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A social club may be a group of people or the place where they meet, generally formed around a common interest, occupation, or activity. Examples include:
book discussion club A book discussion club is a group of people who meet to discuss a book or books that they have read and express their opinions, likes, dislikes, etc. It is more often called simply a book club, a term that is also used to describe a book sales clu ...
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chess club 250px, Young and old playing in a chess club A chess club is a Club (organization), club formed for the purpose of playing the board game of chess. Chess clubs often provide for both informal and tournament games and sometimes offer Sports league, ...
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anime club An anime club is an organization that meets to discuss, show, and promote anime is Traditional animation, hand-drawn and computer animation originating from Japan. In Japan and in Japanese, (a term derived from the English language, English ...

anime club
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country clubs A country club is a privately owned club, often with a membership quota and admittance by invitation or sponsorship, that generally offers both a variety of recreational sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physica ...
, charity work, criminal headquarters (e.g., the Cage Documentary featuring the work of ex-New Jersey State Trooper Mike Russell, whose undercover work for the New Jersey State Police led to the arrests of 41 members of the
Genovese crime family The Genovese crime family () is one of the " Five Families" that dominate organized crime Organized crime is a category of transnational organized crime, transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by crimina ...
, and of corrupt prison officials, and a state senator
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Ravenite Social Club The Ravenite Social Club was an Italian American heritage club and espresso bar in Little Italy, Manhattan, Little Italy, New York City, an area once known for its large population of Italian Americans, that was used as a criminal headquarters. Hi ...
), final club, fishing club, gaming club, gentlemen's club (traditional), gentlemen's clubs (known as private clubs in the US), hunting clubs, military officers' clubs, politics clubs, science clubs, university clubs, Christian Fellowships. This article covers only three distinct types of social clubs: the historic gentlemen's clubs, the modern activities clubs, and an introduction to fraternities and sororities. This article does not cover a variety of other types of Club (organization), clubs having some social characteristics.


History

Working men's clubs developed in Britain during Victorian era, Victorian times as institutes where working class men could attend lectures and take part in recreational pursuits. The Reverend Henry Solly founded the Working Men's Club and Institute Union (CIU) for this purpose in 1862. Many middle class social reformers founded these clubs during the temperance movement as a place to relax without alcohol, but in time this changed. They became a combination of public houses (pubs), music-halls, and Club (organization), clubs, becoming places to be entertained, to drink socially, and to play bar games. Working Men's clubs are still prevalent across the United Kingdom, though not as popular. In the Dutch East Indies, ''sociëteits'' were established in various cities. Modern clubs include: San Francisco's Urban Diversion, which opened in 2003 as a general adventure and activities social club; and Soho, London's Groucho Club, which opened in 1985 as "the antidote to the traditional club." The "traditional club" referred to is the elitist gentlemen's club, a fixture of upper class male British society. This is not to be confused with the modern use of the phrase, which now stands as a euphemism for a strip club.


Legalities


England and Wales

Clubs in England and Wales were not controlled by the licensing system until the Licencing Act 1902, Licensing Act of 1902 was passed, or in Scotland until the Licensing (Scotland) Act 1903 was passed. They were passed mainly to check the abuse of “clubs” being formed solely to sell intoxicating liquors free from the restrictions of the licensing acts, but it applied to all kinds of clubs in England and Wales. The act required the registration of every club that occupied any premises habitually used for the purposes of a club and in which intoxicating liquor was supplied to members or their guests. The secretary of every club was required to give a return to the clerk to the justices of the petty sessional division with this information: # the name and objects of the club # the address of the club # the name of the secretary # the number of members # the rules of the club relating to: ## the election of members and the admission of temporary and honorary members and of guests ## the terms of subscription and entrance fee, if any ## the cessation of membership ## the hours of opening and closing ## the mode of altering the rules


United States

Social and recreational clubs may be considered tax-exempt 501(c)(7), 501(c)(7) organizations under certain circumstances.


Social activities clubs

Social activities clubs are a modern combination of several types of clubs and reflect today's more eclectic and varied society. These clubs are centered on the activities available to the club members in the city or area in which the club is located. Some have a traditional clubhouse, bar, or restaurant where members gather; others do not. Events can include a broad range of activities from sporting events and social parties to ballet, arts or book discussion club, book clubs. Unlike traditional clubs they are not limited to one kind of event or special interest but include a broad range of events in their monthly calendars. The members choose the events in which the club is going to take part, based upon the changing interests of the members. The members themselves determine the events they will attend of those offered. Because the purpose of these clubs is split between general social interaction and taking part in the events themselves, both single and married people can take part. However clubs tend to have more single members than married, and many clubs exist for only single people, only married couples, or only people with certain sexual orientations (homosexuality, pansexuality, bisexuality or heterosexuality). Membership can be limited or open to the general public, as can the events. Most clubs have a limited membership based upon specific criteria, and restrict the events to members to increase their feeling of security, creating an increased sense of camaraderie and belonging. There are many examples of private social clubs including the University Club of Chicago, The Mansion on O Street in D.C., Penn Club of New York City and New York Friars' Club. Social activities clubs can be for profit, non-profit organization, non-profit, or a combination of the two (A for profit club with a non-profit charitable arm, for instance). Some social clubs have function halls which members or, sometimes, the general public can rent for parties. A number of Jewish community centers and other organizations such as the YMCA have social clubs for people with social anxiety and learning disability, learning disabilities. Membership in these clubs is limited to individuals with these conditions.


Sororities and fraternities

Fraternities and sororities are part of "Greek life" prevalent in universities. Many young men and women pledge during their freshman year of college in order to become a brother or sister of a fraternity or sorority. The club is founded on principles of camaraderie and communal bonding. As a social club they may be philanthropic as a body, hosting fundraisers for charities or on-campus events.


Christian Fellowships


See also

* Association of Conservative Clubs * Liberal democracy * List of American gentlemen's clubs * Membership discrimination in California social clubs * Socialist societies * Urban Diversion Adventures & Activities Social Club


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Social Club Clubs and societies