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Agios Germanos, ( el, Άγιος Γερμανός), is a village in the
Prespes Prespes ( el, Πρέσπες) is a municipality in the Florina Florina ( el, Φλώρινα, ''Flórina''; known also by some #Name, alternative names) is a town and Municipalities and communities of Greece, municipality in the mountainous n ...

Prespes
Municipality in
West Macedonia Western Macedonia ( el, Δυτική Μακεδονία, translit=Dhitikí Makedhonía, ) is one of the thirteen regions In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devote ...
, Greece. Agios Germanos is located at an altitude of approximately 1,100 meters (3,606 feet), on a hillside, part of the Varnoundas Mountains. It is from the Prespes lakes, which can be seen from a panorama location of the village. Agios Germanos lies from
Florina Florina ( el, Φλώρινα, ''Flórina''; known also by some #Name, alternative names) is a town and Municipalities and communities of Greece, municipality in the mountainous northwestern Macedonia (Greece), Macedonia, Greece. Its motto is, ' ...

Florina
, and from
Kastoria Kastoria ( el, Καστοριά, ''Kastoriá'' ) is a city in northern Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe ...

Kastoria
.


Name

Until 1926, the village was known as ''German'' ( gr, Γέρμαν). In
Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demographics of Bulgaria * Bulg ...

Bulgarian
and
Macedonian Macedonian most often refers to someone or something from or related to Macedonia (disambiguation), Macedonia. Macedonian may specifically refer to: People Modern * Macedonians (ethnic group), the South Slavic ethnic group primarily associated w ...
, it is known as Герман, ''German'' and the name of the settlement comes from the old village church ''Sveti German'' (
Saint In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of Q-D-Š, holiness, likeness, or closeness to God. However, the use of the term ''saint'' depends on the context and Christian denomination, denominatio ...

Saint
Germanus). The modern Greek name Agios Germanos means "Saint Germanus".


Features

The village is the only village in the
Prespes Prespes ( el, Πρέσπες) is a municipality in the Florina Florina ( el, Φλώρινα, ''Flórina''; known also by some #Name, alternative names) is a town and Municipalities and communities of Greece, municipality in the mountainous n ...

Prespes
region that has preserved all of the old stone houses. The
Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survi ...
church that forms the nucleus of the present village dates to the beginning of the 11th century. It has very interesting frescos painted in three different phases. Nearby, the church of Agios Athanasios was built at the end of the 18th century. The village is especially known among tourists for hiking, bird watching and the Agios Germanos river with falls, which has the endangered species of the
Salmo trutta peristericus ''Salmo'' is a genus of fish in the salmon family (biology), family Salmonidae that includes the European species of salmon and trout, among them the familiar Atlantic salmon ''Salmo salar'' and the brown trout ''Salmo trutta''. The natural distr ...
trout. Agios Germanos river is on the northeast of the village. One can also see the restored water mills along the river. Following the paths, one can reach the impressive mixed fir-beech forests, and the summits of Kitsevo or Despotiko (2,177m). The
Sarakatsani The Sarakatsani ( el, Σαρακατσάνοι, also written Karakachani, bg, каракачани) are an ethnic Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), off ...
, nomadic shepherds from
Thessaly Thessaly ( el, Θεσσαλία, translit=Thessalía, ; ancient Aeolic Greek#Thessalian, Thessalian: , ) is a traditional geographic regions of Greece, geographic and modern administrative regions of Greece, administrative region of Greece, co ...

Thessaly
, have the tradition of bringing their herds to graze on these mountains every year from May to October. Just north of the village is an early 20th-century church built by Steven Doinidis. This church is kept up by the villagers, who number just over 200 as of 2008.


Demographics

According to Bosnian ethnographer
Stefan Verković Stefan may refer to: * Stefan (given name) * Stefan (surname) * Ștefan, a given name and a surname * Štefan, a Slavic given name and surname * Stefan (footballer) (born 1988), Brazilian footballer * Stefan Heym, pseudonym of German writer Helmut ...

Stefan Verković
, in 1889 the village had 213 households and a population of 1016
Bulgarians Bulgarians ( bg, българи, Bǎlgari, ) are a nation A nation is a community A community is a social unitThe term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Le ...
. In 1905 the population had gone down to 1250 with 90 of them being
Arnauts Arnaut ( ota, ارناود) is a Albanian Albanian may refer to: *Pertaining to Albania in Southeast Europe; in particular: **Albanians, an ethnic group native to the Balkans **Albanian language **Albanian culture **Demographics of Albania, i ...
(
Albanians The Albanians (; sq, Shqiptarët, ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attrib ...

Albanians
) and the rest –
Bulgarians Bulgarians ( bg, българи, Bǎlgari, ) are a nation A nation is a community A community is a social unitThe term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Le ...
.D.M.Brancoff. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, р.170–17 In the early 1900s, 680 Slavonic speaking Christians and 125 Muslim Albanians lived in the village. The present day village has some 20 Christian Macedonian-speaking families. The village also had a separate neighbourhood ''Shaoftsi'' ( mk, Шаофци) that was inhabited by Muslims and later repopulated by ''prosfiges'' (Greek refugees) after the
Population exchange between Greece and Turkey The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey ( el, Ἡ Ἀνταλλαγή, I Antallagí, ota, مبادله, Mübâdele, tr, Mübadele) stemmed from the "Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations" signed at ...
(1923). "Герман... Пред селото имало маало Шаофци во кое жибееле мусл., а потоа Просвиги. Во 1900 год. во селото имало 680 М. и 125 мзсл. А. Сега живеат во селото само ок. 20 мак. фамили. Во селото се наога црква Св. Герман... Името е примарно, меморијално, дадено по името на црквата." Today, the village has a mixed population of Macedonian-speaking Slavophones,
Aromanians The Aromanians ( rup, Armãnji, Rrãmãnji) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love fo ...
and
Pontic Greeks The Pontic Greeks ( el, Πόντιοι, or , ; tr, Pontus Rumları or , ka, პონტოელი ბერძნები, ) are an ethnically Greek group who traditionally lived in the region of Pontus, on the shores of the Black Sea ...
.10, 2001: Villageois et citadins de Grèce, Identités, Mémoires, Représentations, Usage des langues minoritaires dans les départements de Florina et d’Aridea (Macédoine) Riki Van, Boeschoten.
/ref>


Gallery

File:View from garden in Agios Germanos.JPG, Across Agios Germanos to the Prespes lakes File:View from Room in Ag Germanos.JPG, Agios Germanos with the Prespes lakes in the background


References


External links


Prespes website
{{Authority control Populated places in Florina (regional unit)