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The Seventh National Population Census of the People's Republic of China (), also referred to as the 2020 Chinese Census, was the seventh National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, national census conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, National Bureau of Statistics of the China, People's Republic of China. Census work began on November 1, 2020 and continued through December 10, 2020, involving seven million census workers. The 2020 Chinese census covers all Chinese citizens living in mainland China, as well as those living abroad on temporary visas. Foreigners who live in the mainland for more than six months are also recorded in the data. The preliminary results were released on May 11, 2021, with a news conference being held on the same day. The release was originally planned to be in early April, but was delayed by a month.


Census result

The population of mainland China was 1,411,778,724 as of 1 November 2020. In addition, Hong Kong's population was 7,474,200 (provided by the Government of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR Government at the end of 2020) and Macau's population was 683,218 (provided by the Government of Macau, Macau SAR Government at the end of 2020).


Background

In October 2015, China scrapped the one-child policy in the hope of boosting the number of births. In 2016, China set a target of increasing its population to about 1.42 billion by 2020, from 1.34 billion in Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, 2010. After the relaxation of the one-child policy, 17.9 million babies were born in 2016, an increase of 1.3 million over the previous year, but only half of what was expected. In 2017, the birth rate fell to 17.2 million, far below the official forecast of more than 20 million. It is possible that the Chinese government will further relax its fertility policy in the future. On November 2, 2020, Chinese Communist Party General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, general secretary Xi Jinping answered census workers' questions in Beijing.


Controversies

On April 27, 2021, the ''Financial Times'' reported that according to some sources who know the data of the seventh census, Chinese population in 2020 did not meet 1.4 billion. Chinese state media say that Chinese mainland population in 2019 was 1.40005 billion. If true, this would indicate the first population decline since the Great Leap Forward. On April 28, Bloomberg News, quoting the Chinese state media outlet the ''Global Times'', reported that it is unlikely there would be a drop in the total population in the 2020 census, citing a comment by Lu Jiehua, a professor at Peking University. Still, it was reported that China's population may peak in 2022, which is much earlier than previously estimated.


See also

* Census in China


Notes


References


External links

* * * * * * * * * {{Portal bar, China Censuses in China, 2020 2020 in China 2020 censuses, China