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A district is a type of
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...

administrative division
that, in some countries, is managed by the
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-locali ...
. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning
region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ( environmental geography). Geographic ...

region
s or
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...
, several
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipali ...
, subdivisions of municipalities,
school district A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public primary and secondary schools in various nations. North America United States In the U.S, most K–12 public schools function as units of local school districts, whi ...
, or
political district An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger State (polit ...
.


By country/region


Afghanistan

In
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto/Dari language, Dari: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central Asia, Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the eas ...
, a district (
Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated with the Iranian peoples ** Persian language, an Iranian ...
ps, ولسوالۍ ''Wuleswali'') is a subdivision of a province. There are almost 400 districts in the country.


Australia

Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were also used in several states as
cadastral A cadastral map (shortened to cadastre or cadaster) is a comprehensive land recording of the real estate or real property's metes-and-bounds of a country.Jo Henssen, ''Basic Principles of the Main Cadastral Systems in the World,'/ref> In most co ...
units for land titles. Some were used as
squatting Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use. The United Nations The United Nations (UN) ...

squatting
districts.
New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a States and territories of Australia, state on the Eastern states of Australia, east coast of :Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria (Australia), Victoria to the south, and South Austral ...
had several different types of districts used in the 21st century.


Austria

In
Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, located on the Eastern Alps. It is composed of nine States of Austria, federated states, one of which is Vienna, Austria's ca ...
, the word ''Bezirk'' is used with different meanings in three different contexts: * Some of the tasks of the administrative branch of the national and regional governments are fulfilled by the 95 district administrative offices (''Bezirkshauptmannschaften''). The area a district administrative office is responsible for is often, although informally, called a district (''Bezirk''). A number of statutory cities, currently 15, are not served by any district administrative office. Their respective municipal bureaucracies handle the tasks normally performed by the district administrative office. * The cities of
Vienna en, Viennese , iso_code = AT-9 , registration_plate = Vehicle registration plates of Austria, W , postal_code_type = Postal code , postal_code = , timezone ...

Vienna
and
Graz Graz ( , ; sl, Gradec) is the capital city of the Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, located on the Eastern Alps. It is composed of nine States of A ...

Graz
are divided into municipal districts (''Stadtbezirke''), assisting the respective municipal governments. In Vienna, the constituents of each district elect a district council (''Bezirksvertretung''); the district council in turn elects a district chairperson (''Bezirksvorsteher''). Although the city vests its districts with a limited amount of budgetary autonomy, district councils and chairpersons have little real responsibility. In particular, they do not legislate. Most of the
districts of Vienna A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, counties, several Municipality, municipalities ...
were independent municipalities at some point; district councils and chairpersons symbolize the town councils and mayors they used to have. * From the point of view of the
judiciary of Austria The Judiciary of Austria (german: österreichische Justiz) is the branch of the Austrian government responsible for resolving disputes between residents or between residents and the government, holding criminals accountable, making sure that the ...
, the country is subdivided into 115 judicial districts (''Gerichtsbezirke''), each corresponding to one of the country's 115 lowest-level trial courts.


Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (, ; az, Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan ( az, Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the Transcaucasia, Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is boun ...

Azerbaijan
is administratively divided into the following subdivisions: *59 districts (rayonlar; sing.– rayon), *11 cities (şəhərlər; sing.– şəhər), *1 autonomous republic (muxtar respublika), which itself contains: **7 districts **1 city The rayons are further divided into municipalities (Bələdiyyə). Additionally, Azerbaijan is subdivided into 9 (economic) regions (İqtisadi Rayonlar; sing.– İqtisadi Rayon). This is not an administrative division. Each region contains a number of districts. The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic forms a separate, 10th economic region. 1. Absheron 2. Ganja-Qazakh 3. Shaki-Zaqatala 4. Lankaran 5. Quba-Khachmaz 6. Aran 7. Upper Karabakh 8. Kalbajar-Lachin 9. Daglig-Shirvan 10. Nakhchivan


Bangladesh

Bangladesh Bangladesh (; bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, eighth-most populous country in the world, with a populati ...

Bangladesh
i districts are local administrative units. In all, there are 64 districts in Bangladesh. Originally, there were 21 greater districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the government made all these subdivisions into districts. Each district has several sub-districts called
Upazila Upazila ( bn, উপজেলা, lit=sub-district pronounced: upôjela), formerly called thana, is an administrative region in Bangladesh. They function as sub-units of districts. Their functionality can be seen to be analogous to that of a ...
in Bengali with a total 493 Upzillas.


Belgium

In
Belgian Belgian may refer to: * Something of, or related to, Belgium Belgium, ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe Western Europe is the region of Europe Europe is a contine ...

Belgian
municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on the initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities with elected councils may be created. As such, only
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
, having over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts ( nl, districten). The Belgian
arrondissement An arrondissement (, , ) is any of various administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms ...

arrondissement
s (also in French as well as in
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
), an administrative level between province (or the capital region) and municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English, sometimes called districts as well.


Bhutan

Bhutanese districts (''
dzongkhag 250px, alt=View of Tashichodzong in Thimphu, View of Thimphu.html"_;"title="Tashichho_Dzong_in_Thimphu">Tashichho_Dzong_in_Thimphu,_the_largest__in_Bhutan_by_population The_Bhutan.html" "title="Thimphu">Tashichho Dzong in Thimphu, the largest ...
'') are local administrative units consisting of village blocks called '' gewog''. Some have subdistricts called ''
dungkhag A dungkhag ( dz, དྲུང་ཁག་ ''drungkhak'') is a sub-district of a dzongkhag (district) of Bhutan. The head of a dungkhag is a ''Dungpa''. As of 2007, nine of the twenty dzongkhags had from one to three dungkhags, with sixteen dungkh ...
''.


Bosnia and Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing administrative unit.


Brčko District

Brčko District Brčko District (Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language and the primary lan ...
in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally part of both the
Republika Srpska Republika Srpska ( sr-cyr, Република Српска, ) is one of the two entities Entity may refer to: Computing * Character entity reference, replacement text for a character in HTML or XML * Entity class, a thing of interest within ...

Republika Srpska
and the
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities Entity may refer to: Computing * Character entity reference, replacement text for a character in HTML or XML * Entity class, a thing of interest within an entity–relationsh ...
. The Assembly of the
Brčko District Brčko District (Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language and the primary lan ...
has 29 seats.


Brazil

Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, ...

Brazil
ian
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
are subdivided into districts. Small municipalities usually have only one urban district, which contains the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where the municipality's ''
prefeitura
prefeitura
'' and '' câmara de vereadores'' (City Hall and City Council, respectively, the Executive and
Legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure i ...
local bodies) are located. The rural districts and groups of urban districts (mainly in large cities) may also present a sub local Executive body, named '' subprefeitura''.


Brunei

A district is known locally as ''daerah'' and it is the first-level administrative division of Brunei. There are four districts in the country, namely
Brunei-Muara ) , leader_name = Awang Misle bin Haji Abdul Karim , leader_title1 = Deputy District Officer(''Timbalan Ketua Pegawai Daerah'') , leader_name1 = Awang Mohamad Yassin bin Haji Ahmed , total_type = Brun ...
, Tutong, Belait and
Temburong) , leader_name = Pengiran Muhammad Ameer Mubaarak bin Pengiran Haji Hashim , leader_title2 = Deputy District Officer(''Timbalan Ketua Pegawai Daerah'') , leader_name2 = - , area_total_km2 ...
. Each district is administered by a ''Jabatan Daerah'' (District Office), which is headed by a ''Pegawai Daerah'' (District Officer). All district offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs ().


Canada


Alberta

In
Alberta ("Strong and free") , image_map = Alberta in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English , capital = Edmonton Edmonton () is the capital ci ...

Alberta
, the
municipal districts A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly-defined territory and its population. It can refer to a city, a town, a village, a small grouping of them, or a rural area. Canada In Canada, municipal districts are a type of r ...
and
improvement districts Improvement is the process of a thing moving from one state to a state considered to be better, usually through some action intended to bring about that better state. The concept of improvement is important to governments and businesses, as well as ...
are types of rural municipalities. They are recognized as
census subdivisions The census geographic units of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pac ...
by
Statistics Canada Statistics Canada (StatCan; french: Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the government agency, agency of the Government of Canada commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, Economy of ...
, which form parts of census divisions.


British Columbia ( en, Splendour without diminishment) , image_map = British Columbia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = None , Slogan = Beautiful British Co ...

British Columbia

In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of administrative districts by that name. The usual usage is a reference to '' district municipalities'', which are a class of municipality in the same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g., "
District of Mission Mission is a district municipality in the Lower Mainland of the Provinces and territories of Canada, province of British Columbia, Canada. It was incorporated as a district municipality in 1892, growing to include additional villages and rural ar ...
" or "District of Wells", though some are styled, e.g., "Corporation of Delta" or "
Township of Langley The Township of Langley is a district municipality immediately east of the City of Surrey, British Columbia, Surrey in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It extends south from the Fraser River to the U.S. border, and west of the Abbotsford, Br ...
". Within the area of municipal powers, '' regional districts'' – which are somewhat analogous to counties in other jurisdictions, a number of municipalities, and unincorporated areas – are always referred to as "regional districts" to distinguish them from district municipalities and other kinds of district. Other kinds of districts in British Columbia are: *Electoral districts (some early ridings, as electoral districts are commonly known, included "district" in their title, e.g. New Westminster District) * Forest districts, which are a set of administrative regions of the British Columbia Ministry of Forests * Land districts, which are the underlying cadastral survey system for the province and are the primary locational reference used in government databases and references. The primary use of "district" in combinations such as the Lillooet District or New Westminster District was a reference to the land district, though sometimes to mining divisions. *
School districts A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public elementary school, primary and middle school, secondary schools in various nations. North America United States In the U.S, most K–12 public schools function as unit ...
, also often referred to simply as "districts", when in context. *Other types of regional subdivision, according to the ministry or agency, are generally styled "region" or "area". These include as Ministry of Environment regions,
health regions
health regions
, and regional management planning areas such as the Muskwa-Kechika Management Planning Area.


Mi'kma'ki

Situated across the
Atlantic provinces Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, a term developed for the convenience of the federal government after Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949, is the region of Eastern Canada comprising the four provinces and territories of Canada, ...
and
the Maritimes The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces, is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction of h ...
, the traditional country of the Mi'kmaw Nation organizes itself into historically 7 or 8 districts. These districts are Epekwitk & Piktuk, Eske'kewa'ki, Kespe'kewa'ki, Kespukwitk, Sikniktewa'ki, their central fire or capital district Unama'ki, and Ktaqamkuk. Although Canada and the provinces hardly recognize the legitimacy of Mi'kma'ki, the nation remains and still retains functions as a Wabanaki
country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a n ...

country
.


New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , capital = Fredericton Fredericton (; ) is the capital of the Provinces and territor ...

New Brunswick

New Brunswick has numerous local service districts, 7
school districts A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public elementary school, primary and middle school, secondary schools in various nations. North America United States In the U.S, most K–12 public schools function as unit ...
, 10 federal electoral districts and 55 provincial electoral districts.


Northwest Territories The Northwest Territories (commonly abbreviated as NT or NWT; french: Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal provinces and territories of Canada, territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it ...

Northwest Territories

In western and northern Canada, the federal government created
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
as subdivisions of the
Northwest Territories The Northwest Territories (commonly abbreviated as NT or NWT; french: Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal provinces and territories of Canada, territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it ...

Northwest Territories
1870–1905, partly on the model of the districts created in the
Province of Canada The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British North America, British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, ...
. The first district created was the
District of Keewatin Extent of the District of Keewatin before its reorganization in 1905. The District of Keewatin was a territory of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and ...
in 1876 followed by four more districts in 1882. Gradually, these districts became separate territories (such as
Yukon Yukon ( ; ; formerly called Yukon Territory and sometimes referred to as The Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Provinces and territories of Canada, Canada's three territories. It also is the least populated province or territory in Cana ...

Yukon
), separate provinces (such as
Alberta ("Strong and free") , image_map = Alberta in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English , capital = Edmonton Edmonton () is the capital ci ...

Alberta
and
Saskatchewan ("From Many Peoples Strength") , image_map = Saskatchewan in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English language, English , capital = Regina, Sa ...
) or were absorbed into other provinces.


Ontario

In
Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's location east/central of Canada. , coordinates = , capital = Toronto , larges ...

Ontario
, a district is a statutory subdivision of the province, but, unlike a county, a district is not incorporated. Most districts are composed of unincorporated lands, mostly
Crown land Crown land (sometimes spelled crownland), also known as royal domain, is a territorial area belonging to the monarch, who personifies the Crown The Crown is the state (polity), state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonw ...
. Originally present-day
Southern Ontario Southern Ontario is a primary region of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative ...
(then part of the
Province of Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...
and after 1791,
Upper Canada The Province of Upper Canada (french: link=no, province du Haut-Canada) was a Province, part of The Canadas, British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America ...
) was divided into districts in 178

Districts continued to operation until 1849 when they were replaced by counties by the
Province of Canada The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British North America, British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, ...
. The current Ontario districts such as Algoma District, Ontario, Algoma and
NipissingNipissing may refer to the following places in Ontario, Canada: * Lake Nipissing * The Nipissing First Nation ** Nipissing 10, Ontario, Nipissing 10, reserve of Nipissing First Nation * Nipissing District, Ontario, Nipissing District, a census divis ...
were first created by the Province of Canada in 1858 prior to
Confederation A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign groups or states united for purposes of common action. Usually created by a treaty A treaty is a formal legally binding written agreement between actors in i ...
for the delivery of judicial and provincial government services to sparsely populated areas from the district seat (e.g.
Sault Ste. MarieSault Ste. Marie is a cross-border region in Canada and the United States. Formerly a single settlement from 1668 to 1817, it was subsequently divided by the establishment of the Canada–US border in the area. The name may refer to: * Sault Ste. Ma ...
). Some districts may have District Social Service Administration Boards, which are designed to provide certain social services. The boundaries of a federal
census divisionCensus divisions, in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pacific and nor ...
may correspond to those of a district.


Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec

In Quebec, districts are municipal electoral subdivisions of
boroughs A borough is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for g ...
, which are subdivisions of cities. They function in a similar manner to what is elsewhere known as a
ward Ward may refer to: Division or unit * Hospital#Departments or wards, Hospital ward, a hospital division, floor, or room set aside for a particular class or group of patients, for example the psychiatric ward * Prison ward, a division of a pen ...
.


Chile


Mainland China

In
mainland China Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, China mainland, or the Mainland Area of the Republic of China is the geopolitics, geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since Proclamation of ...

mainland China
, the
district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, counties, several Municipality, municipali ...
() is a subdivision of any of various city administrative units, including
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
, sub-provincial cities, and
prefecture-level cities A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply " Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still from the Huangshi main urban area. A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefectu ...
. Districts have county level status. Modern districts are a recent innovation. In the context of pre-modern China, the English translation "district" is typically associated with ''xian'' (), another Chinese administrative division. The ''xian'' is translated as "
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
" in the context of modern China.


Colombia

In Colombia, a district is one of ten special administrative units:
*
Barranquilla Barranquilla () is the capital district of Atlántico Department in Colombia. It is located near the Caribbean Sea and is the largest city and third port in the northern Caribbean Coast region; as of 2018 it had a population of 1,206,319,https:// ...

Barranquilla
*
Cartagena Cartagena or Carthagena may refer to: Places Chile *Cartagena, Chile, a commune in Valparaíso Region Colombia *Cartagena, Colombia, a city in the Bolívar Department, the largest city with this name **Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cartagena, an ...

Cartagena
*
Bogotá Bogotá (, also , , ), officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santa Fe de Bogotá during the Spanish period and between 1991 and 2000, is the Capital city, capital and largest city of Colombia, a ...

Bogotá
*
Santa Marta Santa Marta (), officially Distrito Turístico, Cultural e Histórico de Santa Marta ("Touristic, Cultural and Historic District of Santa Marta"), is a List of cities in Colombia, city of half a million people, in the nation of Colombia. It is th ...

Santa Marta
* Tunja * Popayán * Turbo * Tumaco * Cúcuta * Buenaventura


Czech Republic

A "district" in the
Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It i ...
is an ''
okresOkres ( Czech and Slovak term meaning "district" in English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, ...
'' (plural ''okresy''). After a reform in 2002, the districts lost administrative power to regions (''
kraj A kraj ( ''kraje'') is the highest-level administrative unit in the Czech Republic The Czech Republic (; cs, Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia (; cz, Česko ), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It ...
e'') and selected towns (''pověřené obce'') and became statistical zones.


France

French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consistin ...

French
districts were the first subdivision of the
département In the administrative divisions of France, the department (french: département, ) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivity, territorial collectivities"), between the regions of France, admini ...

département
s from the 4 March 1790 to the ''28
pluviôse Pluviôse (; also ''Pluviose'') was the fifth month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. ...
an VIII'' (17 February 1800). Then, in the 20th century, districts were a type of intercommunity, they've been replaced by ''
communauté de communes A ''communauté de communes'' (, "community of communes A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property, possessions, and resources in common. In some communes, the peopl ...
'' and '' communautés d'agglomération'' after 1999.


Germany

* In
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = German language, German , demonym = Germans, German , government_ ...

Germany
, a district (''"Kreis"'') is an administrative unit between the ''"Länder"'' (
German federal states
German federal states
) and the local / municipal levels ( Gemeinden). As of 2011, most of the 402 German districts are ''"Landkreise"'', rural districts. 107 larger cities (usually with more than 100,000 inhabitants) that do not belong to a district are considered as urban districts (''"Kreisfreie Städte"'' or ''"Stadtkreise"''). ** A local subdistrict is called a ''
Gemarkung A ''Gemarkung'' (also ''Markung'', in Switzerland also ''Gemarchen'', in Austria '' Katastralgemeinde'') is the entirety of all land plots of a specific municipality recorded in the cadastre in the countries of Germany ) , image_map = , ...
'', and is mostly a smaller rural area (with similar concepts in Austria and Switzerland). A ''Gemarkung'' is usually associated with and named after a central town or village. Areas in such subdistricts and their usage are documented in central registries (German: ''Kataster'') and have been historically used for taxation. * In some states, there is additional level of administration between the ''Länder'' and the ''Landkreise'' called
Regierungsbezirk A ' () means "governmental district" and is a type of administrative division in Germany. Four of sixteen ' (states of Germany) are split into '. Beneath these are rural and urban districts. Saxony has ' (directorate districts) with more respo ...
(''government district''). * District (''Bezirk'') was also an administrative subdivision of the
German Democratic Republic German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = Ge ...
from 1952. ''See Administrative division of the German Democratic Republic'' * City district (''
Stadtbezirk A ''Stadtbezirk'' (also called ''Ortsbezirk'' in Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate) is a form of Germany, German city district, an administrative unit within a larger city. In Germany, ''Stadtbezirke'' usually only exist in a metropolis with more tha ...
'' or ''Ortsbezirk'') is the primary subdivision category of many ''Kreisfreie Städte''.


Hong Kong

Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and Special administrative regions of China, special administrative region of the China, People's Repu ...

Hong Kong
is divided into eighteen districts, each with a district council.


Hungary

175 districts
175 districts
were established on January 1, 2013. The existing 19 counties are subdivided into 6–18 districts per county. The capital city of
Budapest Budapest (, ) is the capital and the most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the city ...

Budapest
does not belong to any counties and is already divided to 23 districts.


India

India's districts are local administrative units inherited from the
British Raj The British Raj (; from Hindi language, Hindi ''rāj'': kingdom, realm, state, or empire.) was the rule of the The Crown, British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947.''Oxford English Dictionary'', 3rd edition (June 2008), on- ...

British Raj
. They generally form the tier of local government immediately below that of
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second-most populous country, the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest ...

India
's subnational states and territories. Where warranted, districts may further be grouped into administrative divisions, which form an intermediate level between the district and the
subnational state A constituent state is a state entity that constitutes a part of a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defin ...
(or
union territory#REDIRECT Union territory A union territory ( hi, script=latn, kendraśāsit pradeś, , centrally administered province) is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, admi ...
). A district is headed by a
Deputy Commissioner A deputy commissioner is a police, income tax or administrative official in many different countries. The rank is commonplace in police forces of Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth countries, usually ranking below the Commissioner. Australia In ...

Deputy Commissioner
/ Collector, who is responsible for the overall administration and the maintenance of law and order. The district collector may belong to IAS (
Indian Administrative Service The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the Public administration, administrative arm of the All India Services of Government of India. Considered the premier and best civil service, central civil service of India, followed by the Indian Poli ...
). Other key responsibilities include the collection of
revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the case of a business, usually from the sale of product (business) , goods and services to customers). Commercial revenue may also be ...
, and criminal prosecution in the district and sessional courts. Usually, the Deputy Commissioner/District Collector is granted magisterial powers under section 20 of Criminal Procedure Code, and designated as the
District Magistrate A District Magistrate and Collector, is an officer who is in-charge of a district, the basic unit of administration, in India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of co ...
. The official designations are "Collector and District Magistrate" or "Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrate". Districts are most frequently further sub-divided into smaller administrative units, called either ''
tehsil A tehsil also known as tahsil, taluka, or taluk) is a local unit of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as ...
s'' or ''
taluka A tehsil also known as tahsil, taluka, or taluk) is a local unit of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as ...

taluka
s'' or ''mavattam''s, depending on the region. These units have specific local responsibilities, including in particular coordinating revenue collection. An intermediate level (the sub-division) between district and tehsil/taluka may be formed by grouping these units under the oversight of Assistant Commissioners or sub-collectors. Each district includes one or two cities (or large towns), a few smaller towns and dozens of villages. Most of the Indian districts have the same name as their main town or city. As of April 2016, the National Informatics Centre of the Government of India, lists a total of 664 districts in India, more than the number of parliamentary constituencies (545). This number went up to a total of 723 districts in 2019.


District revenue administration in A.P.

#District headed by collector #A district is composed of four or five revenue divisions administered by R.D.O./sub collector, #Revenue Divisions divided into taluks/mandals headed by tahsildars, #Mandals composed of a ten or more villages administered by village revenue officers and village servants. In Uttar Pradesh Districts and tahsils are defined in U.P. Land Revenue Act, 1901.


Panchayati Raj

Tiers of administration #Grama panchayath: sarpanch #Village clusters: M.P.T.C. #Mandal/Taluk: M.P.P./Z.P.T.C. #District: Z.P. Chairperson.


Indonesia

In Papua (province), Papua and West Papua (province), West Papua, two of the 34 provinces of Indonesia, a ''distrik'' is a subdivision of a regency or a city. Formerly it was called a ''kecamatan''. In translations of most official documents, ''kecamatan'' itself is translated into English as "district", but some other documents (especially from older era) translated it to "subdistrict", which is equivalent to a ''kelurahan'' in recent translations. This translation ambiguity has caused confusions among foreigners. ''Distrik'' or ''kecamatan'' do not have legal autonomy to govern themselves, because they are only administrative extensions of a regency or a city.


Iran

Iran is subdivided into thirty one Provinces of Iran, provinces (Persian Language, Persian: استان ''Ostān''), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian Language, Persian: ''Markaz (country subdivision), Markaz'') of that province. The provinces of Iran further subdivided into Counties of Iran, counties called shahrestan ( fa, شهرستان ''shahrestān''), an area inside an ostan, and consists of a city center, few bakhsh ( fa, بخش ''bakhsh'') and many villages around them. There are usually a few cities ( fa, شهر ''shahr'') and rural agglomerations ( fa, دهستان ''dehestān'') in each county. Rural agglomerations are a collection of a number of villages. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of the county. The world Shahrestan comes from the Persian words ''shahr'' and ''ostan'', which mean ''city'' (or ''town'') and ''province'', respectively. The nearest equivalent of ''Shahrestan'' in English would be sub-province or county. Each Shahrestan has a governmental office known as Farmandari which coordinates different events and governmental offices. The Farmandar, or the head of Farmandari, is the governor of the Shahrestan which is the highest governmental authority in the division.


Iraq

In Iraq, they use the word qadaa for districts. There are over a hundred districts, each district being within one of 18 Governorates of Iraq, Iraqi governorates, sometimes known as provinces. The district generally (but not always) bears the name of a city within that district, usually the capital of that district.


Japan

A is a local administrative unit comprising Towns of Japan, towns and Villages of Japan, villages but not Municipality of Japan, cities. See districts of Japan for a more complete description. In 1923, its administrative role was abolished although it is still in use for addressing purposes. "District" is also a translation of ''chiku'', defined by Japan's planning law.


Kenya

In Kenya, a district (''wilayah'') is a subdivision of a Provinces of Kenya, Province and is headed by a District Officer (DO).


South Korea

A district (''gu'') is a subdivision of larger cities in South Korea. Smaller cities have no districts, whereas districts in Seoul and six Special cities of South Korea, Metropolitan Cities are treated as a city in their own right.


Macau


Malawi

Malawi is divided into 28 districts within three regions. Each District is headed by a District Commissioner.


Mauritius

The Districts of the Republic of Mauritius are the second-order
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...

administrative division
s after the Outer islands of Mauritius, Outer islands of the country. Mauritius is divided into nine districts which consist of List of places in Mauritius, 2 cities, 4 towns and 130 villages, the capital is Port Louis. The island of Rodrigues used to be the tenth district of Mauritius but it gained autonomous status in 2002.


Malaysia

A district is known as ''Daerah'' in Malay language, Malay. A district governed directly by the federal government is known as a Federal Territory (Malaysia), Federal Territory, and they are Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Labuan Territory, Labuan. In Peninsular Malaysia, a district is a division of a States of Malaysia, state. A ''mukim'' is a subdivision of a district. The mukim, is however, of less importance with respect to the administration of local government. In East Malaysia, a district is a subdivision within a Divisions of Malaysia, division of a state. For example, Tuaran is a district within the West Coast Division of Sabah. A district is usually named after the main town or its administrative capital, for example, Sandakan town is the capital of the district of Sandakan, as well the capital of Sandakan Division. (Note: Sandakan district is a sub-division of Sandakan Division.) In Malaysia, each district will have a District Office, headed by a district officer, and is administered by a local government either being a District Council, Municipal Council, or a City Council. In some highly urbanized districts, there may be further subdivisions. For example, the district of Petaling in Selangor is administered by 3 local governments: Shah Alam City Council, Petaling Jaya City Council, and Subang Jaya Municipal Council. Another example is the district of Johor Bahru District, Johor Bahru in Johor, which has 3 subdivisions: Johor Bahru City Council, Iskandar Puteri City Council, and Pasir Gudang Municipal Council. Conversely, there may be one local government administering more than one district, for example, Seberang Perai Municipal Council administers the districts of Central Seberang Perai, North Seberang Perai, and South Seberang Perai. An administrative district border and an Parliamentary constituencies and state assemblies of Malaysia, electoral district border (constituency) transcend each other and do not correspond with each other in most instances.


Nauru

The districts of Nauru are the only subdivisions of the whole state.


Nepal

Nepal is divided into 77 districts. Each district acts as an independent administrative unit. A district consists of two types of units like Rural Municipality, Rural Municipalities and Municipalities. Official documents like citizenship cards and passports are issued by the Chief of District Office (CDO). Constituencies for elections are also constructed according to the population distribution within the district.


New Zealand

A district in New Zealand is a territorial authority (second-tier local government unit) that has not gained the distinction of being proclaimed a city. Districts tend to be less urbanized, tend to cover more than one population center and a larger amount of rural area, and tend to have a smaller population than cities. While cities and districts are generally considered to be two different types of territorial authority, the area covered by a city is often known as its district—for example the term ''district plan'' is used equally in districts and cities. The Chatham Islands, Chatham Islands Territory is neither a district nor a city. A district is not always a simple division of a List of regions in New Zealand, region: several districts lie within two regions, and the Taupo District lies in four.


Northern Cyprus


Norway


Pakistan

Pakistan's districts are local administrative units inherited from the
British Raj The British Raj (; from Hindi language, Hindi ''rāj'': kingdom, realm, state, or empire.) was the rule of the The Crown, British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947.''Oxford English Dictionary'', 3rd edition (June 2008), on- ...

British Raj
. Districts were generally grouped into administrative divisions, which in turn formed Provinces and territories of Pakistan, provinces. Pakistan has 130 districts (including ten in Azad Jammu and Kashmir). They comprise villages, towns, and cities. A district is headed by a district nazim (mayor), who is an elected official and the local controller of the district level officers of all the departments under provincial government, while
Deputy Commissioner A deputy commissioner is a police, income tax or administrative official in many different countries. The rank is commonplace in police forces of Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth countries, usually ranking below the Commissioner. Australia In ...

Deputy Commissioner
is the executive head of the District usually Grade-18 officer from Pakistan Administrative Service. Deputy Commissioner is entrusted with overall responsibility of law & order, implementation of government schemes and is also authorised to hear revenue cases pertaining to the district. The district mayor(nazim) heads an elected district council composed of councilors, who represent various district-level constituencies. The councils have a constitutional requirement to be composed of a minimum of 33% women; there is no upper limit, so women can comprise 100% of these councils but men cannot.


Peru


Philippines

The usage of the term 'district' (''distrito'') in the Philippines has similarities to that in the United States.


Legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure i ...


=National

= A constituency with a representative in the lower house of Congress of the Philippines, Congress is a congressional district. However, the term congressional district has become synonymous in local parlance with 'representative district,' because, just like in the US, the word 'congress' (''konggreso'') has come to refer specifically to the lower house (the House of Representatives of the Philippines, House of Representatives). A legislative district, which has an average population of about 250,000 to 500,000, may be composed of: (a.) an entire province, (b.) within a province, a group of municipalities and cities (sometimes even including independent and highly urbanized cities geographically located in the province), (c.) a single city, (d.) a group of geographically adjacent independent cities and independent municipalities (currently the only example is the Legislative district of Pateros-Taguig, Pateros-Taguig, or (e.) a group of barangays within a city. Each province is guaranteed at least one representative to the lower house, even though it may not come close to having the same population as other legislative districts. Only voters within each district are allowed to vote in the election for the member of the House of Representatives from that district. From 1916 to 1935, the Philippines were divided into 12 senatorial districts, of which 11 elected two members each, for a total of 22 out of the 24 members of the upper house of Congress (the Senate of the Philippines, Senate). Since 1935 senators have been elected at large.


=Regional

= In addition, each congressional district that falls under the jurisdiction of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (a total of 8) elects three members each to the country's only subnational ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly, legislative assembly.


=Provincial

= There are provincial districts for the purpose of electing ''Sangguniang Panlalawigan'' (Provincial Council) members, which follow the congressional district arrangement, except that independent and highly urbanized cities whose charters prevent them from electing provincial officials are excluded. Also, provinces that comprise a lone congressional district are divided into at least two provincial districts.


=City

= There are also city councilor districts for the purpose of electing ''Sangguniang Panlungsod'' (City Council) members, which follow the congressional district arrangement. In cases where the city does not form two or more congressional districts by itself, it is divided into at least two city council districts.


Administration (government), Administrative


=Current

= Districts exist as administrative entities only in local government, with limited powers or responsibilities. Certain cities, such as Manila#Barangays and districts, Manila, Iloilo City#Subdivisions, Iloilo and Districts of Davao City, Davao, for administrative purposes, formally divide their jurisdictions into city districts composed of several barangays, but the extent of these district-level administrative powers vary. Several barangays (the lowest level of government) also have the word 'district' in their names – examples are those in Jala-jala and Zamboanga City. However, this is solely for the purpose of nomenclature, and does not imply a higher level of local government.


=Historical

= During Spanish and early American colonial rule, certain areas of the Philippines were designated as 'districts,' mainly those that had not been formally organized into provinces or incorporated into existing ones. In the American era, cities and municipalities were divided into city and municipal districts, which served as the lowest level of government before the creation of the barangay.


Special-purpose districts

Special-purpose districts also exist in the Philippines, created for government departments and agencies. Examples are school districts for the Department of Education (Philippines), Department of Education (DepEd), engineering districts for the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), an
coast guard districts
for the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG).


Informal districts

Some cities and municipalities also extend the usage of the word 'district' to refer to certain areas, even without having any formal administrative purposes. Examples are the central business districts in Naga, Camarines Sur, and Makati.


Poland

The second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (Local administrative unit, LAU-1) in other countries is called a ''powiat''. As of 2008, there are 379 powiat-level entities in Poland: 314 land counties and 65 city counties. For a complete alphabetical listing, see list of counties in Poland.


Portugal

Districts (''distritos'') are administrative divisions of Portugal. They were mainly used as the jurisdiction areas for the civil governors, the government officials that represented locally the Government of Portugal, Central Government. However, in 2011, the role of the civil governor was ''de facto'' extinct (although not ''de jure''), with the decision taken by the Government not to appoint new civil governors and to transfer its functions to other bodies. The district areas are now only used as the regional jurisdiction areas of some public bodies (like the Public Security Police district commands) and some private entities (like the district associations and championships of football).


Russia

In Russia, districts are administrative and municipal divisions of the federal subjects of Russia, federal subjects, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities ("city districts") which are commonly referenced as raions (russian: links=no, Районы) and okrugs (russian: links=no, Округа) respectively. The term "district" is also used to refer to the type of administrative division of the Sakha Republic—''ulus'' (russian: links=no, улус; sah, улуус). The Sakha Republic is administratively divided into five cities under the Republic's jurisdiction and 33 ''uluses''. The law of the Sakha Republic establishes that the terms "''ulus''" and "district" are equivalent.Law Z#77-I of 6 July 1995 "On Administrative and Territorial Structure of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic", with amendments In historical context (for the Russian Empire), the term "district" is often used to refer to ''uyezds''.


Serbia

Serbia is divided into twenty-nine Districts of Serbia, districts (''okrug'') and the city of Belgrade, each of which is further divided into municipalities (''opstina, opština'')


Slovakia

In Slovakia, a district (''
okresOkres ( Czech and Slovak term meaning "district" in English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, ...
'') is a local administrative unit.


Slovenia


South Africa

In South Africa, the district municipality (South Africa), district municipality forms the layer of government below the Provinces of South Africa, provinces. A district municipality is in turn divided into several local municipality (South Africa), local municipalities. This structure varies in the eight largest urban areas: #Bloemfontein (seat of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality), #Cape Town (City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality), #Durban (seat of the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality), #East London, Eastern Cape, East London / King Williams Town (seat of the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality), #East Rand (seat of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality), #Johannesburg (City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality), #Port Elizabeth incl. Uitenhage (seat of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality) and #Pretoria (seat of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality), where a metropolitan municipality (South Africa), metropolitan municipality replaces both a district and a local municipality.


Sri Lanka

For purposes of local government, the country of Sri Lanka is divided into nine Provinces of Sri Lanka, provinces: Western Province, Sri Lanka, Western, Central Province, Sri Lanka, Central, Southern Province, Sri Lanka, Southern, Northern Province, Sri Lanka, Northern, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, Eastern, North Western Province, Sri Lanka, North Western, North Central Province, Sri Lanka, North Central, Uva Province, Uva, and Sabaragamuwa Province, Sabaragamuwa. (The Northern and Eastern Provinces have however, technically been jointly administered since 1988.) Each of the districts is divided into divisions. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the ''korale''s and ''rata''s. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'. Rural D.S. Divisions are also administered by a 'Pradeshiya Sabha' (Sinhala for 'Regional Council'), which is elected.


Switzerland

In Switzerland, some Canton of Switzerland, cantons organize themselves into districts, while others dispense with districts and govern themselves at the (constituency or electoral district) level.


Sweden

Some municipalities in the Kingdom of Sweden have divided their territory into smaller areas, which often are assigned an administrative board responsible for certain elements of municipal governance within their district. These areas take a variety of different Swedish names; however, "district" is usually the official English term for them. The term "borough" is sometimes used in unofficial contexts.


Taiwan

In the Government of the Republic of China, Republic of China on Taiwan, the district () is the 3rd level of the administrative division. It is a division of Special municipality (Taiwan), special municipality and Provincial city (Taiwan), provincial city of Taiwan Province. Currently, there are 157 districts in total from 5 special municipalities and 3 provincial cities.


Thailand

A district ("amphoe") is a subdivision of a ''Provinces of Thailand, province'' ("changwat") in Thailand. Some provinces also contain minor districts (), which are smaller than the average district.


Turkey

In Turkey, a district ( tr, ilçe) is an administrative subdivision of a province ( tr, il). They are governed by a district governor/official (Kaymakam) appointed by the Ministry of the Interior, and a by the local population elected Mayor. See also Districts of Turkey.


Uganda


Ukraine

In Ukraine, districts (raions) second level of administrative division of Ukraine and are primarily the most common division of Ukrainian regions, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities ("city districts").


United Kingdom


England

Districts are the most recognizable form of local government in large parts of England. For those areas that retain two-tier local government, districts usually form the lower tier of that arrangement, with Counties of England, counties forming the upper tier. Districts tend to have responsibility for a number of areas including: *Tax collection (council tax and Business rates in England and Wales, non-domestic rates) *Leisure Services *Refuse collection *Housing *Planning *Arts & Entertainment *Environmental Health Each district raises taxes from residents on behalf of itself, and the upper tier authority through the Council Tax. It also raises income from business through the Non-Domestic Rates system, which is coordinated nationally.


Wales

There is no official use of the word ''district'' in Wales. The country is broken up into 22 unitary authority, unitary authorities. However, ''district'' may be used informally for a whole or unofficial part of a
ward Ward may refer to: Division or unit * Hospital#Departments or wards, Hospital ward, a hospital division, floor, or room set aside for a particular class or group of patients, for example the psychiatric ward * Prison ward, a division of a pen ...
in a city.


Scotland

Districts of Scotland were local government areas between 1975 and 1996. Between 1930 and 1975, districts were subdivisions of Shires of Scotland, counties, formed under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. See List of local government areas in Scotland 1930–75. Scotland, since 1996, has been divided in 32 unitary council areas, and districts are no longer used. Scotland has had other kinds of administrative areas which might be described as districts: * Shires of Scotland, until 1975 * Subdivisions of Scotland, councils or unitary authorities, from 1996, pursuant to the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 *Committee areas, from 1996, within larger unitary authorities


Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. The councils do not carry out the same range of functions as those in the rest of the United Kingdom; for example, they have no responsibility for education, road-building or housing (although they do nominate members to the advisory Northern Ireland Housing Council). Their functions do include waste and recycling services, leisure and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. They are not planning authorities, but are consulted on some planning applications. Collection of rates (local tax) is handled by the Rate Collection Agency.


United States

There are several types of districts in the United States.


Federal District

The Washington, DC, District of Columbia is the only part of the United States, excluding territories of the United States, territories, that is not located within any of the fifty states.


Legislative constituencies

A constituency with a representative in United States Congress, Congress is a congressional District, congressional district. Each state is organized into one or more such districts; the exact number within each state is based on the United States 2000 Census, most recent census. Only voters within each district are allowed to vote in the election for the member of the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives from that district. Overall, there are 435 congressional districts in the United States; each has roughly 630,000 people, with some variance. A constituency with a representative in a state legislature is a ''legislative district''; the territory over which a federal court has jurisdiction is a United States federal judicial district, federal judicial district. City councils that are not elected at-large, at large may have constituencies called districts or wards.


Single Purpose Districts

The United States also has many types of special-purpose districts with limited powers of local government. School districts are the most common, but other types of districts include community college districts, hospital districts, utility districts, irrigation districts, port districts, and public transit districts. Many cities in the late 20th century adopted names for non-governmental districts as a way of increasing the recognition and identity of these distinct areas and neighborhoods. Perhaps most apparently in Los Angeles, various areas and neighborhoods within the city are specified as districts. For instance, Hollywood is a district of Los Angeles, whereas Beverly Hills and West Hollywood are independent incorporated city, incorporated cities, with their own governments and police departments. This can be confusing, as the difference between districts and neighboring cities is usually not readily apparent, for they all make up the Metropolitan Los Angeles, greater Los Angeles area. Typically, districts may or may not be distinguished at the boundary of the district with a "district sign" with the city's insignia; whereas at a city boundary, a city limit sign would usually be placed on the street with the city's name and population, at a minimum, but also often includes its elevation. The important distinction is that areas classified as districts are still part of the parent city and governed by the laws and ordinances of that city. Various federal, regional, and local agencies such as the National Register of Historic Places recognized Historic district (United States), historic districts.


Municipalities

From the late 18th century until the Act of Consolidation, 1854, Philadelphia Act of Consolidation in 1854, districts were politically independent municipalities made up of densely populated neighborhoods adjacent to but outside the legal boundaries of the Philadelphia, City of Philadelphia. Northern Liberties, Southwark, Philadelphia, Southwark, and Spring Garden, Philadelphia, Spring Garden were among the ten largest municipalities by population in the United States.


Municipal utility district

A municipal utility district is a special-purpose district or other jurisdiction that provides services (such as electricity, natural gas, sewage treatment, waste collection/Waste management, management, wholesale telecommunications, water) to district residents. Local residents may vote to establish a municipal utility district, which is represented by a board of directors elected by constituents. As governmental bodies, they are usually nonprofit. In the US, public utility districts (PUD) have similar functions to Municipal utility districts, but are created by a local government body such as a city or county, and have no authority to levy taxes. They provide Public utility, public utilities to the residents of that district. PUDs are created by a
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-locali ...
body, such as a city, County (United States), county, or metropolitan area, metropolitan service area (two or more communities joining together for public utility purposes). Normally the districts are Non-profit organizations, non-profit.Slechta, Alfred F., and Gordon L. Culp. "Water reclamation studies at the South Tahoe public utility district." Journal (Water Pollution Control Federation) (1967): 787-814. PUDs are often governed by a Government agency, commission, which may be appointed or Election, elected.


Vietnam

The term district in Vietnam refers to the second level administrative unit, below provinces (tỉnh) and municipalities (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương). This second level unit is called a "huyện" (counties) in rural areas, while in urban areas districts are either "quận" (subdivisions of municipalities), "Thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh" (provincial cities) or "thị xã" (towns). As of 22 April 2020, Vietnam had 707 "districts" including 77 provincial cities, 52 towns, 49 urban subdivisions, and 529 rural districts/counties (including 12 island districts/counties).:vi:Huyện (Việt Nam) Vietnamese districts vary significantly in both population and area. Excluding the island districts, the most populous is Biên Hoà (provincial city) with 1,099,943 people; the least populous is the town of Mường Lay (12,125). Similarly, the largest district is Tương Dương (2,812.07 km2) while the smallest is Cồn Cỏ with an area of only 2.3 km2.


See also

* Municipality * Utility cooperative


References

{{Terms for types of administrative territorial entities Types of administrative division