long weekend
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A long weekend is a weekend that is at least three days long (i.e. a three-day weekend), due to a
public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociology, sociological concept of the ''├ ...
or unofficial holiday occurring on either the following
Monday Monday is the between and . According to the 's standard, it is the first of the and in countries that adopt the "Sunday-first" convention, it is the second day of the week. The name of Monday is derived from ''M┼Źnand├Žg'' and ''Mone ...
or preceding
Friday Friday is the day of the week between Thursday and Saturday. In countries adopting the "Monday-first" convention it is the fifth day of the week. In countries that adopt the "Sunday-first" convention, it is the sixth day of the week. In most We ...
. Many countries also have four-day weekends, in which two days adjoining the weekend are holidays. Examples are
Good Friday Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, Great and Holy Friday (also Holy a ...
/
Easter Monday Easter Monday is the day after Easter, Easter Sunday and is a public holiday in some countries. It is the second day of Eastertide. In Western Christianity, it is also the second day of the Octave of Easter, and in Eastern Christianity, it is als ...
, and
Christmas Day Christmas is an annual festival commemorating Nativity of Jesus, the birth of Jesus Christ, observed primarily on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people Observance of Christmas by country, around the world ...

Christmas Day
/
Boxing Day Boxing Day is a holiday celebrated the day after Christmas Day Christmas is an annual festival commemorating Nativity of Jesus, the birth of Jesus Christ, observed primarily on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among b ...
(e.g. when Christmas Day occurs on a Thursday or Monday).


Four day "bridge" weekends

In many countries, when a lone holiday occurs on a Tuesday or a Thursday, the day between the holiday and the weekend may also be designated as a holiday, set to be a movable or floating holiday, or work/school may be interrupted by consensus unofficially. This is typically referred to by a phrase involving "bridge" in many languages; for example in some
Spanish-speaking countries The following is a list of countries where Spanish is an official language, plus a number of countries where Spanish or any language closely related to it, is an important or significant language. Official or national language Spanish is the of ...
the term is '' puente'' ("bridge") or simply "fin de semana largo". Four-day bridge weekends are commonplace in non-English speaking countries, but there are only a couple of examples in English-speaking countries: In the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It consists of 50 , a , five major , 326 , and some . At , it is the world's . The United States shares significan ...

United States
, the fourth Thursday of November is
Thanksgiving Thanksgiving is a national holiday A holiday is a day set aside by Norm (social), custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow ...

Thanksgiving
; but the adjacent Friday is a non-working day for most or all staff in many organizations. In
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller l ...

Melbourne
, Australia, the
Melbourne Cup The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most famous annual Thoroughbred horse racing, Thoroughbred horse race. It is a 3200-metre race for three-year-olds and over, conducted by the Victoria Racing Club on the Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Vict ...
holiday is held on a Tuesday. The Monday is not a public holiday, but many people modify their work arrangements to also have the Monday off, and it is colloquially referred to as the "Cup Day long weekend".


Europe

In
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * ...

Flanders
, the Dutch-speaking northern half of
Belgium Belgium ( nl, Belgi├ź ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the ...

Belgium
, "brugdag" ("bridge") is used. This term is not as common in the
Netherlands ) , national_anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = EU-Netherlands.svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = BES islands location map.svg , map_caption2 = , image_map3 ...

Netherlands
. In
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, R├ępublique fran├žaise), is a spanning and in the and the , and s. Its extends from the to the and from the to the and the ; overseas territories include in , in the N ...

France
, a bridge idiom is used: ''faire le pont'' ("to make the bridge") is used to mean taking additional holiday days. For example, if there is already an official holiday on Thursday, one could "faire le pont" on the Friday and thus have a four-day weekend (Thursday through Sunday inclusive). In the
German language German (: , ) is a mainly spoken in . It is the most widely spoken and or co-official language in , , , , and the province of . It is also a co-official language of and , as well as a in , . German is most similar to other languages wit ...

German language
, a bridge-related term is also used: a day taken off from work to fill the gap between a holiday Thursday (or Tuesday) and the weekend is called a ''Br├╝ckentag'' ("bridge day") in
Germany Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It is the in Europe after , and the most populous . Germany is situated between the and seas to the north, and the to the south; it covers an area of ...

Germany
and
Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = under an , leader_title1 = , leader_name1 = , leader_title2 = , leader_name2 = , legislatur ...

Switzerland
, and a ''Fenstertag'' ("window day") in
Austria Austria (, ; german: ├ľsterreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik ├ľsterreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastli ...

Austria
. Since
Ascension day The Feast of the Ascension of Jesus Christ, also called Ascension Day, Ascension Thursday, or sometimes Holy Thursday, commemorates the Christian belief of the bodily Ascension of Jesus into heaven. It is one of the ecumenical (i.e., universally cel ...
is a holiday throughout Germany and Corpus Christi is a holiday in large parts of the country (both of these holidays are always on Thursdays), such "bridge days" are fairly common, though always unofficial in character.
Italians Italians ( it, italiani ) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love for, or a strong attr ...

Italians
use the idiom 'Fare il ponte', literally, 'Make the bridge.' This could be a Thursday-Sunday weekend if the bridge was over Friday, or a Saturday-Tuesday weekend if the bridge was over a Monday. In
Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: : ''Norge'' ; : '; Official names in minority languages: : ''Norga''; ''Vuodna''; : ''N├Â├Ârje''; fkv, Norja is a in , the territory of which compr ...

Norway
, the term "oval weekend" (''oval helg'' in
Norwegian Norwegian, Norwayan, or Norsk may refer to: *Something of, from, or related to Norway, a country in northwestern Europe *Norwegians, both a nation and an ethnic group native to Norway *Demographics of Norway *The Norwegian language, including the t ...
) is used. An ordinary weekend is conceived of as "round" (although this is not stated explicitly), and adding extra days off makes it "oval". Norwegians also refer to "inneklemte" (squeezed in) days, which are between a public holiday and a weekend. This is typical for the Friday after
Ascension Day The Feast of the Ascension of Jesus Christ, also called Ascension Day, Ascension Thursday, or sometimes Holy Thursday, commemorates the Christian belief of the bodily Ascension of Jesus into heaven. It is one of the ecumenical (i.e., universally cel ...
, which always falls on a Thursday. It is common not to work on such days, so as to be able to extend the weekend to four days. In
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in . It is divided into 16 , covering an area of , and has a largely climate. Poland has a population of nearly 38.5 million people, and is the fifth-most populous . ...

Poland
, long weekends occur several times a year. The term długi weekend (''long weekend'') is commonly used in the
Polish language Polish (Polish: ''j─Özyk polski'', , ''polszczyzna'' or simply ''polski'', ) is a West Slavic language The West Slavic languages are a subdivision of the Slavic language group. They include Polish, Czech, Slovak, Kashubian, Upper Sorbia ...
. As well as the Easter weekend and the Christmas weekend, there is Corpus Christi weekend (Corpus Christi is always on Thursday and people usually take Friday off as well) and it may occur also around other holidays. However, the best known long weekend is at the beginning of May, when there are holidays of
Labour Day Labour Day ('' Labor Day'' in the United States) is an annual holiday A holiday is a day set aside by Norm (social), custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generall ...
on May 1 and 3 May Constitution Day. The weekend can in fact be up to 9 days long (April 28 ÔÇô May 6) and, taking one to three days off work, Poles often go for small holidays then.
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, Rep├║blica Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, ...

Portugal
also uses the bridge idiom with the
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
word ''ponte''. In
Slovenian Slovene or Slovenian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Slovenia, a country in Central Europe * Slovene language, a South Slavic language mainly spoken in Slovenia * Slovenes, an ethno-linguistic group mainly living in Slovenia * Sla ...
, the term podaljšan vikend ("prolonged weekend") is used for a three-day weekend. Four-day weekends also happen, because May 1 and May 2 are
public holidays A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday A holiday is a day set aside by Norm (social), custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holid ...
(both
May Day May Day is a public holiday, in some regions, usually celebrated on 1 May or the first Monday of May. It is an ancient festival marking the first day of summer, and a current traditional spring holiday in many European cultures. Dances, singing ...

May Day
). A peculiar coincidence are
Christmas Day Christmas is an annual festival commemorating Nativity of Jesus, the birth of Jesus Christ, observed primarily on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people Observance of Christmas by country, around the world ...

Christmas Day
and
Independence Day An independence day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that ...
, falling on two consecutive dates. In the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
and some other
British Commonwealth The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...
countries, and in
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in ...

Ireland
, the term is often known as a Bank Holiday weekend, since bank holidays always fall on a Monday. In
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de Espa├▒a.svg , image_coat = Escudo de Espa├▒a (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
, the bridge becomes a ''puente'' in some years when the anniversary of the
Spanish Constitution of 1978 The Spanish Constitution (Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain , * gl, Reino de Espa├▒a, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de Espa├▒a.svg , image_coat = Escudo de Espa├▒a (mazonado).svg ...
(December 6) and the
Blessed Virgin Mary According to the gospels Gospel originally meant the Christian message, but in the 2nd century it came to be used also for the books in which the message was set out; in this sense a gospel can be defined as a loose-knit, episodic narrat ...

Blessed Virgin Mary
's
Immaculate Conception The Immaculate Conception is a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the people of ancient Ro ...

Immaculate Conception
(December 8) and a weekend plus a movable holiday form a block of five days. In
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe.The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's fo ...

Sweden
, a day between a weekend and a bank holiday is called a kl├Ąmdag ("squeeze day"). Many Swedes take a vacation day to have a long weekend.


Middle East

In Israel, a "bridge" metaphor is also used: "yom gesher" ("", literally "bridge day").


North America

In the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It consists of 50 , a , five major , 326 , and some . At , it is the world's . The United States shares significan ...

United States
, the
Uniform Monday Holiday Act The Uniform Monday Holiday Act () is an Act of Congress An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by United States Congress, Congress. Acts can affect only individual entities (called private laws), or the general public (public laws). For a Bill ...
officially moved federal government observances of many holidays to Mondays, Uniform Monday Holiday Act
''National Archives and Records Administration''.January 15, 1968.
largely at the behest of the travel industry. The resulting long weekends are often termed "three-day weekends" as a result.Presidents Day
''Urban Legends Reference Pages''. Snopes.com. February 17, 2008.
A well-known four-day weekend starts with
Thanksgiving Thanksgiving is a national holiday A holiday is a day set aside by Norm (social), custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow ...

Thanksgiving
and
Black Friday Black Friday may refer to: Events Recurring days * Black Friday (partying), the last Friday before Christmas in the United Kingdom * Black Friday (shopping), the day following Thanksgiving in the United States * Friday the 13th or Black Friday * G ...
after.


South America

In
Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, Rep├║blica Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of . Sharing the bulk of the with to the west, the country is also bordered by and to the north, to the ...

Argentina
, some national holidays that occur on a Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday or Friday (sometimes even on a Saturday) are officially moved to the closest Monday in order to create a long weekend. In
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both and . At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the ...

Brazil
, when a holiday occurs in a Tuesday or a Thursday, some sectors of the society, as government and education, turn the day between the holiday and the weekend into a holiday. The four-day or even the three-day weekends are called in
Brazilian Portuguese Brazilian Portuguese (', or ' ) or also ' is the set of dialect The term dialect (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spok ...
''feriados prolongados'' ("Extended holidays") or its popular form ''feriadão'' ("big holiday"). The bridge day is usually called "imprensado" ("pressed (in between)") or "enforcado" ("hanged"). In
Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in the western part of South America South America is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention ra ...

Chile
, a "sandwich" is a day that falls between two holidays, independently of whether it's a holiday by itself or not. In the latter case, workers may take it off on account on vacation days, an action called "tomarse el sandwich" (lit.: "taking the sandwich"). In formal writings, the term "interferiado" is used instead of "sandwich". In colloquial contexts, these days, almost always a Monday or a Friday, may be called "San Lunes" or "San Viernes" (lit.: "Saint Monday" and "Saint Friday", respectively) as well.


Asia

In
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian Ocean, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Pacific oceans. It consists of over List of islands of I ...

Indonesia
, when a holiday occurs on a Tuesday or Thursday, the day between that day and the weekend is colloquially termed "Harpitnas" ('Hari Kejepit Nasional') (lit. National Sandwiched Day, a play on ''Hardiknas'', National Education Day) causing some institutions to declare a day off, or some students or employees unilaterally declaring a day off for themselves, thereby creating a long weekend. In Japan, a weekday which falls between two public holidays is legally a public holiday.


See also

*Public holiday *List of holidays by country *''The Long Week-End''


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Long Weekend Holidays Weeks Units of time Working time