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A city, previously provincial city, is an
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...
unit in
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...
.


History

The first administrative divisions entitled "city" were established in the 1920s when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. At this time cities were under the jurisdiction of prefectures. After the
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved World War II by country, the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great ...
, nine (9) out of eleven (11) prefectural cities established by the Japanese government were reform into provincial cities. Their roman spellings are also changed to reflect the official language shift from
Japanese
Japanese
to
Mandarin Chinese Mandarin (; ) is a group of Sinitic (Chinese) languages spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of the phonology of Standard Chinese. Because Mandarin originated in North China an ...
, but characters remain the same. The reform was based on the ''Laws on the City Formation'' () of the Republic of China. This law was passed in the early 20th century. The criteria for being a provincial city included being the provincial capital as well as having a population of over 200,000, or over 100,000 if the city had particular significance in politics, economics, and culture. The division reform in 1945 had some compromises between the Japanese and the Chinese systems, some of the cities with population under the criteria were still be established as provincial cities. After the government of the Republic of China relocated to
Taipei Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China, ROC). Located in Regions of Taiwan, Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei City t ...
,
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...
in 1949, the population criterion for provincial cities was raised to 500,000 in the ''Guidelines on the Implementation of Local Autonomy in the Counties and Cities of Taiwan Province'' (), which was passed in 1981. It was later raised again to 600,000. Since the streamline of provinces in 1998, provincial cities are all directly under the central government, and are simply referred to as ''cities''.


Current cities

Currently, the ''Local Government Act'' of the Ministry of the Interior applies for the creation of a ''city'', in which a city needs to have a population between 500,000 and 1,250,000 and occupies major political, economical and cultural roles.http://www.moi.gov.tw/english/english_law/law_detail.aspx?sn=284 Note that all three existing ''cities'' are not qualified for the population test, they were built for historical reasons. There are currently three ''cities'', all in Taiwan Province: Their self-governed bodies (executive and legislature) regulated by the ''Local Government Act'' are:


See also

*
Cities of Japan Image:Japan cities.png, Cities of Japan A is a local Public administration, administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as and , with the difference that they are not a component of . Like other contemporary administrative u ...
* Political divisions of Taiwan (1895–1945) * Prefecture-level city of China


Notes


Words in native languages


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Provincial City Provincial cities of Taiwan,