list of root vegetables


Root vegetables are underground plant parts eaten by humans as food. Although botany distinguishes true roots (such as taproots and tuberous roots) from non-roots (such as bulbs, corms, rhizomes, and tubers, although some contain both hypocotyl and taproot tissue), the term "root vegetable" is applied to all these types in agricultural and culinary usage (see Vegetable#Terminology). Potatoes are technically tubers, not roots, and sweet potatoes are tuberous roots. Root vegetables are generally storage organs, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrates. They differ in the concentration and the balance among starches, sugars, and other types of carbohydrate. Of particular economic importance are those with a high carbohydrate concentration in the form of starch; starchy root vegetables are important staple foods, particularly in tropical regions, overshadowing cereals throughout much of Central Africa, West Africa and Oceania, where they are used directly or mashed to make foods such as fufu or poi (food), poi. Many root vegetables keep well in root cellars, lasting several months. This is one way of food storage, storing food for use long after harvest, which is especially important in nontropical latitudes, where winter is traditionally a time of little to no harvesting. There are also season extension methods that can extend the harvest throughout the winter, mostly through the use of polytunnels.

List of root vegetables

The following list classifies root vegetables organized by their roots' anatomy.

Modified plant stem

* Corm **''Amorphophallus konjac'' (konjac) ** ''Colocasia esculenta'' (taro) ** ''Eleocharis dulcis'' (Chinese water chestnut) ** ''Ensete'' spp. (enset) ** ''Nymphaea'' spp. (waterlily) ** ''Pteridium esculentum'' ** ''Sagittaria'' spp. (arrowhead or wapatoo) ** ''Typha spp. ** ''Xanthosoma'' spp. (malanga, cocoyam, tannia, yautia and other names) ** ''Eddoe, Colocasia antiquorum'' (eddoe or Japanese potato) * Rhizome ** ''Curcuma longa'' (turmeric) ** ''Panax ginseng'' (ginseng) ** ''Arthropodium'' spp. (rengarenga, vanilla lily, and others) ** ''Canna (plant), Canna'' spp. (canna) ** ''Cordyline fruticosa'' (ti) ** ''Maranta arundinacea'' (arrowroot) ** ''Nelumbo nucifera'' (lotus root) ** ''Typha'' spp. (cattail or bulrush) ** ''Zingiber officinale'' (ginger, galangal) * Tuber ** ''Apios americana'' (hog potato or groundnut) ** ''Cyperus esculentus'' (tigernut or chufa) ** ''Dioscorea'' spp. (yam (vegetable), yams, Purple yam, ube) ** ''Chinese yam, Dioscorea polystachya'' (Chinese yam or white ñame) ** ''Helianthus tuberosus'' (Jerusalem artichoke or sunchoke) ** ''Hemerocallis'' spp. (daylily) ** ''Lathyrus tuberosus'' (earthnut pea) ** ''Oxalis tuberosa'' (oca or New Zealand yam) ** ''Plectranthus edulis'' and ''Plectranthus esculentus, P. esculentus'' (kembili, dazo, and others) ** ''Solanum tuberosum'' (potato) ** ''Stachys affinis'' (Chinese artichoke or crosne) ** ''Tropaeolum tuberosum'' (mashua or añu) ** ''Ullucus tuberosus'' (ulluku)

Root-like stem

*''Zamia integrifolia'' (Florida arrowroot)

True root

* Taproot (some types may incorporate substantial hypocotyl tissue) ** '' Arracacia xanthorrhiza'' (arracacha) ** ''Beta vulgaris'' (beet and mangelwurzel) ** ''Brassica'' spp. (kohlrabi, rutabaga and turnip) ** ''Bunium persicum'' (black cumin) ** Burdock (''Arctium, family Asteraceae'') ** Carrot (''Daucus carota subsp. sativus'') ** Celeriac (''Apium graveolens rapaceum'') ** Daikon – the large East Asian white radish (''Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus'') ** Dandelion (''Taraxacum'') spp. ** ''Lepidium meyenii'' (maca) ** ''Microseris lanceolata'' (murnong or yam daisy) ** ''Pachyrhizus'' spp. (jicama and ahipa) ** Parsnip (''Pastinaca sativa'') ** ''Petroselinum'' spp. (parsley root) ** Radish (''Raphanus sativus'') ** ''Scorzonera hispanica'' (black salsify) ** ''Sium sisarum'' (skirret) ** ''Tragopogon'' spp. (Tragopogon porrifolius, salsify) ** ''Vigna lanceolata'' (bush carrot or bush potato) * Tuberous root ** ''Amorphophallus galbra'' (yellow lily yam) ** ''Conopodium majus'' (pignut or earthnut) ** ''Dioscorea polystachya'' (nagaimo, Chinese yam, Korean yam, mountain yam) ** ''Hornstedtia scottiana'' (native ginger) ** ''Ipomoea batatas'' (sweet potato) ** ''Ipomoea costata'' (desert yam) ** ''Manihot esculenta'' (cassava or yuca or manioc) ** ''Mirabilis expansa'' (mauka or chago) ** ''Psoralea esculenta'' (breadroot, tipsin, or prairie turnip) ** ''Smallanthus sonchifolius'' (yacón)


External links

* {{Authority control Root vegetables, ' Edible plants, 'vegetables, root Lists of foods, vegetables, root