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The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP) formerly the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB) or Bacteriological Code (BC) governs the
scientific name Science (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the ...
s for
Bacteria Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are a type of Cell (biology), biological cell. They constitute a large domain (biology), domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a Bacte ...
and
Archaea Archaea ( ; singular archaeon ) constitute a domain of single-celled organisms. These microorganisms lack cell nuclei and are therefore prokaryotes. Archaea were initially classified as bacteria Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, s ...
.P. H. A. Sneath, 2003. A short history of the Bacteriological Cod
URL
It denotes the rules for naming
taxa In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanism ...
of bacteria, according to their relative rank. As such it is one of the nomenclature codes of
biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanisms, Developmenta ...
. Originally the ''
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature The ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "tradi ...
'' dealt with bacteria, and this kept references to bacteria until these were eliminated at the 1975
International Botanical Congress International Botanical Congress (IBC) is an international meeting of botanists in all scientific fields, authorized by the International Association of Botanical and Mycological Societies (IABMS) and held every six years, with the location rotatin ...
. An early Code for the nomenclature of bacteria was approved at the 4th International Congress for Microbiology in 1947, but was later discarded. The latest version to be printed in book form is the 1990 Revision, but the book does not represent the current rules. The 2008 Revision has been published in the ''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology'' (IJSEM). Rules are maintained by the
International Committee on Systematics of ProkaryotesThe International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP), formerly the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology (ICSB), is the body that oversees the nomenclature of prokaryotes, determines the rules by which prokaryotes are named ...
(ICSP; formerly the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology, ICSB). The baseline for bacterial names is the Approved Lists with a starting point of 1980. New bacterial names are reviewed by the ICSP as being in conformity with the Rules of Nomenclature and published in the ''IJSEM''. As of 2011, the formal separation of the botanical and bacteriological codes continues to cause problems with the nomenclature of certain groups.


Versions

* Buchanan, R. E., and Ralph St. John-Brooks. (1947, June) (Editors). ''Proposed Bacteriological Code of Nomenclature''. Developed from proposals approved by International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature at the Meeting of the Third International Congress for Microbiology. Publication authorized in Plenary Session, pp. 61. Iowa State College Press, Ames, Iowa. U.S.A
Hathi Trust
* Reprinted 1949, ''Journal of General Microbiology'' 3, 444–462. * International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature. (1958, June). ''International code of nomenclature of bacteria and viruses''. Ames, Iowa State College Press
BHL
* Lapage, S.P., Sneath, P.H.A., Lessel, E.F., Skerman, V.B.D., Seeliger, H.P.R. & Clark, W.A. (1975). ''International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria''. 1975 Revision. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, D.C * Lapage, S.P., Sneath, P.H.A., Lessel, E.F., Skerman, V.B.D., Seeliger, H.P.R. & Clark, W.A. (1992). ''International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria''. Bacteriological Code. 1990 Revision. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C
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* Parker, C.T., Tindall, B.J. & Garrity, G.M., eds. (2019)
International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. Prokaryotic Code (2008 Revision)
''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology'' 69(1A): S1–S111. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.000778


See also

*
Glossary of scientific naming This is a list of terms and symbols used in scientific names for organisms, and in describing the names. For proper parts of the names themselves, see List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names. Note that many of the abbreviati ...
*
International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) authorizes and organizes the Taxonomy (biology), taxonomic classification of and the nomenclatures for viruses. The ICTV has developed a universal taxonomic scheme for viruses, and thus ha ...
* Microbiology Society


References


External links


''International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology Online''
* {{cite journal , pmid = 10425796 , volume=49 , title=Misunderstanding the Bacteriological Code , date=July 1999 , journal=Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. , pages=1313–6 , author=Tindall BJ , doi=10.1099/00207713-49-3-1313 , doi-access=free , issue=3
List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature

Search of Prokaryotic Nomenclature provided by NamesforLife
International standards Bacterial nomenclature Nomenclature codes International classification systems