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This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited as a city. The age claims listed are generally disputed. Differences in opinion can result from different definitions of "city" as well as "continuous habitation" and historical evidence is often disputed. Caveats (and sources) to the validity of each claim are discussed in the "Notes" column.


Africa


Northern and the Horn


Sub-Saharan


Americas


North America


South America


Asia


Central and South Asia


East Asia


Southeast Asia


West Asia

Continuous habitation since the Chalcolithic (or Copper Age) is vaguely possible but highly problematic to prove archaeologically for several Levantine cities (Aleppo, Beirut, Byblos, Damascus, Jericho, Jerusalem and Sidon). Cities became more common outside the Fertile Crescent with the Early Iron Age from about 1100 BC. The foundation of Rome in 753 BC is conventionally taken as one of the dates initiating Classical Antiquity.


Europe


Oceania


See also

* Historical urban community sizes * List of cities in the Americas by year of foundation (includes ancient native sites) * List of cities of the ancient Near East * List of largest cities throughout history, including ones no longer inhabited * List of oldest known surviving buildings


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Cities By Time Of Continuous Habitation Lists of cities, Oldest continuously inhabited History-related lists of superlatives, Cities, oldest continuously inhabited Cities-related lists of superlatives Oldest things, Cities, oldest continuously inhabited Longest-duration things