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Chao Phraya River
The Chao Phraya ( or ) ( th, wikt:เจ้าพระยา, แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา , or ) is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok and then into the Gulf of Thailand. Etymology On many old European maps, the river is named the ''Menam'' or ''Mae Nam'' (Thai: wikt:แม่น้ำ, แม่น้ำ), which is simply the Thai word for "river". James McCarthy (surveyor), James McCarthy, F.R.G.S., who served as Director-General of the Siamese Government Surveys prior to establishment of the Royal Thai Survey Department, Royal Survey Department, wrote in his account, "''Mae Nam'' is a generic term, ''mae'' signifying "mother" and ''Nam'' "water," and the epithet Chao P'ia signifies that it is the chief river in the kingdom of Siam." Herbert Warington Smyth, H. Warington Smyth, who served as Director of the Department of Mines in Siam from 1891 to 1896, refers to it in his b ...
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Thailand
Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , with a population of almost 70 million people. It is Template:Borders of Thailand, bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and Myanmar. Thailand also shares maritime borders with Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Nominally, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary system, parliamentary democracy; however, in recent history, its government has experienced multiple Coup d'état, coups and periods of military dictatorships. Bangkok is the nation's capital and largest city. Tai peoples migrated from south ...
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Confluence
In geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10. ..., a confluence (also: ''conflux'') occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel. A confluence can occur in several configurations: at the point where a tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage ba ... joins a larger river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of wa ...
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Khlong Bangkok Noi
file:Khlongbangkoknoi050624b.jpg, 250px, Khlong Bangkok Noi near Wat Sri Sudaram Khlong Bangkok Noi ( th, คลองบางกอกน้อย; lit 'Bangkok Noi Canal') is a ''khlong'' (คลอง; canal) in Bangkok; its name is the origin of the name Bangkok Noi District. The canal, along with its counterpart Khlong Bangkok Yai, is actually a part of Chao Phraya River, Chao Praya river's original course. However, a canal was constructed in 1552, during the reign of King Chairachathirat of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. He ordered the construction of a canal bypassing a meander on the Chao Phraya River to shorten travel time. As time passes, the canal was eroded and became gradually wider. The river was diverted through the new canal, and the old route became the two canals known today as Khlong Bangkok Yai and Khlong Bangkok Noi. In the early-Rattanakosin period, there was a floating market where vendor's boats and wooden houseboats mingled, lining up along the waterways to Bang ...
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Chairacha
Chairachathirat ( th, ไชยราชาธิราช), or ''Chai'' reigned 1534–1546 as King of the Ayutthaya kingdom of Siam. His reign was remarkable for the influx of Portugal, Portuguese Merchant, traders, mercenary, mercenaries, and early Modern warfare technology. Birth The evidence indicating that his father is not yet clear, In Royal Chronicle by the Venerable Vanarata of Pakaeo Temple and Royal Chronicle (Rattanakosin edition) only stating that "King Chairachathirat is a royal family in King Ramathibodi II, Ramathibodi. And the Pali literature "Sangitiyavansa", which authored in the reign of King Rama I by Venerable Vanarata of Wat Pho, Pho Temple, stating that he is the nephew, is son's sister of Ramathibodi II, Ramathibodi. Coup In 1533, following the death of King Borommaracha IV, Prince Ratsadathirat (Borommaracha IV's son) succeeded the Ayutthayan throne. Government authority under five-year-old Ratsadathirat proved to be weak. In 1534, only five months a ...
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River Engineering
River engineering is a discipline of civil engineering Civil engineering is a professional engineering Regulation and licensure in engineering is established by various jurisdictions of the world to encourage public welfare, safety, well-being and other interests of the general public and to defin ... which studies human intervention in the course, characteristics, or flow Flow may refer to: Science and technology * Flow (fluid) or fluid dynamics, the motion of a gas or liquid * Flow (geomorphology), a type of mass wasting or slope movement in geomorphology * Flow (mathematics), a group action of the real numbers on ... of a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of wate ... with the intention of producing some defined benefit. People have intervened in the natural c ...
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Bangkok Chao Phraya River
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand, also known by its exonym and endonym, endonym Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or colloquially Krung Thep. The city occupies in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand and has an estimated population of 10.539 million as of 2020, 15.3 percent of the country's population. Over fourteen million people (22.2 percent) lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region at the 2010 census, making Bangkok an extreme primate city, dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in both size and importance to the national economy. Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew and became the site of two capital cities, Thonburi Kingdom, Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–1932), Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam, later renamed Thailand, during the late-19th century, as the country faced pressures from ...
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Khlong
A khlong (also commonly spelled ''klong''; th, คลอง, ) commonly refers to a canal Canals are waterways channels Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path of a narrow body of water. Australia * ... in Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi .... These canals are spawned by the Chao Phraya The Chao Phraya ( or ) ( th, แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา , or ) is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most po ..., the Tha Chin Map of the Chao Phraya River drainage basin showing the Tha Chin Rive ...
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Chainat Dam
The Chao Phraya Dam ( th, เขื่อนเจ้าพระยา, , ) is a barrage dam in Sapphaya District, Chai Nat Province, Thailand. It regulates the flow of the Chao Phraya River as it passes into lower central Thailand, distributing water to an area of in seventeen provinces as part of the Greater Chao Phraya Irrigation Project. The dam has sixteen 12.5-metre gates. It was built between 1952 and 1957. References

Dams in Thailand Barrages (dam) Dams completed in 1957 1957 establishments in Thailand Buildings and structures in Chai Nat province Buildings and structures on the Chao Phraya River {{asia-dam-stub ...
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Samut Sakhon
Samut Sakhon ( th, สมุทรสาคร, Pronunciation is a City in Thailand, capital of Samut Sakhon Province. It is a stop on the Maeklong Railway. Samut Sakhon is 48 km from Bangkok. It is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Name Samut Sakhon was formerly called Tha Chin (Chinese Pier) probably because, in the old days, it had been a trading port for a vast number of Chinese junks. In 1548, a City named Sakhon Buri was established at the mouth of the Tha Chin River. It was a center for recruiting troops from various seaside towns. The name of the City was changed to Mahachai when Klong (canal) Mahachai was dug in 1704 to connect the Tha Chin River to the City. Later, the City was renamed Samut Sakhon by King Rama IV but it is still popularly called Mahachai by its residents. References External links

* * Populated places in Samut Sakhon province {{SamutSakhon-geo-stub ...
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Tha Chin
The Tha Chin river ( th, แม่น้ำท่าจีน, , ) is a distributary of the Chao Phraya River, Chao Phraya river, Thailand. It splits near the Chai Nat Province, province of Chai Nat and then flows west from the Chao Phraya through the central plains, until it empties into the Gulf of Thailand in Samut Sakhon Province. Regional names The Tha Chin river has many regional names. After it splits from Chao Phraya River, Chao Phraya river at Chai Nat, it is called Makham Thao River; while passing Suphan Buri it is the Suphan River; while passing Nakhon Pathom it becomes the Nakhon Chai Si river. Only near its mouth at Samut Sakhon does it become the Tha Chin River, named after the former name of Samut Sakhon. The name Tha Chin is the convention used in most scientific documents. Tributaries Tributaries of the Tha Chin include Huai Krasiao, Huai Mae Thawip, Khlong Chorakhe Sam Phan, and Khlong Bang Len. Tha Chin basin The Tha Chin drains a total area of . The Tha C ...
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