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Foreign relations or foreign affairs refers to the management of relationships and dealings between countries. Any results of
foreign policy ''Foreign Policy'' is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy. It produces content daily on its website, and in six print issues annually. ''Foreign Polic ...
dealings and decisions can be considered foreign relations.


Overview

The term foreign evolved during the mid-13th century from ''ferren, foreyne'', "out of doors", based on the
Old French Old French (, , ; French language, Modern French: ) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century. Rather than a unified Dialect#Dialect or language, language, Old French was really a Linkage (linguistics), ...
''forain'', "outer, external, outdoor; remote", reflecting the sense of "not in one's own land" first attested in the late 14th century. Spelling in English was altered in the 17th century, perhaps by influence of the words ''reign'' and ''sovereign''. Both words were associated at the time with the most common office of
monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, and therefore the head of state of a monarchy. A monarch may exercise the highest authority a ...
that determined
foreign policy ''Foreign Policy'' is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy. It produces content daily on its website, and in six print issues annually. ''Foreign Polic ...
, a set of diplomatic goals seeks to outline how a country will interact with other countries of the world. The idea of long-term management of relationships followed the development of professional diplomatic corps that managed
diplomacy Diplomacy is the practice of influencing the decisions and conduct of foreign governments or organizations through dialogue, negotiation, and other nonviolent means. Diplomacy usually refers to international relations carried out through the inte ...

diplomacy
. Since 1711, the term diplomacy has been taken to mean the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of groups or nations. In the 18th century, due to extreme turbulence in European diplomacy and ongoing conflicts, the practice of diplomacy was often fragmented by the necessity to deal with isolated issues, termed "affairs". Therefore, while domestic management of such issues was termed civil affairs (peasant riots, treasury shortfalls, and court intrigues), the term foreign affairs was applied to the management of temporary issues outside the sovereign realm. This term remained in widespread use in the English-speaking states into the 20th century, and remains the name of departments in Ministry of Foreign Affairs#Lists of current ministries of foreign affairs, several states that manage foreign relations. Although originally intended to describe short term management of a specific concern, these departments now manage all day-to-day and long-term international relations among states.


Conditions

Foreign relations are governed by several conditions within which they exist: * Chronological - foreign relations may be operational and ongoing where other nations are concerned, or project-based and temporary where non-state international agents are concerned; they may relate to factors of historical or future considerations * Contextualised - foreign relations may be particularly affected by pertaining to regional, economic or common goal oriented international organisational issues, etc. * Environmental - foreign relations may develop to be cooperative, adversarial, predatory, altruistic, mentoring, parasitic, etc. * Dynamic - Contain a degree of dependence or interdependence; a colony would have a static relationship with the colonizer * Oriented - foreign relationships are ideally based on commitment to common goals, but can be dysfunctional, and even destructive Organisations such as the Council of Foreign Relations in the United States are sometimes employed by government foreign relations organisations to develop foreign policy proposals as alternatives to existing policy, or to provide analytical assessments of evolving relationships.


References

*Latimer, Matthew (2014). ''Conversation Concerning Expertness''. GTalk.


External links

*{{Commonscatinline Foreign relations, International relations Foreign policy, * Bilateral relations,