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Edward Coke
Edward is an English given name. It is derived from the Anglo-Saxon name ''Ēadweard'', composed of the elements '' ēad'' "wealth, fortune; prosperous" and '' weard'' "guardian, protector”. History The name Edward was very popular in Anglo-Saxon England, but the rule of the Norman and Plantagenet dynasties had effectively ended its use amongst the upper classes. The popularity of the name was revived when Henry III named his firstborn son, the future Edward I, as part of his efforts to promote a cult around Edward the Confessor, for whom Henry had a deep admiration. Variant forms The name has been adopted in the Iberian peninsula since the 15th century, due to Edward, King of Portugal, whose mother was English. The Spanish/Portuguese forms of the name are Eduardo and Duarte. Other variant forms include French Édouard, Italian Edoardo and Odoardo, German, Dutch, Czech and Romanian Eduard and Scandinavian Edvard. Short forms include Ed, Eddy, Eddie, Ted, Teddy and Ned. ...
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Edward I Of England
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1272 to 1307. Concurrently, he ruled the duchies of Aquitaine and Gascony as a vassal of the French king. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as the Lord Edward. The eldest son of Henry III, Edward was involved from an early age in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included a rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons' War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was held hostage by the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and defeated the baronial leader Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. Within two years the rebellion was ex ...
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Woody (name)
Woody, also spelled Woodie, is a masculine given name in its own right or a pet form of Woodrow and other names such as Elwood or Heywood. It was especially popular in the US during and after the presidency of Thomas Woodrow Wilson, who was always called by his middle name. It is also a surname. Woody may refer to: Given name or nickname People * Woody Abernathy (outfielder) (1908–1961), American baseball player * Woody Abernathy (pitcher) (1915–1994), American baseball player * Woody Allen (born 1935), American screenwriter and actor * Woody Austin (born 1964), American golfer * Woody Bennett (born 1956), American football player * Woody Blackburn (born 1951), American golfer * Woodie Blackman (1922–2010), Caribbean author * Woody Bledsoe (1921–1995), American mathematician and computer scientist * Woody Bowman (1941–2015), American politician * Woody Bredell (1884–1976), British cinematographer and actor * Woody Brown (actor) (born 1956), American actor * W ...
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Chinese Language
Chinese (, especially when referring to written Chinese) is a group of languages spoken natively by the ethnic Han Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in Greater China. About 1.3 billion people (or approximately 16% of the world's population) speak a variety of Chinese as their first language. Chinese languages form the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages family. The spoken varieties of Chinese are usually considered by native speakers to be variants of a single language. However, their lack of mutual intelligibility means they are sometimes considered separate languages in a family. Investigation of the historical relationships among the varieties of Chinese is ongoing. Currently, most classifications posit 7 to 13 main regional groups based on phonetic developments from Middle Chinese, of which the most spoken by far is Mandarin (with about 800 million speakers, or 66%), followed by Min (75 million, e.g. Southern Min), Wu (74 million, e ...
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Breton Language
Breton (, ; or in Morbihan) is a Southwestern Brittonic language of the Celtic language family spoken in Brittany, part of modern-day France. It is the only Celtic language still widely in use on the European mainland, albeit as a member of the insular branch instead of the continental grouping. Breton was brought from Great Britain to Armorica (the ancient name for the coastal region that includes the Brittany peninsula) by migrating Britons during the Early Middle Ages, making it an Insular Celtic language. Breton is most closely related to Cornish, another Southwestern Brittonic language. Welsh and the extinct Cumbric, both Western Brittonic languages, are more distantly related. Having declined from more than one million speakers around 1950 to about 200,000 in the first decade of the 21st century, Breton is classified as "severely endangered" by the UNESCO ''Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger''. However, the number of children attending bilingual classes rose ...
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Odoardo
Odoardo is a given name. Notable people with the name include: * Odoardo Barri (1844–1920), the pseudonym of Edward Slater *Odoardo Beccari (1843–1920), Italian naturalist, discovered the titan arum in Sumatra in 1878 *Odoardo Borrani (1833–1905), Italian painter associated with the Macchiaioli group *Juan Manuel Cajigal y Odoardo (1803–1856), Venezuelan mathematician, engineer and statesman * Odoardo Farnese (cardinal) (1573–1626), Italian nobleman, son of Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Portugal * Alessandro di Odoardo Farnese, Prince of Parma (1635–1689), Italian military leader, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1678 to 1682 * Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma (1612–1646), also known as Odoardo I Farnese, Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1622 to 1646 * Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma (1666–1693), the son and heir of Duke Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza *Odoardo Fialetti (1573–1638), Italian painter and print ...
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Edoardo
Edoardo is the Italian form of the English male given name Edward. Notable people named Edoardo include: * Edoardo Agnelli (industrialist) (1892–1935), Italian industrialist * Edoardo Alfieri (1913–1998), Italian sculptor * Edoardo Amaldi (1908–1989), Italian physicist * Edoardo Ballerini (born 1970), Italian-American actor, writer and director * Edoardo Bassini (1844–1924), Italian surgeon * Edoardo Bennato (born 1949), Italian singer-songwriter * Edoardo Bosio (born 1864), Italian-Swiss footballing innovator * Edoardo Chiossone (1833–1898), Italian o-yatoi gaikokujin * Edoardo de Martin (21st century), Italian bobsledder * Edoardo Garzena (1900–1984), Italian featherweight professional boxer * Edoardo Gori (born 1990), Italian rugby union player * Edoardo Isella (born 1980), Mexican footballer * Edoardo Mangiarotti (1919–2012), Italian fencer * Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi (born 1983), British property developer * Edoardo Molinari (born 1981), Italian golfer * Edo ...
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Duarte (name)
Duarte is an Iberian given name and surname, being an alternative Portuguese form of the name Edward (another version is Eduardo). Name * Duarte Coelho Pereira (c. 1485–1554), nobleman, military leader, and colonial administrator in the Portuguese colony of Brazil * Duarte de Menezes (1488-1539), Portuguese nobleman and colonial officer * Duarte de Menezes, 3rd Count of Viana (1414-1464), Portuguese nobleman and military figure * Duarte Brandão (1440-1508), the Governor of Guernsey, a knight, adventurer, ship commander and the godson and protégé of King Edward IV of England * Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (1907–1976), former claimant to the Portuguese throne * Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza (born 1945), current claimant to the Portuguese throne, Duarte Nuno's eldest son *Duarte, Duke of Guimarães (1515–1540), the sixth son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his wife Maria of Aragon * Duarte, Duke of Guimarães (1541–1576), son of Duarte of Portugal, 4th Duke of Guima ...
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Edward, King Of Portugal
Edward ( pt, Duarte (; 31 October 1391 – 9 September 1438), also called Edward the King Philosopher (''Duarte o Rei-Filósofo'') or the Eloquent (''o Eloquente''), was the King of Portugal from 1433 until his death. He was born in Viseu, the son of John I of Portugal and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster. Edward was the oldest member of the " Illustrious Generation" of accomplished royal children who contributed to the development of Portuguese civilization during the 15th century. As a cousin of several English kings, he became a Knight of the Garter. Early life Before he ascended the throne, Edward always followed his father in the affairs of the kingdom. He was knighted in 1415 after the Portuguese capture of the city of Ceuta in North Africa, across from Gibraltar. He became king in 1433, when his father died of the plague. As king, Edward soon showed interest in building internal political consensus. During his short reign of five years, he called the Portuguese Cortes ( ...
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Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula (), ** * Aragonese and Occitan: ''Peninsula Iberica'' ** ** * french: Péninsule Ibérique * mwl, Península Eibérica * eu, Iberiar penintsula also known as Iberia, is a peninsula in southwestern Europe, defining the westernmost edge of Eurasia. It is principally divided between Spain and Portugal, comprising most of their territory, as well as a small area of Southern France, Andorra, and Gibraltar. With an area of approximately , and a population of roughly 53 million, it is the second largest European peninsula by area, after the Scandinavian Peninsula. Name Greek name The word ''Iberia'' is a noun adapted from the Latin word "Hiberia" originating in the Ancient Greek word Ἰβηρία ('), used by Greek geographers under the rule of the Roman Empire to refer to what is known today in English as the Iberian Peninsula. At that time, the name did not describe a single geographical entity or a distinct population; the same name was ...
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Edward The Confessor
Edward the Confessor ; la, Eduardus Confessor , ; ( 1003 – 5 January 1066) was one of the last Anglo-Saxon English kings. Usually considered the last king of the House of Wessex, he ruled from 1042 to 1066. Edward was the son of Æthelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy. He succeeded Cnut the Great's son – and his own half-brother – Harthacnut. He restored the rule of the House of Wessex after the period of Danish rule since Cnut conquered England in 1016. When Edward died in 1066, he was succeeded by his wife's brother Harold Godwinson, who was defeated and killed in the same year by the Normans under William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. Edward's young great-nephew Edgar the Ætheling of the House of Wessex was proclaimed king after the Battle of Hastings in 1066 but was never crowned and was peacefully deposed after about eight weeks. Historians disagree about Edward's fairly long 24-year reign. His nickname reflects the traditional i ...
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Henry III Of England
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death in 1272. The son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême, Henry assumed the throne when he was only nine in the middle of the First Barons' War. Cardinal Guala Bicchieri declared the war against the rebel barons to be a religious crusade and Henry's forces, led by William Marshal, defeated the rebels at the battles of Lincoln and Sandwich in 1217. Henry promised to abide by the Great Charter of 1225, a later version of the 1215 '' Magna Carta'', which limited royal power and protected the rights of the major barons. His early rule was dominated first by Hubert de Burgh and then Peter des Roches, who re-established royal authority after the war. In 1230, the King attempted to reconquer the provinces of France that had once belonged to his father, but the invasion was a debacle. A revolt led by William ...
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House Of Plantagenet
The House of Plantagenet () was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France. The family held the English throne from 1154 (with the accession of Henry II at the end of the Anarchy) to 1485, when Richard III died in battle. Under the Plantagenets, England was transformed. The Plantagenet kings were often forced to negotiate compromises such as Magna Carta, which had served to constrain their royal power in return for financial and military support. The king was no longer considered an absolute monarch in the nation—holding the prerogatives of judgement, feudal tribute, and warfare—but now also had defined duties to the kingdom, underpinned by a sophisticated justice system. A distinct national identity was shaped by their conflict with the French, Scots, Welsh and Irish, as well as by the establishment of the English language as the primary language. In the 15th century, the Plantagenets were defeated in the Hundred Years' War and beset with soci ...
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