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A national trade union center (or national center or central) is a federation or confederation of
trade union A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Cu ...
s in a single
country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a n ...
. Nearly every country in the world has a national trade union center, and many have more than one. When there is more than one national center, it is often because of
ideological An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about the world is truth, true. In epistemology, philosophers use the term "belief" to refer to attitudes abo ...
differences—in some cases long-standing historic differences. In some regions, such as the
Nordic countries The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe Northern Europe is a loosely defined Geography, geographical and cultural region in Europe. Narrower definitions may describe Northern Europe ...
, different centers exist on a sectoral basis, for example for
blue collar A blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor. Blue-collar work may involve skilled or unskilled labor. The type of work may involve manufacturing Manufacturing is the Production (economics), production of goods th ...
workers and
professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of education and training that prepare members of the profession with the particular kno ...
s. Among the larger national centers in the world are the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations and the Change to Win Federation in the USA; the
Canadian Labour Congress The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (french: Congrès du travail du Canada or ) is a national trade union centre, the central labour body in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories ...
; the
Trades Union Congress The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union center, national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions. There are 48 affiliated unions, with a total of about 5.5 ...
(TUC) in Britain; the
Irish Congress of Trade Unions The Irish Congress of Trade Unions (often abbreviated to just Congress or ICTU), formed in 1959 by the merger of the Irish Trades Union Congress (founded in 1894) and the Congress of Irish Unions (founded in 1945), is a national trade union cen ...
; the
Australian Council of Trade Unions The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU), originally the Australasian Council of Trade Unions, is the largest peak body representing workers in Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, s ...
(ACTU); the
Congress of South African Trade Unions The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) is a trade union federation in South Africa. It was founded in 1985 and is the largest of the country's three main trade union federations, with 21 affiliated trade unions.One Union expelled, ...
; the Dutch FNV; the Danish,
Norwegian Norwegian, Norwayan, or Norsk may refer to: *Something of, from, or related to Norway, a country in northwestern Europe *Norwegians, both a nation and an ethnic group native to Norway *Demographics of Norway *The Norwegian language, including the t ...
, and Swedish LO; the German DGB; the French CGT and CFDT; the Italian Italian Confederation of Workers' Trade Unions, CISL, Italian General Confederation of Labour, CGIL and Italian Labour Union, UIL; the Spanish Comisiones Obreras, CCOO, Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, CNT, Confederacion General del Trabajo de España, CGT and Unión Sindical Obrera, USO; the Czech Bohemian-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions, ČMKOS; the Japan Trade Union Confederation RENGO; the Argentinian General Confederation of Labour (Argentina), CGT and Argentine Workers' Center, CTA; the Brazilian Central Única dos Trabalhadores, CUT, and so on. Many national trade union centers are now members of the International Trade Union Confederation, although some belong to the World Federation of Trade Unions.


See also

* List of federations of trade unions * List of trade unions


References

National federations of trade unions, {{trade-union-stub