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T, or t, is the twentieth
letter Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, Object (philosophy ...
in the
modern English Modern English (sometimes New English or NE (ME) as opposed to Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th cen ...

modern English
alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semanti ...
and the
ISO basic Latin alphabet The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet A Latin-script alphabet (Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet) is an alphabet that uses Letter (alphabet), letters of the Latin script. The 21-letter archaic Latin alphabet and the 23-lette ...
. Its name in English is ''tee'' (pronounced ), plural ''tees''. It is derived from the Semitic letters
taw Taw, tav, or taf is the 22nd and final letter Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is unde ...

taw
(ת, ܬ, ت) via the Greek letter
τ
τ
(
tau Tau (uppercase Τ, lowercase τ; el, ταυ ) is the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician ...

tau
). In English, it is most commonly used to represent the
voiceless alveolar plosive The voiceless alveolar, dental and postalveolar plosives (or stops) are types of consonant In articulatory phonetics The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics that studies articulation and ways that humans produce speec ...

voiceless alveolar plosive
, a sound it also denotes in the
International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest s ...
. It is the most commonly used
consonant In articulatory phonetics The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics that studies articulation and ways that humans produce speech. Articulatory phoneticians explain how humans produce speech sounds via the interaction of d ...
and the second most common letter in English-language texts.


History

''
Taw Taw, tav, or taf is the 22nd and final letter Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is unde ...

Taw
'' was the last letter of the Western
Semitic Semitic most commonly refers to the Semitic languages, a name used since the 1770s to refer to the language family currently present in West Asia, North and East Africa, and Malta. Semitic may also refer to: Religions * Abrahamic religions ** ...
and
Hebrew alphabet The Hebrew alphabet ( he, wikt:אלפבית, אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי, ), known variously by scholars as the Ktav Ashuri, Jewish script, square script and block script, is an abjad script used in the writing of the Hebrew language ...

Hebrew alphabet
s. The sound value of Semitic ''Taw'',
Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script in history to have distinct letters for vowels ...

Greek alphabet
Tαυ (''Tau''),
Old ItalicOld Italic may refer to: * Old Italic alphabet * Old Italic (Unicode block) * Ancient Italic peoples * Early (pre-Roman) Italic languages * ''Vetus Latina'', the "Old Latin" translation of the Christian Bible, occasionally referred to as "Old Italic" ...
and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in most of these alphabets.


Use in writing systems


English

In English, usually denotes the
voiceless alveolar plosive The voiceless alveolar, dental and postalveolar plosives (or stops) are types of consonant In articulatory phonetics The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics that studies articulation and ways that humans produce speec ...

voiceless alveolar plosive
(
International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest s ...
and
X-SAMPA The Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA __NOTOC__ The Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (SAMPA) is a computer-readable phonetic script using 7-bit printable American Standard Code for In ...
: ), as in ''tart'', ''tee'', or ''ties'', often with aspiration at the beginnings of words or before stressed vowels. The digraph often corresponds to the sound (a
voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant A voiceless postalveolar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some Speech, spoken languages. This refers to a class of sounds, not a single sound. There are several types with significant perceptual differences: *The #Voiceless palato- ...
) word-medially when followed by a vowel, as in ''nation'', ''ratio'', ''negotiation,'' and ''Croatia''. The letter corresponds to the affricate in some words as a result of
yod-coalescence The phonological history of the English language includes various changes in the phonology Phonology is a branch of linguistics that studies how languages or dialects systematically organize their sounds (or signs, in sign languages). The te ...
(for example, in words ending in "-ture", such as ''future''). A common
digraph Digraph may refer to: * Digraph (orthography), a pair of characters used together to represent a single sound, such as "sh" in English * Orthographic ligature, the joining of two letters as a single glyph, such as "æ" * Digraph (computing), a grou ...
is , which usually represents a
dental fricative The dental fricative or interdental fricative is a fricative consonant pronounced with the tip of the tongue against the teeth. There are several types (those used in English being written as ''th''): *Voiced dental fricative - as in the English ...
, but occasionally represents (as in ''Thomas'' and ''thyme''.) In a few words of modern French origin, the letter T is silent at the end of a word; these include ''croquet'' and ''debut''.


Other languages

In the
orthographies An orthography is a set of conventions for writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Writing systems are not themselves human languages (with the debatable excep ...
of other languages, is often used for , the
voiceless dental plosive The voiceless alveolar, dental and postalveolar plosives (or stops) are types of consonant In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract. Examples are , pronoun ...

voiceless dental plosive
, or similar sounds.


Other systems

In the
International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest s ...
, denotes the
voiceless alveolar plosive The voiceless alveolar, dental and postalveolar plosives (or stops) are types of consonant In articulatory phonetics The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics that studies articulation and ways that humans produce speec ...

voiceless alveolar plosive
.


Related characters


Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet

*T with
diacritic A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph The term glyph is used in typography File:metal movable type.jpg, 225px, Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using pieces that ...
s: Ť ť Ṫ ṫ
ẗ is a modified letter of the Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ...
Ţ ţ
Ţ ţ
Ṭ, Ṭ ṭ Ʈ, Ʈ ʈ Comma (diacritic), Ț ț ƫ Circumflex, Ṱ ṱ Macron below, Ṯ ṯ Ŧ, Ŧ ŧ Ⱦ, Ⱦ ⱦ Ƭ, Ƭ ƭ ᵵ ᶵ *Ꞇ ꞇ : Insular script, Insular T was used by William Pryce to designate the voiceless dental fricative [θ] * : Turned small t is used in the
International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest s ...
*Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to T: ** ** ** ** *ₜ : Subscript small t was used in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902 *ȶ : T with curl is used in Sino-Tibetanist linguistics *Ʇ ʇ : Turned capital T and turned small t were used in transcriptions of the Dakota language in publications of the American Board of Ethnology in the late 19th century


Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets

*𐤕 : Phoenician alphabet, Semitic letter
Taw Taw, tav, or taf is the 22nd and final letter Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is unde ...

Taw
, from which the following symbols originally derive **Τ τ : Greek alphabet, Greek letter Tau *** : Coptic alphabet, Coptic letter Taw, which derives from Greek Tau ***Т т : Cyrillic letter Te (Cyrillic), Te, also derived from Tau *** : Gothic alphabet, Gothic letter tius, which derives from Greek Tau ***𐌕 : Old Italic script, Old Italic T, which derives from Greek Tau, and is the ancestor of modern Latin T **** : Runes, Runic letter Tiwaz rune, teiwaz, which probably derives from old Italic T *ፐ : One of the 26 consonantal letters of Ge'ez script. The Ge'ez abugida developed under the influence of Christian scripture by adding obligatory vocalic diacritics to the consonantal letters. Pesa ፐ is based on Tawe ተ.


Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations

*™ : Trademark symbol *₮ : Mongolian tögrög *₸ : Kazakhstani tenge


Computing codes

: 1


Other representations


References


External links

* * * {{Authority control ISO basic Latin letters Cross symbols