The ''Zizhi Tongjian Gangmu'' (資治通鑑綱目, "The String and Mesh of ''
Zizhi Tongjian The ''Zizhi Tongjian'' () is a pioneering reference work in Chinese historiography, published in 1084 AD during the Song dynasty in the form of a chronicle. In 1065 AD, Emperor Yingzong of Song ordered the great historian Sima Guang (1019–1086 ...
''"), more simply ''Tongjian Gangmu'', is an 1172 Chinese history book based on
Sima Guang Sima Guang (17 November 1019 – 11 October 1086), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the Sinosphere, includi ...

Sima Guang
's 1084 book ''Zizhi Tongjian'' ("Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance"). The credited author is the neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi, but its compilation was in fact by Zhu's students. In the words of J. W. Haeger, the ''Zizhi Tongjian Gangmu'' "is doubtless the most influential piece of historical writing in the later Imperial age". The book is sometimes described as a condensed version of ''Zizhi Tongjian'', but it's in fact historical criticism containing a lot of didactic and ideological rhetorics. The book was later translated into Manchu language, Manchu as Wylie: Tung giyan g'ang mu, Transliterations of Manchu, Möllendorff: Tung giyan g'ang mu, upon the request of Qing Dynasty Kangxi Emperor. This Manchu version was itself translated into French by French Jesuit missionary Joseph-Anna-Marie de Moyriac de Mailla. His twelve-volume translation, ''Histoire générale de la Chine, ou Annales de cet Empire; traduit du Tong-kien-kang-mou par de Mailla'' was published posthumously in Paris in 1777–1783.Chinese Literature: Tongjian gangmu 通鑑綱目

See also

*''Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục'' (欽定越史通鑑綱目)


1170s books 12th-century history books Song dynasty literature Chinese history texts Neo-Confucianism 12th-century Chinese books {{China-lit-stub