch of the iPhone 5. Apple states that it is up to twice as fast and has up to twice the graphics ...
. The A12 also integrates an Apple-designed four-core
graphics processing unit A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit 200px, A circuit built on a printed circuit board (PCB). An electronic circuit is composed of individual electronic component An electronic component is any basic discre ...
(GPU) with 50% faster graphics performance than the A11. The A12 includes dedicated neural network hardware that Apple calls a "Next-generation Neural Engine." This neural network hardware has eight cores and can perform up to 5 trillion 8-bit operations per second. Unlike the A11's Neural Engine, third party apps can access the A12's Neural Engine. The A12 is manufactured by
TSMC Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (TSMC; zh, t=台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司, c=, s=, p=Táiwān jī tǐ diànlù zhìzào gǔfèn yǒuxiàn gōngsī, also called Taiwan Semiconductor) is a Taiwan Taiwan, ...
using a
7 nm In semiconductor manufacturing Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to manufacture semiconductor devices A semiconductor A semiconductor material has an Electrical resistivity and conductivity, electrical conductivity ...
FinFET A fin field-effect transistor (FinFET) is a multigate device, a MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) built on a Wafer (electronics), substrate where the gate is placed on two, three, or four sides of the channel or wrapped ar ...
process, the first to ship in a consumer product, and it contains 6.9 billion transistors. The die size of the A12 is 83.27 mm2, 5% smaller than the A11. It is manufactured in a
package on package Package may refer to: Container box. File:Railroad car with container loads.jpg, A Flatcar#Spine car, spine car with a tank container and an open-top intermodal container, intermodal shipping container with canvas cover. A container is any ...
(PoP) together with 4
GiB Gib or GIB may refer to: Places * Gibraltar ) , anthem = "God Save the Queen" , song = "Gibraltar Anthem" , image_map = Gibraltar location in Europe.svg , map_alt = Location of Gibraltar in Europe , map_caption = United Kingdom shown in ...
of
LPDDR4X Low-Power Double Data Rate (LPDDR), also known as LPDDR SDRAM, is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory Synchronous dynamic random-access memory (synchronous dynamic RAM or SDRAM) is any Dynamic RAM, DRAM where the operation of i ...
memory in the iPhone XS and XS Max and 3 GB of LPDDR4X memory in the iPhone XR, the iPad Air (2019), the 5th generation iPad mini, and the iPad (2020). The ARMv8.3 instruction set it supports brings a significant security improvement in the form of pointer authentication, which mitigates exploitation techniques such as those involving memory corruption, Jump-Oriented-Programming, and Return-Oriented-Programming.


Products that include the Apple A12 Bionic

* *
iPhone XR The iPhone XR (stylized and marketed as iPhone Xʀ; Roman numeral Roman numerals are a that originated in and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the . Numbers in this system are represented by combinat ...
*
iPad Mini (5th generation) The fifth-generation iPad Mini (stylized and marketed as iPad mini and colloquially referred to as iPad Mini 5) is a tablet computer A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device A mobile device (or handheld co ...
* iPad Air (2019, 3rd generation) * iPad (2020, 8th generation) * Apple TV 4K (2021, 6th generation)


Gallery


See also

*
Apple-designed processors Apple-designed processors, collectively marketed by Apple as Apple silicon, are system on a chip A system on a chip (SoC; or This article uses the convention that SoC is pronounced . Therefore, it uses the convention "an" for the indefi ...
, the range of ARM-based processors designed by Apple *
Apple A12X Bionic The Apple A12X Bionic is a 64-bit In computer architecture, 64-bit Integer (computer science), integers, Memory address, memory addresses, or other Data#Uses%20of%20data%20in%20computing, data units are those that are 64 bits (8 Octet (comp ...
*
Apple A12Z The Apple A12Z Bionic is a 64-bit In computer architecture, 64-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are 64 bits (8 octets) wide. Also, 64-bit central processing unit A central processing unit (CPU), als ...

Apple A12Z
*
Comparison of ARMv8-A cores This is a table of 64/32-bit ARMv8-A ARM (stylised in lowercase as arm, previously an acronym for Advanced RISC Machines and originally Acorn RISC Machine) is a family of reduced instruction set computing In computer engineering ...


References

{{Application ARM-based chips A12 ARM architecture Computer-related introductions in 2018