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Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes
transliterated Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus '' trans-'' + '' liter-'') in predictable ways, such as Greek → , Cyrillic → , Greek → the digraph , Armenian → or ...
amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
origin that can refer to a male
monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: Language * He (pronoun) In Mod ...

monarch
,
aristocrat The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order. In many states, the aristocracy included the upper class of people (aristocrats) with hereditary rank and titles. In some, such as ancient Greece, Rome, ...
, holder of high-ranking
military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, Society, societies, or par ...

military
or political office, or other person possessing actual or ceremonial authority. The title has a long history of use in the
Arab World The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland ( '), also known as the Arab nation ( '), the Arabsphere, or the Arab states, consists of the 22 Member states of the Arab League, Arab countries which are members of ...

Arab World
,
East Africa East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern subregion of the Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including ...
,
West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, ...

West Africa
,
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; /: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a at the crossroads of and . Afghanistan is bordered by to the east and south; to the west; , , and to the north; and to the northeast. Occupyin ...

Afghanistan
, and the Indian subcontinent. In the modern era, when used as a formal monarchical title, it is roughly synonymous with "
prince A prince is a Monarch, male ruler (ranked below a king, grand prince, and grand duke) or a male member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. ''Prince'' is also a title of nobility (often highest), often hereditary title, hereditary, in som ...

prince
", applicable both to a son of a hereditary monarch, and to a reigning monarch of a sovereign
principality A principality (or sometimes princedom) can either be a monarchical A monarchy is a form of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. In the case of ...
, namely an
emirate An emirate is a territory ruled by an emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristoc ...
. The
feminine Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with and s. Although think of femininity as , there is also widespread recognition that some behaviors considered feminine a ...

feminine
form is emira ( '), a cognate for princess. Prior to its use as a monarchical title, the term "emir" was historically used to denote a "commander", "general", or "leader" (for example,
Amir al-Mu'min Amir al-Mu'minin ( ar, أَمِير ٱلْمُؤْمِنِين, ʾamīr al-muʾminīn) is an Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook ...
). In contemporary usage, "emir" is also sometimes used as either an honorary or formal title for the head of an Islamic, or Arab (regardless of religion) organisation or movement.


Origins

''Amir'', meaning "lord" or "
commander-in-chief A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control Image:CIC-USS-CarlVinson-2001.jpg, A watchstander at her station in the combat information center of USS Carl Vinson, USS ''Carl Vinson'' in the ...
", is derived from the
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
root In vascular plant Vascular plants (from Latin ''vasculum'': duct), also known as Tracheophyta (the tracheophytes , from Greek τραχεῖα ἀρτηρία ''trācheia artēria'' 'windpipe' + φυτά ''phutá'' 'plants'), form a large group ...
', "command". Originally simply meaning "commander”, it came to be used as a title of leaders, governors, or rulers of smaller states. In modern Arabic the word is analogous to the title “Prince". The word entered
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
in 1593, from the
French
French
'. It was one of the titles or names of the
Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission
o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling o ...
) is an religion teaching that is a of .Peters, F. E. 2009. "Allāh." In , edited by J. L. Esposito. Oxford: . . (See alsoquick reference) " e Muslims' und ...
ic prophet
Muhammad Muhammad ibn AbdullahHe is referred to by many appellations, including Messenger of Allah, The Prophet Muhammad, Allah's Apostle, Last Prophet of Islam, and others; there are also many variant spellings of Muhammad, such as Mohamet, Mohammed, ...

Muhammad
. In the Bible, Deuteronomy 26:18 and in Isaiah 3:10, this word is used in Hebrew as a verb with a similar meaning.


Princely, ministerial and noble titles

* The monarchs of
Qatar Qatar (, , or ; ar, قطر, Qaṭar ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar,) is a country in Western Asia. It occupies the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares its ...

Qatar
and
Kuwait Kuwait (; ar, الكويت ', or ), officially the State of Kuwait ( ar, دولة الكويت '), is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regi ...

Kuwait
are currently titled emir. * All members of the
House of Saud The House of Saud ( ar, آل سُعُود, ʾĀl Suʿūd ) is the ruling royal family A royal family is the immediate family of kings/ queens, emirs/emiras, sultans/ sultanas, or raja/ rani and sometimes their extended family. The term imp ...
have the title of ''emir'' (prince). *
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; /: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a at the crossroads of and . Afghanistan is bordered by to the east and south; to the west; , , and to the north; and to the northeast. Occupyin ...

Afghanistan
under the government of the
Taliban The Taliban (; ps, طالبان, ṭālibān, lit=students or 'seekers'), which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Taliban Islamic Movement and/or Islamic Movement of Taliban is a - , , and political movement and mi ...

Taliban
is officially an emirate, with the
head Head Sport GmbH is an American-Austrian manufacturing company headquartered in Kennelbach. It owns the American tennis racket brand Head. Head GmbH is a group that includes several previously independent companies, including the original "Head ...
of the Taliban bearing the title of ''
amir al-mu'minin Amir al-Mu'minin ( ar, أَمِير ٱلْمُؤْمِنِين, ʾamīr al-muʾminīn) is an Arabic title that is usually translated "Commander of the Believers" or "Leader of the Faithful". It is also translated as "Prince of the Believers" since ...
''. * The
caliph A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state An Islamic state is a form of government based on Islamic law. As a term, it has been used to describe various historical Polity, polities and theories of governance in the Islami ...
s first used the title ''
Amir al-Muminin Amir al-Mu'minin ( ar, أَمِير ٱلْمُؤْمِنِين, ʾamīr al-muʾminīn) is an Arabic title that is usually translated "Commander of the Believers" or "Leader of the Faithful". It is also translated as "Prince of the Believers" since ...
'' or "Commander of the Faithful", stressing their leadership over the Islamic empire, especially over the militia. The title has been assumed by various other
Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", " ...

Muslim
rulers, including sultans and emirs. For
Shia Shia Islam or Shi'ism is the second largest branch Image:Tree Leaves.JPG, The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany as a ramus) is a woody structural member connected to but not par ...
Muslims, they still give this title to the Caliph
Ali Ali ibn Abi Talib ( ar, عَلِيّ ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب, ; 13 September 601 – 29 January 661) was a cousin, son-in-law and companion of the Prophets and messengers in Islam, Islamic prophet Muhammad in Islam, Muhammad, who ru ...

Ali
as ''Amir al-Muminin''. * The
Abbasid The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ, ') was the third caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islam Islam (;There ar ...
(in theory still universal) Caliph
Al-Radi Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad (Muhammad) ibn Ja'far al-Muqtadir ( ar, أبو العباس أحمد (محمد) بن جعفر المقتدر, Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad (Muḥammad) ibn al-Muqtadir; December 909 – 23 December 940), usually simply known by his r ...
created the post of ''
Amir al-UmaraThe office of ''amir al-umara'' ( ar, أمير الأمراء, amīr al-umarāʾ), variously rendered in English as emir of emirs, prince of princes, chief emir, and commander of commanders, was a senior military position in the 10th-century Abbasid ...
'' ("Amir of the Amirs") for
Ibn Raik Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ra'iq (died 13 February 942), usually simply known as Ibn Ra'iq, was a senior official of the Abbasid Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ, ') was the thir ...
; the title was used in various Islamic monarchies; see below for military use. In Iraq, the direct descendants of previous Emirs from the largest tribes, such as the
Shammar The tribe of Shammar ( ar, شَمَّر, Šammar) is a tribal Arab Qahtanite confederation, descended from the ancient Yemeni tribe of Tayy as they originated in Yemen then immigrated in Saudi Arabia as known nowadays. It is one of the largest an ...
and Khuza’ah tribes, who ruled the kingdoms before modern statehood, use the title of Sheikh or Prince as the progeny of royalty. * Formerly in
Lebanon Lebanon ( , ar, لُبْنَان, translit=lubnān, ), officially the Republic of Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is located between Syria to Lebanon–Syria border, the north and east and Israel to Blue Line ...

Lebanon
, the ruling emir formally used the style ''al-Amir al- Hakim'', specifying it was still the ruler's title. Note that the title was held by
Druze Druze (; ar, درزي ' or ', plural ') are members of an Arabic-speaking esoteric ethnoreligious group originating in Western Asia. They practice Druzism, an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, monotheistic, Syncretic religion, syncretic, and e ...
and
Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jes ...

Christians
as well. * The word ''emir'' is also used less formally for leaders in certain contexts. For example, the leader of a group of ''pilgrims'' to
Mecca Mecca, officially Makkah al-Mukarramah ( ) and commonly shortened to Makkah ( ),Quran 48:22 ' () is a city and administrative center of the Mecca Province of Saudi Arabia, and the Holiest sites in Islam, holiest city in Islam. It is inland ...

Mecca
is called an ''emir hadji'', a title sometimes used by ruling princes (as a mark of Muslim piety) which is sometimes awarded in their name. Where an adjectival form is necessary, "emiral" suffices. * ''Amirzade'', the son (hence the Persian patronymic suffix ''-zade'') of a prince, hence the Persian princely title ''
mirza Mirza ( or ; fa, میرزا) is a name of Persian origin. It is used as a surname or prefix to identify patriarchal lineage. It is a historical royal and noble title, denoting the rank of a Prince of the Blood, royal prince, Nobleman, high no ...

mirza
''. * The traditional rulers of the predominantly Muslim northern regions of
Nigeria Nigeria (), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, C ...

Nigeria
are known as emirs, while the titular sovereign of their now defunct empire is formally styled as the
Sultan of Sokoto Image:Sokoto caliphate.png, 260px, Sokoto Caliphate in the 19th centuryThe Sokoto Caliph was the ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate. The official title is Sultan of Sokoto and includes the title "''Amir-ul-Momineen''". The post has become increasingly c ...
, Amir-al-Muminin (or ''Sarkin Musulmi'' in the
Hausa language Hausa (; /; Ajami ''Ajam'' () is an Arabic word meaning Muteness, mute, which today refers to someone whose mother tongue is not Arabic. During the Arab conquest of Persia, the term became a racial pejorative. in many languages—including Pe ...
). * The temporal leader of the
Yazidi Yazidis, also written as Yezidis (, ku, ئێزیدی, ), are an endogamous Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary tr ...
people is known as an emir or prince. * ''Amīr al-Baḥr'' (, "commander of the sea") is considered to be the
etymological Etymology ()The New Oxford Dictionary of English The ''Oxford Dictionary of English'' (''ODE'') is a single-volume English dictionary A dictionary is a listing of lexemes from the lexicon of one or more specific languages, often arra ...
origin of the English ''
admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. In the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth nations and the United States, a "full" admiral is equivalent to a "full" general officer, general in ...

admiral
'', the French ' and similar terms in other European languages.


Military ranks and titles

From the start, ''emir'' has been a military title. In the 9th century the term was used to denote a ruler of a state i.e.
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of delimited by the and surrounding it, whose territory largely coincides with the . Italy is located in the centre of th ...

Italy
's
Emirate of Sicily The Emirate of Sicily ( ar, إِمَارَة صِقِلِّيَة, ʾImārat Ṣiqilliya) was an emirate, Islamic kingdom that ruled the island of Sicily from 831 to 1091. Its capital was Palermo (Arabic: ''Bal'harm''), which during this period b ...
. In certain decimally-organized Muslim armies, Amir was an officer rank. For example, in
Mughal India The Mughal Empire, Mogul or Moghul Empire, was an Early modern period, early modern empire in South Asia. Quote: "Although the first two Timurid emperors and many of their noblemen were recent migrants to the subcontinent, the dynasty and the ...
, the Amirs commanded 1000 horsemen (divided into ten units, each under a sipah salar), ten of them under one
malik Malik, Melik, Malka, Malek, Maleek, Malick, or Melekh ( phn, wikt:𐤌𐤋𐤊#Phoenician, 𐤌𐤋𐤊; ar, wikt:ملك#Arabic, ملك; he, wikt:מלך#Hebrew, מֶלֶךְ) is the Semitic languages, Semitic term translating to "king (title) ...

malik
. In the imperial army of
Qajar Qajar Iran (), also referred to as Qajar Persia, the Qajar Empire, '. officially the Sublime State of Iran ( fa, دولت علیّه ایران ') and also known then as the Guarded Domains of Iran ( fa, ممالک محروسه ایران '), ...

Qajar
Persia: * ''Amir-i-Nuyan'' * ''Amir Panj'', "Commander of 5,000" * ''Amir-i-Tuman'', "Commander of 10,000" The following posts referred to "amir" under medieval Muslim states include: * ''
Amir al-umaraThe office of ''amir al-umara'' ( ar, أمير الأمراء, amīr al-umarāʾ), variously rendered in English as emir of emirs, prince of princes, chief emir, and commander of commanders, was a senior military position in the 10th-century Abbasid ...
'', "Amir of Amirs" (cfr. supra) or 'Commander of Commanders' * ''
Amir al-hajj ''Amir al-hajj'' ( ar, أمير الحج; transliteration Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script Script may refer to: Writing systems * Script, a distinctive writing system, based on a repertoire of specific ele ...

Amir al-hajj
'', "Commander of the
Hajj The Hajj (; ar, حَجّ ' "wikt:pilgrimage, ''pilgrimage''"; sometimes also spelled Hadj, Hadji or Haj in English) is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Holiest sites in Islam, holiest city for Muslims. Hajj is a Fard ...
aravan Aravan (c. 483 BC) was a ruler of Armenia Armenia,, officially the Republic of Armenia,, is a landlocked country located in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.The UN]classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the ...
* '' Amir al-ʿarab'', "Commander of the Arabs edouin tribes In the former
Kingdom of Afghanistan ) File:Former national anthem of Afghanistan, 1943–1973.oga , empire = , government_type = Unitary constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority ...
, ''Amir-i-Kabir'' was a title meaning "great prince" or "great commander".
Muhammad Amin Bughra
Muhammad Amin Bughra
,
Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra ( ug, (Kona Yëziq) نۇر ئەخمەتجان بۇغرا, نور احمد جان بغرا; zh, s=努尔·阿合买提江·布格拉, t=努爾·阿合買提江·布格拉, p=Nǔ'ěr·Āhémǎitíjiāng·Bùgélā; d. April 16, ...
, and
Abdullah Bughra Abdullah Bughra ( ug, (Kona Yëziq) ئابدۇللا بۇغرا, عبد الله بغرا; zh, c=阿不都拉·布格拉, p=Ābùdūlā·Bùgélā; died 1934) was a Uyghurs, Uighur Emir of the First East Turkestan Republic. He was the younger brot ...
declared themselves emirs of the
First East Turkestan Republic The Turkic Islamic Republic of East Turkestan (IRET; ug, شەرقىي تۈركىستان ئىسلام جۇمھۇرىيىتى, , Шәрқий Түркистан Ислам Җумхурийити; ) was a short-lived breakaway Islamic republic f ...
.


Other uses

* Amir is a masculine name in the
Persian language Persian (), also known by its endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europ ...
and a prefix name for many masculine names such as Amir Ali, Amir Abbas. * Amir-i-Iel designates the head of an Il (tribe) in imperial Persia. * The masculine ''Amir'' and feminine ''Amira'' are
Arabic-language Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic languages, Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Stre ...

Arabic-language
names common among both Arabs regardless of religion and Muslims regardless of ethnicity, much as Latin ''Rex'' and ''Regina'' ("king" and "queen," respectively) are common in the Western world. In
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina,, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north a ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
, the female name Emira, often interpreted as "princess", is a derivative of the male name Emir. * The masculine ''Amir'' and feminine ''Amira'' are
Hebrew-language Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites, Judeans and their ancestors. It is the o ...
names that are relatively common in Israel. In Hebrew the word can also mean "bundle of grain" or "treetop" depending on the spelling.


See also

* Beg *
Bey "Bey" ( ota, بك “''Beik''”, chg, بك “''Bek''”, tk, beg, uz, bek, kz, бек, tt, bäk, sq, beu, bs, beg, fa, بیگ “''Beigh''” or “''Beg''”, tg, бе, ar, بيه “''Beyeh''”) is a Turkic title for a chieftai ...
*
Caliph A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state An Islamic state is a form of government based on Islamic law. As a term, it has been used to describe various historical Polity, polities and theories of governance in the Islami ...
*
Imam Imam (; ar, إمام '; plural: ') is an Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah ...
*
Mir ''Mir'' (russian: Мир, ; ) was a space station A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting a human crew in orbit In physics, an orbit is the gravitational ...
*
Mirza Mirza ( or ; fa, میرزا) is a name of Persian origin. It is used as a surname or prefix to identify patriarchal lineage. It is a historical royal and noble title, denoting the rank of a Prince of the Blood, royal prince, Nobleman, high no ...

Mirza
*
Padishah Padishah ('Master King'; from Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated with the Irania ...
*
Pasha Pasha or Paşa ( ota, پاشا; tr, paşa; sq, Pashë; ar, باشا), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Ar ...

Pasha
*
Prince A prince is a Monarch, male ruler (ranked below a king, grand prince, and grand duke) or a male member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. ''Prince'' is also a title of nobility (often highest), often hereditary title, hereditary, in som ...

Prince
*
Rana Rana may refer to: Astronomy * Rana (crater), a crater on Mars * Delta Eridani or Rana, a star Films * ''Rana'', an unfinished Indian film by K. S. Ravikumar People, groups and titles * Rana (name), a given name and surname (including a list of p ...
*
Sayyid ''Sayyid'' (, ; ar, سيد ; ; meaning 'Lord', 'Master'; Arabic plural: ; feminine: ; ) is an title denoting people accepted as descendants of the and his cousin and son-in-law (Ali ibn Abi Talib) through his grandsons, and , sons ...

Sayyid
*
Shah Shah (; fa, شاه, Šâh or Šāh, , ) was a title given to the emperors and kings of Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran ( fa, جمهوری اسلامی ایران ), is ...

Shah
*
Sheikh Sheikh ( , ; ar, شيخ ' , mostly pronounced , plural The plural (sometimes abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of lett ...

Sheikh
*
Sultan Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a Royal and noble ranks, position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun ', meaning "authority" ...

Sultan
*
Vizier A vizier (; ar, وزير, wazīr; fa, وزیر, vazīr), or wazir, is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in the near east. The Abbasid The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ ...
;Specific emirates of note * List of emirs of Harar * List of emirs of Kuwait * List of emirs of Qatar * List of emirs of Mosul * Emirate of Afghanistan


References

{{Authority control Emirs, Arab military ranks Arabic words and phrases Court titles Executive ministers Gubernatorial titles Heads of state Islamic honorifics Military ranks Noble titles Ottoman titles Religious leadership roles Royal titles Titles in Afghanistan Titles in Iran Titles in Pakistan Titles of national or ethnic leadership