housekeeping
   HOME

TheInfoList



Housekeeping refers to the management of duties and chores involved in the running of a
household A household consists of one or several persons who live in the same dwelling and share meals. It may also consist of a single family or another group of people. The household is the basic unit of analysis in many social, microeconomic and governm ...

household
, such as cleaning,
cooking Cooking, cookery, or culinary arts is the art, science, and craft of using heat In thermodynamics, heat is energy in transfer to or from a thermodynamic system, by mechanisms other than thermodynamic work or transfer of matter. The va ...

cooking
, home maintenance, shopping, and bill payment. These tasks may be performed by members of the household, or by other persons hired for the purpose. This is a more broad role than a cleaner, who is focussed only on the cleaning aspect. The term is also used to refer to the money allocated for such use."housekeeping"
''
Oxford Dictionaries Online Lexico is a website that provides a collection of dictionaries of English and Spanish produced by Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press of University of Oxford. It is the largest university press in ...
''. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
By extension, it may also refer to an office or organization, as well as the
maintenance Maintenance may refer to: Biological science * Maintenance of an organism * Maintenance respiration Non-technical maintenance * Alimony, also called ''maintenance'' in British English * Champerty and maintenance, two related legal doctrines ...
of
computer storage File:Maxell DVD-RW 4.7GB crop 20051120.jpg, A spindle of DVD-RWs Computer data storage is a technology consisting of computer components and Data storage device, recording media that are used to retain digital data (computing), data. It is a ...
systems. A housekeeper is a person employed to manage a household and the
domestic staff A domestic worker is a person who works within the scope of a residence. The term "domestic service" applies to the equivalent occupational category. In traditional English contexts, such a person was said to be "in service". Domestic workers per ...
. According to the 1861 Victorian era '' Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management'', the housekeeper is second in command in the house and "except in large establishments, where there is a house steward, the housekeeper must consider his/herself as the immediate representative of her mistress".


House tidying

Before a house can be cleaned, it first needs to be tidied up. This is an organisation process that can include activities such as picking up toys, clothes, books etc off the floor. Also organizing items on benches and tables and putting them in their correct spot. Without tidying first, it can hinder or prevent proper cleaning. Organizing out-of-place items, creates a clean space to allow you to deep clean with vacuum cleaners, mops and other appliances.


Housecleaning

Housekeeping includes housecleaning, that is, disposing of rubbish, cleaning dirty surfaces, dusting, and vacuuming. It may also involve some outdoor chores, such as removing leaves from rain gutters, washing windows, and sweeping doormats. The term housecleaning is often used also figuratively in politics and business, for the removal of unwanted personnel, methods, or policies in an effort at reform or improvement. Housecleaning is done to make the home look and smell better and to make it safer and easier to live in. Without housecleaning,
lime scale File:Kesselstein k.jpg, 250px, Limescale (scanning electron microscopy micrograph, field of view 64 × 90 μm) Limescale is a hard chalky deposit, consisting mainly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), that often builds up inside kettles, hot water boiler ...
can build upon
tap Tap, Taps, TAP or tapped may refer to: Arts and entertainment Film * Tap (film), ''Tap'' (film), a 1989 film * Taps (film), ''Taps'' (film), a 1981 American drama film * Taps (2006 film), ''Taps'' (2006 film), a short film * Tapped (film), ''Tapp ...
s,
mold A mold () or mould () is a fungus A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of Eukaryote, eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and Mold (fungus), molds, as well as the more familiar mushr ...
grows in wet areas, smudges appear on glass surfaces, dust forms on surfaces,
bacteria Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are a type of Cell (biology), biological cell. They constitute a large domain (biology), domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a Bacte ...

bacteria
l action makes the garbage disposal and toilet smell and
cobwebs
cobwebs
accumulate. Tools used in housecleaning include
vacuums
vacuums
, brooms, mops and
sponges Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (; meaning 'pore bearer'), are a basal animal clade as a sister of the Diploblasts. They are Multicellular organism, multicellular organisms that have bodies full of pores and channels allowing water ...
, together with cleaning products such as
detergent A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkylbenzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap Soap is a salt (chemistry), salt ...
s,
disinfectant Disinfectants are chemical agents designed to inactivate or destroy microorganisms on inert surfaces. Disinfection does not necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially resistant bacterial spores; it is less effective than sterilization, ...
s and
bleach Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product that is used industrially and domestically to remove color from a fabric or fiber or to clean or to remove stains in a process called bleaching. It often refers, specifically, to a dilute so ...

bleach
.


Laundry

One role of a housekeeper is often laundry such as; washing, folding, and packing away laundry items. Other duties may involve monitoring and changing bed linen and ironing.


Removal of litter

Disposal of rubbish is an important aspect of house cleaning. Plastic bags are designed and manufactured specifically for the collection of litter. Many are sized to fit common waste baskets and trash cans. Paper bags are made to carry aluminum cans, glass jars, and other things, although most people use plastic bins for glass since it could break and tear through the bag.
Recycling Recycling is the process of converting waste Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials. Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthless, defective and of no use. A by-product by contrast is a ...

Recycling
of some kinds of litter is possible.


Dusting

Over time
dust Dust is made of fine FINE was created in 1998 and is an informal association of the four main fair trade networks: *F Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) *I International Fair Trade Association, now the World F ...
accumulates on household surfaces. As well as making the surfaces dirty, when the dust is disturbed it can become suspended in the air, causing sneezing and breathing trouble. It can also transfer from furniture to clothing, making it unclean. Various tools have been invented for dust removal:
feather duster A feather duster is an implement used for cleaning. It is typically made from a wooden dowel handle onto which ostrich feathers are wound with a wire. Feather dusters are most often long. Some have a retractable casing instead of a dowel handle. ...

feather duster
s, cotton, and polyester dust cloths, furniture spray, disposable paper "dust cloths", dust mops for smooth floors, and vacuum cleaners. Vacuum cleaners often have a variety of tools to enable them to remove dirt not just from carpets and rugs, but also from hard surfaces and upholstery. Dusting is very important in hospital environments.


Removal of dirt

Examples of dirt or "soil" are
detritus In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanisms ...

detritus
and common spills and stains in the home. Equipment used with a cleaner might include a bucket and sponge or a rag. A modern tool is the spray bottle, but the principle is the same. Many
household chemicals Household chemicals are non-food chemical A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. Some references add that chemical substance cannot be separated into its constituent elemen ...
are using in cleaning, scrubbing, and washing surfaces in the kitchen and bathroom.


Tools

Broom A broom (also known in some forms as a broomstick) is a cleaning tool consisting of usually stiff fibers (often made of materials such as plastic, hair, or corn husks) attached to, and roughly parallel to, a cylindrical handle, the broomstick. It ...

Broom
s remove debris from floors and
dustpan 250px, Dustpan and brush A dustpan, the small version of which is also known as a "half brush and shovel", is a cleaning tool, utensil. The dustpan is commonly used in combination with a broom or long brush. The small dustpan may appear to be a typ ...

dustpan
s carry dust and debris swept into them,
bucket A bucket is typically a watertight, vertical cylinder or truncated cone A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or ve ...

bucket
s hold cleaning and rinsing solutions,
vacuum cleaner A vacuum cleaner, also known simply as a vacuum or a hoover, is a device that causes suction in order to remove dirt from floors, upholstery, draperies, and other surfaces. It is generally electrically driven. The dirt is collected by either a d ...

vacuum cleaner
s and
carpet sweeper A carpet sweeper is a mechanical device for the cleaning of carpets. They were popular before the introduction of the vacuum cleaner A vacuum cleaner, also known simply as a vacuum or a hoover, is a device that causes suction in order to remov ...
s remove surface dust and debris,
chamois leather Chamois leather () is a type of porous leather, traditionally the skin of the chamois (''Rupicapra rupicapra''), a type of European mountain goat, but today made almost exclusively from the flesh split of a sheepskin. Uses The leather is favo ...
and
squeegee A squeegee or squilgee is a tool with a flat, smooth rubber blade, used to remove or control the flow of liquid on a flat surface. It is used for cleaning and in printing. The earliest written references to squeegees date from the mid-19th centu ...
s are used for window-cleaning, and
mop with its dryer A mop (such as a floor mop) is a mass or bundle of coarse strings or yarn, etc., or a piece of cloth, sponge or other absorbent material, attached to a pole or stick. It is used to soak up liquid, for Floor cleaning, cleaning floo ...

mop
s are used for washing floors. To ensure safety, protective apparel including rubber
gloves A glove is a garment A kanga, worn throughout the African Great Lakes region Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) are items worn on the body. Clothing is typically made of fabrics or textile A textile is a flexi ...

gloves
,
face cover
face cover
s, and protective eyewear are also sometimes used when dealing with chemical cleaning products.


Yard

A home's yard and exterior are sometimes subject to cleaning. Exterior cleaning also occurs for safety, upkeep, and usefulness. It includes the removal of paper litter and grass growing in sidewalk cracks.


Social significance

While housekeeping can be seen as an objective activity that can be done by either men or women, some people have argued that housekeeping is a site of historical oppression and gender division between men and women. Housekeeping also has a role in maintaining certain parts of the capitalist economy, including the division of home and work life, as well as industries that sell chemicals and household goods. A survey conducted by the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety and health, w ...
in 2014 came to the result that approximately 43 percent of men did food preparation or cleanup on any given day, compared with approximately 70 percent of women. In addition, 20 percent of men did housekeeping chores (including cleaning and laundry) on any given day, compared to approximately 50 percent of women. The Swedish practice of döstädning ("death cleaning"), a
simple living Simple living encompasses a number of different voluntary practices to simplicity, simplify one's lifestyle (sociology), lifestyle. These may include, for example, reducing one's Personal property, possessions, generally referred to as minimalism ...
ethic and aesthetic with the primary focus of not burdening your heirs with your belongings, is a permanent form of householding organization which also focuses on keeping only strongly valued possessions.


See also

*
Au pair An au pair (; plural: au pairs) is a helper from a foreign country working for, and living as part of, a host family. Typically, au pairs take on a share of the family's responsibility for childcare as well as some housework, and receive a monet ...
*
Cleanliness Cleanliness is both the abstract state of being clean and free from germs, dirt, trash, or waste, and the habit of achieving and maintaining that state. Cleanliness is often achieved through cleaning. Cleanliness is a good quality, as indicated by ...

Cleanliness
*
Dishwashing Dishwashing, washing the dishes, doing the dishes, or washing up in Great Britain, is the process of wikt:cleaning, cleaning cooking utensils, Dish (food), dishes, cutlery and other items to prevent foodborne illness. This is either achieved by ...

Dishwashing
*
Floor cleaning 235px, Swabbing by Rudolf Kremlička Floor cleaning is a major occupation Occupation commonly refers to: *Occupation or job, one's role in society, often a regular activity performed for payment *Occupation (protest) As an act of protest, occ ...
*
Gardening Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow ...

Gardening
*
Great house , Yorkshire, the largest private house in the United Kingdom. Picture from ''A Complete History of the County of York'' by Thomas Allen (1828–1830) Image:Longleat House.jpg"> Marquesses of Bath A great house is a large house or mansion w ...
*
Home appliance A home appliance, also referred to as a domestic appliance, an electric appliance or a household appliance, is a machine which assists in household A household consists of one or several persons who live in the same dwelling and share meals. I ...
*
Homemaker Homemaking is mainly an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United ...
* Home maintenance *
List of cleaning companies This is a list of notable cleaning companies. Cleaning is the process of removing unwanted substances, such as dirt, infectious agents, and other impurities, from an object or environment. Cleaning occurs in various commercial, industrial, environm ...
*
Maid A maid, or housemaid or maidservant, is a female domestic worker. In the Victorian era In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the wikt:period, period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death o ...

Maid
*
Njai The ''njai'' (; Enhanced Indonesian Spelling System The Indonesian Spelling System ( id, Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia, EBI), often referred to as the Indonesian Spelling System General Guidelines ( id, Pedoman Umum Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia, PUEBI) is the ...
* Plumbing


References

{{Authority control Unpaid work Cleaning Home Home economics Occupations Parenting de:Haus- und Familienarbeit