HOME



picture info

Dissident
A dissident is a person who actively challenges an established political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of res ... or religious system, doctrine Doctrine (from la, Wikt:doctrina, doctrina, meaning "teaching, instruction") is a codification (law), codification of beliefs or a body of teacher, teachings or instructions, taught Value (personal and cultural), principles or positions, as the e ..., belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In psychology Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconsci ..., policy Policy is a deliberate system of guideline A guideline is a statement by which to determine a course of ac ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Samizdat
Samizdat (russian: самиздат, lit=self-publishing, links=no) was a form of Soviet dissidents, dissident activity across the socialist Eastern Bloc in which individuals reproduced censored and underground makeshift publications, often by hand, and passed the documents from reader to reader. The practice of manual reproduction was widespread, due to the fact that most typewriters and printing devices required official registration and permission to access. This was a grassroots practice used to evade Censorship in the Soviet Union, official Soviet censorship. Name origin and variations Etymologically, the word ''samizdat'' derives from ''sam'' (, "self, by oneself") and ''izdat'' (, an abbreviation of , , "publishing house"), and thus means "self-published". The Ukrainian language has a similar term: ''samvydav'' (самвидав), from ''sam'', "self", and ''vydavnytstvo'', "publishing house". A Russian poet Nikolay Glazkov coined a version of the term as a pun in the 19 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Saudi Arabia
(''Shahada'') , national_anthem = "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia, " "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia" , image_map = Saudi Arabia (orthographic projection).svg , capital = Riyadh , coordinates = , largest_city = Riyadh , official_languages = Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic , regional_languages = , religion = , demonym = , government_type = Unitary state, Unitary Islamic state, Islamic absolute monarchy , leader_title1 = King of Saudi Arabia, King , leader_name1 = Salman bin Abdulaziz , leader_title2 = Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince , leader_name2 = Mohammed bin Salman , legislature = none , sovereignty_type = History of Saudi Arabia, Establishment , established_event1 = Emirate of Diriyah, First Saudi State , established_date1 = 1744 , established_event2 = Emirate of Nejd, Secon ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Fall Of Communism
The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave A revolutionary wave or revolutionary decade is one series of revolution In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics. It is a social science dealing with systems of governance and power, and the analysis of pol ... in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist Communism (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ... rule in Central and Eastern Europe Central and Eastern Europe is a term encompassing the countries in Central Europe Central Europe is the central region of Europe. Central Europe includes contiguous territories that are sometimes also considered parts of Western Europe, Southe ... and beyond. The period is often also called the Fall of Commun ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Soviet Dissidents In Munich
The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state that spanned Eurasia during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a Federation, federal union of multiple national Republics of the Soviet Union, republics; in practice Government of the Soviet Union, its government and Economy of the Soviet Union, economy were highly centralized until its final years. The country was a one-party state (prior to 1990) governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with Moscow as its capital within its largest and most populous republic, the Russian SFSR. Other major urban centers were Leningrad (Russian SFSR), Kyiv, Kiev (Ukrainian SSR), Minsk (Byelorussian SSR), Tashkent (Uzbek SSR), Alma-Ata (Kazakh SSR) and Novosibirsk (Russian SFSR). It was the largest country in the world, covering over , and spanning eleven time zones. The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks, headed by Vladi ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Soviet Union
The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borro ... that spanned Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as cont ... during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a federal union A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalisation, institutionalized ... of multiple national republics ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Eastern Bloc
The Eastern Bloc, also known as the Communist Bloc, the Socialist Bloc and the Soviet Bloc, was the group of socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is bor ...s of Central and Eastern Europe Central and Eastern Europe is a term encompassing the countries in Central Europe, the Baltic states, Baltics, Eastern Europe, and Southeast Europe (also called the Balkans), usually meaning former communist states from the Eastern Bloc and War ..., East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia, which is defined in both Geography, geographical and culture, ethno-cultural terms. The modern State (polity), states of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan. ..., and Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Baruch Spinoza
Baruch (de) Spinoza (; ; ; born Baruch Espinosa; later as an author and a correspondent Benedictus de Spinoza, anglicized to Benedict de Spinoza; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Spanish and Portuguese Jews, Portuguese Sephardi origin. One of the early thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment, Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalism, rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Inspired by the groundbreaking ideas of René Descartes, Spinoza became a leading philosophical figure of the Dutch Golden Age. Spinoza's given name, which means "Blessed", varies among different languages. In Hebrew, his full name is written . In the Netherlands he used the Portuguese name . In his Latin and Dutch works, he used la, Benedictus de Spinoza, links=no. Spinoza was raised in the Spanish and Portuguese Jews, Portuguese-Jewish community in Amsterdam. He ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Joseph Stalin
( – 5 March 1953) was a Georgians, Georgian revolutionary and Soviet political leader who governed the Soviet Union from 1924 until his death in 1953. He held power both as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–1952) and Premier of the Soviet Union, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (1941–1953). Despite initially governing the country as part of a Collective leadership in the Soviet Union, collective leadership, he ultimately consolidated power to become the Soviet Union's dictator by the 1930s. A communist ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin formalised these ideas as Marxism–Leninism while his own policies are known as Stalinism. Born to a poor family in Gori, Georgia, Gori in the Russian Empire (now Georgia (country), Georgia), Stalin attended the Tbilisi Spiritual Seminary before eventually joining the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. He went on to edit the party's ne ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Communist Party
A communist party is a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific political ideology ... that seeks to realize the socio-economic Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. In general it analyzes how modern society, societies social progress, progress, economic stagnation ... goals of communism Communism (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the .... The term ''communist party'' was popularized by the title of ''The Manifesto of the Communist Party ''The'' () is a grammatical a ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Political System
In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of ..., a political system defines the process for making official government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Departmen ... decisions. It is usually compared to the legal system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems A system is a group of interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and infl ..., economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system A system is ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Václav Havel Cut Out
Václav () is a Czech male first Slavic names, name of Slavic origin, sometimes translated into English as Wenceslaus or Wenceslas. These forms are derived from the old Slavic/Czech form of this name: Venceslav. Nicknames are: Vašek, Vašík, Venca, Venda For etymology and cognates in other languages, see Wenceslaus. Václav or Vácslav * Saint Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (907–935 or 929) (svatý Václav) * Václav Noid Bárta, singer, songwriter, and actor *Václav Binovec, Czech film director and screenwriter * Václav Brožík, painter * Václav Hanka, philologist * Václav Havel, last President of Czechoslovakia (1989 – 1992) and first President of the Czech Republic (1993 – 2003) * Václav Holek, Designer of the ZB-26 light machinegun for Zbrojovka Brno and its descendants * Václav Hollar, graphic artist * Vaclav Jelinek, a Czechoslovak spy, who worked in London under the assumed identity of Erwin van Haarlem * Václav Jiráček, Czech actor * Václav Jírů, Czec ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Western Bloc
The Western Bloc, also known as the Free Bloc, Capitalist Bloc and the American Bloc, was a coalition of the countries that were allied with the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It consists of 50 , a , five major , 326 , and some . At , it is the world's . The United States shares significan ..., a member of NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 European and North American countries. Th ..., opposed the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ... and Warsaw Pact The W ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]