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Northern Ostrobothnia
North Ostrobothnia ( fi, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa; sv, Norra Österbotten) is a region of Finland. It borders the Finnish regions of Lapland, Kainuu, North Savo, Central Finland and Central Ostrobothnia, as well as the Russian Republic of Karelia. The easternmost corner of the region between Lapland, Kainuu and the Russian border is known as Koillismaa ("North-East Finland"). Historical provinces Municipalities The region of North Ostrobothnia is made up of 30 municipalities, of which 11 have city status (marked in bold). Koillismaa sub-region: *Kuusamo (16,177) *Taivalkoski (4,407) Nivala–Haapajärvi sub-region: * Haapajärvi (7,640) * Kärsämäki (2,758) * Nivala (11,053) * Pyhäjärvi (5,879) * Reisjärvi (2,992) Oulu sub-region: *Hailuoto (989) *Kempele (16,303) *Liminka (9,178) * Lumijoki (2,041) *Muhos (8,936) *Oulu (192,680) * Tyrnävä (6,482) Oulunkaari sub-region: * Ii (9,581) *Pudasjärvi (8,717) * Utajärvi (2,952) *Vaala (3,309) Raahe sub-region: * Pyh� ...
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Regions Of Finland
Finland is divided into 19 regions ( fi, maakunta; sv, landskap)., smn, eennâmkodde, and sms, mäddkåʹdd. The regions are governed by regional councils that serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of each region. The councils are composed of delegates from the municipal councils. The main tasks of regional councils are regional planning, development of enterprises, and education. Between 2004 and 2012 the regional council of Kainuu was elected via popular elections as part of an experimental regional administration. In 2022 new wellbeing services counties were established as part of a health care and social services reform. The wellbeing services counties follow the regional borders, and are governed by directly elected county councils. Åland One region, Åland, has a special status and has a much higher degree of autonomy than the others, with its own Parliament and local laws, due to its unique history and the fact that the overwhelming majority of i ...
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Central Ostrobothnia
Central Ostrobothnia ( fi, Keski-Pohjanmaa; sv, Mellersta Österbotten) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia, Central Finland and South Ostrobothnia. Historical provinces Municipalities The region of Central Ostrobothnia is made up of eight municipalities, of which two have city status (marked in bold). Kaustinen sub-region: *Halsua (1,250) *Kaustinen (4,266) * Lestijärvi (842) * Perho (2,923) * Toholampi (3,480) *Veteli (3,396) Kokkola sub-region: * Kannus (5,733) *Kokkola (46,714) Politics Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Central Ostrobothnia: * Centre Party 31.09% * Finns Party 19.60% * Social Democratic Party 16.06% * National Coalition Party 7.42% * Christian Democrats 7.29% * Swedish People's Party 6.26% * Green League 6.03% * Left Alliance 4.11% * Blue Reform The Finnish Reform Movement ( fi, Korjausliike, korj), is a Finnish conservative political party. ...
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Hailuoto
Hailuoto (; sv, Karlö) is a Finnish island in the northern Baltic Sea and a municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia region. The population of Hailuoto is (), which make it the smallest municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia and the former Oulu Province in terms of population. The municipality covers an area of (excluding sea areas) of which is inland water (). The population density is . Of all the Finnish sea islands, Hailuoto is the third largest after Fasta Åland and Kimitoön. Hailuoto lies opposite the city of Oulu in the Gulf of Bothnia. The distance between Oulu and Hailuoto is , and the sea area between them is called ''Luodonselkä'' (literally "open water of the islet"). Land in the region is constantly rising due to post-glacial rebound. It is estimated that the first parts of Hailuoto appeared from the Baltic Sea about 1700 years ago. The current island of Hailuoto was formed from many smaller islands. Two large sections, Santonen and Hanhinen merged into the mai ...
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Reisjärvi
Reisjärvi is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Oulu and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Geography Neighbouring municipalities are Haapajärvi, Kinnula, Lestijärvi, Pihtipudas and Sievi. The habitation in Reisjärvi is clustered into villages ("kylä"). The locals might recognize at least the following villages: Keskusta (the center), Hylkiranta, Järvikylä, Kalaja, Kangaskylä, Kinnulanranta, Kiljanranta, Köyhänperä, Leppälahti, Levonperä, Lokkiperä, Metsäperä, Mäntyperä and Räisälänmäki. Reisjärvi has a highly diverse nature, with many lakes, ponds and smaller rivers, rocks and cliffs but also marshes and lowlands. A very remarkable sight of Reisjärvi nature is one of the northernmost in Finland habitats of wild Small-leaved Lime (Tilia cordata), 63° 38′ N (rig ...
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Pyhäjärvi
Pyhäjärvi (1993–1995 ''Pyhäsalmi'') is a town and municipality in the south of Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. Pyhäjärvi also borders the Northern Savonia and Central Finland regions. The town belongs to the subregion of Nivala–Haapajärvi. Its seat is in ''Pyhäsalmi''. Neighbouring municipalities are Haapajärvi, Kiuruvesi, Kärsämäki, Pielavesi, Pihtipudas and Pyhäntä. As the highway 4 ( E75), the highway 27 and the Ylivieska–Iisalmi railway all run through the town, Pyhäjärvi is well situated in an intersection of communication and transport services. The town has also an airfield. The town of Pyhäjärvi was founded in 1866, and it was then named after Lake Pyhäjärvi, a lake of and rich in fish. Pyhäjärvi became officially a town in January 1993. The town has inhabitants (), of whom some 60 percent live in the two population centres Pyhäsalmi and Ruotanen. It is the second smallest town of Finland in term of population after Kaskinen in th ...
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Nivala
Nivala is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The town has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Geography Neighbouring municipalities are Haapajärvi, Haapavesi, Sievi, and Ylivieska. Nature The Kalajoki river flows through the municipality. The biggest lake in the region is Pidisjärvi and the two other lakes are Suojärvi and Erkkisjärvi. Notable people * Kyösti Kallio, the fourth President of Finland (1937–1940), was a resident of Nivala. * Rakel Liehu, writer * Maria Lohela, former Speaker of the Parliament of Finland The Parliament of Finland ( ; ) is the unicameral and supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906. In accordance with the Constitution of Finland, sovereignty belongs to the people, and that power is vested in the Parliament. The ... (2015–2018) * Atte Ohtamaa, hockey player References ...
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Kärsämäki
Kärsämäki (; literally meaning "snout hill") is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Oulu and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . Kärsämäki is a significant road junction where Highway 4 (Helsinki–Oulu–Utsjoki) and Highway 28 (Kokkola–Kajaani) intersect and where Highway 58 leading to Kangasala begins.Kärsämäki-info
(in Finnish)
The distance to the regional capital Oulu is . Neighbour municipalities are Haapajärvi, Haapavesi,

Haapajärvi
Haapajärvi is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Oulu and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The town has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . Neighbour municipalities are Haapavesi, Kärsämäki, Nivala, Pihtipudas, Pyhäjärvi, Reisjärvi and Sievi. The municipality is unilingually Finnish. History Haapajärvi was first mentioned in 1548 as ''Hapaierffue'' (a Swedish transcription of the Finnish name), when it was a part of the parish of Kalajoki. It acquired its own chapel in 1698. Haapajärvi became an independent parish in 1838. Nivala was split off from Haapajärvi as its own parish in 1876. Villages Notable people * Johan Gabriel Ståhlberg Johan Gabriel Ståhlberg (, ; 23 October 1832 – 8 September 1873) was a Finnish priest, who worked as a chaplain in Alavieska and as a deputy pastor in Haapajärvi.
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Taivalkoski
Taivalkoski is a municipality of Finland, it is located in the Province of Oulu and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . The municipality is unilingually Finnish. The neighbouring municipalities are Kuusamo, Posio, Pudasjärvi and Suomussalmi. The Iijoki river runs through the centre of the village. Taivalkoski was the home of famous writer Kalle Päätalo and television comedian Pekka Jalava. In addition, the famed Esperantist Osmo Buller, world champion ski jumper Tapio Räisänen, baseball player John Michaelson, and ice hockey player Joni Pitkänen Joni Pitkänen (born 19 September 1983) is a Finnish former professional ice hockey defenceman who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Philadelphia Flyers, Edmonton Oilers, and Carolina Hurricanes. Playing career Pitkänen st ... were born in Taivalkoski. International relations ...
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Kuusamo
Kuusamo ( sme, Guossán; smn, Kuáccám) is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of () and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Kuusamo is a major center for winter sports and receives approximately a million tourists every year. One of the largest ski resorts in Finland, Ruka, is situated in Kuusamo. Ruka is also the host of many international competitions in ski jumping, cross-country skiing, and Nordic combined. The 2005 World Championships of Freestyle Skiing was held in Kuusamo. Kuusamo Airport is located north-east from Kuusamo town centre. History Sami settlement Until the 17th century, the area of Kuusamo was inhabited by the semi-nomadic Sami. During the cold season they lived in the villages Maanselkä and Kitka. In spring they moved to the rivers and in summer, after the melting of the ice, to the lakes; ...
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Municipalities Of Finland
The municipalities ( fi, kunta; sv, kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country. The entire country is incorporated into municipalities and legally, all municipalities are equal, although certain municipalities are called cities or towns ( fi, kaupunki; sv, stad). Municipalities have the right to levy a flat percentual income tax, which is between 16 and 22 percent, and they provide two thirds of public services. Municipalities control many community services, such as schools, health care and the water supply, and local streets. They do not maintain highways, set laws or keep police forces, which are responsibilities of the central government. Government Municipalities have council-manager government: they are governed by an elected council (, ), which is legally autonomous and answers only to the voters. The size of the council is proportional to the population, the extremes bei ...
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University Of Oulu
The University of Oulu ( fi, Oulun yliopisto) is one of the largest universities in Finland, located in the city of Oulu. It was founded on July 8, 1958. The university has around 13,000 students and 2,900 staff. 21 International Master's Programmes are offered at the university. The university is often ranked as one of the better universities in Finland and in the top-400 worldwide. History * 1919 Oulu College Association was founded to manage the establishment of a university in the town * 1958 Oulu University Act * 1959 Activities begin. Faculty of Philosophy (programs in biology and mathematics), Faculty of Technology (architecture, civil and industrial engineering) and Oulu Teaching School * 1960 Faculty of Medicine * 1965 Teaching begins in humanities * 1965 Departments of Electrical Engineering and Machine Engineering added to the Faculty of Technology * 1972 The Faculty of Humanities and the Faculty of Natural Sciences founded with the division of the Faculty of Ph ...
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