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In Chinese culture, hometown or ancestral home () is the place of origin of one's extended family. It may or may not be the place where one is born. For instance, physicists Tsung-Dao Lee ( Nobelist, 1957) and Charles Kao (nobelist, 2009) were both born in
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
, but their hometowns are considered to be Suzhou and Jinshan, respectively.


Definition

A subjective concept, a person's ancestral home could be the birthplace of ''any'' of their patriline ancestors. Su Shi limited it to five generations, i.e. it refers to the home of one's great-great-grandfather. Even more broadly, an ancestral home can refer to the first locality where a Chinese surname, surname came to be established or prominent. Commonly, a person usually defines their hometown as what their father considers to be his ancestral home. In practice, most people would define their ancestral homes as the birthplace of their patriline ancestors from the early 20th century, around the time when government authorities began to collect such information from individuals. Moreover, a person's ancestral home can be defined in any level of locality, from province and county down to town and village, depending on how much an individual knows about their ancestry.


Implications

The Chinese emphasis on a person's ancestral home is a legacy of its history as an agrarian society, where a family would often be tied to its land for generations. In Chinese culture, the importance of family and regional identity are such that a person's ancestral home or birthplace plays an important social role in personal identity. For instance, at a university, students who hail from the same region will often become members of the regional/hometown society or club for other people with the same background. Discussion of personal or ancestral origins is typical when two people meet for the first time. In recent years, the root-seeking (尋根 ''xúngēn'') movement has led to greater interest in ancestral hometowns, especially among overseas Chinese. Ancestral lineages are an important part of Chinese business culture as it plays a central part of negotiating ''guanxi''. It can also have implications in other areas like politics. See: Shanghainese_people_in_Hong_Kong#Influence_on_business for an example of how ancestry and lineage systems play a part in business practices. Ancestral home is an item to be filled in many documents in the People's Republic of China Forms that required listing of "ancestral home" (籍貫) included school handbooks to be signed by the parents of schoolchildren.


Taiwan

Republic of China National Identification Card, National ID cards issued in Taiwan by the Republic of China government formerly carried an entry for "home citizenship" (本籍). Citizens would usually have their ancestral home (defined through the patriline) stated on these documents, despite having never set foot in their ancestral home. This practice was abolished by the government in the mid-1990s amid the Taiwan localization movement.


See also

*Chinese kin * Chinese ancestor worship, Chinese ancestral worship * Ancestral shrine & Ancestor tablets *Hukou system *Family register *Registered domicile *Place of origin *Bon-gwan


Footnotes


External links


籍貫 (zik6 gun3 , ji2 guan4) : ancestral land; native place - CantoDict
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ancestral Home Chinese culture