Ziyang
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Ziyang ()
prefecture-level city A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply " Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still from the Huangshi main urban area. A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefect ...
in eastern
Sichuan Sichuan (; , ; alternatively romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan) is a landlocked province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administr ...

Sichuan
province, China, with around 920,000 inhabitants residing in its urban area (''2017 est.''). It is bordered by the provincial capital of
Chengdu Chengdu ( Sichuanese pronunciation: , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a Mandarin Chinese#Subgrouping, dialect of Mandarin that eme ...
to the northwest,
Deyang Deyang () is a prefecture-level city of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. Deyang is a wealthy, mostly industrial city, with the Erzhong Heavy Machinery Company (), Dongfang Electrical Company (), and the high-tech industry contributing ...
to the north,
Suining Suining (; Sichuanese Pinyin Sichuanese Pinyin (Si4cuan1hua4 Pin1yin1; ), is a romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Latin script, Roman (Latin) script, or ...

Suining
to the northeast,
Chongqing Chongqing ( Sichuanese pronunciation: , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a Mandarin Chinese#Subgrouping, dialect of Mandarin that em ...
municipality to the east, and
Neijiang Neijiang (; Sichuanese Pinyin: Nui4jiang1; Sichuanese Mandarin, Sichuanese pronunciation: ; ) is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the Tuo River and is a transportation and f ...

Neijiang
to the west. Its development is going to be very important because of the proximity of Chengdu new Airport and economic zone.


Subdivisions


Government and infrastructure

Sichuan Provincial Women's Prison Sichuan Provincial Women's Prison (四川省女子监狱 ''Sìchuān Shěng nǚzǐ jiānyù'') is a women's prison in Yangma Town (养马镇), Jianyang, Ziyang Ziyang () prefecture-level city Image:Yangxin-renmin-huanyin-ni-0022.jpg, A road sig ...
is in Yangma Town (), Jianyang,
Archive
.
Sichuan Provincial Administration of PrisonsSichuan Province Prison Administrative Bureau (四川省监狱管理局) is the provincial prison service agency in Sichuan, China. It is headquartered in Chengdu. Ziyang's permanent population is approximately 2.503 million in 2019. Ziyang's population has been experiencing a steady decline during the 2010s, with its population in 2010 standing at approximately 3.665 million people. Ziyang's
hukou ''Hukou'' () is a system of household registration used in mainland China Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, China mainland, or the Mainland Area of the Republic of China is the geopolitics, geopolitical area under th ...
population is substantially higher than its permanent population, with its hukou population standing at 3.422 million in 2019. This is likely due to
migration Migration, migratory, or migrate may refer to: Human migration * Human migration, physical movement by humans from one region to another ** International migration, when peoples cross state boundaries and stay in the host state for some minimum len ...
to other regions, where higher wages can be earned. Similar to how Ziyang's permanent population has declined throughout the 2010s, Ziyang's hukou population has also fallen from 5.011 million in 2010.


Urbanization

As of 2019, 44.15% of Ziyang's population lives in urban areas, below total of 53.79%. Ziyang's urbanization rate has experienced substantial growth in the 2010s, rising from 32.73% in 2010. This reflects a broader trend of
urbanization in China Urbanization in China increased in speed following the initiation of the reform and opening policy. As of 2020, 60.6% of the total population lived in urban areas, a dramatic increase from 17.92% in 1978. By 2010, the OECD The Organisation ...
, and also within Sichuan, which saw its own urbanization rate stand at 40.18% in 2010. At the county-level, 54.25% of
Yanjiang District Yanjiang () is the only district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several ...
is urbanized as of 2019, 39.39% of
Lezhi County Lezhi County () is a county of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of Ziyang city. Climate References County-level divisions of Sichuan Ziyang {{Sichuan-geo-stub ...
is urbanized, and 37.63% of
Anyue County Anyue () is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Ziyang in southeastern Sichuan province, China, located in between the Fu River (Sichuan), Fu and Tuo Rivers. Its area is about with a population of 1,538,400. Anyue is ...
is urbanized.


Vital statistics

Ziyang's
birth rate The crude birth rate (CBR) in a period is the total number of live births per 1,000 population divided by the length of the period in years. The number of live births is normally taken from a universal registration system for births; population ...
in 2019 is 6.33‰ ( per thousand), well below the Sichuan rate of 10.70‰; however, Ziyang's
death rate Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of death (1906) Death is the permanent, Irreversible process, irreversible cessation of all biological process, biological functions that sustain a living organism. Brain death is ...
of 5.64‰ is also below the Sichuan total of 7.09‰. This gives Ziyang a rate of natural increase of 0.69‰, below Sichuan's rate of 3.61‰.


Economy

As of 2019, Ziyang has a
gross domestic product Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period. List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita, GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect ...
(GDP) of 77.780 billion
RMB The renminbi (abbreviated RMB; ; symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, Object (philosophy), object, or wikt:relationship, relationship. Symbols allow people to go beyo ...
, of which, 14.206 billion RMB (18.26%) comes from the city's
primary sector The primary sector of the economy includes any industry Industry may refer to: Economics * Industry (economics) In macroeconomics, an industry is a branch of an economy that produces a closely related set of raw materials, goods, or se ...
, 23.765 billion RMB (30.55%) comes from the city's
secondary sector In macroeconomics Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix ''makro-'' meaning "large" + ''economics'') is a branch of economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production ...
, and 39.809 billion RMB (51.18%) comes from the city's
tertiary sector The tertiary sector of the economy, generally known as the service sector, is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory. The others are the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing Manufacturing is t ...
. Compared to
Sichuan Sichuan (; , ; alternatively romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan) is a landlocked province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administr ...

Sichuan
as a whole, Ziyang is more reliant on its primary sector, which makes up just 10.31% of Sichuan's GDP, less reliant on its secondary sector, which makes up 37.25% of Sichuan's GDP, and about as equally reliant on its tertiary sector, which makes up about 52.46% of Sichuan's GDP. Despite comprising just 18.26% of Ziyang's GDP, the city's primary sector employs 49.1% of Ziyang's 1.7794 million workers, with the secondary sector and tertiary sector employing 23.4% and 27.5% of Ziyang's workforce, respectively. As of 2019, Ziyang's gross domestic product
per capita ''Per capita'' is a Latin phrase literally meaning "by heads" or "for each head", and idiomatically used to mean "per person". The term is used in a wide variety of social sciences and statistical research contexts, including government statistics ...
totals 31,019 RMB, well below Sichuan's total of 55,774 RMB per capita. Yanjiang District has a GDP per capita of 36,713 RMB, Lezhi County has a GDP per capita of 37,514 RMB, and Anyue County has a GDP per capita of 23,209. Wages in Ziyang are also slightly below the Sichuan average, with wages in Ziyang averaging 62,340 RMB per year, compared to an average of 69,267 RMB for Sichuan as a whole.
State-owned enterprises A state-owned enterprise (SOE) or government-owned enterprise (GOE) is a business enterprise Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods a ...
in Ziyang pay significantly better than their private sector counterparts, paying an average of 81,018 RMB per year, although this too is below the Sichuan average of 97,330 RMB per year. The average
disposable income :''country lists in disposable household and per capita income Household income is a measure of the combined incomes of all people sharing a particular household or place of residence. It includes every form of income, e.g., salaries and wages, ...
of Ziyang's urban residents is 36,236 RMB, significantly higher than the rural average of 17,592 RMB. The total retail sales of
consumer goods A final good or consumer good is a final product In Production (economics), production, a final product, or finished product is a product (business), product that is ready for sale.Wouters, Mark; Selto, Frank H.; Hilton, Ronald W.; Maher, Michae ...
in Ziyang totaled 38.705 billion RMB in 2019. Ziyang's gross domestic product growth is largely in line with Sichuan as a whole, growing by 7.0% in 2019, compared to 7.5% for Sichuan as a whole. Like Sichuan as a whole, Ziyang's GDP rose by double-digit percentages in the early 2010s, before slowing down to high single-digit growth during the latter half of the decade. Major sources of employment in Ziyang outside of the primary sector include construction, manufacturing, and in hotels and catering. The highest paying industry in Ziyang is the health and social services industry, which pays an average of 98,134 RMB per year, slightly below the Sichuan average of 102,904 RMB. In 2019, Ziyang had an urban
unemployment rate Unemployment, according to the OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental organization, intergovernmental eco ...

unemployment rate
of 3.7%, slightly higher than the Sichuan total of 3.3%. The city operated at a
trade surplus The balance of trade, commercial balance, or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of a nation's exports An export in international trade International trade is the exchange of capital, g ...
in 2019, exporting 139.76 million RMB worth of goods and services out of China, and importing 82.65 million RMB worth of goods and services from outside of China.


Education

Ziyang is home to 172
primary schools A primary school (in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, and South Africa), junior school (in Australia), elementary school or grade school (in North America and the Philippines) is a school A school is a ...

primary schools
, which are staffed by 7,191 teachers, and serve 166,798 students. The city also has 197 regular
secondary schools A secondary school describes an institution that provides secondary education and also usually includes the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools provide both lower secondary education (age 12 to 15) and upper secondary educatio ...
, which are staffed by 12,067 teachers, and serve 149,862 students.


Transportation


Highway

China National Highway 321 China National Highway 321 (G321) runs northwest from Guangzhou, Guangdong towards Guangxi Province, Guizhou Province, and ends in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. It is 2,220 kilometres in length. Route and distance See also

* China National ...
,China National Highway 351 transit.


References


External links

*Wang, Zhenghua and Albert Auyeung.
Strange disease kills 17 in Southwest China


. ''
China Daily ''China Daily'' () is an English-language daily newspaper owned by the Publicity Department of the Chinese Communist Party. Overview ''China Daily'' has the widest print circulation of any English-language newspaper in China. The headqua ...
''. July 25, 2005. {{authority control Cities in Sichuan Prefecture-level divisions of Sichuan Ziyang