pomelo
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The pomelo (), pummelo (), or in scientific terms ''Citrus maxima'' or ''Citrus grandis'', is the largest citrus fruit from the family Rutaceae and the principal
ancestor An ancestor, also known as a forefather, fore-elder or a forebear, is a parent A parent is a caregiver of the offspring In biology, offspring are the young born of living organism, organisms, produced either by a single organism or, in the ...
of the
grapefruit The grapefruit (''Citrus × paradisi'') is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large sour to semisweet, somewhat bitter fruit. The interior flesh is segmented and varies in color from pale yellow to dark pink. Grapefruit is a cit ...

grapefruit
. It is a natural, i.e., non-hybrid,
citrus fruit ''Citrus'' is a genus of flowering plant, flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, including important crops such as Orange (fruit), oranges, Lemon, lemons, grapefruits, pomelos, and lime ...
, native to
Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions that are south of China, south-east of the Indian sub ...

Southeast Asia
. Similar in taste to a sweet grapefruit, the pomelo is commonly consumed and used for festive occasions throughout Southeast Asia. Like the grapefruit, the pomelo has the potential for drug interactions.


Etymology

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the etymology of the word "pomelo" is uncertain. It may be derived from Dutch ''pompelmoes''. Its botanical name, ''Citrus maxima'', means "biggest citrus". In English, the word "pomelo" (also spelled pomello, pummelo, pommelo, pumelo) has become the more common name, although "pomelo" has historically been used for
grapefruit The grapefruit (''Citrus × paradisi'') is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large sour to semisweet, somewhat bitter fruit. The interior flesh is segmented and varies in color from pale yellow to dark pink. Grapefruit is a cit ...

grapefruit
. After Captain Shaddock of the
East India Company The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Comp ...
introduced it to
Barbados Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of the Americas, and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands. It is in length and up to in width, covering an area of . It is in the weste ...

Barbados
, the fruit was called "shaddock" in English. From there the name spread to
Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or c ...

Jamaica
in 1696.
American Heritage Dictionary American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the "United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is ...
, 1973.
The fruit is also known as jabong in Hawaii and jambola in varieties of English spoken in South Asia. In , it is known as "bhogate (भोगटे)".


Description and uses

The pomelo tree may be tall, possibly with a crooked trunk thick, and low-hanging, irregular branches. Leaf petioles are distinctly winged, with alternate,
ovate Ovate may refer to: * Ovate or vates, a term for ancient Celtic bards, prophets, and philosophers * Ovates, one of three ranks of membership in the Welsh Gorsedd * Ovate (egg-shaped) leaves, tepals, or other botanical parts * Ovate hand-axe


References

{{Authority control Citrus Flora of tropical Asia Plants used in Ayurveda Fruit trees