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A shrub (often also called a bush) is a small-to-medium-sized
perennial A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years. The term (''wikt:per-#Prefix, per-'' + ''wikt:-ennial#Suffix, -ennial'', "through the years") is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annual pl ...
woody plant A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue and thus has a hard stem. In cold climates, woody plants further survive winter or dry season above ground, as opposite to Herbaceous plant, herbaceous plants that die back to t ...
. Unlike
herbaceous plant Herbaceous plants are vascular plants that have no persistent wood, woody stems above ground. This broad category of plants includes many perennial plant, perennials, and nearly all Annual plant, annuals and Biennial plant, biennials. Definition ...
s, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. Shrubs can be either deciduous or evergreen. They are distinguished from
tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, usually supporting branches and leaves. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondar ...
s by their multiple stems and shorter
height Height is measure of vertical distance, either vertical extent (how "tall" something or someone is) or vertical position (how "high" a point is). For example, "The height of that building is 50 m" or "The height of an airplane in-flight is abou ...
, less than tall. Small shrubs, less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall are sometimes termed as
subshrub A subshrub (Latin ''suffrutex'') or dwarf shrub is a short shrub, and is a woody plant. Prostrate shrub is a related term. "Subshrub" is often used interchangeably with "bush".Jackson, Benjamin, Daydon; A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Der ...
s. Many botanical groups have species that are shrubs, and others that are trees and herbaceous plants instead. Some definitions state that a shrub is less than and a tree is over 6 m. Others use as the cut-off point for classification. Many species of tree may not reach this mature height because of hostile less than ideal growing conditions, and resemble a shrub-sized plant. However, such species have the potential to grow taller under the ideal growing conditions for that plant. In terms of longevity, most shrubs fit in a class between
perennials A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years. The term (''wikt:per-#Prefix, per-'' + ''wikt:-ennial#Suffix, -ennial'', "through the years") is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annual pl ...
and trees; some may only last about five years even in good conditions, others, usually the larger and more woody ones, may live to 70 or more, but on average they last 7–10 years.
Shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbaceous plant, herbs, and geophytes. Shrubland may either occur naturally or ...
is the natural landscape dominated by various shrubs; there are many distinct types around the world, including
fynbos Fynbos (; meaning fine plants) is a small belt of natural shrubland or Heath (habitat), heathland vegetation located in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. This area is predominantly coastal and mountainous, with a M ...
, maquis, shrub-steppe,
shrub swamp Shrub swamps — also called scrub swamps or buttonbush swamps — are a type of freshwater wetland ecosystem occurring in areas too wet to become swamps (“true” or freshwater swamp forest), but too dry or too shallow to become marshes. They ...
and
moorland Moorland or moor is a type of Habitat (ecology), habitat found in upland (geology), upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on Soil pH, ...
. In gardens and parks, an area largely dedicated to shrubs (now somewhat less fashionable than a century ago) is called a
shrubbery A shrubbery, shrub border or shrub garden is a part of a garden where shrubs, mostly flowering species, are thickly planted. The original shrubberies were mostly sections of large gardens, with one or more paths winding through it, a less-rememb ...
, shrub border or shrub garden. There are many garden
cultivar A cultivar is a type of Horticulture, cultivated plant that people have selected for desired phenotypic trait, traits and when Plant propagation, propagated retain those traits. Methods used to propagate cultivars include: division, root and st ...
s of shrubs, bred for flowering, for example
rhododendron ''Rhododendron'' (; from Ancient Greek ''rhódon'' "rose" and ''déndron'' "tree") is a very large genus of about 1,024 species of woody plants in the Ericaceae, heath family (Ericaceae). They can be either evergreen or deciduous. Most specie ...
s, and sometimes even leaf colour or shape. Compared to trees and herbaceous plants, perhaps a relatively small number of shrubs have agricultural or commercial uses. Apart from the several
berry A berry is a small, pulpy, and often edible fruit. Typically, berries are juicy, rounded, brightly colored, sweet, sour or tart, and do not have a stone or pit, although many pips or seeds may be present. Common examples are strawberries, raspb ...
-bearing species (using the culinary rather than botanical definition), few are eaten directly, and they are generally too small for much
timber Lumber is wood that has been processed into dimensional lumber, including Beam (structure), beams and plank (wood), planks or boards, a stage in the process of wood production. Lumber is mainly used for construction framing, as well as fini ...
use unlike trees. Those that are used include several perfumed species such as
lavender ''Lavandula'' (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native plant, native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to nort ...
and
rose A rose is either a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'' (), in the family Rosaceae (), or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivar ...
, and a wide range of plants with medicinal uses.
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over Curing (vegetable preservation), cured or fresh leaves of ''Camellia sinensis'', an evergreen shrub native to East Asia which probably originated in the borderlands of ...
and
coffee Coffee is a drink prepared from roasted coffee beans. Darkly colored, bitter, and slightly acidic, coffee has a stimulant, stimulating effect on humans, primarily due to its caffeine content. It is the most popular hot drink in the world. S ...
are on the tree-shrub boundary; they are normally harvested from shrub-sized plants, but these would be large enough to become small trees if left to grow instead.


Definition

Shrubs are perennial woody plants, and therefore have persistent woody stems above ground (compare with succulent stems of
herbaceous plant Herbaceous plants are vascular plants that have no persistent wood, woody stems above ground. This broad category of plants includes many perennial plant, perennials, and nearly all Annual plant, annuals and Biennial plant, biennials. Definition ...
s). Usually, shrubs are distinguished from trees by their height and multiple stems. Some shrubs are
deciduous In the fields of horticulture and Botany, the term ''deciduous'' () means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, af ...
(e.g. hawthorn) and others
evergreen In botany, an evergreen is a plant which has Leaf, foliage that remains green and functional through more than one growing season. This also pertains to plants that retain their foliage only in warm climates, and contrasts with deciduous plants, ...
(e.g.
holly ''Ilex'' (), or holly, is a genus of over 570 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family. ''Ilex'' has the most species of any woody dioecious angiosperm genus. The speci ...
).
Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: Mycenaean Greek (), Greek Dark ...
philosopher
Theophrastus Theophrastus (; grc-gre, Θεόφραστος ; c. 371c. 287 BC), a Greek philosopher and the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school. He was a native of Eresos in Lesbos Island, Lesbos.Gavin Hardy and Laurence Totelin, ''Ancient Bota ...
divided the plant world into trees, shrubs and herbs. Small, low shrubs, generally less than tall, such as
lavender ''Lavandula'' (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native plant, native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to nort ...
, periwinkle and most small garden varieties of
rose A rose is either a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'' (), in the family Rosaceae (), or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivar ...
, are often termed as
subshrub A subshrub (Latin ''suffrutex'') or dwarf shrub is a short shrub, and is a woody plant. Prostrate shrub is a related term. "Subshrub" is often used interchangeably with "bush".Jackson, Benjamin, Daydon; A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Der ...
s. Most definitions characterize shrubs as possessing multiple stems with no main trunk below. This is because the stems have branched below ground level. There are exceptions to this, with some shrubs having main trunks, but these tend to be very short and divide into multiple stems close to ground level without a reasonable length beforehand. Many trees can grow in multiple stemmed forms also while being tall enough to be trees, such as
oak An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus ''Quercus'' (; Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae. There are approximately 500 extant species of oaks. The common name "oak" also appears in the names of species in related genera, notably ''L ...
or ash.


Use in gardens and parks

An area of cultivated shrubs in a
park A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. Urban parks are urban green space, green spaces set aside for recreation inside t ...
or a
garden A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the cultivation, display, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The single feature identifying even the wildest wild garden is ''control''. The garden can incorporate bot ...
is known as a
shrubbery A shrubbery, shrub border or shrub garden is a part of a garden where shrubs, mostly flowering species, are thickly planted. The original shrubberies were mostly sections of large gardens, with one or more paths winding through it, a less-rememb ...
. When clipped as
topiary Topiary is the horticultural practice of training perennial plants by clipping the foliage and twigs of trees, shrubs and subshrubs to develop and maintain clearly defined shapes, whether geometric or fanciful. The term also refers to plants w ...
, suitable species or varieties of shrubs develop dense
foliage A leaf (: leaves) is any of the principal appendages of a vascular plant stem, usually borne laterally aboveground and specialized for photosynthesis. Leaves are collectively called foliage, as in "autumn foliage", while the leaves, ste ...
and many small leafy
branch A branch, sometimes called a ramus in botany, is a woody structural member connected to the central trunk (botany), trunk of a tree (or sometimes a shrub). Large branches are known as boughs and small branches are known as twigs. The term '' ...
es growing close together. Many shrubs respond well to renewal
pruning Pruning is a horticultural, arboricultural, and silvicultural practice involving the selective removal of certain parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or root In vascular plants, the roots are the plant organ, organs of a plant ...
, in which hard cutting back to a " stool", removes everything but vital parts of the plant, resulting in long new stems known as "canes". Other shrubs respond better to selective pruning to dead or unhealthy, or otherwise unattractive parts to reveal their structure and character. Shrubs in common garden practice are generally considered broad-leaved plants, though some smaller
conifers Conifers are a group of cone-bearing seed plants, a subset of gymnosperm The gymnosperms ( lit. revealed seeds) are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, '' Ginkgo'', and gnetophytes, forming the clade Gym ...
such as
mountain pine ''Pinus mugo'', known as bog pine, creeping pine, dwarf mountain pine, mugo pine, mountain pine, scrub mountain pine, or Swiss mountain pine, is a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of Taxonomy (biology), classification and a ...
and common juniper are also shrubby in structure. Species that grow into a shrubby habit may be either
deciduous In the fields of horticulture and Botany, the term ''deciduous'' () means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, af ...
or
evergreen In botany, an evergreen is a plant which has Leaf, foliage that remains green and functional through more than one growing season. This also pertains to plants that retain their foliage only in warm climates, and contrasts with deciduous plants, ...
.


Botanical structure

In
botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ...
and
ecology Ecology () is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their biophysical environment, physical environment. Ecology considers organisms at the individual, population, community (ecology), community, ecosy ...
, a shrub is more specifically used to describe the particular physical canopy structure or
plant life-form Plant life-form schemes constitute a way of classifying plants alternatively to the ordinary species-genus-family scientific classification. In colloquial speech, plants may be classified as trees, shrubs, herbs (forbs and graminoids), etc. The sc ...
of woody plants which are less than high and usually multiple stems arising at or near the surface of the ground. For example, a descriptive system widely adopted in
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of , Australia is the largest country by ...
is based on structural characteristics based on life-form, plus the height and amount of foliage cover of the tallest layer or dominant
species In biology, a species is the basic unit of Taxonomy (biology), classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of ...
.Costermans, L. F. (1993) ''Native trees and shrubs of South-Eastern Australia''. rev. ed. For shrubs that are high, the following structural forms are categorized: * dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-shrubs * mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-shrubs * sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — tall shrubland * very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — tall open shrubland For shrubs less than high, the following structural forms are categorized: * dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-
heath A heath () is a shrubland habitat (ecology), habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland is generally related to high-ground heaths with—especially in Great B ...
or closed low shrubland—(''North America'') * mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-heath or mid-dense low shrubland—(''North America'') * sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — low shrubland * very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — low open shrubland


List of shrubs

Those marked with * can also develop into tree form if in ideal conditions. ;A * '' Abelia'' (Abelia) * '' Acer'' (Maple) * * ''
Actinidia ''Actinidia'' is a genus of woody plant, woody and, with a few exceptions, dioecious plants native to temperate eastern Asia, occurring throughout most of China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan, and extending north to southern areas of Russian Far East ...
'' (Actinidia) * ''
Aloe ''Aloe'' (; also written ''Aloë'') is a genus containing over 650 species of flowering plant, flowering succulent plant, succulent plants.WFO (2022): Aloe L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000001341. Acc ...
'' (Aloe) * '' Aralia'' (Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club) * * ''
Arctostaphylos ''Arctostaphylos'' (; from "bear" and "bunch of grapes") is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV class ...
'' (
Bearberry Bearberries (Indigenous peoples, indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus ''Arctostaphylos''. Unlike the other species of ''Arctostaphylos'' (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and ...
,
Manzanita Manzanita is a common name for many species of the genus ''Arctostaphylos''. They are evergreen shrubs or small trees present in the chaparral biome of western North America, where they occur from British Columbia, Southern British Columbia and ...
) * * ''
Aronia ''Aronia'' is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The genus Aronia is considered to have 3 species. The most common and wide ...
'' (Chokeberry) * '' Artemisia'' (
Sagebrush Sagebrush is the common name In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language ...
) * '' Aucuba'' (Aucuba) ;B * ''
Berberis ''Berberis'' (), commonly known as barberry, is a large genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from tall, found throughout Temperateness, temperate and subtropical regions of the world (apart from Australia). Species diversity is greatest in S ...
'' (Barberry) * ''
Bougainvillea ''Bougainvillea'' ( , ) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees belonging to the four o' clock family, Nyctaginaceae. It is native to eastern South America, found from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. ...
'' (Bougainvillea) * ''
Brugmansia ''Brugmansia'' is a genus of seven species of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. They are woody trees or shrubs, with pendulous flowers, and have no spines on their fruit. Their large, fragrant flowers give them their common n ...
'' (Angel's trumpet) * ''
Buddleja ''Buddleja'' (; ''Buddleia''; also historically given as ''Buddlea'') is a genus comprising over 140 species of flowering plants endemicity, endemic to Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The generic name bestowed by Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus posth ...
'' (Butterfly bush) * ''
Buxus ''Buxus'' is a genus of about seventy species in the family Buxaceae. Common names include box or boxwood. The boxes are native plant, native to western and southern Europe, southwest, southern and eastern Asia, Africa, Madagascar, north ...
'' (Box) * ;C * '' Calia'' (Mescalbean) * '' Callicarpa'' (Beautyberry) * * ''
Callistemon ''Callistemon'' is a genus of shrubs in the family Myrtaceae, first described as a genus in 1814. The entire genus is Endemism, endemic to Australia but widely cultivated in many other regions and naturalised in scattered locations. Their stat ...
'' (Bottlebrush) * * ''
Calluna ''Calluna vulgaris'', common heather, ling, or simply heather, is the sole species in the genus ''Calluna'' in the flowering plant family Ericaceae. It is a low-growing evergreen shrub growing to tall, or rarely to and taller, and is found wide ...
'' (Heather) * '' Calycanthus'' (Sweetshrub) * ''
Camellia ''Camellia'' (pronounced or ) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. They are native plant, found in East Asia, eastern and South Asia, southern Asia, from the Himalayas east to Japan and Indonesia. There are more than 220 descr ...
'' (Camellia,
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over Curing (vegetable preservation), cured or fresh leaves of ''Camellia sinensis'', an evergreen shrub native to East Asia which probably originated in the borderlands of ...
) * * '' Caragana'' ( Pea-tree) * * '' Carpenteria'' (Carpenteria) * '' Caryopteris'' ( Blue Spiraea) * ''
Cassiope Cascade, Smallsat and Ionospheric Polar Explorer (CASSIOPE), is a Canadian Space Agency (CSA) multi-mission satellite operated by the University of Calgary. The mission development and operations from launch to February 2018 was funded through CSA ...
'' ( Moss-heather) * ''
Ceanothus ''Ceanothus'' is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biologic ...
'' (Ceanothus) * * '' Celastrus'' (Staff vine) * * '' Ceratostigma'' ( Hardy Plumbago) * '' Cercocarpus'' (Mountain-mahogany) * * ''
Chaenomeles ''Chaenomeles'' is a genus of four species https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:331479-2 of deciduous spiny shrubs, usually 1–3 m tall, in the family (biology), family Rosaceae. They are native plant, native to South ...
'' (Japanese Quince) * ''
Chamaebatiaria ''Chamaebatiaria'' is a monotypic genus of aromatic shrub A shrub (often also called a bush) is a small-to-medium-sized perennial woody plant. Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. Shrubs can be eith ...
'' (Fernbush) * '' Chamaedaphne'' (Leatherleaf) * '' Chimonanthus'' (Wintersweet) * ''
Chionanthus ''Chionanthus'' , common name: fringetrees, is a genus of about 150 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Oleaceae. The genus has a wide distribution primarily in the tropics and subtropics, but with three species exten ...
'' (Fringe-tree) * * '' Choisya'' (Mexican-orange Blossom) * * ''
Cistus ''Cistus'' (from the Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece, a country in Southern Europe: *Greeks, an ethnic group. *Greek language, a branch of the Indo-European language family. **Proto-Greek language, the ...
'' (Rockrose) * ''
Clerodendrum ''Clerodendrum'' is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biol ...
'' (Clerodendrum) * '' Clethra'' (Summersweet, Pepperbush) * * '' Clianthus'' ( Glory Pea) * '' Colletia'' (Colletia) * '' Colutea'' (Bladder Senna) * '' Comptonia'' (Sweetfern) * '' Cornus'' (Dogwood) * * ''
Corylopsis ''Corylopsis'' is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biolog ...
'' (Winter-hazel) * * ''
Cotinus ''Cotinus'' (''Sunset Western Garden Book,'' 1995:606–607), the smoketree or smoke bush, is a genus of seven species of flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae, closely related to the sumacs (''Rhus''). Characteristics They are large s ...
'' (Smoketree) * * '' Cotoneaster'' (Cotoneaster) * * '' Cowania'' ( Cliffrose) * ''
Crataegus ''Crataegus'' (), commonly called hawthorn, quickthorn, thornapple, Voss, E. G. 1985. ''Michigan Flora: A guide to the identification and occurrence of the native and naturalized seed-plants of the state. Part II: Dicots (Saururaceae–Cornacea ...
'' (Hawthorn) * * '' Crinodendron'' (Crinodendron) * * '' Cytisus'' and allied genera (
Broom A broom (also known in some forms as a broomstick) is a cleaning tool consisting of usually stiff fibers (often made of materials such as plastic, hair, or corn husks) attached to, and roughly parallel to, a cylindrical handle, the broomstick. I ...
) * ;D * ''
Daboecia ''Daboecia'' , or St. Dabeoc's heath, is a small genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses ...
'' (
Heath A heath () is a shrubland habitat (ecology), habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland is generally related to high-ground heaths with—especially in Great B ...
) * '' Danae'' (Alexandrian laurel) * ''
Daphne Daphne (; ; el, Δάφνη, , ), a minor figure in Greek mythology A major branch of classical mythology, Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the Ancient Greece, ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. T ...
'' (Daphne) * '' Decaisnea'' (Decaisnea) * '' Dasiphora'' (Shrubby Cinquefoil) * '' Dendromecon'' (Tree poppy) * '' Desfontainea'' (Desfontainea) * '' Deutzia'' (Deutzia) * '' Diervilla'' (Bush honeysuckle) * '' Dipelta'' (Dipelta) * '' Dirca'' (Leatherwood) * '' Dracaena'' (Dragon tree) * * '' Drimys'' ( Winter's Bark) * * '' Dryas'' (Mountain Avens) ;E * '' Edgeworthia'' (Paper Bush) * * ''
Elaeagnus ''Elaeagnus'' , silverberry or oleaster, is a genus of about 50–70 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Elaeagnaceae. Description ''Elaeagnus'' plants are deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees. The alternate le ...
'' (
Elaeagnus ''Elaeagnus'' , silverberry or oleaster, is a genus of about 50–70 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Elaeagnaceae. Description ''Elaeagnus'' plants are deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees. The alternate le ...
) * * '' Embothrium'' ( Chilean Firebush) * * '' Empetrum'' ( Crowberry) * '' Enkianthus'' ( Pagoda Bush) * '' Ephedra'' (Ephedra) * '' Epigaea'' ( Trailing Arbutus) * ''
Erica Erica or ERICA may refer to: * Erica (given name) * Erica (plant), ''Erica'' (plant), a flowering plant genus * Erica (chatbot), a service of Bank of America * Erica (video game), ''Erica'' (video game), a 2019 FMV video game * Erica (spider), ' ...
'' (
Heath A heath () is a shrubland habitat (ecology), habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland is generally related to high-ground heaths with—especially in Great B ...
) * '' Eriobotrya'' (Loquat) * * '' Escallonia'' (Escallonia) * '' Eucryphia'' (Eucryphia) * * '' Euonymus'' (Spindle) * * '' Exochorda'' (Pearl Bush) ;F * '' Fabiana'' (Fabiana) * '' Fallugia'' (Apache Plume) * ''
Fatsia ''Fatsia'' is a small genus of three species of evergreen shrubs in the family Araliaceae native to southern Japan and Taiwan. They typically have stout, sparsely branched stems bearing spirally-arranged, large leathery, palmately lobed leaf, lea ...
'' (Fatsia) * ''
Forsythia ''Forsythia'' , is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family (biology), family Oleaceae. There are about 11 species, mostly native plant, native to eastern Asia, but one native to southeastern Europe. ''Forsythia'' – also one of the ...
'' (Forsythia) * ''
Fothergilla ''Fothergilla'' (witch alder) is a genus of two to four species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Hamamelidaceae, native plant, native to woodland and swamps of the southeastern United States. They are low-growing deciduous shr ...
'' (Fothergilla) * '' Franklinia'' (Franklinia) * * '' Fremontodendron'' (Flannelbush) * ''
Fuchsia ''Fuchsia'' () is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biolog ...
'' (Fuchsia) * ;G * '' Garrya'' (Silk-tassel) * * '' Gaultheria'' ( Salal) * ''
Gaylussacia ''Gaylussacia'' is a genus of about fifty species of flowering plant Flowering plants are plants that bear flowers and fruits, and form the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from the Greek l ...
'' (
Huckleberry Huckleberry is a name used in North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocea ...
) * ''
Genista Genista is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biological c ...
'' (
Broom A broom (also known in some forms as a broomstick) is a cleaning tool consisting of usually stiff fibers (often made of materials such as plastic, hair, or corn husks) attached to, and roughly parallel to, a cylindrical handle, the broomstick. I ...
) * * '' Gordonia'' ( Loblolly-bay) * * ''
Grevillea ''Grevillea'', commonly known as spider flowers, is a genus of about 360 species of evergreen flowering plants in the family Proteaceae. Plants in the genus ''Grevillea'' are shrubs, rarely trees, with the leaves arranged alternately along the b ...
'' (Grevillea) * ''
Griselinia ''Griselinia'' is a genus of seven species of shrubs and trees, with a highly disjunct distribution native plant, native to New Zealand and South America. It is a classic example of the Antarctic flora. It is the sole genus in the family (biology ...
'' (Griselinia) * ;H * ''
Hakea ''Hakea'' ( ) is a genus of about 150 species of plants in the Family (biology), Family ''Proteaceae'', Endemism, endemic to Australia. They are shrubs or small trees with leaves that are sometimes flat, otherwise circular in cross section in whi ...
'' (Hakea) * * ''
Halesia ''Halesia'', also known as silverbell or snowdrop tree, is a small genus of four or five species of deciduous large shrubs or small trees in the family (biology), family Styracaceae. Range They are native plant, native to eastern Asia (southeas ...
'' ( Silverbell) * * '' Halimium'' (Rockrose) * ''
Hamamelis Witch-hazels or witch hazels (''Hamamelis'') are a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with three species in North America (''Hamamelis ovalis, H. ovalis'', ''Hamamelis virginiana, H. virginiana'', and ''Hamamelis verna ...
'' (Witch-hazel) * * '' Hebe'' (Hebe) * ''
Hedera ''Hedera'', commonly called ivy (plural ivies), is a genus of 12–15 species of evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants in the family Araliaceae, native to western, central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwestern Africa and ...
'' (Ivy) * '' Helianthemum'' (Rockrose) * ''
Hibiscus ''Hibiscus'' is a genus of flowering plant Flowering plants are plants that bear flowers and fruits, and form the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from the Greek language, Greek words ('c ...
'' (Hibiscus) * * '' Hippophae'' (Sea-buckthorn) * * '' Hoheria'' (Lacebark) * * '' Holodiscus'' ( Creambush) * ''
Hudsonia ''Hudsonia'' (goldenheather, poverty grass) is a small genus of three species of flowering plants in the family Cistaceae, native to North America. They are typical of sand dune habitats. They are evergreen subshrubs growing to 20 cm tall. ...
'' (Hudsonia) * ''
Hydrangea ''Hydrangea'', () commonly named the hortensia, is a genus of over 75 species of flowering plants native plant, native to Asia and the Americas. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China, Korea, and Japan. Most are ...
'' (Hydrangea) * ''
Hypericum ''Hypericum'' is a genus of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Hypericaceae (formerly considered a subfamily of Clusiaceae). The genus has a nearly worldwide distribution, missing only from tropical lowlands, deserts and Polar re ...
'' (
Rose of Sharon Rose of Sharon is a common name, name that has been applied to several different species of flowering plants that are valued in different parts of the world. It is also a Bible, biblical expression, though the identity of the plant referred to i ...
) * '' Hyssopus'' (Hyssop) ;I * ''
Ilex ''Ilex'' (), or holly, is a genus of over 570 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family. ''Ilex'' has the most species of any woody dioecious angiosperm genus. The speci ...
'' (
Holly ''Ilex'' (), or holly, is a genus of over 570 species of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family. ''Ilex'' has the most species of any woody dioecious angiosperm genus. The speci ...
) * * '' Illicium'' (
Star Anise ''Illicium verum'' is a medium-sized evergreen tree native to northeast Vietnam and southwest China. A spice commonly called star anise, staranise, star anise seed, star aniseed, star of anise, Chinese star anise, or badian that closely resembl ...
) * * ''
Indigofera ''Indigofera'' is a large genus of over 750 species of flowering plants belonging to the pea family Fabaceae. They are widely distributed throughout the tropics, tropical and subtropics, subtropical regions of the world. Description Species of ' ...
'' (Indigo) * '' Itea'' ( Sweetspire) ;J * '' Jamesia'' (Cliffbush) * '' Jasminum'' (Jasmine) * ''
Juniperus Junipers are coniferous trees and shrubs in the genus ''Juniperus'' () of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on the taxonomy, between 50 and 67 species of junipers are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arcti ...
'' (Juniper) * ;K * '' Kalmia'' (Mountain-laurel) * '' Kerria'' (Kerria) * '' Kolkwitzia'' ( Beauty-bush) ;L * ''
Lagerstroemia ''Lagerstroemia'' (), commonly known as crape myrtle (also spelled crepe myrtle or crêpe myrtle), is a genus of around 50 species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs native to the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, northern Australia ...
'' (Crape-myrtle) * * '' Lapageria'' (Copihue) * ''
Lantana ''Lantana'' () is a genus of about 150 species of perennial plant, perennial flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae. They are native to tropics, tropical regions of the Americas and Africa but exist as an introduced species in num ...
'' (Lantana) * ''
Lavandula ''Lavandula'' (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native plant, native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to nort ...
'' (Lavender) * '' Lavatera'' (Tree Mallow) * '' Ledum'' (Ledum) * '' Leitneria'' (Corkwood) * * '' Lespedeza'' (Bush Clover) * * ''
Leptospermum ''Leptospermum'' is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the myrtle Family (biology), family Myrtaceae commonly known as tea trees, although this name is sometimes also used for some species of ''Melaleuca''. Most species are endemism, endemic t ...
'' (Manuka) * * '' Leucothoe'' (Doghobble) * '' Leycesteria'' (Leycesteria) * ''
Ligustrum A privet is a flowering plant in the genus ''Ligustrum''. The genus contains about 50 species of erect, deciduous or evergreen shrubs, sometimes forming small or medium-sized trees, native species, native to Europe, north Africa, Asia, many in ...
'' (Privet) * * ''
Lindera Dried fruits of ''Lindera neesiana'' used as spice (coll. MHNT) ''Lindera'' is a genus of about 80–100Linnaea'' (Twinflower) * ''
Lonicera Honeysuckles are arching shrubs or Vine#Twining vines, twining vines in the genus ''Lonicera'' () of the family Caprifoliaceae, native to northern latitudes in North America and Eurasia. Approximately 180 species of honeysuckle have been identi ...
'' (Honeysuckle) * ''
Lupinus ''Lupinus'', commonly known as lupin, lupine, or regionally bluebonnet etc., is a genus of plants in the legume family Fabaceae. The genus includes over 199 species, with center of diversity, centers of diversity in North and South America. Sm ...
'' (Tree Lupin) * ''
Lycium ''Lycium'' is a genus of flowering plants in the Solanum, nightshade family (biology), family, Solanaceae. The genus has a disjunct distribution around the globe, with species occurring on most continents in temperate climate, temperate and subtro ...
'' (Boxthorn) ;M * ''
Magnolia ''Magnolia'' is a large genus of about 210 to 340The number of species in the genus ''Magnolia'' depends on the taxonomic view that one takes up. Recent molecular and morphology (biology), morphological research shows that former genera ''Talaum ...
'' (Magnolia) * ''
Mahonia ''Mahonia'' is a genus of approximately 70 species of evergreen shrubs and, rarely, small trees in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America, North and Central America. They are closely related to the genus '' ...
'' (Mahonia) * '' Malpighia'' ( Acerola) * '' Menispermum'' (Moonseed) * ''
Menziesia ''Menziesia'' was a genus of angiosperms, flowering plant in the family Ericaceae. More recently it has been reclassified within the genus ''Rhododendron''. it was formally transferred in 2011. Species * ''Menziesia ciliicalyx'' (Miq.) Maxim. = ...
'' (Menziesia) * ''
Mespilus ''Mespilus'', commonly called medlar, is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae containing the single species ''Mespilus germanica'' of southwest Asia. It is also found in some countries in the Balkans, especially in Alba ...
'' ( Medlar) * * '' Microcachrys'' (Microcachrys) * '' Myrica'' (Bayberry) * * '' Myricaria'' (Myricaria) * ''
Myrtus ''Myrtus'' (commonly called myrtle) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae. It was first described by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus in 1753. Over 600 names have been proposed in the genus, but nearly all have eit ...
'' and allied genera (Myrtle) * ;N * '' Neillia'' (Neillia) * ''
Nerium ''Nerium oleander'' ( ), most commonly known as oleander or nerium, is a shrub or small tree cultivated worldwide in temperate and subtropical areas as an ornamental and landscaping plant. It is the Monotypic taxon, only species currently clas ...
'' (Oleander) ;O * '' Olearia'' (Daisy bush) * * '' Osmanthus'' (Osmanthus) ;P * '' Pachysandra'' (Pachysandra) * '' Paeonia'' (Tree-peony) * ''
Persoonia ''Persoonia'', commonly known as geebungs or snottygobbles, is a genus of about one hundred species of flowering plants in the family Proteaceae. Plants in the genus ''Persoonia'' are shrubs or small trees usually with smooth bark, simple leav ...
'' (Geebungs) * '' Philadelphus'' (Mock orange) * * '' Phlomis'' ( Jerusalem Sage) * ''
Photinia ''Photinia'' () is a genus of about 30 species In biology, a species is the basic unit of Taxonomy (biology), classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest g ...
'' (Photinia) * * '' Physocarpus'' (Ninebark) * * ''
Pieris Pieris may refer to: Organisms * Pieris (plant), ''Pieris'' (plant), the andromeda or fetterbush, a plant genus in the family Ericaceae * Pieris (butterfly), ''Pieris'' (butterfly), the garden whites, a butterfly genus in the family Pieridae * ...
'' (Pieris) * ''
Pistacia ''Pistacia'' is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae. It contains 10 to 20 species that are native to Africa and Eurasia from the Canary Islands, all of Africa, and southern Europe, warm and semidesert areas across Asia ...
'' (
Pistachio The pistachio (, ''Pistacia vera''), a member of the Anacardiaceae, cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East. The tree produces nut (fruit)#Culinary definition and uses, seeds that are widely consumed as f ...
,
Mastic Mastic may refer to: Adhesives and pastes *Mastic (plant resin) Mastic ( el, Μαστίχα) is a resin obtained from the mastic tree (''Pistacia lentiscus''). It is also known as tears of Chios, being traditionally produced on the island Chio ...
) * * ''
Pittosporum ''Pittosporum'' ( or ) is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Pittosporaceae. The genus is probably Gondwanan in origin; its present range extends from Australasia, Oceania, eastern Asia and some parts of Africa. ''Cit ...
'' (Pittosporum) * * '' Plumbago'' (Leadwort) * ''
Polygala ''Polygala'' is a large genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Polygalaceae. They are commonly known as milkworts or snakeroots. The genus is distributed widely throughout much of the worldPoncirus'' * * ''
Prunus ''Prunus'' is a genus of trees and shrubs, which includes (among many others) the fruits plums, Cherry, cherries, peaches, Peach#Nectarine, nectarines, apricots, and almonds. Native to the North American temperate regions, the neotropics of Sou ...
'' (Cherry) * * '' Purshia'' ( Antelope Bush) * '' Pyracantha'' (Firethorn) ;Q * '' Quassia'' (Quassia) * * ''
Quercus An oak is a tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, usually supporting branches and leaves. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only wood ...
'' (Oak) * * ''
Quillaja ''Quillaja'' is a genus of flowering plants, the only extant genus in the family Quillajaceae with two or three known species. It was once thought to be in the rose family, Rosaceae, but recent research shows it belongs in its own family. The in ...
'' ( Quillay) * '' Quintinia'' ( Tawheowheo) * ;R * '' Rhamnus'' (Buckthorn) * * ''
Rhododendron ''Rhododendron'' (; from Ancient Greek ''rhódon'' "rose" and ''déndron'' "tree") is a very large genus of about 1,024 species of woody plants in the Ericaceae, heath family (Ericaceae). They can be either evergreen or deciduous. Most specie ...
'' (Rhododendron,
Azalea Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus ''Rhododendron'', particularly the former sections '' Tsutsusi'' (evergreen) and '' Pentanthera'' (deciduous). Azaleas bloom in the spring (April and May in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, and Octo ...
) * * ''
Rhus Sumac ( or ), also spelled sumach, is any of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus ''Rhus'' and related genera in the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). Sumacs grow in Subtropics, subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, i ...
'' (Sumac) * * ''
Ribes ''Ribes'' is a genus of about 200 known species of flowering plants, most of them native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The various species are known as currants or Ribes uva-crispa, gooseberries, and some are Horticulture ...
'' (Currant, Gooseberry) * '' Romneya'' (Tree poppy) * ''
Rosa Rosa or De Rosa may refer to: People *Rosa (given name) *Rosa (surname) *wiktionary:Santa_Rosa, Santa Rosa (female given name from Latin-a latinized variant of Rose) Places *223 Rosa, an asteroid *Rosa, Alabama, a town, United States *Rosa, Ger ...
'' (Rose) * ''
Rosmarinus Rosmarinus ( ) is a small taxonomic clade of woody, perennial A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years. The term (''wikt:per-#Prefix, per-'' + ''wikt:-ennial#Suffix, -ennial'', "through the years") i ...
'' (
Rosemary ''Salvia rosmarinus'' (), commonly known as rosemary, is a shrub with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native plant, native to the Mediterranean Region, Mediterranean region. Until 2017, it was kn ...
) * ''
Rubus ''Rubus'' is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae, with List of Rubus species, over 1,350 species. Raspberries, blackberries, and dewberries are common, widely distributed members of the ...
'' (
Bramble A bramble is any rough, tangled, prickly shrub, usually in the genus '' Rubus'', which grows blackberries, raspberries, or dewberries. "Bramble" is also used to describe other prickly shrubs, such as roses (''Rosa'' species). The fruits i ...
,
Raspberry The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus ''Rubus'' of the Rosaceae, rose family, most of which are in the subgenus ''Rubus#Scientific classification, Idaeobatus''. The name also applies to these plants the ...
,
Salmonberry ''Rubus spectabilis'', the salmonberry, is a species of Rubus, bramble in the rose family Rosaceae, native to the west coast of North America from west-central Alaska to California, inland as far as Idaho. Like many other species in the genus '' ...
, Wineberry) * ''
Ruta ''Ruta'' (commonly known as rue) is a genus of strongly scented evergreen subshrubs, 20–60 cm tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia and southwest Asia. About ten species are accepted in the genus. T ...
'' ( Rue) ;S * '' Sabia'' * * ''
Salix Willows, also called sallows and osiers, from the genus ''Salix'', comprise List of Salix species, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997. The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press #2: Cambridge. of typically deciduous trees and shrubs, found ...
'' (
Willow Willows, also called sallows and osiers, from the genus ''Salix'', comprise List of Salix species, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997. The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press #2: Cambridge. of typically deciduous trees and shrubs, found ...
) * * ''
Salvia ''Salvia'' () is the largest genus of plants in the sage family Lamiaceae, with nearly 1000 species of shrubs, herbaceous plant, herbaceous perennial plant, perennials, and annual plant, annuals. Within the Lamiaceae, ''Salvia'' is part of the ...
'' (Sage) ** ''Salvia'' subg. '' Perovskia'' ( Russian Sage) * ''
Sambucus ''Sambucus'' is a genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biologica ...
'' (Elder) * * '' Santolina'' ( Lavender Cotton) * ''
Sapindus ''Sapindus'' is a genus of about five to twelve species of shrubs and small trees in the lychee family, Sapindaceae, native to warm temperate to Tropics, tropical regions of the world. The genus includes both deciduous and evergreen species. Me ...
'' (Soapberry) * * ''
Senecio ''Senecio'' is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae) that includes ragworts and groundsels. Variously circumscription (taxonomy), circumscribed taxonomically, the genus ''Senecio'' is one of the largest genera of flowerin ...
'' (Senecio) * '' Simmondsia'' (Jojoba) * '' Skimmia'' (Skimmia) * ''
Smilax ''Smilax'' is a genus of about 300–350 species In biology, a species is the basic unit of Taxonomy (biology), classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the larges ...
'' (Smilax) * ''
Sophora ''Sophora'' is a genus of about 45 species of small trees and shrubs in the pea family (biology), family Fabaceae. The species have a pantropical distribution. The generic name is derived from ''sophera'', an Arabic name for a pea-flowered tree. ...
'' ( Kowhai) * * ''
Sorbaria ''Sorbaria'' is a genus of around four species of flowering plants belonging to the family (biology), family Rosaceae. Species Accepted species include: *''Sorbaria grandiflora'' (Sweet) Maxim. *''Sorbaria kirilowii'' (Regel) Maxim. *''Sorbaria ...
'' (Sorbaria) * '' Spartium'' (Spanish Broom) * ''
Spiraea ''Spiraea'' , sometimes spelled spirea in common names, and commonly known as meadowsweets or steeplebushes, is a genus of about 80 to 100 species
'' (Spiraea) * * '' Staphylea'' (Bladdernut) * * '' Stephanandra'' (Stephanandra) * ''
Styrax ''Styrax'' (common names storax or snowbell) is a genus of about 130 species of large shrubs or small trees in the family (biology), family Styracaceae, mostly native plant, native to warm temperateness, temperate to tropical regions of the No ...
'' * * '' Symphoricarpos'' (Snowberry) * '' Syringa'' (
Lilac ''Syringa'' is a genus of 12 currently recognized species of flowering woody plants in the olive family or Oleaceae Oleaceae, also known as the olive family, is a Taxonomy (biology), taxonomic family (biology), family of flowering plant, ...
) * ;T * ''
Tamarix The genus ''Tamarix'' (tamarisk, salt cedar, taray) is composed of about 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier areas of Eurasia Eurasia (, ) is the largest continental area on Earth, comprisin ...
'' (Tamarix) * * ''
Taxus ''Taxus'' is a genus of coniferous trees or shrubs known as yews in the family Taxaceae. They are relatively slow-growing and can be very long-lived, and reach heights of , with trunk girth averaging . They have reddish Bark (botany), bark, lance ...
'' (Yew) * * '' Telopea'' (Waratah) * * ''
Thuja ''Thuja'' ( ) is a genus of conifer Conifers are a group of conifer cone, cone-bearing Spermatophyte, seed plants, a subset of gymnosperms. Scientifically, they make up the phylum, division Pinophyta (), also known as Coniferophyta () or Co ...
'' cvs. (Arborvitae) * * ''
Thymelaea ''Thymelaea'' (English: the Sparrow-worts) is a genus of about 30 species of evergreen shrubs and herbs in the flowering plant family Thymelaeaceae, native to the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean region, north to central Europe, and east to cen ...
'' * ''
Thymus The thymus is a specialized primary Lymphatic system#Structure, lymphoid organ of the immune system. Within the thymus, T cell, thymus cell lymphocytes or ''T cells'' mature. T cells are critical to the adaptive immune system, where the body ada ...
'' (Thyme) * '' Trochodendron'' * ;U * ''
Ulex ''Ulex'' (commonly known as gorse, furze, or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Fabaceae. The genus comprises about 20 species of Thorns, spines, and prickles, thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae ...
'' (Gorse) * '' Ulmus pumila celer'' ( Turkestan elm – Wonder Hedge) * '' Ungnadia'' (Mexican Buckeye) ;V * ''
Vaccinium ''Vaccinium'' is a common and widespread genus Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In t ...
'' (
Bilberry Bilberries (), or sometimes European blueberries, are a primarily Eurasian species of low-growing shrubs in the genus ''Vaccinium'' (family Ericaceae), bearing edible, dark blue berry, berries. The species most often referred to is ''Vaccinium my ...
,
Blueberry Blueberries are a widely distributed and widespread group of perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries. They are classified in the section (botany), section ''Cyanococcus'' within the genus ''Vaccinium''. ''Vaccinium'' also includ ...
,
Cranberry Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus ''Oxycoccus'' of the genus ''Vaccinium''. In Britain, cranberry may refer to the native species ''Vaccinium oxycoccos'', while in North America, cranberry m ...
) * '' Verbesina centroboyacana'' * ''
Verbena ''Verbena'' (), also known as vervain or verveine, is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. It contains about 150 species of annual plant, annual and perennial plant, perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. The majority of the speci ...
'' (Vervain) * ''
Viburnum ''Viburnum'' is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family (botany), family Adoxaceae. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoli ...
'' (Viburnum) * * ''
Vinca ''Vinca'' (; Latin: ''vincire'' "to bind, fetter") is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. The English name periwinkle is shared with the related genus ''Catharanthus'' (an ...
'' (Periwinkle) * ''
Viscum ''Viscum'' is a genus of about 70–100 species of mistletoe Mistletoe is the common name for obligate parasite, obligate parasitic plant, hemiparasitic plants in the Order (biology), order Santalales. They are attached to their host tree ...
'' (
Mistletoe Mistletoe is the common name for obligate parasite, obligate parasitic plant, hemiparasitic plants in the Order (biology), order Santalales. They are attached to their host tree or shrub by a structure called the haustorium, through which the ...
) ;W * '' Weigela'' (Weigela) ;X * '' Xanthoceras'' * '' Xanthorhiza'' (Yellowroot) * '' Xylosma'' ;Y * ''
Yucca ''Yucca'' is a genus of perennial plant, perennial shrubs and trees in the family (biology), family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Its 40–50 species are notable for their Rosette (botany), rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped Leaf, ...
'' (Yucca,
Joshua tree ''Yucca brevifolia'' is a plant species belonging to the genus ''Yucca''. It is tree-like in habit, which is reflected in its common names: Joshua tree, yucca palm, tree yucca, and palm tree yucca. This monocotyledonous tree is native to the ar ...
) * ;Z * ''
Zanthoxylum ''Zanthoxylum'' is a genus of about 250 species of deciduous and evergreen trees, shrubs and climbers in the Family (biology), family Rutaceae that are native to warm temperate and Subtropics, subtropical areas worldwide. It is the type genu ...
'' * * '' Zauschneria'' * ''
Zenobia Septimia Zenobia (Palmyrene Aramaic: , , vocalized as ; AD 240 – c. 274) was a third-century queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria (region), Syria. Many legends surround her ancestry; she was probably not a commoner and she married the rul ...
'' * ''
Ziziphus ''Ziziphus'' is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrub A shrub (often also called a bush) is a small-to-medium-sized perennial woody plant. Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. Shrubs can be ei ...
'' *


References

{{Authority control Plants Plant morphology Lists of plants Plant life-forms Plants by habit