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Palazzo Della Cancelleria
The Palazzo della Cancelleria (Palace of the Chancellery, referring to the former Apostolic Chancery of the Pope) is a Renaissance palace in Rome, Italy, situated between the present Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, Rome, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and the Campo de' Fiori, in the rione of Parione. It was built 1489–1513 by Baccio Pontelli and Antonio da Sangallo the Elder as a palace for Cardinal Raffaele Riario, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, and is regarded as the earliest Renaissance architecture, Renaissance palace in Rome. The Palazzo houses the Papal Chancellery, is an extraterritorial properties of the Holy See, extraterritorial property of the Holy See, and is designated as a World Heritage Site.Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of t ...
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Rome
, established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The territory of the ''comune'' (''Roma Capitale'', in red) inside the Metropolitan City of Rome (''Città Metropolitana di Roma'', in yellow). The white spot in the centre is Vatican City. , pushpin_map = Italy#Europe , pushpin_map_caption = Location within Italy##Location within Europe , pushpin_relief = yes , coordinates = , coor_pinpoint = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Country , subdivision_name = , subdivision_type2 = Regions of Italy, Region , subdivision_name2 = , subdivision_type3 = Metropolitan cities of Italy, Metropolitan city , subdivision_name3 = Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Rome Capital , government_footnotes= , government_type = Mayor–council g ...
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Jacobitism
Jacobitism (; gd, Seumasachas, ; ga, Seacaibíteachas, ) was a largely 17th- and 18th-century movement that supported the restoration of the senior line of the House of Stuart to the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, British throne. The name is derived from ''Jacobus (name), Jacobus'', the Latin version of ''James''. When James II and VII went into exile after the 1688 Glorious Revolution, the Parliament of England argued he abandoned the Kingdom of England, English throne and offered it to his Protestant daughter Mary II and her husband William III of England, William III. In April, the Convention of Estates (1689), Scottish Convention held he "forfeited" the throne of Scotland by his actions, listed in the Articles of Grievances. The Revolution created the principle of a contract between monarch and people; if that was violated, he or she could be removed. Jacobites argued monarchs were appointed by God, or Divine right of kings, divine right, and could not be removed, maki ...
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San Lorenzo In Damaso
The Minor Basilica of St. Lawrence in Damaso (Basilica Minore di San Lorenzo in Damaso) or simply San Lorenzo in Damaso is a parish and titular church In the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics Catholic Church by country ... in central Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ..., Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Alps and List of islands of Italy, several islands surrounding it, whose ... that is dedicated to St. Lawrence Saint Lawrence or Lau ...
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Palazzo
A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional cha ... or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Moravian Chur ... or archbishop In many Christian Denominations Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' an .... The word is derived from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classica ...
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United States
The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continen .... It consists of 50 states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ..., a federal district A federal district is a type of administrative division of a federation, usually under the direct control of a federal government and organized sometimes with a single municipal body. Federal districts often include Capital districts and territori ..., five major unincorporate ...
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Boston
Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the capital city, capital and List of municipalities in Massachusetts, most populous city of the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States and 21st List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the country. The city proper covers with an estimated population of 692,600 in 2019, also making it the most populous city in New England. It is the seat of Suffolk County, Massachusetts, Suffolk County (although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999). The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest MSA in the country. A broader combined statistical area (CSA), corresponding to the commuting area and including Providence, Rhode Island, is home to some 8.2 million people, maki ...
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Bernard Law
Bernard Francis Law (November 4, 1931 – December 20, 2017) was an American Cardinal (Catholic Church), cardinal of the Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, known largely for covering up molestation of children by Catholic priests. He served as Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Archbishop of Boston, archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, and Cardinal (Catholic Church)#Cardinal priests, Cardinal Priest of Santa Susanna, which was the American Catholic church in Rome until 2017, when the American community was relocated to San Patrizio. Law was Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Archbishop of Boston from 1984 until his resignation on December 13, 2002, after his involvement in the Catholic Archdiocese of Boston sex abuse scandal became public knowledge, whereupon he fled the country. Law was proven to have ignored or concealed the molestation of numerous underage children; church documents demonstrate that he had extensive knowledge concerning widespre ...
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Roman Republic (19th Century)
) , capital = Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , fo ... , national_anthem = , common_languages = Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ... , government_type = Directorial parliamentary republicThe Parliamentary Republic can refer to: * A republican form of government with a Parliamentary system A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democracy, democratic government, governance of a sovereign state, state (o ... , religion = Roman Catholicism The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, ...
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Christina, Queen Of Sweden
Christina ( sv, Kristina, ; 18 December 1626 – 19 April 1689), a member of the House of Vasa The House of Vasa or Wasa in ''Berättelser ur Sweriges Medeltid, Tredje Bandet'' pp 264, 275, 278, 291–296 & 321 ( sv, Vasaätten, pl, Wazowie, lt, Vazos) was an founded in 1523 in . Its members ruled the Kingdom of Sweden from 1523 to 165 ..., was Queen of Sweden The monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state of Sweden,See the #IOG, Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Article 5. which is a constitutional monarchy, constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system.Parliam ... from 1632 until her abdication Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch, is head of state for life or until abdication. The legitimacy (political)#monarchy, political legitimacy and ... in 1654. She succeeded her father Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus (9 Decembe ...
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Henry Benedict Stuart
Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York (6 March 1725 – 13 July 1807) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal (Catholic Church), cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobitism, Jacobite heir to publicly claim the thrones of Kingdom of England, England, Kingdom of Scotland, Scotland, Kingdom of France, France, and Kingdom of Ireland, Ireland. Unlike his father, James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Charles Edward Stuart, Henry made no effort to seize the throne. After Charles's death in January 1788 the Papacy did not recognise Henry as the lawful ruler of England, Scotland, and Ireland, but referred to him as the Cardinal Duke of York. He spent his life in the Papal States and had a long career in the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church, rising to become the Dean of the College of Cardinals and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia and Velletri. At the time of his death he was (and still is) one of the longest-serving Cardinal (Catholic Ch ...
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Kingdom Of Ireland
The Kingdom of Ireland ( ga, label=Early Modern Irish, Classical Irish, an Ríoghacht Éireann; ga, label=Irish language#Towards a standard Irish – An Caighdeán Oifigiúil, Modern Irish, an Ríocht Éireann, ) was a client state of Kingdom of England, England and then of Kingdom of Great Britain, Great Britain that existed from 1542 until 1800 on the island of Ireland. It was ruled by the monarchs of England and then List of British monarchs, of Great Britain in personal union with their other realms. The kingdom was Dublin Castle administration, administered from Dublin Castle by a viceroy (the Lord Deputy of Ireland, lord deputy, later Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, lord lieutenant) appointed by the king or queen. Ireland had its Parliament of Ireland, own legislature, Peerage of Ireland, peerage, Irish Army (1661-1801), army, and state church (the Protestant Church of Ireland). Although styled a kingdom, for most of its history it was ''a de facto'' Dependent territory, dep ...
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