whole wheat flour
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Whole-wheat flour (in the US) or wholemeal flour (in the UK) is a powdery substance, a basic food ingredient, derived by grinding or mashing the
whole grainright Rights are law, legal, social, or ethics, ethical principles of Liberty, freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people according to some legal system, social con ...

whole grain
of
wheat Wheat is a grass widely Agriculture, cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The Taxonomy of wheat, many species of wheat together make up the genus ''Triticum''; the most widely grown is common wheat (''T. aest ...

wheat
, also known as the
wheatberry A wheat berry, or wheatberry, is a whole wheat Seed, kernel, composed of the bran, Cereal germ, germ, and endosperm, without the husk. Botanically, it is a type of fruit called a caryopsis. Wheat berries have a tan to reddish-brown color and are av ...
. Whole-wheat flour is used in
baking Baking is a method of preparing food that uses dry heat, typically in an oven, but can also be done in hot ashes, or on hot stones. The most common baked item is bread but many other types of foods are baked. Heat is gradually transferred "from ...

baking
of breads and other baked goods, and also typically mixed with lighter "white" unbleached or bleached
flour Kinako Flour is a powder A powder is a dry, bulk solid Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas and plasma). The molecules in a solid are closely packed together and contain the least ...

flour
s (that have been treated with
flour bleaching agentFlour bleaching agent is the agent added to fresh milled grains to whiten the flour by removing the yellow colour pigment called xanthophyll. It whitens the flour and this flour is used in baking industry Overview Usual flour bleach Bleach is the ...
(s)) to restore nutrients (especially
fiber Fiber or fibre (from la, fibra, links=no) is a #Natural fibers, natural or #Man-made fibers, man-made substance that is significantly longer than it is wide. Fibers are often used in the manufacture of other materials. The strongest engineer ...
,
protein Proteins are large biomolecules and macromolecules that comprise one or more long chains of amino acid residue (biochemistry), residues. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including Enzyme catalysis, catalysing metabol ...

protein
, and
vitamin A vitamin is an organic molecule , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, organic compounds are generally any chemical compounds that contain carbon-hydrogen chemical bond, bonds. Due to carbon's ability to Catenation, ...
s), texture, and body to the white flours that can be lost in
milling Milling may refer to: * Milling (grinding), breaking solid materials into smaller pieces by grinding, crushing, or cutting in a mill * Milling (machining), a process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece * Milling (military tra ...
and other processing to the finished baked goods or other food(s).


White whole wheat flour

In the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
, white whole-wheat flour is flour milled from hard white
spring wheat Image:WheatFlower1.jpg, An ear of winter wheat. Winter wheat (usually ''Common wheat, Triticum aestivum'') are strains of wheat that are planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that remain in the vegetative phase during th ...
and contains the bran and germ. In the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shortha ...

United Kingdom
and
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second-most populous country, the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest ...

India
whole-wheat flour is more commonly made from white wheat instead of hard winter
red wheat ''Red Wheat'' ( sl, Rdeče klasje) is a 1970 cinema of Yugoslavia, Yugoslavian drama film directed by Živojin Pavlović. It was entered into the 21st Berlin International Film Festival. Cast * Boris Bruncko – (as Boris Brunčko) * Olga Ftit ...
, as in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States


See also

*
Wheat flour Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. Wheat varieties are called "soft" or "weak" if gluten content is low, and are called "hard" or "strong" if they have high gluten content. Hard flour, or ''bread f ...

Wheat flour
*
Whole grain Image:Wheat-kernel nutrition.svg, 300px, thumb A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, cereal germ, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm. As part of a general h ...

Whole grain
*
Unifine Mill A Unifine mill is a single one-pass impact milling system which produces ultrafine-milled whole grain, whole-grain wheat flour that requires no grain pre-treatment and no screening of the flour. Like the grist or stone mills that had dominated the ...
*
Graham bread Graham bread was inspired by Sylvester Graham, a 19th-century reformer who argued that a vegetarian diet, anchored by bread that was baked at home from flour that was coarsely milled at home, was part of a healthful lifestyle that could prevent dis ...
an early attempt to reintroduce whole-wheat bread *
Roman Meal Roman Meal Company was an United States, American bread company with headquarters in Fargo, North Dakota. Founded in Tacoma, Washington, in 1912, the company focused on whole-grain products, including bread, hot cereal, and snack bars. History The ...
a whole grain baking company founded in 1912 * Enriched flour, normal flour with some nutrients in whole-wheat flour added


References

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External links


Whole Wheat Bread
Mayo Clinic Wheat flour Whole wheat, Flour