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T, or t, is the twentieth Letter (alphabet), letter in the English language, modern English English alphabet, alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Its name in English is English alphabet#Letter names, ''tee'' (pronounced ), plural ''tees''. It is derived from the Semitic letters taw (ת, ܬ, ت) via the Greek letter tau, τ (tau). In English, it is most commonly used to represent the voiceless alveolar plosive, a sound it also denotes in the International Phonetic Alphabet. It is the most commonly used consonant and the second most common letter in English-language texts.


History

''Taw'' was the last letter of the Western Semitic alphabets, Semitic and Hebrew alphabets. The sound value of Semitic ''Taw'', Greek alphabet Tαυ (''Tau''), Old Italic alphabet, Old Italic and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in most of these alphabets.


Use in writing systems


English

In English, usually denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive (help:IPA, International Phonetic Alphabet and X-SAMPA: ), as in ''tart'', ''tee'', or ''ties'', often with Aspirated consonant, aspiration at the beginnings of words or before Stress (linguistics), stressed vowels. The digraph often corresponds to the sound (a voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant) word-medially when followed by a vowel, as in ''nation'', ''ratio'', ''negotiation,'' and ''Croatia''. The letter corresponds to the affricate in some words as a result of Phonological history of English consonant clusters#Yod-coalescence, yod-coalescence (for example, in words ending in "-ture", such as ''future''). A common Digraph (orthography), digraph is , which usually represents a dental fricative, but occasionally represents (as in ''Thomas'' and ''thyme''.) In a few words of modern French origin, the letter T is silent at the end of a word; these include ''croquet'' and ''debut''.


Other languages

In the orthographies of other languages, is often used for , the voiceless dental plosive , or similar sounds.


Other systems

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive.


Related characters


Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet

*T with diacritics: Ť, Ť ť Dot (diacritic), Ṫ ṫ ẗ Cedilla, Ţ ţ Ṭ, Ṭ ṭ Ʈ, Ʈ ʈ Comma (diacritic), Ț ț ƫ Circumflex, Ṱ ṱ Macron below, Ṯ ṯ Ŧ, Ŧ ŧ Ⱦ, Ⱦ ⱦ Ƭ, Ƭ ƭ ᵵ ᶵ *Ꞇ ꞇ : Insular script, Insular T was used by William Pryce to designate the voiceless dental fricative [θ] * : Turned small t is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet *Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to T: ** ** ** ** *ₜ : Subscript small t was used in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902 *ȶ : T with curl is used in Sino-Tibetanist linguistics *Ʇ ʇ : Turned capital T and turned small t were used in transcriptions of the Dakota language in publications of the American Board of Ethnology in the late 19th century


Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets

*𐤕 : Phoenician alphabet, Semitic letter Taw, from which the following symbols originally derive **Τ τ : Greek alphabet, Greek letter Tau *** : Coptic alphabet, Coptic letter Taw, which derives from Greek Tau ***Т т : Cyrillic letter Te (Cyrillic), Te, also derived from Tau *** : Gothic alphabet, Gothic letter tius, which derives from Greek Tau ***𐌕 : Old Italic script, Old Italic T, which derives from Greek Tau, and is the ancestor of modern Latin T **** : Runes, Runic letter Tiwaz rune, teiwaz, which probably derives from old Italic T *ፐ : One of the 26 consonantal letters of Ge'ez script. The Ge'ez abugida developed under the influence of Christian scripture by adding obligatory vocalic diacritics to the consonantal letters. Pesa ፐ is based on Tawe ተ.


Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations

*™ : Trademark symbol *₮ : Mongolian tögrög *₸ : Kazakhstani tenge


Computing codes

: 1


Other representations


References


External links

* * * {{Authority control ISO basic Latin letters Cross symbols