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Euclid, Ohio
Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner ring suburb of Cleveland. As of the 2020 census, the city had a total population of 49,692. History The City of Euclid was originally a part of Euclid Township, first mapped in 1796 and named for Euclid of Alexandria, the ancient Greek mathematician. The first sparse settlement in the township began in 1798, with major settlement beginning in the spring of 1804. The first settlers in what is now the City of Euclid were Joseph Burke, David Dille and William Coleman, and their families. Following the Civil War the lake plain of Euclid Township was known for numerous excellent vineyards. Euclid Village incorporated out of the northeast portion of the township in 1903. It developed as an industrial center in the early 20th century, and became a city in 1930. Geography Euclid is located at (41.595563, -81.519176). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is l ...
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City
A city is a human settlement of notable size.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a permanent and Urban density, densely settled place with administratively defined boundaries whose members work primarily on non-agricultural tasks. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, Public utilities, utilities, land use, Manufacturing, production of goods, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organisations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process, such as improving efficiency of goods and service distribution. Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization, more than half of the world population now lives in cit ...
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Inner Suburb
''Inner suburb'' is a term used for a variety of suburban communities that are generally located very close to the centre of a large city (the inner city and central business district). Their urban density is usually lower than the inner city or central business district but higher than that of the city's outer suburbs or exurbs. Commonwealth of Nations In the Commonwealth countries (especially Australia and New Zealand), inner suburbs are the part of the urban area that constitutes the zone of transition, which lies outside the central business district, as well as the (traditional) working class zone. The inner suburbs of large cities are the oldest and often the most dense residential areas of the city. They tend to feature a high level of mixed-use development. Traditionally, inner suburbs have been home to the working class, but as manufacturing jobs have migrated to the periphery of cities, many inner suburbs have become gentrified. United States In the United ...
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CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation , known colloquially as simply CSX, is a Class I freight railroad operating in the Eastern United States and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The railroad operates approximately 21,000 route miles () of track. The company operates as the leading subsidiary of CSX Corporation, a Fortune 500 company headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida. CSX Corporation (the parent of CSX Transportation) was formed in 1980 from the merger of Chessie System and Seaboard Coast Line Industries, two holding companies which controlled a number of railroads operating in the Eastern United States. Initially only a holding company itself, the subsidiaries that made up CSX Corporation were gradually merged, with this process completed in 1987. CSX Transportation formally came into existence in 1986, as the successor of Seaboard System Railroad. In 1999, CSX Transportation acquired approximately half of Conrail, in a joint purchase with competitor Norfolk Southern Rai ...
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Interstate 90
Interstate 90 (I-90) is an east–west transcontinental freeway and the longest Interstate Highway in the United States at . It begins in Seattle, Washington, and travels through the Pacific Northwest, Mountain West, Great Plains, Midwest, and the Northeast, ending in Boston, Massachusetts. The highway serves 13 states and has 16 auxiliary routes, primarily in major cities such as Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, and Rochester. I-90 begins at Washington State Route 519 in Seattle and crosses the Cascade Range in Washington and the Rocky Mountains in Montana. It then traverses the northern Great Plains and travels southeast through Wisconsin and the Chicago area by following the southern shore of Lake Michigan. The freeway continues across Indiana and follows the shore of Lake Erie through Ohio and Pennsylvania to Buffalo. I-90 travels across New York by roughly following the historic Erie Canal and traverses Massachusetts, reaching its eastern terminus at Massachusetts Route 1A ...
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Lake-effect Snow
Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water. The lower layer of air, heated up by the lake water, picks up water vapor from the lake and rises up through the colder air above. The vapor then freezes and is deposited on the leeward (downwind) shores. The same effect also occurs over bodies of saline water, when it is termed ocean-effect or bay-effect snow. The effect is enhanced when the moving air mass is uplifted by the orographic influence of higher elevations on the downwind shores. This uplifting can produce narrow but very intense bands of precipitation, which deposit at a rate of many inches of snow each hour, often resulting in a large amount of total snowfall. The areas affected by lake-effect snow are called snowbelts. These include areas east of the Great Lakes in North America, the west coasts of northern Japan, the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia, and areas near the Great ...
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Willoughby Hills, Ohio
Willoughby Hills is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. The population was 9,485 at the 2010 census. A suburb of Cleveland, it is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area. Geography Willoughby Hills is located at (41.588151, -81.442475). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. Willoughby Hills borders Euclid and Richmond Heights on the west, Gates Mills, Highland Heights, and Mayfield Village on the south, Kirtland and Waite Hill on the east, and Wickliffe and Willoughby to the north. Demographics 88.3% spoke English, 3.7% Slovene, 3.1% Croatian, 1.1% Spanish, 1.1% Italian, and 1.1% Russian. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 35.5% held a bachelor's degree or higher. 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 9,485 people, 4,398 households, and 2,602 families living in the city. The population density was . There were 4,929 housing units at an average density of ...
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Wickliffe, Ohio
Wickliffe is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. The population was 12,750 at the 2010 census. A post office called Wickliffe has been in operation since 1843. The city was named after Charles A. Wickliffe, 11th United States Postmaster General. Geography Wickliffe is located at (41.609398, -81.472905). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. It is landlocked due to the neighboring cities of Euclid and Willowick (to which it partially lent its name); it also borders Willoughby. Eastlake and Richmond Heights are not quite adjacent to it, but are close. City Council (as of 2022) * Jospeph D. Sakacs, Mayor * Edward A. Levon, President * Matthew C. Jaworski, at-large * Maria L. Salotto, at-large * James Bala, ward 1 * Randy Gerhardstein, ward 2 * Thomas Thielman, ward 3 * Sherry Koski, ward 4 Demographics 2020 census As of the census of 2010, there were 12,646 people and 5,523 households livin ...
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Willowick, Ohio
Willowick is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. The population was 14,171 at the 2010 census. A suburb of Cleveland, Willowick is served by a branch of the Willoughby-Eastlake Public Library. The city's name is a portmanteau of two adjacent cities in Lake County: Willoughby and Wickliffe. As of 2022, the mayor of Willowick is Michael Vanni. Geography Willowick is located at (41.635080, -81.468290). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , all land. Demographics 94% spoke English, 1.9% Croatian, 1.0% Slovene, and 1.0% Spanish. 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 14,171 people, 6,110 households, and 3,859 families residing in the city. The population density was . There were 6,476 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 2.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race w ...
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Richmond Heights, Ohio
Richmond Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. The population was 10,546 at the 2010 census. Geography Richmond Heights is located at (41.558183, -81.503651). Richmond Heights borders Euclid on the west, Lyndhurst and South Euclid on the south, Highland Heights on the east, and Willoughby Hills to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. Demographics 82.7% spoke English, 4.8% Russian, 3.1% Spanish, 1.9% Slovene, 1.7% Italian, 1.2% Chinese, and 1.1% Croatian. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 38.5% held a bachelor's degree or higher. 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 10,546 people, 4,766 households, and 2,812 families living in the city. The population density was . There were 5,370 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 48.5% White, 44.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.5% from other r ...
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South Euclid, Ohio
South Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland located on the city's east side. As of the 2010 census the population was 22,295. Geography Acting approximately as a central point for the east side of the Greater Cleveland area, South Euclid is bordered by Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, University Heights, Beachwood, Lyndhurst, Richmond Heights, and Euclid. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , all of it land. History The land currently comprising South Euclid was part of the Western Reserve, obtained via treaty with the Iroquois confederation in 1796 by the Connecticut Land Company. In 1797, Moses Cleaveland named the area east of the Cuyahoga River Euclid, after the Greek mathematician and "patron saint" of surveyors. Euclid Township was officially formed in 1809. In 1828, Euclid Township was divided into nine districts, with South Euclid becoming district two. The earlies ...
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Lake Erie
Lake Erie ( "eerie") is the fourth largest lake by surface area of the five Great Lakes in North America and the eleventh-largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. At its deepest point Lake Erie is deep. Situated on the International Boundary between Canada and the United States, Lake Erie's northern shore is the Canadian province of Ontario, specifically the Ontario Peninsula, with the U.S. states of Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York on its western, southern, and eastern shores. These jurisdictions divide the surface area of the lake with water boundaries. The largest city on the lake is Cleveland, anchoring the third largest U.S. metro area in the Great Lakes region, after Greater Chicago and Metro Detroit. Other major cities along the lake shore include Buffalo, New York; Erie, Pennsylvania; and Toledo, Ohio. Situated below Lake Hur ...
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Greek Mathematics
Greek mathematics refers to mathematics texts and ideas stemming from the Archaic through the Hellenistic and Roman periods, mostly extant from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD, around the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean. Greek mathematicians lived in cities spread over the entire Eastern Mediterranean from Italy to North Africa but were united by Greek culture and the Greek language. The word "mathematics" itself derives from the grc, , máthēma , meaning "subject of instruction". The study of mathematics for its own sake and the use of generalized mathematical theories and proofs is an important difference between Greek mathematics and those of preceding civilizations. Origins of Greek mathematics The origin of Greek mathematics is not well documented. The earliest advanced civilizations in Greece and in Europe were the Minoan and later Mycenaean civilizations, both of which flourished during the 2nd millennium BCE. While these civilizations possessed writing a ...
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