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A shrub (often called a bush) is a small- to medium-sized
perennial A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the Kingdom (biology), kingdom Plantae. Historically, the plant kingdom encompassed all living things that were not animals, and incl ...
woody plant A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue and thus has a hard stem. In cold climates, woody plants further survive winter or dry season The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics ...
. Unlike
herbaceous plant Herbaceous plants are vascular plant Vascular plants (from Latin ''vasculum'': duct), also known as Tracheophyta (the tracheophytes , from the Greek ''trācheia''), form a large group of plants ( 300,000 accepted known species) that are defined ...
s, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. Shrubs can be deciduous or evergreen. They are distinguished from
tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only wood plants with se ...

tree
s by their multiple
stems
stems
and shorter
height 200px, A cuboid demonstrating the dimensions length, width">length.html" ;"title="cuboid demonstrating the dimensions length">cuboid demonstrating the dimensions length, width, and height. Height is measure of vertical distance, either vertical ...

height
, less than tall. Small shrubs, less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall are sometimes termed
subshrub A subshrub (Latin ''suffrutex'') or dwarf shrub is a short woody plant. Prostrate shrub is a related term. "Subshrub" is often used interchangeably with "bush".Jackson, Benjamin, Daydon; A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Derivation and Accen ...

subshrub
s. Many
botanical groups
botanical groups
have species that are shrubs, and others that are trees and herbaceous plants. Some definitions state that a shrub is less than and tree is over 6 m. Others use as the cut-off point. Many species of tree may not reach this mature height because of less than ideal growing conditions, and resemble a shrub-sized plant. However such species have the potential to grow taller under the ideal growing conditions for that plant. In terms of longevity, most shrubs fit in between perennials and trees; some may only last about five years even in good conditions, others, usually the larger and more woody, may live to 70 or more.
Shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbaceous plant, herbs, and geophytes. Shrubland may either occur naturally or b ...

Shrubland
is natural landscape dominated by various shrubs; there are many distinct types around the world, including
fynbos Fynbos (; meaning fine plants) is a small belt of natural shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbac ...

fynbos
, maquis, shrub-steppe,
shrub swamp Shrub swamps — also called scrub swamps or buttonbush swamps — are a type of freshwater Fresh water or freshwater is any naturally occurring liquid or frozen water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and tra ...

shrub swamp
and
moorland Moorland or moor is a type of habitat Ibex in an alpine habitat In ecology, the term habitat summarises the array of resources, physical and biotic factors that are present in an area, such as to support the survival and reproduction of ...
. In gardens and parks, an area largely dedicated to shrubs (now somewhat less fashionable than a century ago) is called a
shrubbery Image:Thomas Bond Walker02.jpg, Lady in shrubbery, oil painting by Thomas Bond Walker (1861-1933) A shrubbery is a wide border to a garden where shrubs are thickly planted, or a similar larger area with a path winding through it, typical of the En ...

shrubbery
, shrub border or shrub garden. There are many garden
cultivar A cultivar is a type of plant that people have bred for desired traits, which are reproduced in each new generation by a method such as grafting, tissue culture or carefully controlled seed production. Most cultivars arise from purposeful human ...
s of shrubs, bred for flowering, for example
rhododendron ''Rhododendron'' (from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following ...

rhododendron
s, and sometimes leaf colour or shape. Compared to trees and herbaceous plants, perhaps a relatively small number of shrubs have agricultural or commercial uses. Apart from several
berry A berry is a small, pulpy, and often edible fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms dissem ...

berry
-bearing species (using the culinary rather than botanical definition), few are eaten directly, and they are generally too small for
timber Lumber, also known as timber, is wood that has been processed into Beam (structure), beams and plank (wood), planks, a stage in the process of wood production. Lumber is mainly used for structural purposes but has many other uses as well. Lum ...

timber
use. Those that are used include several perfumed species such as
lavender ''Lavandula'' (common name lavender) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living or ...

lavender
and
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form a ...

rose
, and a wide range of plants with medicinal uses.
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured A cure is a completely effective treatment for a disease. Cure, or similar, may also refer to: Places * Cure (river), a river in France * Cures, Sabinum, an ...

Tea
and
coffee Coffee is a Coffee preparation, brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of epigynous berries, berries from certain flowering plants in the ''Coffea'' genus. From the coffee fruit, the seeds are separated to produce a stable, ...

coffee
are on the tree-shrub boundary; they are normally harvested from shrub-sized plants, but these would become small trees if left to grow.


Definition

Shrubs are perennial woody plants, and therefore have persistent woody above ground (compare with
herbaceous plant Herbaceous plants are vascular plant Vascular plants (from Latin ''vasculum'': duct), also known as Tracheophyta (the tracheophytes , from the Greek ''trācheia''), form a large group of plants ( 300,000 accepted known species) that are defined ...
s). Usually shrubs are distinguished from trees by their height and multiple stems. Some shrubs are
deciduous In the fields of horticulture Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as we ...
(e.g. hawthorn) and others
evergreen In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Anci ...

evergreen
(e.g.
holly ''Ilex'' (), or holly, is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classificati ...

holly
).
Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period (), and the period (). Ancient Greek was the language of an ...
philosopher
Theophrastus Theophrastus (; grc-gre, Θεόφραστος ; c. 371c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos Eresos (; el, Ερεσός; grc, Ἔρεσος) and its twin beach village Skala Eresou are located in the southwest part of the Greek island of Le ...

Theophrastus
divided the plant world into trees, shrubs and herbs. Small, low shrubs, generally less than tall, such as
lavender ''Lavandula'' (common name lavender) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living or ...

lavender
, and most small garden varieties of
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form a ...

rose
, are often termed
subshrub A subshrub (Latin ''suffrutex'') or dwarf shrub is a short woody plant. Prostrate shrub is a related term. "Subshrub" is often used interchangeably with "bush".Jackson, Benjamin, Daydon; A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Derivation and Accen ...

subshrub
s. Most definitions characterize shrubs as possessing multiple stems with no main trunk. This is because the stems have branched below ground level. There are exceptions to this, with some shrubs having main trunks, but these tend to be very short and divide into multiple stems close to ground level. Many trees can grow in multiple stemmed forms also, such as
oak An oak is a tree or shrub A shrub (or bush, but this is more of a gardening term) is a small- to medium-sized perennial woody plant. Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. Shrubs can be deciduous o ...

oak
or
ash Ash or ashes are the solid remnants of fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction Product (chemistry), products. Fire is hot because the ...
.


Use in gardens and parks

An area of cultivated shrubs in a
park A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation Recreation is an activity of leisure Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is ti ...

park
or a
garden A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the cultivation, display, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The single feature identifying even the wildest wild garden A wildlife garden (or wild garden) is an Biophy ...

garden
is known as a
shrubbery Image:Thomas Bond Walker02.jpg, Lady in shrubbery, oil painting by Thomas Bond Walker (1861-1933) A shrubbery is a wide border to a garden where shrubs are thickly planted, or a similar larger area with a path winding through it, typical of the En ...

shrubbery
. When clipped as
topiary Topiary is the horticultural Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as we ...
, suitable species or varieties of shrubs develop dense
foliage A leaf (plural leaves) is the principal lateral appendage of the vascular plant Vascular plants (from Latin ''vasculum'': duct), also known as Tracheophyta (the tracheophytes , from Greek τραχεῖα ἀρτηρία ''trācheia artē ...

foliage
and many small leafy
branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or ...

branch
es growing close together. Many shrubs respond well to renewal
pruning Pruning is a horticultural Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as well ...

pruning
, in which hard cutting back to a " stool" results in long new known as "canes". Other shrubs respond better to selective pruning to reveal their structure and character. Shrubs in common garden practice are generally considered , though some smaller
conifers Conifers are a group of cone-bearing seed plants, a subset of gymnosperms. Scientifically, they make up the division Pinophyta (), also known as Coniferophyta () or Coniferae. The division contains a single extant class, Pinopsida. All exta ...

conifers
such as
mountain pine ''Pinus mugo'', known as bog pine, creeping pine, dwarf mountain pine, mugo pine, mountain pine, scrub mountain pine, or Swiss mountain pine, is a species In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organism ...
and
common juniper ''Juniperus communis'', the common juniper, is a species of small tree or shrub in the genus ''Juniperus'', in the family (biology), family Cupressaceae. This evergreen conifer has the largest geographical range of any woody plant, with a circumpo ...
are also shrubby in structure. Species that grow into a shrubby habit may be either
deciduous In the fields of horticulture Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as we ...
or
evergreen In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Anci ...

evergreen
.


Botanical structure

In
botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ...

botany
and
ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. Ecology considers at the individual, , , , an ...
, a shrub is more specifically used to describe the particular physical structural or
plant life-formPlant life-form schemes constitute a way of classifying plants alternatively to the ordinary species-genus-family scientific classification In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including thei ...
of woody plants which are less than high and usually have many stems arising at or near the base. For example, a descriptive system widely adopted in
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
is based on structural characteristics based on life-form, plus the height and amount of foliage cover of the tallest layer or
dominant Domination or dominant may refer to: Society * World domination, which is mainly a conspiracy theory * Colonialism in which one group (usually a nation) invades another region for material gain or to eliminate competition * Chauvinism in which a p ...
species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individu ...

species
.Costermans, L. F. (1993) ''Native trees and shrubs of South-Eastern Australia''. rev. ed. For shrubs high the following structural forms are categorized: * dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-shrub * mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-shrub * sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — tall shrubland * very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — tall open shrubland For shrubs less than high the following structural forms are categorized: * dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-
heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbaceous plant, herbs, and geophytes. Shrubland m ...
or closed low shrubland—(''North America'') * mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-heath or mid-dense low shrubland—(''North America'') * sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — low shrubland * very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — low open shrubland


List of shrubs

Those marked with * can also develop into tree form. ;A * ''
Abelia ''Abelia'' is a formerly recognized genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term ...

Abelia
'' (Abelia) * '' Acer'' (Maple) * * '''' (Actinidia) * ''
Aloe ''Aloe'' ( , ), also written ''Aloë'', is a genus containing over 550 species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A ...

Aloe
'' (Aloe) * ''
Aralia ''Aralia'' , or spikenard, is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may a ...

Aralia
'' (Angelica Tree, ) * * ''
Arctostaphylos ''Arctostaphylos'' (; from "bear" and "bunch of grapes") is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie ...
'' (
Bearberry Bearberries ( indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrub A shrub (or bush, but this is more of a gardening term) is a small- to medium-sized perennial woody plant. Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody ste ...

Bearberry
,
Manzanita Manzanita is a common name for many species of the genus ''Arctostaphylos ''Arctostaphylos'' (; from "bear" and "bunch of grapes") is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science o ...

Manzanita
) * * ''
Aronia ''Aronia'' is a genus of deciduous In the fields of horticulture Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, frui ...
'' (Chokeberry) * '' Artemisia'' (
Sagebrush Sagebrush is the common name of several woody and herbaceous species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species i ...

Sagebrush
) * ''
Aucuba ''Aucuba'' is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may also refer to a ...
'' (Aucuba) ;B * ''
Berberis ''Berberis'' (), commonly known as barberry, is a large genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such class ...

Berberis
'' (Barberry) * ''
Bougainvillea ''Bougainvillea'' ( , ) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees belonging to the four o' clock family, Nyctaginaceae. It is native to eastern South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hem ...

Bougainvillea
'' (Bougainvillea) * ''
Brugmansia ''Brugmansia'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruse ...

Brugmansia
'' (Angel's trumpet) * ''
Buddleja ''Buddleja'' (orth. var. ''Buddleia'') (; also historically given as ''Buddlea'') is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the pri ...
'' (Butterfly bush) * ''
Buxus ''Buxus'' is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae. Common names include box or boxwood. The boxes are native plant, native to western and southern Europe, southwest, southern and eastern Asia, Africa, Madagascar, northernm ...

Buxus
'' (Box) * ;C * '' Calia'' (Mescalbean) * ''
Callicarpa ''Callicarpa'' (beautyberry) is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family (biology), family Lamiaceae.Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A. & Seberg, O. 2007: Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. They are n ...
'' (Beautyberry) * * ''
Callistemon ''Callistemon'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, vir ...

Callistemon
'' (Bottlebrush) * * ''
Calluna ''Calluna vulgaris'', common heather, ling, or simply heather, is the sole species in the genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil ...

Calluna
'' (Heather) * ''
Calycanthus ''Calycanthus'', called sweetshrub, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Calycanthaceae, endemism, endemic to North America. The genus includes two to four species depending on taxonomic interpretation; three are accepted by most 21st cen ...
'' (Sweetshrub) * ''
Camellia ''Camellia'' (pronounced or ) is a genus of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Theaceae. They are native plant, found in eastern and southern Asia, from the Himalayas east to Japan and Indonesia. There are 100–300 described speci ...

Camellia
'' (Camellia,
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured A cure is a completely effective treatment for a disease. Cure, or similar, may also refer to: Places * Cure (river), a river in France * Cures, Sabinum, an ...

Tea
) * * ''
Caragana ''Caragana'' is a genus of about 80–100 species of flowering plant The flowering plants, also known as Angiospermae (), or Magnoliophyta (), are the most diverse group of Embryophyte, land plants, with 64 Order(biology), orders, 416 Family (b ...
'' ( Pea-tree) * * '' Carpenteria'' (Carpenteria) * '''' (Blue Spiraea) * ''Cassiope'' (Moss-heather) * ''Ceanothus'' (Ceanothus) * * ''Celastrus'' (Staff vine) * * ''Ceratostigma'' (Hardy Plumbago) * ''Cercocarpus'' (Mountain-mahogany) * * ''Chaenomeles'' (Japanese Quince) * ''Chamaebatiaria'' (Fernbush) * ''Chamaedaphne'' (Leatherleaf) * ''Chimonanthus'' (Wintersweet) * ''Chionanthus'' (Fringe-tree) * * ''Choisya'' (Mexican-orange Blossom) * * ''Cistus'' (Rockrose) * ''Clerodendrum'' (Clerodendrum) * ''Clethra'' (Summersweet, Pepperbush) * * ''Clianthus'' (Glory Pea) * ''Colletia'' (Colletia) * ''Colutea'' (Bladder Senna) * ''Comptonia (plant), Comptonia'' (Sweetfern) * ''Dogwood, Cornus'' (Dogwood) * * ''Corylopsis'' (Winter-hazel) * * ''Cotinus'' (Smoketree) * * ''Cotoneaster'' (Cotoneaster) * * ''Cowania (plant), Cowania'' (Cliffrose) * ''Crataegus'' (Hawthorn) * * ''Crinodendron'' (Crinodendron) * * ''Cytisus'' and allied genera (Broom (shrub), Broom) * ;D * ''Daboecia'' (Heath) * ''Danae (plant), Danae'' (Alexandrian laurel) * ''Daphne (plant), Daphne'' (Daphne) * ''Decaisnea'' (Decaisnea) * ''Dasiphora'' (Shrubby Cinquefoil) * ''Dendromecon'' (Tree poppy) * ''Desfontainea'' (Desfontainea) * ''Deutzia'' (Deutzia) * ''Diervilla'' (Bush honeysuckle) * ''Dipelta'' (Dipelta) * ''Dirca'' (Leatherwood) * ''Dracaena (plant), Dracaena'' (Dragon tree) * * ''Drimys'' (Winter's Bark) * * ''Dryas (plant), Dryas'' (Mountain Avens) ;E * ''Edgeworthia'' (Paper Bush) * * ''Elaeagnus'' (Elaeagnus) * * ''Embothrium'' (Chilean Firebush) * * ''Empetrum'' (Crowberry) * ''Enkianthus'' (Pagoda Bush) * ''Ephedra (genus), Ephedra'' (Ephedra) * ''Epigaea'' (Trailing Arbutus) * ''Erica (plant), Erica'' (Heath) * ''Eriobotrya'' (Loquat) * * ''Escallonia'' (Escallonia) * ''Eucryphia'' (Eucryphia) * * ''Euonymus'' (Spindle) * * ''Exochorda'' (Pearl Bush) ;F * ''Fabiana (plant), Fabiana'' (Fabiana) * ''Fallugia'' (Apache Plume) * ''Fatsia'' (Fatsia) * ''Forsythia'' (Forsythia) * ''Fothergilla'' (Fothergilla) * ''Franklinia'' (Franklinia) * * ''Fremontodendron'' (Flannelbush) * ''Fuchsia'' (Fuchsia) * ;G * ''Garrya'' (Silk-tassel) * * ''Gaultheria'' (Salal) * ''Gaylussacia'' (Huckleberry) * ''Genista'' (Broom (shrub), Broom) * * ''Gordonia (plant), Gordonia'' (Loblolly-bay) * * ''Grevillea'' (Grevillea) * ''Griselinia'' (Griselinia) * ;H * ''Hakea'' (Hakea) * * ''Halesia'' (Silverbell) * * ''Halimium'' (Rockrose) * ''Hamamelis'' (Witch-hazel) * * ''Hebe (plant), Hebe'' (Hebe) * ''Hedera'' (Ivy) * ''Helianthemum'' (Rockrose) * ''Hibiscus'' (Hibiscus) * * ''Hippophae'' (Sea-buckthorn) * * ''Hoheria'' (Lacebark) * * ''Holodiscus'' (Creambush) * ''Hudsonia'' (Hudsonia) * ''Hydrangea'' (Hydrangea) * ''Hypericum'' (Hypericum calycinum, Rose of Sharon) * ''Hyssopus (plant), Hyssopus'' (Hyssop) ;I * ''Ilex'' (Holly) * * ''Illicium'' (Star Anise) * * ''Indigofera'' (Indigo) * ''Itea (plant), Itea'' (Sweetspire) ;J * ''Jamesia'' (Cliffbush) * ''Jasminum'' (Jasmine) * ''Juniperus'' (Juniper) * ;K * ''Kalmia'' (Mountain-laurel) * ''Kerria (plant), Kerria'' (Kerria) * ''Kolkwitzia'' (Beautybush, Beauty-bush) ;L * ''Lagerstroemia'' (Crape-myrtle) * * ''Lapageria'' (Copihue) * ''Lantana'' (Lantana) * ''Lavandula'' (Lavender) * ''Lavatera'' (Tree Mallow) * ''Ledum'' (Ledum) * ''Leitneria'' (Corkwood) * * ''Lespedeza'' (Bush Clover) * * ''Leptospermum'' (Manuka) * * ''Leucothoe (plant), Leucothoe'' (Doghobble) * ''Leycesteria'' (Leycesteria) * ''Ligustrum'' (Privet) * * ''Lindera'' (Spicebush) * * ''Linnaea'' (Twinflower) * ''Lonicera'' (Honeysuckle) * ''Lupinus'' (Tree Lupin) * ''Lycium'' (Boxthorn) ;M * ''Magnolia'' (Magnolia) * ''Mahonia'' (Mahonia) * ''Malpighia'' (Acerola) * ''Menispermum'' (Moonseed) * ''Menziesia'' (Menziesia) * ''Mespilus'' (Medlar) * * ''Microcachrys'' (Microcachrys) * ''Myrica'' (Bayberry) * * ''Myricaria'' (Myricaria) * ''Myrtus'' and allied genera (Myrtle) * ;N * ''Neillia'' (Neillia) * ''Nerium'' (Oleander) ;O * ''Olearia'' (Daisy bush) * * ''Osmanthus'' (Osmanthus) ;P * ''Pachysandra'' (Pachysandra) * ''Peony, Paeonia'' (Tree-peony) * ''Persoonia'' (Geebungs) * ''Philadelphus'' (Mock orange) * * ''Phlomis'' (Jerusalem Sage) * ''Photinia'' (Photinia) * * ''Physocarpus'' (Ninebark) * * ''Pieris (plant), Pieris'' (Pieris) * ''Pistacia'' (Pistachio, Pistacia lentiscus, Mastic) * * ''Pittosporum'' (Pittosporum) * * ''Plumbago'' (Leadwort) * ''Polygala'' (Milkwort) * ''Poncirus'' * * ''Prunus'' (Cherry) * * ''Purshia'' (Antelope Bush) * ''Pyracantha'' (Firethorn) ;Q * ''Quassia'' (Quassia) * * ''Oak, Quercus'' (Oak) * * ''Quillaja'' (Quillay) * ''Quintinia'' (Tawheowheo) * ;R * ''Buckthorn, Rhamnus'' (Buckthorn) * * ''Rhododendron'' (Rhododendron, Azalea) * * ''Rhus'' (Sumac) * * ''Ribes'' (Currant, Gooseberry) * ''Romneya'' (Tree poppy) * ''Rose, Rosa'' (Rose) * ''Rosmarinus'' (Rosemary) * ''Rubus'' (Bramble, Raspberry, Salmonberry, Rubus phoenicolasius, Wineberry) * ''Ruta'' (Rue) ;S * ''Sabia (plant), Sabia'' * * ''Salix'' (Willow) * * ''Salvia'' (Sage) ** ''Salvia'' subg. ''Salvia'' subg. Perovskia, Perovskia'' (Russian Sage) * ''Sambucus'' (Elder) * * ''Santolina'' (Lavender Cotton) * ''Sapindus'' (Soapberry) * * ''Senecio'' (Senecio) * ''Jojoba, Simmondsia'' (Jojoba) * ''Skimmia'' (Skimmia) * ''Smilax'' (Smilax) * ''Sophora'' (Kowhai) * * ''Sorbaria'' (Sorbaria) * ''Spartium'' (Spanish Broom) * ''Spiraea'' (Spiraea) * * ''Staphylea'' (Bladdernut) * * ''Stephanandra'' (Stephanandra) * ''Styrax'' * * ''Symphoricarpos'' (Snowberry) * ''Syringa'' (Lilac) * ;T * ''Tamarix'' (Tamarix) * * ''Taxus'' (Yew) * * ''Waratah, Telopea'' (Waratah) * * ''Thuja'' cvs. (Arborvitae) * * ''Thymelaea'' * ''Thyme, Thymus'' (Thyme) * ''Trochodendron'' * ;U * ''Ulex'' (Gorse) * ''Ulmus pumila celer'' (Turkestan elm – Wonder Hedge) * ''Ungnadia'' (Mexican Buckeye) ;V * ''Vaccinium'' (Bilberry, Blueberry, Cranberry) * ''Verbesina centroboyacana'' * ''Vervain, Verbena'' (Vervain) * ''Viburnum'' (Viburnum) * * ''Vinca'' (Periwinkle) * ''Viscum'' (Mistletoe) ;W * ''Weigela'' (Weigela) ;X * ''Xanthoceras'' * ''Xanthorhiza'' (Yellowroot) * ''Xylosma'' ;Y * ''Yucca'' (Yucca, Yucca brevifolia, Joshua tree) * ;Z * ''Zanthoxylum'' * * ''Zauschneria'' * ''Zenobia (plant), Zenobia'' * ''Ziziphus'' *


References

{{Authority control Plants Plant morphology Shrubs, Lists of plants Plant life-forms Plants by habit