in open court
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In open court is a legal term in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...
defined by the appearance by a party or their attorney in a public
court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes between Party (law), parties and carry out the administration of justice in Civil law (common law), civil, C ...
session such as during a
public trial Public trial or open trial is a trial In law, a trial is a coming together of Party (law), parties to a :wikt:dispute, dispute, to present information (in the form of evidence (law), evidence) in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority ...
. Normally, the public may be present at trials, hearings and similar routine matters.


United States constitutional law

Under Article III, Section 3 of the
United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. It superseded the Articles of Confederation, the nation's first constitution, in 1789. Originally comprising seven articles, it delineates the nat ...
: In the United States, the
constitution A constitution is the aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity A polity is an identifiable Politics, political entity – a group of people with a collective identity, who ...
guarantees
criminal In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term ''crime'' does not, in modern criminal law Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime. It prescribes conduct perceived as thre ...
defendants the right to a "''speedy and public trial''" under the Sixth and the Fourteenth Amendments. The Sixth Amendment also grants the defendant the right to appear on his or her own behalf requiring leave of the Court in complex criminal cases, and standby counsel may still be required by the judge.


Distinguishing rules

Many courts dealing with minors, such as the New York Surrogate's Court,
Probate Court A probate court (sometimes called a surrogate court) is a court that has competence in a jurisdiction to deal with matters of probate and the Administration of an estate on death, administration of estates. In some jurisdictions, such courts ma ...
,
Family court Family courts were originally created to be a Court of Equity convened to decide matters and make orders in relation to family law, including child custody, custody of children, and could disregard certain legal requirements as long as the petiti ...
,
juvenile court A juvenile court, also known as young offender's court or children's court, is a tribunal having special authority to pass judgements for crimes that are committed by children who have not attained the age of majority. In most modern legal s ...
, or widow's and orphan's court do ''not'' normally hold sessions in open court. Appearance in open court is distinguished from an appearance in a judge's chambers.Ballentine's Law Dictionary, p. 378


See also

*
Admission Admission may refer to: Arts and media *Admissions (CSI: NY), "Admissions" (''CSI: NY''), an episode of ''CSI: NY'' *Admissions (film), ''Admissions'' (film), a 2011 short film starring James Cromwell *Admission (film), ''Admission'' (film), a 201 ...
*
Jurisdiction Jurisdiction (from Latin 'law' + 'declaration') is the legal term for the legal authority granted to a legal entity to enact justice. In federations like the United States, areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels. Jur ...
*
Open court principle The open court principle requires that court proceedings presumptively be open and accessible to the public and to the News media, media. In contrast, ''in camera'' describes court proceedings where the public and press are not allowed to observe t ...
* Settlement conference


References

Judiciaries Legal procedure American legal terminology {{US-law-stub