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The sulfide minerals are a class of
mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure form.John P. Rafferty, ed. (2 ...

mineral
s containing
sulfide Sulfide (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage a ...

sulfide
(S2−) or
disulfide In biochemistry Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical process In a scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable ex ...
(S22−) as the major
anion An ion () is an atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be touched are ...
. Some sulfide minerals are economically important as metal
ore Ore is natural rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, chemica ...

ore
s. The sulfide class also includes the
selenides A selenide is a chemical compound containing a selenium Selenium is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the propert ...
, the
tellurides The telluride ion is the anion tellurium, Te2− and its derivatives. It is analogous to the other chalcogenide anions, the lighter oxide, O2−, sulfide, S2−, and selenide, Se2−, and the heavier polonide, Po2−. In principle, Te2− is for ...
, the arsenides, the
antimonides Antimonides (sometimes called stibnides) are Chemical compound, compounds of antimony with more electropositive elements. The antimonide ion is Sb3−. Some antimonides are semiconductors, e.g. those of the boron group such as indium antimonide. M ...
, the bismuthinides, the
sulfarsenide The sulfarsenide minerals are a subgroup of the sulfide mineral The sulfide minerals are a class of mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined ch ...
s and the
sulfosalt Sulfosalt minerals are those complex sulfide minerals with the general formula: AmBnSp; where A represents a metal such as copper, lead, silver, iron, and rarely mercury (element), mercury, zinc, vanadium; B usually represents semi-metal such as ...
s.http://www.minerals.net/mineral/sort-met.hod/group/sulfgrp.htm Minerals.net Dana Classification, SulfidesKlein, Cornelis and Cornelius S. Hurlbut, Jr., 1986, ''Manual of Mineralogy'', Wiley, 20th ed., pp 269-293 Sulfide minerals are
inorganic compound In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a ...
s.


Minerals

Common or important examples include: *
Acanthite Acanthite is a form of silver sulfide Silver is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an element is a pure substance consistin ...

Acanthite
*
Chalcocite Chalcocite (), copper(I) sulfide (Cu2S), is an important copper Copper is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Cu (from la, cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductility, ductile metal with very h ...

Chalcocite
*
Bornite Bornite, also known as peacock ore, is a sulfide mineral The sulfide minerals are a class of s containing (S2−) or (S22−) as the major . Some sulfide minerals are economically important as metal s. The sulfide class also includes the , th ...

Bornite
*
Galena Galena, also called lead glance, is the natural mineral form of lead(II) sulfide Lead is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scienti ...

Galena
*
Sphalerite Sphalerite is a sulfide mineral The sulfide minerals are a class of s containing (S2−) or (S22−) as the major . Some sulfide minerals are economically important as metal s. The sulfide class also includes the , the , the , the , the bi ...

Sphalerite
*
Chalcopyrite Chalcopyrite ( ) is a copper Copper is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike ch ...

Chalcopyrite
*Pyrrhotite *Millerite *Pentlandite *Covellite *Cinnabar *Realgar *Orpiment *Stibnite *Pyrite *Marcasite *Molybdenite Sulfarsenides: *Cobaltite *Arsenopyrite *Gersdorffite Sulfosalts: *Pyrargyrite *Proustite *Tetrahedrite *Tennantite *Enargite *Bournonite *Jamesonite *Cylindrite


Nickel–Strunz Classification -02- Sulfides

International Mineralogical Association, IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009). This list uses the Strunz classification, Classification of Nickel–Strunz (mindat.org, 10 ed, pending publication). *Abbreviations: **"*" - discredited (IMA/CNMNC status). **"?" - questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status). **"REE" - Rare earth element, Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) **"PGE" - Platinum group, Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt) **03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V[5,6] Vanadates), 09 Silicates: ***Neso: insular (from Greek language, Greek νησος nēsos, island) ***Soro: grouping (from Greek language, Greek σωροῦ sōros, heap, mound (especially of corn)) ***Cyclo: ring ***Ino: chain (from Greek language, Greek ις [genitive: ινος ''inos''], fibre) ***Phyllo: sheet (from Greek language, Greek φύλλον ''phyllon'', leaf) ***Tekto: three-dimensional framework *Nickel–Strunz code scheme: NN.XY.##x **NN: Nickel–Strunz mineral class number **X: Nickel–Strunz mineral division letter **Y: Nickel–Strunz mineral family letter **##x: Nickel–Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter


Class: sulfides, selenides, tellurides

* 02.A Simple Sulfides, Selenides, etc. ** 02.AA Alloys of metalloids with Cu, Ag, Sn, Au: 10a Algodonite, 10b Domeykite, 10d Koutekite; 15 Novakite, 20 Cuprostibite, 25 Kutinaite, 30 Allargentum, 35 Dyscrasite, 40 Maldonite, 45 Stistaite ** 02.AB Ni-metalloid alloys: 10 Orcelite, 15 Maucherite, 20 Oregonite ** 02.AC Alloys of metalloids with PGE: 05a Atheneite, 05a Vincentite; 10a Stillwaterite, 10b Mertieite-II, 10c Arsenopalladinite; 15a Miessiite, 15a Isomertieite, 15b Mertieite-I; 20a Stibiopalladinite, 20b Palarstanide, 20c Menshikovite; 25a Palladoarsenide, 25b Rhodarsenide, 25c Palladodymite, 25d Naldretteite, 25e Majakite, 25f Palladobismutharsenide; 30 Polkanovite; 35a Genkinite, 35b Ungavaite, 40 Polarite; 45a Froodite, 45b Iridarsenite, 45c Borishanskiite * 02.B Metal Sulfides, M:S > 1:1 (mainly 2:1) ** 02.BA With Cu, Ag, Au: 05a
Chalcocite Chalcocite (), copper(I) sulfide (Cu2S), is an important copper Copper is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Cu (from la, cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductility, ductile metal with very h ...

Chalcocite
, 05b Djurleite, 05c Geerite, 05d Roxbyite, 05e Digenite, 05f Anilite; 10
Bornite Bornite, also known as peacock ore, is a sulfide mineral The sulfide minerals are a class of s containing (S2−) or (S22−) as the major . Some sulfide minerals are economically important as metal s. The sulfide class also includes the , th ...

Bornite
; 15a Berzelianite, 15b Bellidoite, 15c Umangite, 15d Athabascaite; 20a Rickardite, 20b Weissite; 25a Stromeyerite, 25b Mckinstryite, 25c Selenojalpaite, 25c Jalpaite, 25d Eucairite, 25e Henryite; 30a
Acanthite Acanthite is a form of silver sulfide Silver is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an element is a pure substance consistin ...

Acanthite
, 30a Argentite*, 30b Aguilarite, 30b Naumannite, 30c Hessite, 30d Cervelleite, 30e Stutzite; 35 Argyrodite, 35 Putzite, 35 Canfieldite; 40a Fischesserite, 40a Petzite, 40b Uytenbogaardtite, 40c Petrovskaite, 40d Penzhinite; 45 Bezsmertnovite, 50 Bogdanovite, 55 Bilibinskite, 60 Chenguodaite ** 02.BB With Ni, Fe: 05 Heazlewoodite; 10 Arsenohauchecornite, 10 Bismutohauchecornite, 10 Hauchecornite, 10 Tellurohauchecornite, 10 Tucekite; 15a Argentopentlandite, 15a Cobaltpentlandite, 15a Geffroyite, 15a Manganoshadlunite, 15a Pentlandite, 15a Shadlunite, 15b Godlevskite, 15c Sugakiite; 20 Vozhminite ** 02.BC With Rh, Pd, Pt, etc.: 05 Palladseite, 05 Miassite; 10 Oosterboschite; 15 Jagueite, 15 Chrisstanleyite; 20 Keithconnite, 25 Vasilite, 30 Telluropalladinite, 35 Luberoite, 40 Oulankaite, 45 Telargpalite, 50 Temagamite, 55 Sopcheite, 60 Laflammeite, 65 Tischendorfite, 70 Kharaelakhite ** 02.BD With Hg, Tl: 05 Imiterite, 10 Gortdrumite; 15 Balkanite, 15 Danielsite; 20 Donharrisite, 25 Carlinite; 30 Bukovite, 30 Thalcusite, 30 Murunskite; 35 Rohaite, 40 Chalcothallite, 45 Sabatierite, 50 Crookesite, 55 Brodtkorbite ** 02.BE With Pb(Bi): 05 Betekhtinite, 10 Furutobeite; 15 Rhodplumsite, 15 Shandite; 20 Parkerite, 25 Schlemaite, 30 Pasavaite * 02.C Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar) ** 02.CA With Cu: 05a Covellite, 05b Klockmannite, 05c Spionkopite, 05d Yarrowite; 10 Nukundamite, 15 Calvertite ** 02.CB With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, Au, etc.: 05a Rudashevskyite, 05a Hawleyite, 05a Coloradoite, 05a Metacinnabar, 05a
Sphalerite Sphalerite is a sulfide mineral The sulfide minerals are a class of s containing (S2−) or (S22−) as the major . Some sulfide minerals are economically important as metal s. The sulfide class also includes the , the , the , the , the bi ...

Sphalerite
, 05a Tiemannite, 05a Stilleite, 05b Sakuraiite, 05c Polhemusite; 07.0 Arsenosulvanite?; 10a
Chalcopyrite Chalcopyrite ( ) is a copper Copper is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike ch ...

Chalcopyrite
, 10a Eskebornite, 10a Gallite, 10a Lenaite, 10a Roquesite, 10a Laforetite, 10b Haycockite, 10b Mooihoekite, 10b Putoranite, 10b Talnakhite; 15a Cernyite, 15a Hocartite, 15a Kuramite, 15a Pirquitasite, 15a Stannite, 15a Velikite, 15a Idaite, 15a Ferrokesterite, 15a Kesterite, 15b Mohite, 15c Stannoidite; 20 Chatkalite, 20 Mawsonite; 30 Colusite, 30 Germanite, 30 Germanocolusite, 30 Nekrasovite, 30 Stibiocolusite, 30 Maikainite, 30 Ovamboite; 35a Hemusite, 35a Kiddcreekite, 35a Renierite, 35a Polkovicite, 35a Morozeviczite, 35a Catamarcaite, 35a Vinciennite; 40 Lautite; 45 Cadmoselite, 45 Rambergite, 45 Greenockite, 45 Wurtzite; 55a Cubanite, 55b Isocubanite; 60 Picotpaulite, 60 Raguinite; 65 Argentopyrite, 65 Sternbergite; 70 Sulvanite, 75 Vulcanite, 80 Empressite, 85 Muthmannite ** 02.CC With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.: 05 Zlatogorite, 05 Breithauptite, 05 Freboldite, 05 Langisite, 05 Nickeline, 05 Sederholmite, 05 Stumpflite, 05 Sudburyite, 05 Sobolevskite, 05 Achavalite, 05 Jaipurite*, 05 Hexatestibiopanickelite, 05 Kotulskite; 10 Smythite, 10 Pyrrhotite, 10 Troilite; 15 Cherepanovite, 15 Modderite, 15 Ruthenarsenite, 15 Westerveldite; 20 Makinenite, 20 Millerite; 25 Mackinawite, 30 Vavrinite; 35a Braggite, 35a Cooperite (mineral), Cooperite, 35a Vysotskite ** 02.CD With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.: 05 Herzenbergite, 05 Teallite; 10 Altaite, 10
Galena Galena, also called lead glance, is the natural mineral form of lead(II) sulfide Lead is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scienti ...

Galena
, 10 Clausthalite, 10 Alabandite, 10 Niningerite, 10 Oldhamite, 10 Keilite; 15a Cinnabar, 15b Hypercinnabar * 02.D Metal Sulfides, M:S = 3:4 and 2:3 ** 02.DA M:S = 3:4: 05 Bornhardtite, 05 Florensovite, 05 Carrollite, 05 Fletcherite (mineral), Fletcherite, 05 Daubréelite, 05 Greigite, 05 Linnaeite, 05 Kalininite, 05 Polydymite, 05 Violarite, 05 Tyrrellite, 05 Siegenite, 05 Trustedtite, 05 Cadmoindite, 05 Cuproiridsite, 05 Cuprorhodsite, 05 Dayingite*, 05 Ferrorhodsite, 05 Indite, 05 Malanite, 05 Xingzhongite; 10 Rhodostannite, 10 Toyohaite; 15 Wilkmanite, 15 Brezinaite, 15 Heideite; 20 Inaglyite, 20 Konderite; 25 Kingstonite ** 02.DB M:S = 2:3 and similar: 05 Heklaite, 05a Antimonselite, 05a Guanajuatite, 05a Bismuthinite, 05a Stibnite, 05a Metastibnite, 05b Paakkonenite; 10 Ottemannite, 10 Suredaite; 15 Bowieite, 15 Kashinite; 20 Montbrayite, 25 Edgarite, 30 Tarkianite, 35 Cameronite ** 02.DC Variable M:S: 05 Platynite?, 05a Hedleyite, 05b Nevskite, 05b Telluronevskite, 05b Ingodite, 05b Sulphotsumoite, 05b Tsumoite, 05c Kawazulite, 05c Paraguanajuatite, 05c Skippenite, 05c Tetradymite, 05c Tellurantimony, 05c Tellurobismuthite, 05d Laitakarite, 05d Ikunolite, 05d Joseite, 05d Joseite-B, 05d Pilsenite, 05e Vihorlatite, 05e Baksanite, 05e Protojoseite*, 05e Sztrokayite* * 02.E Metal Sulfides, M:S £1:2 ** 02.EA M:S = 1:2: 05 Sylvanite, 10 Calaverite; 15 Krennerite, 15 Kostovite; 20 Berndtite, 20 Merenskyite, 20 Melonite, 20 Kitkaite, 20 Moncheite, 20 Sudovikovite, 20 Shuangfengite; 25 Verbeekite; 30 Drysdallite, 30 Jordisite, 30 Molybdenite, 30 Tungstenite ** 02.EB M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.: 05a Aurostibite, 05a Cattierite, 05a Hauerite, 05a Fukuchilite, 05a Erlichmanite, 05a Geversite, 05a Insizwaite, 05a Laurite, 05a Krutaite, 05a Pyrite, 05a Penroseite, 05a Sperrylite, 05a Vaesite, 05a Villamaninite, 05a Trogtalite, 05a Dzharkenite, 05a Gaotaiite, 05b Bambollaite; 10a Frohbergite, 10a Hastite?, 10a Ferroselite, 10a Kullerudite, 10a Mattagamite, 10a Marcasite, 10b Alloclasite, 10c Glaucodot, 10d Costibite, 10e Pararammelsbergite, 10e Paracostibite, 10f Oenite; 15a Clinosafflorite, 15a Anduoite, 15a Omeiite, 15a Lollingite, 15a Nisbite, 15a Rammelsbergite, 15a Safflorite, 15b Seinajokite; 20 Paxite, 20 Arsenopyrite, 20 Gudmundite, 20 Ruarsite, 20 Osarsite; 25 Krutovite, 25 Cobaltite, 25 Changchengite, 25 Hollingworthite, 25 Gersdorffite, 25 Irarsite, 25 Jolliffeite, 25 Padmaite, 25 Platarsite, 25 Ullmannite, 25 Tolovkite, 25 Willyamite, 25 Milotaite, 25 Kalungaite, 25 Maslovite, 25 Testibiopalladite, 25 Michenerite, 25 Mayingite; 30 Urvantsevite, 35 Rheniite ** 02.EC M:S = 1:>2: 05 Ferroskutterudite, 05 Kieftite, 05 Dienerite?, 05 Nickelskutterudite, 05 Skutterudite; 10 Patronite * 02.F Sulfides of Arsenic, Alkalies; Sulfides with Halide, Oxide, Hydroxide, O ** 02.FA With As, (Sb), S: 05 Duranusite, 10 Dimorphite, 15a Realgar, 15b Pararealgar, 20 Alacranite, 25 Uzonite; 30 Laphamite, 30 Orpiment; 35 Getchellite, 40 Wakabayashilite ** 02.FB With Alkalies (without Cl, etc.): 05 Cronusite, 05 Caswellsilverite, 05 Schollhornite; 10 Chvilevaite, 15 Orickite; 20 Rasvumite, 20 Pautovite; 25 Colimaite ** 02.FC With Cl, Br, I (halide-sulfides): 05 Djerfisherite, 05 Owensite, 05 Thalfenisite; 10 Bartonite, 10 Chlorbartonite; 15a Arzakite, 15a Corderoite, 15a Lavrentievite, 15b Kenhsuite, 15c Grechishchevite, 15d Radtkeite; 20a Capgaronnite, 20b Iltisite, 20c Perroudite; 25 Demicheleite-(Br), 25 Demicheleite-(Cl) ** 02.FD With O, OH, : 05 Kermesite, 10 Viaeneite, 20 Erdite, 25 Coyoteite; 30 Haapalaite, 30 Valleriite, 30 Yushkinite; 35 Tochilinite, 40 Wilhelmramsayite, 45 Vyalsovite, 50 Bazhenovite * 02.X Unclassified Strunz Sulfides ** 02.XX Unknown: 00 Horsfordite?, 00 Imgreite?, 00 Bravoite?, 00 Isochalcopyrite?, 00 Bayankhanite?, 00 Dzhezkazganite*, 00 Matraite?, 00 Iridisite*, 00 Prassoite, 00 Samaniite, 00 Horomanite, 00 Jeromite?, 00 Dilithium*, 00 Kurilite?


See also

* Classification of non-silicate minerals * Classification of silicate minerals


References

* * *
Webmineral New Dana Classification of Sulfide Minerals


External links

{{Strunz Sulfide minerals,