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National Commission Of Telecommunications
The National Commission of Telecommunications (Conatel) is an agency of the government of Venezuela that exercises the regulation, supervision and control over telecommunications in Venezuela. History The Telecommunications Act, enacted on June 12, 2000, gave the Venezuelan state power to regulate the sector of the National Telecommunications Commission. This Commission was initially created by the # 1,826 Decree of September 5 of 1991 (Official Gazette No. 34.801 of 18 September 1991) attributing the character of autonomous service without legal personality, and the hierarchy of a Directorate General of the Ministry Transport and Communications, which replaced the National Telecommunications Council (CNT). Controversies Censorship Reporters Without Borders warned of "rising censorship in Venezuela's Internet service, including several websites and social networks facing shutdowns". They condemned actions performed by the National Telecommunications Commission (Conatel) after ...
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Las Mercedes, Caracas
Las Mercedes was the largest district for shopping and leisure in Latin America. Due to the decline caused by Venezuela's current crisis, the area has fallen into decay. It is located at the Baruta Municipality, Miranda (state), Caracas. It has an estimated area of 93 hectares (0.93 square kilometers). It contains discos and pubs. It contains clothing and fashion stores, art galleries, and restaurants, that include diverse gastronomical specialties from local food such as Arepa#Venezuela, areperas to foreign and international food. History In the 21st century, new malls have included the Tolón Mall. In 2006 the Baruta mayor began remodeling the ''Plaza Alfredo Sadel'' and an upgrade to the Las Mercedes drainage. There are plans for a future expansion of line 4 of the Caracas Metro which is intended to connect the district with two stations, ''Las Mercedes'' and ''Tamanaco'', with ''Plaza Venezuela'' and ''Parque del Este'' of line 1. This expansion will help reduce traffic jams ...
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NTN24
NTN24 (acronym for Nuestra Tele Noticias 24) is a Colombia Colombia ( , ; ), officially the Republic of Colombia, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by conv ...n free-to-air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Media (communication), medium used for transmitting moving images in grayscale, black-and-white or in color, and in two or 3 ... (only on digital terrestrial television Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT, or DTTB with "broadcasting") is a technology for terrestrial television Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video c ...) and cable Cable may refer to: Mechanical * Nautical cable, an assembly of three or more ropes woven against the weav ...
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Media In Venezuela
Mass media in Venezuela comprise the mass and niche news and information communications infrastructure of Venezuela. Thus, the media of Venezuela consist of several different types of communications media: television, radio, newspapers, magazines, film, cinema, and Internet-based news outlets and websites. Venezuela also has a strong Music of Venezuela, music industry and arts scene. Since 2003, Freedom House has ranked Venezuela as "not free" when it comes to press freedom. Freedom House explained that Venezuela's freedom of the press had declined during Hugo Chávez's 15 years in power, stating that the Venezuelan government's relation to the media caused a sharp decline in press freedom and expanded government information apparatus. Due to censorship in Venezuela, Social networking service, social networking and other methods are important ways of communication for the Venezuelan people, with social media being established as an alternative means of information to mainstream me ...
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SEBIN
The Bolivarian National Intelligence Service (Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (other), the name of several ...: ''Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional'', SEBIN) is the premier intelligence agency An intelligence agency is a government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government The machinery of government (sometimes abbreviated a ... in Venezuela Venezuela (; ), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( es, link=no, República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continent A continent is any of several large l .... SEBIN is an internal security force subordinate to the Vice President of ...
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IP Address
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label such as that is connected to a computer network A computer network is a set of s sharing resources located on or provided by . The computers use common s over to communicate with each other. These interconnections are made up of technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wire ... that uses the Internet Protocol The Internet Protocol (IP) is the network layer In the seven-layer OSI model The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model A conceptual model is a representation of a system, made of the composition of concept C ... for communication.RFC 760, ''DOD Standard Internet Protocol'', DARPA, Information Sciences Institute (January 1980). Updated by . An IP address serves two main functions: network interface identification Identification or identify may refer to: Art and entertainment *Identify (album), ''Identify'' (album) by Got7 *''Kill Command'', 20 ...
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Global Voices Online
Global Voices is an international community of writers, bloggers and digital activists that aim to translate and report on what is being said in citizen media worldwide. It is a non-profit project started at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School that grew out of an international bloggers' meeting held in December 2004. The organization was founded by Ethan Zuckerman and Rebecca MacKinnon. In 2008, it became an independent non-profit incorporated in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Objectives When Global Voices was formed, Its objectives were: first, to enable and empower a community of "bridge bloggers" who "can make a bridge between two languages, or two cultures." Second to develop tools and resources to make achieving the first objective more effective. It has maintained a working relationship with mainstream media. Reuters, for example, gave Global Voices unrestricted grants from 2006 to 2008. For its contribution to innovation in journalism, Global Voices ...
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Robert Serra
Robert Serra (16 January 1987 – 1 October 2014) was a Venezuelan politician from Maracaibo and a member of the Venezuelan National Assembly (Venezuela), National Assembly for the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV). Early life According to political analyst Helly Angel, Serra had a "very aggressive temperament" and stated that he "was very controversial, very problematic, even within their own family unit, with many conflicts and confrontations, even among his own family". He also described Serra as a "admirer of Fidel Castro, a supporter of the Cuban revolution". Serra attended Andrés Bello Catholic University where he had few friends and failed to establish a Chavismo, Chavista group at the university where most students had middle-class conservative roots. A former classmate stated that Serra was "Even by chavista standards, Robert was always very militant" and that he was a provocateur among students, describing an occasion after Serra made controversial statements ...
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Alfredo Romero (activist)
Alfredo Romero Mendoza (born 7 January 1969) is a Venezuelan lawyer and human rights activist, executive director of the non-governmental organization Foro Penal. He received the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award in 2017. Career Alfredo Romero graduated as a lawyer in the Andrés Bello Catholic University in 1991, studied a master's degree in Latin American studies in Georgetown University in 1994 and afterwards a master's degree in financial public law in the University of London in 1997. Between 2001 and 2002 he was rapporteur of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Venezuela), Supreme Tribunal of Justice and in 2002 he founded the civil association VIVE (''Víctimas Venezolanas de Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos'', in Spanish), representing the 11 April 2002 Llaguno Overpass events victims, which afterwards merged with the non-governmental organization Foro Penal.
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Infobae
Infobae is a news website created in Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America South America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ... in 2002 by businessman Daniel Hadad Daniel Hadad (born November 28, 1961) is an Argentine Argentines (also known as Argentinians or Argentineans; es, masculine argentinos; feminine Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, a .... Infobae has 450 staff journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and disseminates it to the public. The act or process mainly done by the journalist is called journalism ...s and over a thousand stringers. Their headquarters are located in Buenos Aires Buenos Aires ( or ; ), officially ...
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2014 Venezuelan Protests
In 2014, a series of protests, political demonstrations, and civil insurrection began in Venezuela due to the country's high levels of urban violence, inflation, and chronic shortages of basic goods attributed to economic policies such as strict price controls. Mass protesting began in earnest in February following the attempted rape of a student on a university campus in San Cristóbal, Táchira, San Cristóbal. Subsequent arrests and killings of student protesters spurred their expansion to neighboring cities and the involvement of opposition leaders. The year's early months were characterized by large demonstrations and violent clashes between protesters and government forces that resulted in nearly 4,000 arrests and 43 deaths, including both supporters and opponents of the government. Background Since Hugo Chávez was elected President of Venezuela in 1998, he and his political ambitions proved to be controversial. Under Chávez, oil revenues in the 2000s brought funds not s ...
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Caracas
Caracas (, ), officially Santiago de León de Caracas, abbreviated as CCS, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and the center of the Metropolitan Region of Caracas (or Greater Caracas). Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, within the Caracas Valley of the Coastal Range, Venezuela, Venezuelan coastal mountain range (Cordillera de la Costa). The valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2,200-metre-high (7,200 ft) mountain range, El Ávila National Park, Cerro El Ávila; to the south there are more hills and mountains. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an estimated population of almost 5 million inhabitants. The center of the city is still ''Catedral'', located near Bolívar Square (Caracas), Bolívar Square, though some consider the center to be Plaza Venezuela, located in the Los Caobos area. Businesses in the city include service companies, banks, and malls. Caracas has a largely servic ...
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Censorship
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information. This may be done on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient". Censorship can be conducted by governments, private institutions and other controlling bodies. Governments and private organizations may engage in censorship. Other groups or institutions may propose and petition for censorship.https://www.aclu.org/other/what-censorship "What Is Censorship", ACLU When an individual such as an author or other creator engages in censorship of his or her own works or speech, it is referred to as ''self-censorship Self-censorship is the act of censorship, censoring or Classified Information, classifying one's own discourse. This is done out of fear of, or deference to, the sensibilities or preferences (actual or perceived) of others and without overt pressure ...''. General censorship occurs in a variety of different media, including speech, books, ...
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