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Ambarvalia was a
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...
agricultural fertility rite held on 29 Mayhttp://www.musesrealm.net/rome/festivalsinfo.html in honor of
Ceres Ceres most commonly refers to: * Ceres (dwarf planet) Ceres (; minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the smallest recognized dwarf planet, the closest dwarf planet to the Sun, and the List of notable asteroids, largest object in the main astero ...
and
Dea Dia Dea Dia (Latin: "Goddess of Daylight", or "Bright Goddess") was a goddess of fertility and growth in ancient Roman religion Religion in ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion In religious studies, an ethnic religion is a reli ...
. At these festivals they
sacrifice Sacrifice is the offering of material possessions or the lives of animals or humans to a deity A deity or god is a supernatural being considered divinity, divine or sacred. The ''Oxford Dictionary of English'' defines deity as a God (male ...

sacrifice
d a bull, a sow, and a sheep, which, before the sacrifice, were led in procession thrice around the fields; whence the feast is supposed to have taken its name, ''ambiō'', "I go around," and ''arvum'', field. This sacrifice was called a ''
suovetaurilia The ''suovetaurilia'' or ''suovitaurilia'' was one of the most sacred and traditional rites of Roman religion Religion in ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion In religious studies, an ethnic religion is a religion or Belief#R ...

suovetaurilia
'' in
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
. These feasts were of two kinds, ''public'' and ''private''. The ''private'' were solemnized by the masters of families, accompanied by their children and servants, in the villages and farms out of Rome. The ''public'' were celebrated in the boundaries of the city, and in which twelve ''
fratres arvales In ancient Roman religion Religion in ancient Rome includes the ethnic religion of Ancient Rome that the ancient Romans, Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so ...
'' walked at the head of a procession of the citizens, who had lands and vineyards at Rome. During the procession, prayers would be made to the goddess. The '' ambervale carmen'' was a
prayer Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship through deliberate communication. In the narrow sense, the term refers to an act of supplication or intercession directed towards a deity or a deified an ...

prayer
preferred on this occasion. The name "Ambarvalia" appears to be predominantly an urban designation. Roman farmers' almanacs ''( menologia rustica)'' describe this only as ''segetes lustrantur'' ("crops are purified").
Scaliger The Della Scala family, whose members were known as Scaligeri () or Scaligers (; from the Latinized ''de Scalis''), was the ruling family of Verona Verona ( , ; vec, Verona or ''Veròna'') is a city on the Adige River in Veneto, northern Ita ...

Scaliger
, in his notes on Festus, maintains the ambarvalia to be the same as
amburbium The Amburbium ("City Circuit", from ''ambire'', "to go around" + ''urb-'', "city"; plural ''amburbia'') was an Roman festivals, ancient Roman festival for purifying the city; that is, a lustrum, lustration ''(lustratio urbis)''. It took the form of ...
. Numerous other communities of the Italian peninsula enacted similar rites with different names.


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External links

* {{Roman religion (festival) Ancient Roman festivals May observances Processions in ancient Rome