muramic acid



Muramic acid is an amino sugar acid. In terms of chemical composition, it is the
ether In organic chemistry, ethers are a class of organic compound, compounds that contain an ether functional group, group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups. They have the general formula , where R and R′ represent the alkyl o ...
lactic acid Lactic acid is an organic acid. It has a molecular formula . It is white in the solid state and it is miscibility, miscible with water. When in the dissolved state, it forms a colorless solution. Production includes both artificial synthesis as ...
glucosamine Glucosamine (C6H13NO5) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylation, glycosylated proteins and lipids. Glucosamine is part of the structure of two polysaccharides, chitosan and chitin. Glucosamine is o ...
. It occurs naturally as ''N''-acetylmuramic acid in
peptidoglycan Peptidoglycan or murein is a unique large macromolecule, a polysaccharide Polysaccharides (), or polycarbohydrates, are the most abundant carbohydrates found in food. They are long chain polymeric carbohydrates composed of monosaccharide units ...
, whose primary function is a structural component of many typical bacterial
cell wall A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane (PM) or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biolog ...


Sugar acids Amino sugars {{amine-stub