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''18'' is the sixth studio album by American
electronica Electronica is both a broad group of electronic Electronic may refer to: *Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter ...

electronica
musician, songwriter, and producer
Moby Richard Melville Hall (born September 11, 1965), known professionally as Moby, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, producer, and animal rights activist. He has sold 20 million records worldwide. AllMusic considers him to be "among the m ...

Moby
. It was released on May 13, 2002 by
Mute Records Mute Records Ltd. is a British independent record label An independent record label (or indie label) is a record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that ...
in the UK and on May 14, 2002 by
V2 Records V2 Records (or V2 Music; V2 being an abbreviation for Virgin 2) is a record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as ...
in the US. After the unexpected commercial and critical success of his previous album, ''
Play Play most commonly refers to: * Play (activity) Play is a range of Motivation#Incentive theories: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, intrinsically motivated activities done for recreational pleasure and enjoyment. Play is commonly associated w ...
'' (1999), Moby started to write songs for a follow-up during its supporting tour. He started work on the album at its conclusion in December 2000, using fewer samples than before. Guest vocalists include
Azure Ray Azure Ray is an American dream pop Dream pop (also typeset as dreampop) is a subgenre of alternative rock and neo-psychedelia that is characterized for its breathy vocals, use of guitar effects, dense productions, and preoccupation with sonic tex ...
,
MC Lyte Lana Michele Moorer (born October 11, 1970), better known by her stage name MC Lyte, is an American rapper Rapping (also rhyming, spitting, emceeing or MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, ...

MC Lyte
,
Angie Stone Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown; December 18, 1961) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and record producer. She rose to fame in the late 1970s as member of the hip hop trio The Sequence. The First female rap group in the history ...
, and
Sinéad O'Connor Shuhada Sadaqat (born Sinéad Marie Bernadette O'Connor on 8 December 1966) is an Irish singer-songwriter. Her debut album, ''The Lion and the Cobra'', released in 1987, charted internationally and her single "Nothing Compares 2 U", released ...

Sinéad O'Connor
. Following its release, ''18'' went to number one in 12 countries, including the UK, and reached number 4 in the US. The album went on to sell over 4 million copies worldwide. ''
18 B Sides + DVD ''18 B Sides + DVD'' is a compilation album by American electronica musician Moby. The album's first disc is a CD featuring nine B-sides from his 2002 album ''18 (Moby album), 18'', as well as four new songs. The second disc is a DVD featuring a li ...
'', a collection of the album's
B-sides B-Sides or B-Side may refer to: * B-side A-side and B-side are terms used to refer to the two sides of phonograph records and Compact cassette, cassettes, and have often been printed on the labels of two-sided music recordings. The A-side usua ...
and live video footage, was released a year later.


Background

In December 2000, Moby finished his world tour in support of his previous studio album, ''
Play Play most commonly refers to: * Play (activity) Play is a range of Motivation#Incentive theories: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, intrinsically motivated activities done for recreational pleasure and enjoyment. Play is commonly associated w ...
'' (1999), which had lasted for 21 consecutive months. He wanted to start on a follow-up as soon as it was over, by which time he had already recorded ideas for some new songs. This process was under way in the spring of 2001, with Moby using a
Power Macintosh G3 The Power Macintosh G3 (also sold with additional software as the Macintosh Server G3) is a series of personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual ...
and
G4
G4
to write and record with
Pro Tools Pro Tools is a digital audio workstation A digital audio workstation (DAW) is an electronic device or application software Application software (app for short) is computing software designed to carry out a specific task other than one ...
. He felt no pressure in delivering an album that matched the commercial success of ''Play'', but an "artistic pressure" to make a record that he and others could enjoy. Prior to starting on ''18'', Moby had friends in New York City, Los Angeles, and London search through local record shops for albums that contained strong vocals that he could use to sample from and write songs based on them, a technique he had used for ''Play''. He received several hundred and from them, clipped vocal lines, often two or three words long, that caught his interest. From there, he played different chords on his piano that suited the part to build an outline for a song. He then stored the records in his cabinets. Moby composed the album in batches, transferring songs onto a CD and sending them to his management and the A&R representative at V2 with labels such as "Moby Ideas 2, August 2001" or "Moby Demos 3". After 10 months Moby had sent 35 discs comprising over 140 songs, which promoted ideas of making ''18'' a
triple album A double album (or double record) is an audio Audio most commonly refers to sound In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of nature, from ''phýsis'' 'nature'), , is the n ...
, but his friends and management advised against it. There were arguments between Moby and V2 over the use of vocal samples on ''18'', and V2 believed that a follow-up album that sounded like ''Play'' was going to attract criticism. Moby named the album after the number of tracks that he put on it, and his fondness towards the idea of the title being easily translated and known as something different in other countries. He pointed out that there are some "really esoteric reasons" for the title, but did not mention them. On his website, Moby hinted that those who had visited
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
and are familiar with conspiracy theories regarding extra-terrestrials may spot its significance. He said that ''Play'' and ''18'' were structured around the same motivation: "The desire to make compassionate records that meet a need in someone else's life." By the time of the
September 11 attacks The September 11 attacks, also commonly referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated by the militant terrorist group against the on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. On that morning, four commercial s traveling fro ...
in New York City, the album was almost recorded and finished. Following the incident, Moby made alterations to "Sleep Alone" as he found some of its lyrics "too prescient"; the line "Pieces of fire touch your hair" became "Pieces of light". Moby had written "Harbour" in 1984, at nineteen years of age; was surprised upon learning this, as she initially thought the song related to pre- and post-September 11 events. O'Connor was too afraid to fly to New York City to record her vocals at the time, so she used a studio in London. Prior to the album's release, V2 Records avoided to send advance copies to soundtrack supervisors. As ''Play'' had gained momentum after it was licensed to television and film productions, the label did not rule out the possibility of licensing tracks from ''18'' but wanted to hold out from doing so until the official launch.


Critical reception

''18'' received generally positive reviews from critics. At
Metacritic Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews A review aggregator is a system that collects reviews of products and services (such as films, books, video games, software, hardware, and cars). This system stores the reviews and uses them for ...

Metacritic
, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has a
weighted average The weighted arithmetic mean is similar to an ordinary arithmetic mean (the most common type of average), except that instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the final average, some data points contribute more than others. The ...
score of 61 out of 100 based on 21 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Stephen Thomas Erlewine Stephen Thomas Erlewine (; born June 18, 1973) is an American music critic and senior editor for the online music database AllMusic AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. It catalogs m ...
of
AllMusic AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. It catalogs more than three million album An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on (CD), , , or another medium. ...

AllMusic
gave the album four stars out of five, writing that, "Moby not only creates a shimmering, reflective mood from the outset, but
hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men's beaver felt hats A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as university graduation, religious reasons, safet ...

hat
he sustains it throughout the 18 songs, as the album shifts from pop and soul songs to soaring instrumental stretches letting the sound deepen and change colors with each new track."https://www.allmusic.com/album/18-mw0000219218


Track listing

;Sample credits * "Another Woman" contains samples of "I'm a Good Woman", written and performed by
Barbara Lynn Barbara Lynn (born Barbara Lynn Ozen, later Barbara Lynn Cumby, January 16, 1942) is an American rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B or R'n'B, is a genre of popular music Popular music is music with wide appeal ...
. * "Jam for the Ladies" contains samples of "Wherever You Are", written and performed by
Mic Geronimo Michael Craig McDermon (born September 14, 1973, in Queens, New York), better known by his stage name Mic Geronimo, is an American rapper who was acquainted with Irv Gotti of The Inc. Records, Murder Inc. Gotti and his brother met Mic Geronimo at ...
. * "Sunday (The Day Before My Birthday)" contains samples of "Sunday", written and performed by
Sylvia Robinson Sylvia Robinson (née Vanderpool; May 29, 1935 – September 29, 2011) was an American singer, record producer, and record label executive. Robinson had two R&B chart toppers: as half of Mickey & Sylvia with " Love Is Strange" in 1957 and he ...
.


Personnel

Credits are adapted from album liner notes. Music * Moby – instruments, vocals on "We Are All Made of Stars", "Signs of Love", "Extreme Ways" and "Sleep Alone" *
Azure Ray Azure Ray is an American dream pop Dream pop (also typeset as dreampop) is a subgenre of alternative rock and neo-psychedelia that is characterized for its breathy vocals, use of guitar effects, dense productions, and preoccupation with sonic tex ...
– vocals on "Great Escape" * Freedom Bremner – vocals on "At Least We Tried" *
MC Lyte Lana Michele Moorer (born October 11, 1970), better known by her stage name MC Lyte, is an American rapper Rapping (also rhyming, spitting, emceeing or MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, ...

MC Lyte
– vocals on "Jam for the Ladies" * Dianne McCaulley – vocals on "One of These Mornings" *
Sinéad O'Connor Shuhada Sadaqat (born Sinéad Marie Bernadette O'Connor on 8 December 1966) is an Irish singer-songwriter. Her debut album, ''The Lion and the Cobra'', released in 1987, charted internationally and her single "Nothing Compares 2 U", released ...

Sinéad O'Connor
– vocals on "Harbour" * Shauna Phillips – vocals on "The Rafters" * Lorraine Phillips – vocals on "The Rafters" * Jennifer Price – vocals on "In This World" * The Shining Light Gospel Choir – vocals on "In My Heart" and "I'm Not Worried at All" *
Angie Stone Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown; December 18, 1961) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and record producer. She rose to fame in the late 1970s as member of the hip hop trio The Sequence. The First female rap group in the history ...
– vocals on "Jam for the Ladies" Production * Moby – production, engineering, mixing * Tony Dawsey – mastering * David Calderley – artwork, design * Danny Clinch – photography


Charts


Weekly charts


Year-end charts


Certifications

, -


References


External links

* * {{authority control 2002 albums Moby albums Albums produced by Moby Mute Records albums V2 Records albums