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January

*
January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , reducing the average year from 365 ...
– The
International Telecommunication Union The International Telecommunication Union is a list of specialized agencies of the United Nations, specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for all matters related to information and communications technology, information and co ...

International Telecommunication Union
, a specialist agency of the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
, is established. *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– The ''
Flash Gordon Flash Gordon is the protagonist of a space opera Space opera is a subgenre of science fiction that emphasizes science fictional space warfare, with use of melodramatic, risk-taking space adventures and chivalric romance. Set mainly or entir ...
''
comic strip A comic strip is a sequence of drawings, often cartoons A cartoon is a type of illustration An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in print and digi ...
is first published in the United States. *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – Otho Marcus Otho (; born Marcus Salvius Otho; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the . A member of a noble family, Otho was initi ...
– The 8.0 Nepal–Bihar earthquake strikes
Nepal Nepal (; ne, नेपाल ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ( ne, सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल ), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is ma ...

Nepal
and
Bihar Bihar (; ) is a states and union territories of India, state in eastern India. It is the list of states and union territories of India by population, third-largest state by population and list of states and union territories of India by area ...

Bihar
with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (''Extreme''), killing an estimated 6,000–10,700 people. *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
– Japanese company
Fuji Photo Film , trading as Fujifilm, or simply Fuji, is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational Conglomerate (company), conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, operating in the realms of photography, optics, Office supplies, office and Biomedic ...
is established. *
January 26 Events Pre-1600 *661 Year 661 ( DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in ...
– The 10-year German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed by
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...

Nazi Germany
and the
Second Polish Republic The Second Polish Republic, at the time officially known as the Republic of Poland, was a country in Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Centr ...
. *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
** In
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...

Nazi Germany
, the political power of federal states such as
Prussia Prussia, , Old Prussian Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate). Old Prussian was a Western Baltic language belonging to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages The Indo-Europ ...

Prussia
is substantially abolished, by the "Law on the Reconstruction of the Reich" (''Gesetz über den Neuaufbau des Reiches''). **
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
,
President of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

President of the United States
, signs the
Gold Reserve Act The United States Gold Reserve Act of January 30, 1934 required that all gold Gold is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an e ...
: all gold held in the
Federal Reserve The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central bank A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the and of a or formal monetary union, and ove ...

Federal Reserve
is to be surrendered to the
United States Department of the Treasury The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is the national treasury A treasury is either *A government department related to finance and taxation, a Finance minister, finance ministry. *A place or location where treasure, such as currency or precio ...
; immediately following, the President raises the statutory gold price from US$20.67 per ounce to $35.


February

*
February 6 Events Pre-1600 *AD 60, 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known. A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a ''dies Solis'' (Sunday), by a system in which Sunday corresponds to the day of the week this day would ...
French political crisis: The French
far-right leagues The far-right leagues (french: ligues d'extrême droite) were several French far-rightThe far far-right tradition in France finds its origins in the French Third Republic, Third Republic with Boulangism and the Dreyfus Affair. The modern "far righ ...
rally in front of the
Palais Bourbon The Palais Bourbon () is the meeting place of the National Assembly In politics, a national assembly is either a unicameral In government, unicameralism (Latin , "one" and , "chamber") is the practice of having a single legislative or le ...

Palais Bourbon
, in an attempted
coup d'état A coup d'état (; French for "blow of state"), often shortened to coup in English, (also known as an overthrow) is a seizure and removal of a government and its powers. Typically, it is an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a politic ...
against the Third Republic. *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
**
Gaston Doumergue Pierre Paul Henri Gaston Doumergue (; 1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard Aigues-Vives () is a Communes of France, commune in the Gard Departments of France, department in southern France. Population Education The Groupe scolaire Jean Mac ...

Gaston Doumergue
forms a new government in
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
. **
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...
,
Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions ...
,
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
and
Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (; sh, Jugoslavija / ; sl, Jugoslavija ; mk, Југославија ;; rup, Iugoslavia; hu, Jugoszlávia; Pannonian Rusyn Image:Novi Sad mayor office.jpg, 250px, Mayor office written in four official languages used in the ...
form the
Balkan Pact The Balkan Pact, or Balkan Entente, was a treaty A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law International law, also known as public international law and law of nations, is the set of r ...
. *
February 12 Events Pre-1600 *1404 Year 1404 ( MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took e ...
16
Austrian Civil War The Austrian Civil War (german: Österreichischer Bürgerkrieg), also known as the February Uprising (german: Februarkämpfe), is a term sometimes used for a few days of skirmishes between Austrofascism, Fascist and Socialist forces between 12 an ...
: The
Fatherland FrontFatherland Front may refer to: * Fatherland Front (Austria), the ruling political organisation of Austrofascism, 1933–1938 * Fatherland Front (Bulgaria), a communist resistance movement during World War II, dissolved in 1990 * National Front (Afgh ...
consolidates its power, in a series of clashes across the country. *
February 16 Events Pre-1600 * 1249 – André de Longjumeau, Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire. *1270 – Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in ...
– The
Commission of Government Commission or commissioning may refer to: Business and contracting * Commission (remuneration) Commissions are a form of variable-pay remuneration for services rendered or products sold. Commissions are a common way to motivate and reward salespe ...
is sworn in, as a form of direct rule for the
Dominion of Newfoundland The Dominion of Newfoundland was a country in eastern North America, today the modern Canadian province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivis ...
. *
February 21 Events Pre-1600 * 452 or 453 – Severianus, Bishop of Scythopolis, is martyred in Palestine. *1245 – Thomas (bishop of Finland), Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery. ...
Augusto César Sandino
Augusto César Sandino
is assassinated in
Managua ) , settlement_type = City and municipality , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , pushpin_map ...

Managua
, by the
National Guard National Guard is the name used by a wide variety of current and historical uniformed organizations in different countries. The original National Guard National Guard is the name used by a wide variety of current and historical uniformed organizati ...
. *
February 23 Events Pre-1600 * 303 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman ...
– King
Leopold III of Belgium Leopold III (3 November 1901 – 25 September 1983) was King of the Belgians Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered b ...

Leopold III of Belgium
succeeds to the throne, following the death (February 17) of his father King
Albert I Albert I may refer to: People Born before 1300 *Albert I, Count of Vermandois (917–987), Count of Vermandois *Albert I, Count of Namur (c. 950–1011) *Albert I of Brandenburg (c. 1100–1170), first Margrave of Brandenburg *Albert I of Käfernbu ...

Albert I
.


March

*
March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC __NOTOC__ The year 509 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the , run through of the . Beginning with the of ...
Manchuria Manchuria is an exonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populatio ...

Manchuria
becomes
Manchukuo Manchukuo, officially the State of Manchuria prior to 1934 and the Empire of (Great) Manchuria after 1934, was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945. It was founded as a republic in 19 ...
, following an invasion by the Japanese. *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– John Dillinger breaks out of Crown Point County Jail with a wooden gun. He crosses the state line to enter Illinois, allowing the FBI to begin hunting him. *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
– Prime Minister in duties of the State Elder
Konstantin Päts Konstantin Päts (; – 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of Interwar period, interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's Prime Minister of Estonia, head of government. He was one of the first Estonians to become ...

Konstantin Päts
and General
Johan Laidoner Johan Laidoner ( – 13 March 1953) was an Estonian ''kindral'' (general) and statesman. He served as Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces, Commander‑in‑Chief of the Estonian Armed Forces during the Estonian War of Independence and was amo ...

Johan Laidoner
stage a coup in
Estonia Estonia ( et, Eesti ), officially the Republic of Estonia ( et, Eesti Vabariik, links=no), is a country in northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden ...

Estonia
, to neutralize the popular right wing
Vaps Movement Vaps Movement, ( et, Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Keskliit, later ''Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Liit'', ''vabadussõjalased'', or colloquially ''vapsid'', a single member of this movement was called ''vaps'') the Union of Participants in the Estonian War o ...
, starting the
Era of Silence The Era of Silence ( et, vaikiv ajastu) was the period between 1934 and 1938 (or 1940Miljan, p. 196.) in Estonian history. The period began with the preemptive self-coup of 12 March 1934, which the then Prime Minister A prime minister o ...
. Their actions are initially approved by the
Riigikogu The Riigikogu (; from ''riigi-'', of the state, and ''kogu'', assembly) is the unicameral parliament of Estonia. All important state-related questions pass through the Riigikogu. In addition to approving legislation, the Riigikogu appoints high ...

Riigikogu
. *
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
John Dillinger John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster of the Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in ...
and his gang rob the First National Bank in
Mason City, Iowa Mason City is a city and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township ...
, stealing $52,000. *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
– The
Great Hakodate Fire The Great Fire of Hakodate () is a fire that broke out in Hakodate, Hokkaido in Japan on March 21, 1934. It is one of the worst city fires in Japan. Overview On March 21, 1934 a fire was started in a house located within the Sumiyoshi area, Hak ...
kills at least 2,166 people in southern
Hokkaido , officially Hokkaidō Circuit Prefecture, is the second largest island of Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an in . It is situated in the northwest , and is bordered on the west by the , while extending from the in t ...

Hokkaido
, Japan. *
March 24 March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or R ...
– The
Tydings–McDuffie Act The Tydings–McDuffie Act, officially the Philippine Independence Act (), is a United States federal law The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law Law is a system A system is a gro ...
is passed, allowing the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
a greater degree of
self-government __NOTOC__ Self-governance, self-government, or self-rule is the ability of a person or group to exercise all necessary functions of regulation without intervention from an external authority (sociology), authority. It may refer to personal con ...
from the United States.


April

*
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
Rudyard Kipling Joseph Rudyard Kipling ( ; 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)''The Times ''The Times'' is a British daily Daily or The Daily may refer to: Journalism * Daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical pub ...

Rudyard Kipling
and W. B. Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry. *
April 21 Events pre-19th century *753 BC Events *April 21: Rome founded by Romulus (according to founding of Rome, tradition). Beginning of the Roman ''Ab urbe condita'' calendar. References 750s BC {{BC-year-stub ... – Romulus Romu ...
– The "surgeon's photograph" of the
Loch Ness Monster The Loch Ness Monster, or Nessie ( gd, Uilebheist Loch Nis), is a creature in Scottish folkloreScottish folklore encompasses the folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses t ...

Loch Ness Monster
, taken in Scotland by London gynaecologist Robert Kenneth Wilson and in 1994 admitted to be a
hoax A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth. It is distinguishable from errors in observation or judgment, rumor A rumor (American English), or rumour (British English; American and British English spelling dif ...

hoax
, is published in the ''
Daily Mail The ''Daily Mail'' is a British daily Middle-market newspaper, middle-market newspaper and online newspaper, news websitePeter Wilb"Paul Dacre of the Daily Mail: The man who hates liberal Britain", ''New Statesman'', 19 December 2013 (online ...
'' London national newspaper.


May

*
May 1 Events Pre-1600 * 305 – Diocletian Diocletian (; la, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus; born Diocles; 22 December c. 244 – 3 December 311) was from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in , Diocletian rose through the ...
– The
May Constitution of 1934 The First Austrian Republic (german: Republik Österreich) was created after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 10 September 1919—the settlement after the end of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI o ...
heralds the beginning of the
Austrofascist The Federal State of Austria ( de-AT, Bundesstaat Österreich; colloquially known as the , "Corporate State") was a continuation of the First Austrian Republic between 1934 and 1938 when it was a one-party state led by the Clerical fascism, cle ...
Federal State of Austria The Federal State of Austria ( de-AT, Bundesstaat Österreich; colloquial Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual (informal) communication. It is the most common functional style ...

Federal State of Austria
. *
May 5 This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox). Events Pre-1600 * – The begins. * – Rebel barons renounce their al ...
– The first
Three Stooges The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville Vaudeville (; ) is a of born in France at the end of the 19th century. A vaudeville was originally a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation: a dramatic ...
short, ''
Woman Haters ''Woman Haters'' is a 1934 musical Musical is the adjective of music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the aspects of all human societies. General include common el ...
'', is released. *
May 15 Events Pre-1600 * 221 __NOTOC__ Year 221 ( CCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional d ...
Kārlis Ulmanis Kārlis Augusts Vilhelms Ulmanis (, (4 September 1877 – 20 September 1942) was a Latvian politician. He was one of the most prominent Latvian politicians of pre-World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated a ...
establishes an authoritarian government in
Latvia Latvia ( or ; lv, Latvija ; ltg, Latveja; liv, Leţmō), officially known as the Republic of Latvia ( lv, Latvijas Republika, links=no, ltg, Latvejas Republika, links=no, liv, Leţmō Vabāmō, links=no), is a country in the Baltic re ...

Latvia
. *
May 19 Events Pre-1600 * 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. * 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. *1051 – Henry I of France marries the Kievan Rus', Rus ...
Kimon Georgiev Kimon Georgiev Stoyanov ( bg, Кимон Георгиев Стоянов; August 11, 1882 – September 28, 1969) was a Bulgarian general who was the Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The C ...
stages a
coup d'état A coup d'état (; French for "blow of state"), often shortened to coup in English, (also known as an overthrow) is a seizure and removal of a government and its powers. Typically, it is an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a politic ...
in Bulgaria. *
May 23 Events Pre-1600 *1430 Year 1430 (Roman numerals, MCDXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 7 – Philip the Good, Duke of B ...
– American outlaws
Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie Elizabeth Parker (October 1, 1910May 23, 1934) and Clyde Chestnut Barrow (March 24, 1909May 23, 1934) were an American criminal couple who traveled the Central United States The Central United States is sometimes conceived as betw ...

Bonnie and Clyde
are ambushed and killed by police in
Bienville Parish, Louisiana Bienville Parish (french: link=no, Paroisse de Bienville, ) is a parish A parish is a territorial entity in many Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on ...
. *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
– Near
Callander, Ontario The Municipality of Callander (formerly the Township of North Himsworth) is a township A township is a kind of human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in whic ...

Callander, Ontario
, the
Dionne quintuplets The Dionne quintuplets (; born May 28, 1934) are the first multiple birth, quintuplets known to have survived their infancy. The identical girls were born just outside Callander, Ontario, near the village of Corbeil, Ontario, Corbeil. All five s ...

Dionne quintuplets
are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne, becoming the first
quintuplet A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. A term most applicable to vertebrate Vertebrates () comprise all species of animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are mul ...
s to survive infancy.


June

*
June 9 Events Pre-1600 *411 BC __NOTOC__ Year 411 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mugillanus and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 343 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Anto ...
– The Silly Symphonies animated short, ''
The Wise Little Hen ''The Wise Little Hen'' is a 1934 Walt Disney Walter Elias Disney (; December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, writer, voice actor, and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he intr ...

The Wise Little Hen
'', featuring the debut of
Donald Duck Donald Fauntleroy Duck is a cartoon character created by The Walt Disney Company. Donald is an Anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic American Pekin, white duck with a yellow-orange bill, legs, and feet. He typically wears a sailor suit, sailor shi ...

Donald Duck
, is released. *
June 10 Events Pre-1600 * 671 – Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (water clock, clepsydra) called ''Rokoku''. The instrument, which measures time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu, Shiga, Ōtsu. *1190 – Th ...
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...
beats
Czechoslovakia , , yi, טשעכאסלאוואקיי, , common_name = Czechoslovakia , life_span = 1918–19391945–1992 , p1 = Austria-Hungary , image_p1 = , s1 = Czech Re ...
2–1 after extra time, to win the
1934 World Cup The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second edition of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football, football championship for List of men's national association football teams, senior men's national teams. It took place in K ...

1934 World Cup
, staged in Italy. * June 12 – Political parties are banned in Bulgaria. * June 14 – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet for the first time, at the Venice Biennale. * June 18 – The Indian Reorganization Act is enacted. * June 27 – The Emir of Yemen and Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia conclude a peace treaty. * June 30 – July 2 – Night of the Long Knives in Germany: Nazism, Nazis purge the ''Sturmabteilung'' (SA), the left-wing Strasserism, Strasserist faction of the Nazi Party, and prominent conservative anti-Nazis, in a series of political murders. * June 30 – The Nazi Party Sturmabteilung, SA camp Oranienburg becomes a national camp, taken over by the ''Schutzstaffel'' (SS).


July

* July 13 – Hitler gives a speech to the Reichstag (Nazi Germany), Reichstag, justifying his purge. * July 15 – The American film industry begins to rigorously enforce the Motion Picture Production Code. * July 22 – John Herbert Dillinger is shot dead by FBI agents. * July 25 – July Putsch: Austrian Nazism, Nazis assassinate chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss, during a failed coup attempt.


August

* August 2 – Adolf Hitler becomes ''Führer'' of Germany, or head of state combined with that of Chancellor, following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg. * August 8 – The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler. * August 15 – The United States Marine Corps leaves Haiti. * August 19 – 1934 German referendum: In a referendum, 90% of the German population approves of Hitler's assumption of President of Germany, presidential powers, as Führer and Reichskanzler.


September

* September 5 – September 10, 10 – The 6th Nuremberg Rally is staged by the German Nazi Party. * September 8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner kills 134 people. * September 15 – 1934 Australian federal election: Joseph Lyons' United Australia Party, UAP Lyons Government, Government is re-elected with a decreased majority, defeating the Australian Labor Party, Labor Party, led by former Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister James Scullin. Consequently, Lyons is forced to resume the Coalition (Australia), Coalition with the National Party of Australia, Country Party, and include them in his government. Scullin steps down from the Labor leadership shortly after; he is 1935 Australian Labor Party leadership election, replaced by future Prime Minister John Curtin. * September 19 ** The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations. ** Bruno Richard Hauptmann is arrested in connection with the Lindbergh kidnapping case in the U.S. * September 21 – The 1934 Muroto typhoon, Muroto typhoon in Honshū, Japan kills 3,036 people, and destroys the temple, schools, and other buildings in Osaka. * September 22 – A Gresford disaster, gas explosion at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, kills 266 miners and rescuers. * September 28 – Afghanistan joins the League of Nations.


October

* October 2 – A tornado in Osaka and Kyoto kills 1,660, injures 5,400, and destroys the rice harvest. * October 6 – Events of October the 6th: the President of Catalonia, Lluís Companys, declares the Catalan State (1934), Catalan State of the Spanish Federal Republic, but Spanish troops swiftly crush the Catalan forces, and arrest him and the members of the Catalan government. The autonomy of Catalonia is suspended until 1936. * October 9 – King Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Alexander of Yugoslavia and French foreign minister Louis Barthou are assassinated, during the king's state visit in Marseille. * October 16 – The Long March of the People's Liberation Army of the Communist Party of China begins. * October 17 – Harry Pierpont is executed on the electric chair in Columbus, Ohio, for killing Sheriff Jess Sarber while breaking
John Dillinger John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster of the Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in ...
out of jail in Lima, Ohio. * October 20 – November 3 – Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first eastward crossing of the Pacific Ocean, from his native Brisbane, Australia, to San Francisco, in Lockheed Altair ''Lady Southern Cross''. The November 3 Hawaii–San Francisco leg is the first eastward flight from Hawaii to North America. * October 20 – November 5 – The MacRobertson Air Race is flown from RAF Mildenhall in England to Melbourne, Australia, to celebrate the centenary of the state of Victoria (Australia), Victoria. The overall winner is the British de Havilland DH.88 Comet G-ACSS ''Grosvenor House'', flown by C. W. A. Scott and Tom Campbell Black.


November

* November 23 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lies well within Ethiopian territory. This encounter leads to the Abyssinia Crisis. * November 27– Daniel Salamanca Urey, President of Bolivia, is deposed in a military coup, and replaced by José Luis Tejada Sorzano. * Lester Joseph Gillis A.K.A Baby Face Nelson fatally shot by FBI agents during a shootout called The Battle of Barrington.


December

* December 2 – The continental jazz group Quintette du Hot Club de France first performs in Paris, led by guitarist Django Reinhardt, with violinist Stéphane Grappelli. * December 5 – Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire. Reported casualties for the Ethiopians are 150, and for the Italians 50. * December 27 – Persia becomes Iran. * December 29 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.


Date unknown

* Winter – Tadj ol-Molouk, Empress consort of Iran, and her daughters appear publicly in Tehran without a veil, leading to its abolition in the country. * Abidjan becomes the capital of the French colony of Ivory Coast. * The sonoluminescence effect is discovered, at the University of Cologne. * The Australian frontier wars end, after 146 years. * The Yomiuri Giants, a successful professional baseball club in Japan, is founded in Tokyo.


Births


January

* January 4 – Rudolf Schuster, 2nd President of Slovakia * January 5 – Eddy Pieters Graafland, Dutch football goalkeeper (d. 2020) *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
** Charles Jenkins Sr., Charles Jenkins, American sprinter ** Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot politician, 5th President of Cyprus (d. 2008) * January 9 – Bart Starr, American football player and coach (d. 2019) * January 10 – Leonid Kravchuk, President of Ukraine * January 11 – Jean Chrétien, 20th Prime Minister of Canada * January 12 – Ebrahim Nafae, Egyptian journalist (d. 2018) * January 14 ** Richard Briers, English actor (d. 2013) ** Pierre Darmon, French tennis player * January 16 – Marilyn Horne, American mezzo-soprano * January 17 – Cedar Walton, American jazz pianist (d. 2013) * January 18 – Raymond Briggs, British writer and illustrator *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
– Tom Baker, British actor * January 21 – Ann Wedgeworth, American actress (d. 2017) * January 22 – Bill Bixby, American actor, director (d. 1993) * January 23 – Lou Antonio, American actor, director * January 24 ** Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet, dramatist (d. 1976) ** Leonard Goldberg, American film and television producer (d. 2019) *
January 26 Events Pre-1600 *661 Year 661 ( DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in ...
– Bob Uecker, American baseball player, sportscaster, comedian and actor * January 27 – Édith Cresson, 89th Prime Minister of France * January 29 – Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and Olympic skier (d. 2013) *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
– Tammy Grimes, American actress (d. 2016) * January 31 – Eva Mozes Kor, Romanian Holocaust survivor and author (d. 2019)


February

* February 5 ** Hank Aaron, African-American baseball player (d. 2021) ** Don Cherry, Canadian ice hockey commentator and sports writer * February 7 ** Eddie Fenech Adami, 10th Prime Minister of Malta and 7th President of Malta ** King Curtis, African-American saxophonist (d. 1971) * February 10 – Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet * February 11 ** Tina Louise, American actress (''Gilligan's Island'') ** Manuel Noriega, Panamanian military dictator (d. 2017) ** Mary Quant, British fashion designer ** John Surtees, British racing driver (d. 2017) *
February 12 Events Pre-1600 *1404 Year 1404 ( MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took e ...
** Anne Osborn Krueger, Anne Krueger, American economist ** Bill Russell, African-American basketball player and coach * February 13 – George Segal, American actor (d. 2021) * February 14 – Florence Henderson, American actress, singer and television personality (d. 2016) * February 15 – Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist * February 17 ** Sir Alan Bates, British actor (d. 2003) ** Barry Humphries, Australian actor, comedian * February 18 ** Anna Maria Ferrero, Italian actress (d. 2018) ** Paco Rabanne, Spanish fashion designer * February 20 – Bobby Unser, American race car driver *
February 21 Events Pre-1600 * 452 or 453 – Severianus, Bishop of Scythopolis, is martyred in Palestine. *1245 – Thomas (bishop of Finland), Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery. ...
– Rue McClanahan, American actress (d. 2010) * February 24 ** Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 2000) ** Renata Scotto, Italian soprano ** Bingu wa Mutharika, Malawian President, economist (d. 2012) * February 27 – Ralph Nader, American consumer activist, presidential candidate


March

*
March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC __NOTOC__ The year 509 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the , run through of the . Beginning with the of ...
– Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983) *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– Bobby Locke (baseball), Bobby Locke, American baseball player (d. 2020) * March 4 ** Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001) ** Barbara McNair, African-American singer and actress (d. 2007) ** Gia Scala, British actress (d. 1972) * March 5 – Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist and Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel laureate * March 6 – Milton Diamond, American sexologist and professor of anatomy and reproductive biology * March 7 – Willard Scott, American television weather reporter (''The Today Show'') * March 9 ** Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, first human in space (d. 1968) ** Joyce Van Patten, American actress * March 14 ** Eugene Cernan, American astronaut (d. 2017) ** Dionigi Tettamanzi, Italian cardinal (d. 2017) * March 16 – Ray Hnatyshyn, Canadian statesman, 24th Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002) * March 18 – Charley Pride, African-American country musician (d. 2020) *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
– David Malouf, Australian writer * March 21 – Al Freeman Jr., African-American actor (d. 2012) * March 22 – Orrin Hatch, American politician * March 23 – Ludvig Faddeev, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 2017) * March 25 ** Johnny Burnette, American rockabilly singer, songwriter and musician (d. 1964) ** Gloria Steinem, American feminist * March 26 – Alan Arkin, American actor * March 27 – Arthur Mitchell (dancer), Arthur Mitchell, African-American ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 2018) * March 28 – Lester R. Brown, American environmentalist * March 30 – Hans Hollein, Austrian architect and designer * March 31 ** Richard Chamberlain, American actor ** Shirley Jones, American singer, actress and first wife of Jack Cassidy ** John D. Loudermilk, American singer-songwriter (d. 2016) ** Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel laureate ** Kamala Surayya, Indian English poet (d. 2009)


April

* April 1 ** Jim Ed Brown, American country singer (d. 2015) ** Vladimir Pozner Jr., Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist ** Pascal Rakotomavo, 10th Prime Minister of Madagascar (d. 2010) * April 2 – Paul Cohen, American mathematician (d. 2007) * April 3 ** Pina Pellicer, Mexican actress (d. 1964) ** Pamela Allen, New Zealand writer and illustrator ** Jane Goodall, British zoologist * April 5 – Roman Herzog, 9th President of Germany (d. 2017) *
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
– Anton Geesink, Dutch 10th-dan judoka (d. 2010) * April 7 – Lev Anninsky, Russian literary critic, historian and screenwriter (d. 2019) * April 16 – Vicar (cartoonist), Victor "Vicar" José Arriagada Ríos, Spanish cartoonist (d. 2012) * April 11 – Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet (d. 2014) * April 18 – James Drury, American actor (d. 2020) * April 20 – John Malecela, 6th Prime Minister of Tanzania * April 24 ** Jayakanthan, Tamil writer (d. 2015) ** Shirley MacLaine, American actress, dancer, writer * April 29 ** Pedro Pires, Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires, President of Cape Verde ** Otis Rush, African-American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter (d. 2018)


May

* May 3 ** Henry Cooper, British boxer (d. 2011) ** Frankie Valli, American musician (''The Four Seasons (band), The Four Seasons'') * May 4 – Tatiana Samoilova, Russian actress (d. 2014) * May 9 ** Alan Bennett, British playwright, screenwriter, actor, and author ** Lee Hong-koo, South Korean politician, 26th Prime Minister of South Korea * May 10 – Gary Owens, American disc jockey, actor, and radio announcer (d. 2015) * May 21 ** Diana Der Hovanessian, Armenian-American poet, author (d. 2018) ** Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine *
May 23 Events Pre-1600 *1430 Year 1430 (Roman numerals, MCDXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 7 – Philip the Good, Duke of B ...
– Robert Moog, American inventor of the synthesizer (d. 2005) * May 27 – Harlan Ellison, American writer (d. 2018) *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
– Betty Shabazz, American educator and activist (d. 1997) * May 29 – Grandma Lee, American stand-up comedian (d. 2020) * May 30 – Alexei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2019) * May 31 – Bhagwatikumar Sharma, Indian author and journalist (d. 2018)


June

* June 1 – Pat Boone, American actor and singer * June 4 – Dame Daphne Sheldrick, Kenyan conservationist and author (d. 2018) * June 5 – Chennupati Vidya, Indian politician and social worker (d. 2018) * June 6 – King Albert II of Belgium * June 7 – Koloa Talake, 7th Prime Minister of Tuvalu (d. 2008) *
June 9 Events Pre-1600 *411 BC __NOTOC__ Year 411 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mugillanus and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 343 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Anto ...
– Jackie Wilson, African-American singer (d. 1984) * June 11 – Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark, French-born consort of the Danish monarch (d. 2018) * June 15 ** Rubén Aguirre, Mexican actor (d. 2016) ** Stefan Kwoczała, Polish motorcycle speedway rider (d. 2019) * June 16 ** Dame Eileen Atkins, British actress ** Bill Cobbs, African-American actor ** William F. Sharpe, American economist and Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel laureate * June 19 – Désiré Rakotoarijaona, 4th Prime Minister of Madagascar * June 22 – Ray Mantilla, American jazz percussionist (d. 2020) * June 23 ** Virbhadra Singh, Indian politician ** Jesse White (politician), Jesse White, American educator, politician and former athlete * June 26 – Dave Grusin, American composer, arranger, producer, and pianist * June 27 – Ed Hobaugh, American Major League Baseball player * June 28 ** Asker Abiyev, Azerbaijani mathematician ** Bette Greene, American author (d. 2020) ** Carl Levin, United States Senator from Michigan ** Michael Artin, American mathematician * June 29 – Susan George (political scientist), Susan George, American and French political, social scientist, activist and writer * June 30 ** C. N. R. Rao, Indian chemist ** Aron Tager, American actor, poet, artist and sculptor (d. 2019)


July

* July 1 ** Alicia Terzian, Argentine conductor, musicologist and composer ** Ilselil Larsen, Danish actress ** Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008) * July 3 – Stefan Abadzhiev, Bulgarian football player * July 4 – Abdul Aziz (cricketer, born 1934), Abdul Aziz, Pakistani first-class cricketer * July 5 – Adriana Roel, Mexican actress * July 7 ** Raphael Owor, Ugandan physician, pathologist, academic and medical researcher ** Kedarnath Singh, Indian poet (d. 2018) * July 8 ** Fred Stewart (Alberta politician), Fred Stewart, Canadian politician ** Ole Lund, Norwegian barrister and industrial leader ** Marty Feldman, English comedy writer, comedian and actor (d. 1982) * July 9 ** Pierre Perret, French singer and composer ** Michael Graves, American architect (d. 2015) * July 10 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer (d. 2012) * July 11 ** Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer ** William Hale (director), William Hale, American film and television director * July 12 ** Van Cliburn, American pianist (d. 2013) ** Ulf Schmidt, Swedish tennis player * July 13 ** Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer and Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel laureate ** Aleksei Yeliseyev, Russian cosmonaut * July 14 – Ángel del Pozo, Spanish actor * July 15 ** Harrison Birtwistle, British composer ** Frank Vargas Pazzos, commander of the Ecuadorian Air Force * July 16 ** Albert Aguayo, Canadian neurologist ** George Hilton (actor), George Hilton, Uruguayan-Italian actor (d. 2019) * July 17 – Horst Steinmann, German economist * July 18 – Jean-Michel Sanejouand, French painter and sculptor * July 19 – Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980) * July 22 ** Louise Fletcher, American actress (''One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (film), One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest'') ** Leon Rotman, Romanian sprint canoeist ** Oluyemi Adeniji, Nigerian career diplomat, politician (d. 2017) * July 24 – P. S. Soosaithasan, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (d. 2017) * July 28 – Bud Luckey, American voice actor, Pixar animator (d. 2018) * July 30 – Bud Selig, American Major League Baseball commissioner


August

* August 2 – Valery Bykovsky, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2019) * August 3 ** Jonas Savimbi, Angolan political and rebel leader (d. 2002) ** Haystacks Calhoun, American professional wrestler (d. 1989) * August 5 – Gay Byrne, Irish broadcaster (d. 2019) * August 6 ** Gianfrancesco Guarnieri, Italian–Brazilian actor, lyricist, poet and playwright (d. 2006) ** Edmond Simeoni, Corsican politician and nationalist (d. 2018) * August 11 – Viktor Tolmachev, Russian engineer (d. 2018) * August 13 – Gyoji Matsumoto, Japanese footballer (d. 2019) * August 15 ** Nino Ferrer, French singer (d. 1998) ** André Bo-Boliko Lokonga, Congolese politician (d. 2018) * August 16 – Angela Buxton, British tennis player (d. 2020) * August 17 – Ben Humphreys, Australian politician (d. 2019) * August 18 ** Ronnie Carroll, Northern Irish singer (d. 2015) ** Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 1972) ** Gulzar, Indian film director, lyricist and poet * August 19 – Renée Richards, American ophthalmologist and tennis player * August 20 – Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952 from Finland * August 22 – Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army general (d. 2012) * August 24 – Kenny Baker (English actor), Kenny Baker, English actor (d. 2016) * August 25 ** Zilda Arns, Brazilian pediatrician, aid worker (d. 2010) ** Hsiao Teng-tzang, Taiwanese politician (d. 2017) ** Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, 4th President of Iran (d. 2017) * August 28 – Zeng Shiqiang, Taiwanese sinologist, scholar, and writer (d. 2018) * August 30 – Anatoly Solonitsyn, Russian actor (d. 1982)


September

* September 1 – Léon Mébiame, Gabonese politician (d. 2015) * September 2 – Chuck McCann, American actor and comedian (d. 2018) * September 4 ** Ronald Ludington, American figure skating coach and pair skater (d. 2020) ** Clive Granger, Welsh-born economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009) ** Juraj Herz, Slovak film director, actor, and scenic designer (d. 2018) ** Eduard Khil, Russian baritone singer ("Eduard Khil, Trololo") (d. 2012) ** Zaid ibn Shaker, 3-time Prime Minister of Jordan (d. 2002) ** Jan Švankmajer, Czech filmmaker, artist ** Otto Brandenburg, Danish singer, actor (d. 2007) * September 5 – Ubirajara Penacho dos Reis, Bira, Brazilian musician and guitarist (d. 2019) * September 6 – Marshall Rosenberg, American psychologist and writer (d. 2015) * September 7 ** Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (d. 2012) ** Omar Karami, 29th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2015) * September 8 – Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer (d. 2016) * September 9 ** Nicholas Liverpool, Dominican lawyer, politician, and 6th List of Presidents of Dominica, President of Dominica (d. 2015) ** Waldo Machado, Brazilian footballer (d. 2019) * September 11 – Ian Abercrombie, English-American actor (d. 2012) * September 13 – Zbigniew Zapasiewicz, Polish actor (d. 2009) * September 16 ** Elgin Baylor, American basketball player and executive (d. 2021) ** Ronnie Drew, Irish singer with The Dubliners band (d. 2008) * September 17 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969) * September 19 – Brian Epstein, British manager of the Beatles, co-founder of Northern Songs (d. 1967) * September 20 ** Rajinder Puri, Indian cartoonist, veteran columnist and political activist (d. 2015) ** Sophia Loren, Italian actress ** Takayuki Kubota, Japanese martial artist, founder of the Gosoku-ryu style of karate * September 21 ** Leonard Cohen, Canadian poet, novelist, singer and songwriter (d. 2016) ** David J. Thouless, Scottish-born condensed-matter physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2019) ** María Rubio, Mexican actress (d. 2018) * September 23 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan * September 27 – Wilford Brimley, American actor and singer (d. 2020) * September 28 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress, animal rights activist * September 29 – Idowu Sofola, Nigerian jurist (d. 2018) * September 30 – Udo Jürgens, Austrian-Swiss composer, popular music singer (d. 2014)


October

* October 4 – Joe Williams (Cook Islands politician), Joe Williams, Cook Islands politician (d. 2020) * October 7 – Amiri Baraka, African-American poet, playwright and activist (d. 2014) * October 9 ** Jacobo Majluta Azar, 47th President of the Dominican Republic (d. 1996) ** Harald Grønningen, Norwegian cross-country skier (d. 2016) ** Abdullah Ibrahim, South African pianist and composer * October 12 – Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani, Prime Minister of Yemen (d. 2015) * October 13 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer * October 17 – Rico Rodriguez (musician), Rico Rodriguez, Cuban-British musician (d. 2015) * October 18 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (d. 1970) * October 19 ** Glória Menezes, Brazilian actress ** Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian politician * October 20 ** Empress Michiko, Empress consort of Japan ** Timothy West, English actor * October 28 – Martin van der Borgh, Dutch cyclist (d. 2018) * October 29 – Richard, 6th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (d. 2017) * October 30 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician (d. 2014) * October 31 – Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler, Princess of Sweden


November

* November 1 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004) * November 2 – Ken Rosewall, Australian tennis champion * November 5 – Kira Muratova, Ukrainian film director, screenwriter and actress (d. 2018) * November 7 – Sunanda Patnaik, Indian classical singer (d. 2020) * November 9 ** Ingvar Carlsson, twice Prime Minister of Sweden ** Hamilton Green, 4th Prime Minister of Guyana ** Carl Sagan, American astronomer, writer, and TV presenter (d. 1996) **Tengiz Sigua, 2nd Prime Minister of Georgia (d. 2020) * November 11 – Elżbieta Krzesińska, Polish athlete (d. 2015) * November 12 – Charles Manson, American cult leader and murderer (d. 2017) * November 13 – Garry Marshall, American film producer, director and actor (d. 2016) * November 15 – Try Sutrisno, 6th Vice President of Indonesia * November 17 – Jim Inhofe, American politician * November 21 – Carl-Henning Wijkmark, Swedish novelist and translator (d. 2020) * November 23 – Lew Hoad, Australian tennis champion (d. 1994) * November 24 – Alfred Schnittke, Volga German composer (d. 1998) * November 30 – Lansana Conté, President of Guinea (d. 2008)


December

* December 1 – Billy Paul, African-American singer (d. 2016) * December 3 **Abimael Guzmán, Peruvian politician, leader of Shining Path **Viktor Gorbatko, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2017) * December 5 – Joan Didion, American novelist * December 7 – Joey Powers, American singer-songwriter (d. 2017) *December 8 – Alisa Freindlich, Soviet and Russian actress * December 9 ** Judi Dench, English actress ** Junior Wells, American harmonica player (d. 1998) * December 10 – Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994) * December 11 – Radha Viswanathan, Indian vocalist, classical dancer (d. 2018) * December 12 – Miguel de la Madrid, 52nd President of Mexico (d. 2012) * December 13 – Richard D. Zanuck, American producer (d. 2012) * December 14 – Shyam Benegal, Indian film director and screenwriter * December 15 – Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, 6th President of Somalia (d. 2012) * December 16 – Meng Zhizhong, Chinese engineer (d. 2019) * December 17 – Shan Tianfang, Chinese pingshu performer (d. 2018) * December 18 ** Marc Rich, born Marcell Reich, Belgian-born commodities trader (d. 2013) ** Boris Volynov, Russian cosmonaut * December 19 ** Aki Aleong, Trinidad and Tobago-born American actor ** Pratibha Patil, President of India * December 24 – Stjepan Mesić, 2nd President of Croatia * December 25 – Phan Văn Khải, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2018) * December 27– Larisa Latynina, Ukrainian gymnast * December 28 ** Alasdair Gray, Scottish fiction writer and artist (d. 2019) ** Maggie Smith, English actress ** Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (d. 1987) * December 29 – Ed Flanders, American actor (d. 1995) * December 30 ** John N. Bahcall, John Norris Bahcall, American astrophysicist (d. 2005) ** Del Shannon, American singer (''Runaway (Del Shannon song), Runaway'') (d. 1990) ** Russ Tamblyn, American film and television actor


Date unknown

* Valerie Hart, indigenous political leader


Deaths


January

*
January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , reducing the average year from 365 ...
– Jakob Wassermann, German writer (b. 1873) * January 6 – Herbert Chapman, English football manager (b. 1878) *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– Augustin Dubail, French general (b. 1851) * January 8 – Andrei Bely, Russian writer (b. 1880) * January 10 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist accused of setting fire to the Reichstag (executed) (b. 1909) * January 11 – Helen Zimmern, German-born British writer and translator (b. 1846) *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – Otho Marcus Otho (; born Marcus Salvius Otho; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the . A member of a noble family, Otho was initi ...
– Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer and playwright (b. 1863) * January 16 – Henry Walter Barnett, Australian photographer and filmmaker (b. 1862) * January 21 – Aref Qazvini, Iranian poet, lyricist and musician (b. 1882) * January 22 – Robert Brady (criminal), Robert Brady, American criminal (b. 1904) * January 23 – Charles McLaren, 1st Baron Aberconway, Scottish politician and jurist (b. 1850) * January 29 – Fritz Haber, German chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)


February

* February 2 – Maria Domenica Mantovani, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1862) * February 3 – Eleonora de Cisneros, American opera singer (b. 1878) * February 5 – William Morris Davis, American geographer (b. 1850) *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
– Claudio Williman, 20th President of Uruguay (b. 1861) * February 13 – József Pusztai, Slovenes, Slovene writer, poet and journalist in Hungary (b. 1864) * February 17 – King Albert I of Belgium (b. 1875) *
February 21 Events Pre-1600 * 452 or 453 – Severianus, Bishop of Scythopolis, is martyred in Palestine. *1245 – Thomas (bishop of Finland), Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery. ...
Augusto César Sandino
Augusto César Sandino
, Nicaraguan revolutionary and rebel (murdered) (b. 1895) *
February 23 Events Pre-1600 * 303 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman ...
** Edward Elgar, Sir Edward Elgar, British composer (b. 1857) ** Geevarghese Dionysius of Vattasseril, Indian Orthodox priest and saint (b. 1858) * February 25 – John McGraw, American baseball manager and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1873)


March

*
March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC __NOTOC__ The year 509 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the , run through of the . Beginning with the of ...
**Wilhelm Diegelmann, German actor (b. 1861) **Charles Webster Leadbeater, British author and Theosophist (b. 1854) * March 2 - John Smith Archibald, Canadian architect (b. 1872) * March 7 - John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, Scottish politician, Governor General of Canada (b. 1847) * March 14 ** João do Canto e Castro, Portuguese army officer, 67th Prime Minister of Portugal and 5th President of Portugal (b. 1862) ** Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma (b. 1886) * March 15 – Davidson Black, Canadian-born paleoanthropologist (b. 1884) * March 19 – Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley, British army general (b. 1857) *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
** Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Dutch Queen and regent (b.1858) ** Sydney Deane, Australian cricketer and actor (b. 1863) * March 21 ** Nicanor Abelardo, Filipino composer (b. 1873) ** Lilyan Tashman, American actress (b. 1896) * March 27 – Francis William Reitz, 5th president of the Orange Free State (b. 1844) * March 28 – Mahmoud Mokhtar, Egyptian sculptor (b. 1891) * March 29 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German-born philanthropist (b. 1867) * March 30 ** Paul Cazeneuve, French politician (b. 1852) ** Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar, Scottish politician, 8th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1860)


April

* April 7 ** Béatrice Ephrussi de Rothschild, French socialite (b. 1864) ** Karl von Einem, German general (b. 1853) * April 9 – Safvet-beg Basagic, Yugoslav writer (b. 1870) * April 11 ** Gerald du Maurier, British actor (b. 1873) ** John Collier (painter), John Collier, British painter (b. 1850) * April 15 – Karl Dane, Danish actor (b. 1886) * April 18 – Raffaele Garofalo, Italian criminologist and jurist (b. 1851) *
April 21 Events pre-19th century *753 BC Events *April 21: Rome founded by Romulus (according to founding of Rome, tradition). Beginning of the Roman ''Ab urbe condita'' calendar. References 750s BC {{BC-year-stub ... – Romulus Romu ...
- Carsten Borchgrevink, Anglo-Norwegian polar explorer (b. 1864) * April 26 ** Arturs Alberings, 6th Prime Minister of Latvia (b. 1876) ** John Hamilton (gangster), John Hamilton, Canadian gangster (b. 1899) * April 27 – Joe Vila, American sportswriter (b. 1866) * April 28 – Charley Patton, American Delta blues musician * April 30 – Hugh L. Scott, Major General of the US Army (b. 1853)


May

* May 3 – William H. Woodin, William Woodin, American politician (b. 1868) * May 12 - Gertrude Abbott (Mother Abbott), founder of the former St Margaret's Hospital, Sydney, St Margaret's Hospital in Sydney, Australia (b. 1846) * May 17 – Cass Gilbert, American architect (b. 1859) *
May 19 Events Pre-1600 * 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. * 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. *1051 – Henry I of France marries the Kievan Rus', Rus ...
– Edward William Nelson, American naturalist (b. 1855) * May 21 – James Durkin (actor), James Durkin, Canadian-born American actor (b. 1879) *
May 23 Events Pre-1600 *1430 Year 1430 (Roman numerals, MCDXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 7 – Philip the Good, Duke of B ...
** Clyde Barrow, American outlaw, member of Barrow Gang (shot) (b. 1909) ** Bonnie Parker, American outlaw, member of Barrow Gang (shot) (b. 1910) * May 24 – Brand Whitlock, American journalist and politician (b. 1869) * May 25 – Gustav Holst, British composer (b. 1874) * May 26 – Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta (b. 1841) *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
– Bela Barabas, Hungarian politician (b. 1855) * May 30 ** Tōgō Heihachirō, Japanese admiral (b. 1848) ** Julia Lopes de Almeida, Brazilian advocate and writer (b. 1862) * May 31 – Lew Cody, American actor (b. 1884)


June

* June 8 ** Dorothy Dell, American actress (b. 1915) ** Jesse Root Grant, Son of President Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1858) *
June 9 Events Pre-1600 *411 BC __NOTOC__ Year 411 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mugillanus and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 343 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Anto ...
– Medeiros e Albuquerque, Brazilian poet and politician (b. 1867) *
June 10 Events Pre-1600 * 671 – Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (water clock, clepsydra) called ''Rokoku''. The instrument, which measures time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu, Shiga, Ōtsu. *1190 – Th ...
– Frederick Delius, British composer (b. 1862) * June 11 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian developmental psychologist (b. 1896) * June 19 – Prince Bernhard of Lippe (1872-1934), Prince Bernhard of Lippe (b. 1872) * June 20 – Andrew Jackson Zilker, American philanthropist (b. 1858) * June 27 – Francesco Buhagiar, 2nd Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1876) * June 30 – Murdered during the Night of the Long Knives: **Fritz Gerlich, German journalist (b. 1883) **Gustav von Kahr, German politician (b. 1862) ** Karl Ernst, Nazi SA leader in Berlin (b. 1904) ** Edmund Heines, Deputy SA leader (b. 1897) ** Gregor Strasser, German politician, early Nazi leader (b. 1892) ** Kurt von Schleicher, 23rd Chancellor of Germany (German Reich), Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)


July

* July 1 ** Ernst Röhm, German politician, Nazi Sturmabteilung, SA Leader (assassinated) (b. 1887) ** Edgar Jung, German lawyer and political activist (assassinated) (b. 1894) * July 3 ** Emma Irene Åström, Finnish teacher, Finland's first female university graduate (b. 1847) ** Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Dutch prince consort (b. 1876) * July 4 ** Marie Curie, Polish-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Nobel Prize in Physics, physics (b. 1867) ** Hayim Nahman Bialik, Russian-born Jewish poet, considered Israel's national poet (b. 1873) * July 5 – Ahmad Zaki Pasha, Egyptian philologist (b. 1867) * July 6 **Alec B. Francis, English actor (b. 1867) **Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1866) * July 8 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848) * July 13 ** Kate Sheppard, most prominent member of New Zealand Women's suffrage (b. 1848) ** Ignacio Sánchez Mejías, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1891) * July 15 ** Louis F. Gottschalk, American composer (b. 1864) ** Jules Renkin, Belgian politician and 28th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1862) * July 16 – Carlo Bergamini (sculptor), Carlo Bergamini, Italian sculptor (b. 1868) * July 18 – Sy Sanborn, American sportswriter (b. 1866) * July 20 – Padre Cicero, Brazilian Roman Catholic priest and reverend (b. 1844) * July 21 – Hubert Lyautey, Marshal of France (b. 1854) * July 22 –
John Dillinger John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster of the Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in ...
, American gangster (b. 1903) * July 23 – María Pilar López de Maturana Ortiz de Zárate, Spanish Roman Catholic religious blessed and blessed (b. 1884) * July 24 – Hans Hahn (mathematician), Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (b. 1879) * July 25 ** François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (b. 1874) ** Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian statesman and 10th Chancellor of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1892) ** Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist (b. 1888) * July 26 – Winsor McCay, American comic creator and animator (b. 1869) * July 27 – Hubert Lyautey, French general and colonoal administrator. (b. 1854) * July 28 ** Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (b. 1868) ** Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (b. 1876) ** Edith Yorke, British actress (b. 1867) * July 30 – Henry Norris (businessman), Sir Henry Norris, British politician and businessman (b. 1865)


August

* August 2 – Paul von Hindenburg, German general and politician, 2nd President of Germany (b. 1847) * August 7 – Hermann Kusmanek von Burgneustädten, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1860) * August 8 – Wilbert Robinson, American baseball manager and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1863) * August 9 – Alfred Steux, Belgian road racing cyclist (b. 1892) * August 10 – George Hill (director), George Hill, American director (b. 1895) * August 13 – Mary Hunter Austin, American writer of fiction and non-fiction (b. 1868) * August 14 – Raymond Hood, American architect (b. 1881) * August 23 – Homer Van Meter, American criminal and bank robber (b. 1905) * August 27 – Linda Agostini, British-born Australian homicide victim (b. 1905) * August 28 – Edgeworth David, Sir Edgeworth David, British-born Australian geologist and explorer (b. 1858)


September

* September 1 – Fanny Davies, British pianist (b. 1861) * September 2 ** Russ Columbo, American singer and actor (b. 1908) ** Alcide Nunez, American musician (b. 1884) * September 9 – Roger Fry, British artist (b. 1866) * September 10 – George Henschel, Sir George Henschel, English musician (b. 1850) * September 13 – Serafina Astafieva, Russian ballet dancer (b. 1876) * September 17 – George Cromwell, American politician (b. 1860) * September 21 – Genevieve Stebbins, American author and teacher (b. 1857) * September 22 – Charles Makley, American criminal (b. 1889) *September 27 – Ellen Willmott, English horticulturalist (b. 1858)


October

* October 5 – Jean Vigo, French film director (b. 1905) * October 9 ** King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (b. 1888) (assassinated) ** Vlado Chernozemski, Bulgarian revolutionary leader (b. 1897) ** Saint Innocencio of Mary Immaculate, Spanish Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1887) * October 12 – Willy Clarkson, British costume designer and wigmaker (b. 1861) * October 14 ** Mikhail Matyushin, Russian painter and composer (b. 1861) ** Arthur Schuster, Sir Arthur Schuster, German-born British physicist (b. 1851) * October 15 – Raymond Poincaré, 58th Prime Minister of France and 10th President of France during World War I (b. 1860) * October 17 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852) * October 19 – Alexander von Kluck, German general (b. 1846) * October 22 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American bank robber (shot by law officers) (b. 1904) * October 24 – Giacomo Montalto, Italian socialist leader and politician (b. 1864) * October 29 – Lou Tellegen, Dutch actor (b. 1881)


November

* November 2 – Edmond James de Rothschild, French philanthropist (b. 1845) * November 3 – Sir Robert McAlpine, 1st Baronet, Sir Robert McAlpine, Scottish builder (b. 1847) * November 8 – James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher and psychologist (b. 1861) * November 10 – Ion Farris, American politician, former Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives (b. 1878) * November 16 ** Alice Liddell, English inspiration for ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'' (b. 1852) ** Carl von Linde, German scientist and engineer (b. 1842) **Georgi Todorov (general), Georgi Todorov, Bulgarian general (b. 1858) * November 20 – Willem de Sitter, Dutch mathematician, physicist and astronomer (b. 1872) * November 22 – Harry Steppe, American vaudeville performer (b. 1888) * November 24 – Jirō Tamon, Japanese general (b. 1878) * November 27 – Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908) * November 30 – Hélène Boucher, French aviator (b. 1908)


December

* December 1 ** Sergey Kirov, Soviet politician (b. 1886) ** Blind Blake, American blues singer (b. 1896) *December 4 - Adrien de Gerlache, Belgian explorer (b. 1866) * December 5 – Oskar von Hutier, German general (b. 1857) * December 6 – Charles Michael, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863) *December 7 – Mary Baker McQuesten, Canadian letter writer and missionary (b. 1849) * December 9 – Alceste De Ambris, Italian syndicalist (b. 1874) * December 26 – Wallace Thurman, American writer (b. 1902) * December 28 ** Lowell Sherman, American actor and director (b. 1885) ** Pablo Gargallo, Spanish sculptor and painter (b. 1881)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Not awarded this year * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Harold Clayton Urey * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Luigi Pirandello * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – Arthur Henderson


References


External links


The 1930s Timeline: 1934
– from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia {{DEFAULTSORT:1934 1934,