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Adversarial Process
An adversary is generally considered to be a person, group, or force that opposes and/or strike (attack), attacks. Adversary may also refer to: * Satan ("adversary" in Hebrew), in Judeo-Christian religion Entertainment Fiction * Adversary (comics), villain from the Marvel comics universe * The mysterious antagonist who invaded the homelands in the comic book series ''Fables (comics), Fables'' Music * Ad·ver·sary, Canadian industrial musician Law * Adversarial system, a system of law commonly used in common-law countries * Adversary proceeding, proceeding used in bankruptcy processes Science * Adversarial collaboration, a scientific experiment Computer science * Adversary (cryptography), a malicious entity in cryptography whose aim is to prevent the users of the cryptosystem from achieving their goal * Adversary model, in online algorithms, used to show competitiveness of randomized algorithms Other * Adversarial purchasing, in business strategic management See also

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Strike (attack)
A strike is a directed physical attack with either a part of the human body or with an inanimate object (such as a weapon) intended to cause blunt trauma or penetrating trauma upon an opponent. There are many different varieties of strikes. A strike with the hand closed into a fist is called a punch (strike), punch, a strike with the leg or foot is referred to as a kick and a strike with the head is called a headbutt. There are also other variations employed in martial arts and combat sports. "Buffet" or "beat" refer to repeatedly and violently striking an opponent; this is also commonly referred to as a combination, or combo, especially in boxing or fighting video games. Usage Strikes are the key focus of several sports and arts, including boxing, savate, karate, muay thai, taekwondo and wing chun. Some martial arts also use the fingertips, wrists, forearms, shoulders, back and hips to strike an opponent as well as the more conventional fists, palms, elbows, knees and feet ...
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Satan
Satan,, ; grc, ὁ σατανᾶς or , ; ar, شيطان , also known as the Devil Satan,, ; grc, ὁ σατανᾶς or , ; ar, شيطان , also known as the Devil upA fresco detail from the Rila Monastery, in which demons are depicted as having grotesque faces and bodies. A devil is the personification Per ..., and sometimes also called Lucifer Lucifer is one of various figures in folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition A tradition is a belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that ... in Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. It is the Major religious groups, world's ..., is an entity An entity is something that exists as itself, as a subject or as an object, ...
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Adversary (comics)
The Adversary is a character (arts), fictional character, a List of Marvel Comics demons, demonic supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Publication history The Adversary first appeared in ''Uncanny X-Men'' #187-188 (November-December 1984), and was created by Chris Claremont and John Romita Jr. Fictional character biography The Adversary is a List of Marvel Comics demons, demon who was initially summoned by the X-Men member Forge (comics), Forge several decades ago and has since come back to antagonize the X-Men and threaten the entire world. During the Vietnam War, Forge saw his company slain by the North Vietnamese. Forge tapped into his long-suppressed shamanism, shamanic heritage to summon the Adversary to destroy the attackers, but then regained his senses and banished the demon. Nevertheless, the Adversary had a foothold on the Earth thanks to Forge's actions. Years later, Forge's mentor Nazé was killed and his form and memories stolen ...
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Fables (comics)
''Fables'' is an American comic book ongoing series, series created and written by Bill Willingham, published by DC Comics' Vertigo (DC Comics), Vertigo imprint. Willingham served as sole writer for its entirety, with Mark Buckingham (comic book artist), Mark Buckingham penciling more than 110 issues. The series featured various other pencillers over the years, most notably Lan Medina and Steve Leialoha. ''Fables'' was launched in July 2002 and concluded in July 2015. The series features various characters from fairy tales and folklore – referring to themselves as "Fables" – who formed a clandestine community centuries ago within New York City known as Fabletown, after their Homelands (Fables), Homelands were conquered by a mysterious and deadly enemy known as "The Adversary". It is set in the modern day and follows several of Fabletown's legal representatives, such as sheriff Bigby Wolf, deputy mayor Snow White (Fables), Snow White, her sister List of Fables characters#Rose Red ...
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Royal Regalis
Royal may refer to: People * Royal (name), a list of people with either the surname or given name * A member of a royal family Places United States * Royal, Arkansas, an unincorporated community * Royal, Illinois, a village * Royal, Iowa, a city * Royal, Missouri, an unincorporated community * Royal, Nebraska, a village * Royal, Beaufort County, North Carolina * Royal, Franklin County, North Carolina, an unincorporated area * Royal, Utah, a ghost town * Royal, West Virginia, an unincorporated community * Royal Gorge, on the Arkansas River in Colorado * Royal Township (other) Elsewhere * Mount Royal, a hill in Montreal, Canada * Royal Canal, Dublin, Ireland * Royal National Park, New South Wales, Australia Arts, entertainment, and media * ''The Royal'', a British medical drama television series * ''The Royal Magazine'', a monthly British literary magazine published between 1898 and 1939 * Royal (Indian magazine), ''Royal'' (Indian magazine), a men's lifestyle bimonthly ...
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Ad·ver·sary
Ad·ver·sary is an industrial music project fronted by Jairus Khan, based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. History In 2005, after working as a DJ, Khan released his first EP, ''Cyanotic vs Ad·ver·sary - Music For Jerks'', as Ad·ver·sary. He later toured the United States and Canada with Iszoloscope, and has acted as tour support for Terrorfakt, Antigen Shift, and Adam X. His remix work includes material from Iszoloscope, Converter (music), Converter, Cyanotic (band), Cyanotic and Urusai."Ad-ver-sary- Bone Music"
''Grave Concern'', by Matthew Johnson
In 2008, Ad·ver·sary signed to the Tympanik Audio label to release his debut album ''Bone Music'', which was also made available as a free download under Creative Commons licensing. The album was mastered by Yann Fau ...
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Adversarial System
The adversarial system or adversary system is a legal system used in the common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law Case law is the collection of past legal decisions written by courts and similar tribunal A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority ... countries where two advocates represent their parties' case or position before an impartial person or group of people, usually a judge A judge is a person who presides over court A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In th ... or jury A jury is a sworn body of people (the jurors) convened to render an impartial Impartiality (also called evenhandedness or fair-mindedness) is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objectivity (philosophy), objective ..., who atte ...
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Adversary Proceeding
An adversary proceeding in bankruptcy is a type of lawsuit in the United States, American legal system. It is distinguished from other suits by being filed a United States bankruptcy court in connection with a larger Bankruptcy in the United States, bankruptcy proceeding. Procedure Adversary proceedings are governed by certain court rules found in Part VII of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure and, in part, by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. A bankruptcy case may contain one or more adversary proceedings or (most commonly) none at all. Other than their connection to a bankruptcy proceeding, adversary proceedings are largely similar to a standard lawsuit in federal district court. The suit is opened by a complaint filed with the Bankruptcy Court, and proceeds through the same stages of litigation, including discovery (law), discovery and trial (including jury trial in appropriate cases). The adversary proceeding may address claims to do with law of the United States#Fede ...
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Adversarial Collaboration
In science Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and predictions about the universe."... modern science is a discovery as well as an invention. ..., adversarial collaboration is a term used when two or more scientists with opposing views work together. This can take the form of a scientific experiment An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis. Experiments provide insight into Causality, cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary ... conducted by two groups of experimenters with competing hypotheses A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation An explanation is a set of statements usually constructed to describe a set of facts which clarifies the causes, context Context may refer to: * Context (language use), the rel ..., wi ...
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Adversary (cryptography)
India, In cryptography, an adversary (rarely opponent, enemy) is a malicious entity whose aim is to prevent the users of the cryptosystem from achieving their goal (primarily privacy, integrity, and availability of data). An adversary's efforts might take the form of attempting to discover secret data, corrupting some of the data in the system, Spoofing attack, spoofing the identity of a message sender or receiver, or forcing system downtime. Actual adversaries, as opposed to idealized ones, are referred to as ''attackers''. The former term predominates in the cryptographic and the latter in the computer security literature. Alice and Bob, Eve, Mallory, Oscar and Trudy are all adversarial characters widely used in both types of texts. This notion of an adversary helps both intuitive and formal reasoning about cryptosystems by casting security analysis of cryptosystems as a 'game' between the users and a ''centrally co-ordinated'' enemy. The notion of security of a cryptosystem is me ...
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Adversary Model
In computer science, an online algorithm measures its Competitive analysis (online algorithm), competitiveness against different adversary models. For deterministic algorithms, the adversary is the same as the adaptive offline adversary. For randomized online algorithms competitiveness can depend upon the adversary model used. Common adversaries The three common adversaries are the oblivious adversary, the adaptive online adversary, and the adaptive offline adversary. The oblivious adversary is sometimes referred to as the weak adversary. This adversary knows the algorithm's code, but does not get to know the randomized results of the algorithm. The adaptive online adversary is sometimes called the medium adversary. This adversary must make its own decision before it is allowed to know the decision of the algorithm. The adaptive offline adversary is sometimes called the strong adversary. This adversary knows everything, even the random number generator. This adversary is so stron ...
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Adversarial Purchasing
An adversarial relationship in purchasing and supply arises when identical or equivalent good or services are available from competing suppliers and buyers/sellers are trying to gain an advantage over each other. Low levels of trust are characteristic of adversarial relationships. Adversarial purchasing is a form of strategic management designed to take advantage of competition for a buyer's business in business-to-business relationships while simultaneously lowering the firm's dependence on a single supplier. Successful implementation of this strategy can lower the firm's prices and raise the service and attention gained from its suppliers. ''sic'': spelling mistake in original title. References {{reflist External linksLignan University Class Material
Marketing strategy Business terms Business-to-business ...
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