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A broadsheet is the largest and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common s include the smaller and – formats.


Description

Many broadsheets measure roughly per full broadsheet spread, twice the size of a standard tabloid. and broadsheets always have a paper size of per spread (). broadsheet newspapers have a double-page spread sheet size of (single-page live print area of 380 x 545 mm). Others measure 22 in (560 mm) vertically. In the United States, the traditional dimensions for the front page half of a broadsheet are wide by long. However, in efforts to save costs, many U.S. newspapers have downsized to wide by long for a folded page. Many rate cards and specification cards refer to the "broadsheet size" with dimensions representing the front page "half of a broadsheet" size, rather than the full, unfolded broadsheet spread. Some quote actual page size and others quote the "printed area" size. The two versions of the broadsheet are: *The full broadsheet typically is folded vertically in half so that it forms four pages (the front page front and back and the back page front and back). The four pages are called a spread. Inside broadsheets are nested accordingly. *The half broadsheet is usually an inside page that is not folded vertically and just includes a front and back. In uncommon instances, an entire newspaper can be a two-page half broadsheet or four-page full broadsheet. Self-contained advertising circulars inserted in a newspaper in the same format are referred to as broadsheets. Broadsheets typically are also folded horizontally in half to accommodate newsstand display space. The horizontal fold, however, does not affect the page numbers and the content remains vertical. The most important newspaper stories are placed "above the (horizontal) fold". This contrasts with tabloids, which typically do not have a horizontal fold (although tabloids usually have the four page-to-a-sheet spread format). The broadsheet has since emerged as the most popular format for the dissemination of printed news. The world's most widely circulated English-language daily broadsheet is ', a leading English-language from , followed closely by ' from the United States, according to the .


History

The broadsheet, , was used as a format for and s in the 17th century. Eventually, people began using the broadsheet as a source for political activism by reprinting speeches. Broadsheet newspapers developed after the in 1712 placed a on newspapers based on the number of their pages. However, larger formats had long been signs of status in printed objects and still are in many places. Outside of Britain the broadsheet developed for other reasons unrelated to the British tax structure including style and authority. With the early mechanization of the 19th century came an increased production of printed materials including the broadside, as well as the competing . In this period, newspapers all over Europe began to print their issues on broadsheets. However, in the United Kingdom, the main competition for the broadside was the gradual reduction of the newspaper tax, beginning in the 1830s, and eventually its dismissal in 1855. With the increased production of newspapers and literacy, the demand for visual reporting and journalists led to the blending of broadsides and newspapers, creating the modern broadsheet .


Printing considerations

Modern printing facilities most efficiently print broadsheet sections in multiples of eight pages (with four front pages and four back pages). The broadsheet is then cut in half during the process. Thus, the newsprint rolls used are defined by the width necessary to print four front pages. The width of a newsprint roll is called its web. The new 12-inch-wide front page broadsheet newspapers in the United States use a 48-inch web newsprint roll. With profit margins narrowing for newspapers in the wake of competition from broadcast, cable television, and the internet, newspapers are looking to standardize the size of the newsprint roll. ''The Wall Street Journal'' with its 12-in-wide front page was printed on 48-inch web newsprint. Early adopters in the downsizing of broadsheets used a 50-inch web (-inch front pages). However, the 48-inch web is now rapidly becoming the definitive standard in the U.S. ' held out on the downsizing until July 2006, saying it would stick to its 54-inch web (-inch front page). However, the paper adopted the narrower format beginning Monday, 6 August 2007. The smaller newspapers also have the advantage of being easier to handle, particularly among commuters.


Connotations

In some countries, especially Australia, Canada, the UK, and the U.S., broadsheet newspapers are commonly perceived to be more intellectual in content than their tabloid counterparts. They tend to use their greater size to publish stories exploring topics in-depth, while carrying less and -oriented material. This distinction is most obvious on the front page; whereas tabloids tend to have a single story dominated by a headline, broadsheets allow two or more stories to be displayed, of which the most important sit at the top of the page—"". In other countries, such as Spain, a small format is a universal standard for newspapers—a popular, sensational press has had difficulty taking root—and the tabloid-size does not carry pejorative connotations. A few newspapers, though, such as the German ' and others throughout central Europe are tabloids in terms of content, but use the physical broadsheet format.


Switch to smaller sizes


In the United Kingdom

In 2003, ''The Independent'' started concurrent production of both broadsheet and tabloid ("") editions, carrying exactly the same content. ''The Times'' did likewise, but with less apparent success, with readers vocally opposing the change. ''The Independent'' ceased to be available in broadsheet format in May 2004, and ''The Times'' followed suit from November 2004; ' is also now published only in tabloid format. ' switched to the "" or "midi" format found in some other European countries (slightly larger than a traditional tabloid) on 12 September 2005. In June 2017, the ''Guardian'' announced it would again change the format to tabloid size – the first tabloid edition was published on 15 January 2018. The main motivation cited for this shift is that s prefer papers that they can hold easily on , and other readers hopefully will also find the smaller formats more convenient.


In the United States

In the United States, ''The Wall Street Journal'' made headlines when it announced its overseas version would convert to a tabloid on 17 October 2005. Strong debate occurred in the U.S. on whether or not the rest of the national papers will, or even should, follow the trend of the British papers and ''The Wall Street Journal''. ''The Wall Street Journal'' overseas edition switched back to a broadsheet format in 2015.


Notable broadsheets


Argentina

*', a national newspaper: Since 31 October 2016, only weekend editions are printed on the traditional broadsheet format. *', 's newspaper *', 's newspaper *', 's newspaper


Australia

*', a national newspaper *', was historically a broadsheet before more recently becoming a tabloid.


Bangladesh

Most i daily newspapers are broadsheets. *', a broadsheet English-language daily *', oldest continuously published English-language daily *', a broadsheet Bengali-language daily *', oldest and most circulated newspaper *' *'


Brazil

Most ian newspapers are broadsheets, including the four most important: *', *', *', *',


Canada

Almost all of Canada's major daily newspapers are broadsheets. Newspapers are in English, unless stated otherwise.


National

*' *' *' (French)


Atlantic Canada

*', *', *', *', *', *' *'',


Quebec

*', *', (French) *', (French)


Ontario

*' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *', - and *'


The Prairies

*' *', *' *' *' *', *' *'


West Coast

*', , *',


Chile

*' *'


China

*'


Colombia

*' *'' (switched to tabloid in 2008) *'' (switched to tabloid in 2012) *'


Denmark

*' (switched to tabloid in 2008) *' *'


Dominican Republic

*' *''Hoy'' *''La Información'', Santiago de los Caballeros


Ecuador

Most are broadsheets.


Finland

*' *' *'


France

* ' (formerly)


Germany

*' *' *' *' *'


Greece

*' *'


Hong Kong

*' *'


Hungary

* ' * ' * '


India

Almost all major newspapers in India are broadsheets. Tabloids are mostly found in small-circulation local or rural papers. *''Law Sapient'' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *''Vishwavani'' *'


Indonesia

*' *'


Ireland

*' *' *' (Business, Motors, Property supplements only; the rest switched to tabloid in December 2012, though Sport On Saturday was published as a broadsheet between 29 August 2015 and 23 November 2019) *' *'


Israel

*'


Italy

*' *' *' *' *' *'


Japan

*' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' (English)


Lebanon

*'


Libya

*' *'


Malaysia

Newspapers such as ' and ' used to be published in broadsheet, but were published in the smaller size, instead, from 2005 and 2008, respectively. However, almost all Chinese newspapers in the country continue to publish in broadsheet. *' *' *' *' *' *'


Mauritius

*' *'


Mexico

*', *', *',


New Zealand

*', . Only the Saturday edition is broadsheet, the weekday editions switched to tabloid in September 2012. *', *'', *', *', *', *',


Pakistan

All regional and national newspapers are broadsheets. ' is the first and only paper in . *' *' *' *' *' *'


Panama

*' Formerly:*' ()


Peru

*',


Philippines

*' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' (菲律賓商報) *' (日刊まにら新聞) *' (聯合日報) *' (世界日報)


Poland

All of 's quality national dailies (', ', ', and ') are now published in format.


Portugal

*',


Puerto Rico

*'


Romania

*',


Russia

*' *' *' *''""''


Serbia

*'


Singapore

*' *' *'


Sri Lanka

*'


South Africa

*' *' *' *' *' *'


Spain

All newspapers in are printed in compact format.


Sweden

The first major newspaper to leave the broadsheet format and start printing in tabloid format was ', on 16 November 2000. As of August 2004, 26 newspapers were broadsheets, with a combined circulation of 1,577,700 and 50 newspapers were in a tabloid with a combined circulation of 1,129,400. On 5 October 2004, the morning newspapers ', ', ', and ' all switched to tabloid, thus making it the leading format for morning newspapers in Sweden by volume of circulation. Most other broadsheet newspapers have followed, since. The last daily Swedish newspaper to switch to tabloid was ''Jönköpings-Posten'', 6 November 2013.


Thailand

*' ( th, ไทยรัฐ) *'


Turkey

Most of the newspapers in are printed on this format. Notable ones include: *' *' *' *' *' *'


Ukraine

*'


United Arab Emirates

*' *' *'


United Kingdom


UK wide

*' (') *' (Monday to Saturday Only) *'


England

*' *'


Scotland

*' *'


United States

Almost all major papers in the United States are broadsheets. *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *' *'


Vatican City

*'


See also

*


References

{{Reflist, 30em Printing terminology