list of political parties in Israel
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Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
's
political system In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such ...
is based on
proportional representation#REDIRECT Proportional representation Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical, and to ideolog ...

proportional representation
and allows for a
multi-party system In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such ...
with numerous parties represented in the 120-seat
Knesset The Knesset ( he, הַכְּנֶסֶת ; "gathering" or "assembly") is the unicameral In government, unicameralism (Latin , "one" and , "chamber") is the practice of having a single legislative or legislative chamber, parliamentary chamber ...

Knesset
. A typical Knesset includes many factions represented. This is because of the low
election threshold The electoral threshold, or election threshold, is the minimum share of the primary vote which a candidate or political party requires to achieve before they become entitled to any representation in a legislature A legislature is a deliberativ ...
required for a seat–1 percent of the vote from 1949 to 1992, 1.5 percent from 1992 to 2003, 2 percent from 2003 to 2014, and 3.25 percent since 2015. In the 2015 elections, for instance, ten parties or alliances cleared the threshold, and five of them won at least ten seats. The low threshold, in combination with the nationwide
party-list Image:ElezioneBrunate.jpg, Poster for the European Parliament election 2004 in Italy, showing party lists Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems emphasizing proportional representation in elections in which mul ...
system, makes it all but impossible for a single party to win the 61 seats needed for a
majority government A majority government refers to one or multiple governing parties that hold an absolute majority of seats in legislature A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of s ...
. No party has ever won a majority of seats in an election, the most being 56, won by the
Alignment Alignment may refer to: Archaeology * Alignment (archaeology), a co-linear arrangement of features or structures with external landmarks * Stone alignment, a linear arrangement of upright, parallel megalithic standing stones Biology * Structura ...
grouping in the 1969 elections (the Alignment had briefly held a majority of seats before the elections following its formation in January 1969). As a result, while only four parties (or their antecedents) have ever led governments, all Israeli governments have been
coalitions The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more people, factions, states, political parties, militaries etc. agree to work together temporarily in a partnership to achieve a common goal. The word coalition connotes a co ...
comprising two or more parties.


Current parties


Parties represented in the Knesset

The following parties are represented following the March 2021 election:


Other parties

The following parties do not have Knesset seats at present: * Ahrayut *Ale Yarok *Am Shalem *Ani Veata (Me and You) - The Israeli People's Party *Bible Bloc Party, Bible Bloc *Brit Olam *Da'am Workers Party, Organization for Democratic Action *Derekh Eretz (political faction), Derekh Eretz *Dor (political party), Dor *Eretz Hadasha *HaYisraelim *Ihud Bnei HaBrit (United Allies) *The Jewish Home *Kadima (held seats from 2005 to 2015) *Koah HaKesef *Koah LeHashpi'a *Lazuz (political party), Lazuz *Leader (political party), Leader *Lehem *Lev LaOlim *Man's Rights in the Family Party *Magen Yisrael (Shield of Israel) *Mahane Yehuda-Monarchist Party of Israel *Meimad (held seats between 1999 and 2009 as part of One Israel alliance) *New Horizon *Or (political party), Or *Pirate Party of Israel, Piratim-The Pirate Party of Israel *Rappeh, a new Israeli political party, against forced Corona lockdown, lockdowns, no coercion to BioNTech vaccine, vaccinate, and a return of human and personal medical rights for everyone. *Shavim (Community) - Founded in 2018 as an LGBT party *The Greens (Israel), The Greens *Telem (2019 political party), Telem *Tzomet (held seats between 1987 and 1999; for the 1996 elections it formed a joint ''"National Camp List"'' with Likud and Gesher (political party), Gesher) *U'Bizchutan — founded in 2015 as an ultra-Orthodox Jewish women's party *Yachad (political party), Yachad *Yisrael Hazaka *Yisrael HaMithadeshet *Zehut


Former parties


Parties formerly represented in the Knesset


Parties that failed to win seats in the Knesset


Name changes

The following parties changed their names *''Banai'' became ''Tehiya-Bnai'', then Tehiya *''Emunim'' became Tkuma (political party), Tkuma *''Equality in Israel-Panthers'' became the Unity Party (Israel), Unity Party *''Flatto-Sharon'' became Development and Peace (political party), Development and Peace *''Hitkhabrut'' became the ''Renewed Religious National Zionist Party'', then Ahi (political party), Ahi *''Israel in the Centre'' became the Centre Party (Israel), Centre Party *''Meretz'' became ''Yachad'', then ''Meretz-Yachad'', then Meretz again *''Movement for Change and Initiative'' became Shinui *''Mizrachi-Hapoel HaMizrachi'' became the ''National Religious Front'', then National Religious Party, then The Jewish Home *''National Responsibility'' became Kadima *''National Unity - National Progressive Alliance'' became Progressive National Alliance *''Parliamentary Group of Bronfman and Tsinker'' became ''Makhar'', then the Democratic Choice (Israel), Democratic Choice *''Party for the Advancement of the Zionist Idea'' became the New Liberal Party (Israel), New Liberal Party *''Rafi – National List'' became Ometz (political party), Ometz *''Rakah'' became Maki (political party), Maki *''Secular Faction'' became Hetz (political party), Hetz *''Social-Democratic Faction'' became the Independent Socialist Faction *''Shinui - Centre Party'' became ''Shinui - the Secular Movement'', then ''Shinui - Party for the Secular and the Middle Class'', but is generally known as Shinui


Zionist youth movements


See also

*Politics of Israel *List of political parties by country *Liberalism in Israel *Labor Zionism *Revisionist Zionism


References


External links


Parties participating in the 2006 elections
Knesset website
All parliamentary groups
Knesset website {{Asia topic, List of political parties in Political parties in Israel, Defunct political parties in Israel, Lists of political parties by country, Israel Israel politics-related lists, Political parties Lists of political parties in Asia, Israel Lists of organizations based in Israel, Political parties