Zisi (Chinese: 子思; c. 481–402 BCE), born Kong Ji (孔伋), was a
Chinese philosopher and the grandson of Confucius.
1 Intellectual genealogy, teaching, criticism
2 Recent discoveries
3 See also
6 External links
Intellectual genealogy, teaching, criticism
Zisi was the son of Boyu 伯鱼 (zh:孔鲤) and the only grandson of
Confucius. He is traditionally accredited with transmitting Confucian
teaching to Mencius and writing the Doctrine of the Mean, Biaoji
表記, "Ziyi" (The Black Robes") 緇衣, and "Fangji" (The Record of
the Dikes) 坊記, presently chapters of the Liji. (Since Zisi's dates
of life do not overlap with those of Mengzi, it has been suggested
that the intermediary role in the transmission was played by Shi Shuo
Where his grandfather began to distinguish between true and supposed
Zisi proceeded upon meditations on the relativity in human
knowledge of the universe. He attempted to analyze as many types of
action as possible, and believed that wise people who are conscious of
their moral and intellectual duties can copy the reality of the
universe into themselves.
On par with Mencius,
Zisi is attacked by Xunzi in his famous "Against
Twelve Masters" chapter. The target of Xunzi's attack is the Wuxing
teaching. According to
Zhang Binglin (1868-1936),
combining Confucian teaching with the principles of numerology. Li
Xueqin suggests that it was done under influence of the text presently
constituting the "Great Plan" (Hongfan) chapter of the Shangshu.
The extant version of the book of the same name is ascribed to Zisi.
It was compiled by Wang Zhuo (汪晫 Wāng Zhuó) of the Song dynasty,
but not recognized as authentic. The more reliable edition was made by
Huang Yizhou zh:黃以周 (1828-1899), drawing the references from
Shen Yue (441-513). According to Huang Yizhou, some aspects of Zisi's
thinking are paralleled by the Huainanzi.
Wuxing (text), a recent archeological discovery providing new insight
into Zisi's teaching.
Duke Mu of Lu Asks
Zisi 《魯穆公問子思》, a Guodian text
relating about the concept of the "loyal minister" 忠臣 through the
Zisi and the young Duke Mu (d. 377 BCE).
Zengzi, the purported author of the Great Learning.
Great Learning and
Zisi's Doctrine of the Mean, included into the Four Books, constituted
the foundation of the Confucian orthodoxy.
^ Ames, Roger T. and David L. Hall (2001). Focusing the Familiar: A
Translation and Philosophical Interpretation of the Zhongyong.
University of Hawaii Press. p. 132.
^ 曹峰, 思孟學派的建構與解構
Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved August 22,
2013. , n.1.
^ Li Xueqin, 帛书《五行》与《尚书·洪范》.
^ 曹峰, 思孟學派的建構與解構
――評梁濤《郭店竹簡與思孟學派》 Archived December 13,
2013, at the Wayback Machine.
Pan, Fuen, "Zisi".
Encyclopedia of China (Philosophy Edition), 1st ed.
ISNI: 0000 0000 6304 7376
BNF: cb12313847r (data)
Works written by or about
Zisi at Wikisource
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