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Coordinates: 22°32′N 113°21′E / 22.533°N 113.350°E / 22.533; 113.350

Zhongshan 中山市

Prefecture-level city

From top down, left to right: Sunwen West Road; Former residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen; Dongqu Subdistrict; Shiqi River (石岐河); Chen ancestral shrine in Chadong Village (茶东陈氏宗祠)

Location of Zhongshan
Zhongshan
in Guangdong

Zhongshan

Location in China

Coordinates: 22°32′N 113°21′E / 22.533°N 113.350°E / 22.533; 113.350

Country China

Province Guangdong

County-level divisions None

Township-level divisions 5 districts 18 towns 1 development zone

Government

 • CPC Committee Secretary Xue Xiaofeng (薛晓峰)

 • Mayor Chen Liangxian (陈良贤)

Area

 • Total 1,783.67 km2 (688.68 sq mi)

Elevation 11 m (36 ft)

Population (2012)

 • Total 3,142,300

 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)

Time zone China
China
Standard Time (UTC+8)

Postal code 528400

Area code(s) 0760

License plate prefixes 粤T

GDP ¥218.85 billion (2011)

GDP per capita ¥92,154 (2011)

City flower Chrysanthemum

Website www.ZhongShan.gov.cn (Chinese)

Zhongshan

" Zhongshan
Zhongshan
City", as written in Chinese

Chinese 中山

Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale Jūngsāan

Cantonese
Cantonese
Jyutping Zung1 saan1

Hanyu Pinyin Zhōngshān ([ʈʂʊ́ŋʂán])

Postal Chungshan

Literal meaning Central mountain (Named after Sun Yat-sen)

Transcriptions

Standard Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin Zhōngshān ([ʈʂʊ́ŋʂán])

Wade–Giles Chung1-shan1

Yue: Cantonese

Yale Romanization Jūngsāan

Jyutping Zung1 saan1

Xiangshan (former name)

Chinese 香山

Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale Hēungsāan

Cantonese
Cantonese
Jyutping Hoeng1 saan1

Hanyu Pinyin Xiāngshān

Postal Heungshan

Literal meaning Fragrant Mountain

Transcriptions

Standard Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin Xiāngshān

Wade–Giles Hsiang1-shan1

Yue: Cantonese

Yale Romanization Hēungsāan

Jyutping Hoeng1 saan1

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
([ʈʂʊ́ŋ ʂán]; Chinese: 中山) is a prefecture-level city in the south of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
in Guangdong
Guangdong
province, China, with a population of over 3 million (2012). The city-core subdistricts used to be called Shekki or Shiqi (石岐). Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is one of a very few cities in China
China
named after a person. It is named after Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
(1866–1925), who is known in Mandarin as Sun Zhongshan. Sun, the founding father of the Republic of China
China
who is also regarded positively by the People's Republic, was born in Cuiheng
Cuiheng
village in Nanlang Township of what was then Xiangshan County. In 1925, the year after his death, Xiangshan was renamed Zhongshan
Zhongshan
in his honor.

Sunwen Lu (Road) West at dusk.

Contents

1 Names 2 History 3 Geography 4 Cityscape 5 Administration 6 Language

6.1 Yue 6.2 Min 6.3 Hakka

7 Economy

7.1 Primary industries 7.2 Manufacturing industries

8 Tourism, recreation and leisure 9 Education

9.1 Colleges and universities 9.2 High schools and institutions

10 Transportation

10.1 Public Buses 10.2 Ferry
Ferry
Transport 10.3 High-Speed Rail 10.4 Major projects

11 Twin towns – sister cities 12 Climate 13 References 14 External links

Names[edit] Until 1925, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
was generally known as Xiangshan or Heung-san (Chinese: 香山; literally: "Fragrant Mountain"), in reference to the many flowers that grew in the mountains nearby.[1] The city was renamed in honor of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, who had adopted the name Zhongshan. Sun is considered by both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China
China
to be the "Father of Modern China", and was from Cuiheng
Cuiheng
village – now part of Nanlang Town in Zhongshan. History[edit] Thousands of years ago, much of the Zhongshan
Zhongshan
area lay within the Pearl River estuary, with only scattered islands above the surface. Gradually from south to north, the area filled in with alluvial silt and became dry land. The northern parts of today's Zhongshan
Zhongshan
did not fill in until the time of the Ming Dynasty. The Zhongshan
Zhongshan
area was part of an extended Dongguan
Dongguan
County during the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
(618 – 907 AD), and was a significant sea salt producer. In 1082, during the Northern Song Dynasty, a fortified settlement called Xiangshan was founded in the area, marking the first official use of the name by which it would be known throughout most of its modern history. The prosperous settlement was then upgraded to a county in 1152. After the collapse of the Southern Song Dynasty, many descendants of Song court officials, including members of the imperial family, settled in Xiangshan. Under the Qing Dynasty, embankments were built to prevent flooding in the new alluvial lands, and the area of cultivation was extended. Much of the First Opium War
First Opium War
took place in and around Xiangshan. In 1839, the official Lin Zexu
Lin Zexu
arrived in Xiangshan and ordered the expulsion of Sir Charles Elliot
Charles Elliot
and other British traders from the area. Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
soldiers resisted British attacks on the area in 1840, but were ultimately overwhelmed. After the Opium Wars opened the region to foreign influence, a number of Xiangshan residents, including Sun Zhongshan
Zhongshan
(Yatsen), left to study overseas and were among the creators of modern China. Xiangshan was one of the first counties in China
China
liberated as part of the Xinhai Revolution. After Sun Zhongshan's death in 1925, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Republic of China decided to memorialize Sun by renaming his county of birth from Xiangshan to Zhongshan. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, in July 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army seized several islands belonging to Zhongshan. During March 1940, the Japanese army occupied most of Zhongshan. The Japanese army implemented Unit 8604
Unit 8604
or Nami Unit, a secret military medical unit, related to Unit 731, that researched biological warfare and other topics through human experimentation. It was headquartered at Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Medical University (Hal Gold, Unit 731
Unit 731
Testimony, 2003, p. 50). Nationalist and Communist units launched guerrilla attacks on Japanese forces beginning in 1942. On August 15, 1945, Japanese forces declared an unconditional surrender, and Zhongshan
Zhongshan
was liberated. Zhongshan
Zhongshan
was the scene of fighting during the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
and was held for much of the war by Nationalists. On October 30, 1949, however, the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
defeated Nationalist forces in Zhongshan, and the county came under the control of the People's Republic of China. In 1983, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
was elevated in administrative status from a county to a county-level city under the administration of Foshan. In 1988 Zhonshan became a prefecture-level city. Geography[edit] Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is located along the west side of the mouth of the Pearl River, directly opposite Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and Hong Kong. It lies south of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Foshan
Foshan
and north of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
and Macau. The northern part of Zhongshan, including most of the urbanized area, lies on the alluvial plains of the Pearl River Delta, while the southern part of the city's territory reaches into a range of coastal hills. The most notable of these are the Wugui Hills (Chinese: 五桂山; pinyin: Wǔguī Shān; Jyutping: Ng5gwai3 Saan1). The city's current geography is typical of southern China: numerous steep mountains and hills with alluvial plains in between down to the coastline. The main summit of the Wugui Hills is the highest point in the city, at 531 metres (1,742 ft) above sea level. Like nearly all of southern China, Zhongshan's climate is warm and humid most of the year, with an average temperature of 22 °C (72 °F) and 175 centimetres (69 in) of rainfall each year. Southern China
China
experiences fairly frequent typhoons and thunderstorms, and most rain falls between April and September.

Zhongshan's location in the Pearl River Delta.

Cityscape[edit]

Fufeng pagoda in Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park.

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is a city of numerous leafy parks, wide boulevards, and monuments. Notable sights include:

Sunwen Road West (or Sunwen Xilu) in Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Old Town, a pedestrian mall lined with dozens of restored buildings from the colonial period in treaty port style. Several of these buildings were built in the 1920s. The seven-story Fufeng Pagoda, built in 1608 and visible from all over the city, is on a hill in Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park, which abuts the western end of Sunwen Road West immediately to its north. A Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
memorial pavilion stands near the pagoda. Sunwen Memorial Park, at the southern end of Xingzhong Road, is the site of the largest bronze sculpture of Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
in the world.

Zhongshan, like many cities in China, has a rapidly changing cityscape with many new buildings under construction. Currently, the tallest completed buildings in the city are the two Zhongshan
Zhongshan
International Finance Center Towers. Tower 1 and Tower 2 both reach a height of 220 meters (722 feet) and are 55 stories tall. These will be eclipsed by the Perfect Eagle Golden Square tower, which will reach 238 meters (781 feet), with an expected completion date in 2018. The International Trade Center in Guzhen Town, expected to be completed in 2019, will reach a height of 305 meters (1,001 feet) with 65 floors.[2] Administration[edit] Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is a prefecture-level city of the Guangdong
Guangdong
province. An uncommon administrative feature is that it has no county-level division, but the municipal government does group the 24 township-level divisions into 5 district areas. The city government directly administers 6 Subdistricts and 18 towns:

Map

Dongqu Nanqu Xiqu Shiqi Zhongshangang Wuguishan Nanlang Sanxiang Tanzhou Shenwan Banfu Dachong Shaxi Henglan Guzhen Xiaolan Dongfeng Nantou Huangpu Sanjiao Minzhong Gangkou Fusha Dongsheng

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census) Area (km2) Density (/km2) Division code[3] Residential communities Administrative villages

Zhongxin District 中心片区 Zhōngxīn Piànqū 877,666 456.7 1,921.75 — 5 subdistricts, 3 towns

Shiqi Subdistrict 石岐街道 Shíqí Jiēdào 206,362 26.0 7,937.00 442000001 19

Dongqu Subdistrict 东区街道 Dōngqū Jiēdào 153,477 72.0 2,131.62 442000002 10

Xiqu Subdistrict 西区街道 Xiqū Jiēdào 97,864 26.7 3,665.31 442000004 9

Nanqu Subdistrict 南区街道 Nánqū Jiēdào 64,548 48.0 1,344.75 442000005 10

Wuguishan Subdistrict 五桂山街道 Wǔguìshān Jiēdào 48,019 113.0 424.94 442000006 1 4

Shaxi Town 沙溪镇 Shāxī Zhèn 119,372 55.0 2,170.40 442000106 1 15

Gangkou Town 港口镇 Gǎngkǒu Zhèn 113,748 70.5 1,613.44 442000108 7 2

Dachong
Dachong
Town 大涌镇 Dàyǒng Zhèn 74,276 45.5 1,632.43 442000116 6 2

Dongbu District 东部片区 Dōngbù Piànqū 337,974 296.0 1,141.80 — 1 subdistrict, 1 town

Zhongshangang Subdistrict 中山港街道 Zhōngshāngǎng Jiēdào 229,997 90.0 2,555.52 442000003 7

Nanlang Town 南朗镇 Nánlǎng Zhèn 107,977 206.0 524.16 442000113 2 13

Xibei District 西北片区 Xīběi Piànqū 996,097 397.7 2,504.64 — 7 towns

Xiaolan
Xiaolan
Town 小榄镇 Xiǎolǎn Zhèn 315,626 75.4 4,186.02 442000100 15

Dongfeng Town 东凤镇 Dōngfèng Zhèn 123,562 54.8 2,254.78 442000103 4 10

Dongsheng Town 东升镇 Dōngshēng zhèn 118,052 76.7 1,539.13 442000104 8 6

Guzhen Town 古镇镇 Gǔzhèn Zhèn 147,440 47.8 3,084.51 442000105 1 12

Henglan Town 横栏镇 Hénglán Zhèn 103,135 76.0 1,357.03 442000110 1 10

Nantou Town 南头镇 Nántóu Zhèn 130,712 30.0 4,357.06 442000111 6

Fusha Town 阜沙镇 Fùshā Zhèn 57,570 37.0 1,555.94 442000112 1 8

Dongbei District 东北片区 Dōngběi Piànqū 375,204 281.3 1,333.82 — 3 towns

Huangpu Town 黄圃镇 Huángpǔ Zhèn 145,017 83.6 1,734.65 442000101 4 12

Minzhong Town 民众镇 Mínzhòng Zhèn 108,417 125.4 864.56 442000102 3 16

Sanjiao Town 三角镇 Sānjiǎo Zhèn 121,770 72.3 1,684.23 442000109 1 7

Nanbu District 南部片区 Nánbù Piànqū 533,944 370.6 1,440.75 — 4 towns

Tanzhou Town 坦洲镇 Tǎnzhōu Zhèn 219,943 136.0 1,617.22 442000107 7 7

Sanxiang
Sanxiang
Town 三乡镇 Sānxiāng Zhèn 200,197 93.6 2,138.85 442000114 3 12

Banfu Town 板芙镇 Bǎnfú Zhèn 82,412 82.0 1,005.02 442000115 1 10

Shenwan Town 神湾镇 Shénwān Zhèn 31,392 59.0 532.06 442000117 1 5

Administrative divisions of Zhongshan

Division code[4] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2 Population 2010[5] Seat Postal code Divisions[6]

Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages

442000 Zhongshan
Zhongshan
City 中山市 Zhōngshān Shì 1,783.67 3,121,275 City-administered District 528400 6 18 128 151

442000 City-administered District 市辖区 Shìxiáqū 1,783.67 3,121,275 Dongqu Subdistrict 528400 6 18 128 151

Cuiheng
Cuiheng
New Area (翠亨新区)

Language[edit] The main ethnic group in Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is Han Chinese, but there is no dominant language spoken, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is known as one of the most diverse cities in China. Dialects spoken varies from the Yue to the Hakka and to the Min, dialects include the Shiqi dialect, Shatian dialect, Longdu dialect, Nanlang dialect, Sanxiang
Sanxiang
dialect, Guzhen dialect, Sanjiao dialect, Zhangjiabian dialect and the only Hakka Dialect in the City, Wuguishan dialect. But most shares the common language, Cantonese. Yue[edit]

Shiqi dialect - Shiqiqu Subdistrict, Dongqu Subdistrict, Nanqu Subdistrict Shatian dialect - Xiqu Subdistrict, Tanzhou Town, Shenwan Town, Banfu Town, Henglan Town, Xiaolan
Xiaolan
Town, Dongfeng Town, Nantou Town, Huangpu Town, Minzhong Town, Gangkou Town, Fusha Town, Dongsheng Town Guzhen dialect - Guzhen Town Sanjiao dialect - Sanjiao Town

Min[edit]

Nanlang dialect - Nanlang Town Sanxiang
Sanxiang
dialect - Sanxiang
Sanxiang
Town Longdu dialect
Longdu dialect
- Dachong
Dachong
Town, Shaxi Town Zhangjiabian dialect - THIDZ Subdistrict

Hakka[edit]

Wuguishan dialect - Wuguishan Subdistrict

Economy[edit] Primary industries[edit] Primary productions are agricultural, such as rice, lychee, banana, and sugar cane. Added to this, horticulture in Xiaolan
Xiaolan
Town is famous throughout southern China
China
for its blooming chrysanthemum. Manufacturing industries[edit] Zhongshan, Dongguan, Nanhai, and Shunde
Shunde
are dubbed the 'Four Little Tigers' in Guangdong. The proximity of Zhongshan
Zhongshan
to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
is an advantage to its economic development, especially in manufacturing. In the 1980s, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
had a relatively developed state-owned enterprise (SOE) sector that was used to stimulate Township and Village Enterprises (TVE) development in the countryside. Currently, the SOE sector is much weaker, and the economy is dominated by foreign investment and TVEs, and by specialized 'manufacturing towns'. Each of these towns specializes in making a particular product. Most of the towns are so successful that they earn a reputation as leading manufacturers in their pillar industries. Indeed, "One Industry in One Town" has become a unique economic feature in Zhongshan. Pillar industries in specialized manufacturing towns in Zhongshan include:

Dachong
Dachong
Town for mahogany furniture Dongfeng Town for electric household appliances Guzhen Town for lighting fixtures Huangpu Town for food processing Shaxi Town for casual wear manufacturing Xiaolan
Xiaolan
Town for locks and hardware, as well as for electronic acoustics products

The government of Zhongshan
Zhongshan
encourages "Research and Design" in the region by setting up national level research centres and specialized industrial regions. For example, the Zhongshan
Zhongshan
National Torch High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (中山国家级火炬高技术产业开发区) was established in 1990 in the east of the city by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the governments of Guangdong
Guangdong
province and Zhongshan. Zhongshan Port, which ranks among the top 10 ports nationwide in container-handling capacity, is in the zone.[7] Since 2001, it has included the Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Electronic Base of China (中国电子中山基地) for its reputation in the electronic acoustics industry. Following possible development in Nansha, the city considers its eastern part, of which 400 square kilometres (154 square miles) of land is available, a focus of future development. Currently, the city is trying to re-organize its fragmented industrialization. Meanwhile, the light and labour-intensive industry characteristic of the local economy faces the problem of a shortage of land in Zhongshan. Tourism, recreation and leisure[edit]

Two natural hot spring resorts are located in Sanxiang
Sanxiang
Town, such as the national own firm Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Hot Springs Resort, which is ranked top 10[citation needed] hot spring resorts in China
China
because there is a rare hot spring reservoir in the Pearl River Delta.

The World Lamp King Museum, a lamp museum in the form of a giant lamp scheduled to open in 2015,[8] will be a major tourist attraction.[citation needed]

Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
Memorial Museum: The former residence of Sun Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is at the center of the Memorial Museum, located in the village of Cuiheng. Xiaolan: Many houses in the town of Xiaolan
Xiaolan
have garden pavilions dedicated to the cultivation of chrysanthemums. Roofs and balconies, streets and lanes feature countless varieties of chrysanthemum plantings.

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
is home to a number of forest parks which are designed to protect the natural features of the land and offer visitors a chance to get closer to nature. Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Tianxin Forest Park
Park
(Chinese: 中山田心森林公园) was opened in 2015 as part of the city's "green lung" initiative.[9] Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Statue of Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
in Sunwen Memorial Park.

Guangdong
Guangdong
Pharmaceutical University ( Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Campus) University of Electronic Science and Technology Guangdong
Guangdong
Polytechnic Institute ( Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Campus) Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Polytechnic Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Torch Polytechnic

High schools and institutions[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2016)

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Overseas Chinese Middle School ((Chinese: 中山市华侨中学) opened in 1954, is one of the first top-grade schools of Guangdong
Guangdong
Province ((Chinese: 省一级学校) and the first national demonstrative ordinary high schools ((Chinese: 国家级示范性普通高中).[10] Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
Memorial Secondary School (Chinese: 中山纪念中学; pinyin: Zhōngshān Jìniàn Zhōngxúe) was established in memory of Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
in 1934, and was built under the supervision of Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Sun Yat-sen.[11] Zhongshan
Zhongshan
No. 1 Middle School[12] (Chinese: 中山市第一中学; pinyin: Zhōngshānshì Dìyī Zhōngxúe) opened in 1908. Guangdong
Guangdong
Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Experimental Middle School Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Guishan Middle School Guangdong
Guangdong
Bowen International School Sanxin Bilingual School China- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
English School

Transportation[edit] Public Buses[edit] Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Public Transport Group Co., Ltd. operates many bus routes throughout the city. Stop announcements are voiced in Mandarin and Cantonese
Cantonese
on all buses. On BRT system buses, announcements are also voiced in English. By purchasing a Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Tong card from authorized retailers, riders can receive a discount of 50% on all bus rides. Elderly citizens are allowed to ride for free. Ferry
Ferry
Transport[edit] Chu Kong Passenger Transport
Chu Kong Passenger Transport
(CKS) connects Zhongshan
Zhongshan
with Hong Kong with multiple daily scheduled high-speed ferry services to both Hong Kong- Macau
Macau
Ferry
Ferry
Terminal on Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
China Ferry
Ferry
Terminal in Kowloon. The trip by ferry takes about 1.5 hours. High-Speed Rail[edit] Guangzhou– Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Intercity Railway Multiple stations serve the city of Zhongshan. Major projects[edit]

The Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge will connect Zhongshan
Zhongshan
with the city of Shenzhen
Shenzhen
on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Delta. It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels, starting from Bao'an International Airport on the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
side. Construction of the proposed 51 km (32 mi) eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021. Line 1 of the Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Urban Rail Transit network is a system that will consist of monorail trains that run throughout the city. The first phase of Line 1 will include 11 stations, running north to south from Gangkou Town to Bo'ai Road.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] See Twin towns and sister cities of Zhongshan Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zhongshan
Zhongshan
(1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.0 (80.6) 28.6 (83.5) 29.6 (85.3) 32.1 (89.8) 35.1 (95.2) 35.6 (96.1) 37.5 (99.5) 36.4 (97.5) 35.9 (96.6) 33.0 (91.4) 30.3 (86.5) 28.3 (82.9) 37.5 (99.5)

Average high °C (°F) 18.2 (64.8) 18.2 (64.8) 21.3 (70.3) 25.7 (78.3) 29.1 (84.4) 31.0 (87.8) 32.4 (90.3) 32.4 (90.3) 30.9 (87.6) 28.0 (82.4) 24.1 (75.4) 20.0 (68) 25.94 (78.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 13.7 (56.7) 14.7 (58.5) 17.9 (64.2) 22.3 (72.1) 25.6 (78.1) 27.5 (81.5) 28.5 (83.3) 28.5 (83.3) 27.1 (80.8) 23.8 (74.8) 19.4 (66.9) 14.9 (58.8) 21.99 (71.58)

Average low °C (°F) 10.5 (50.9) 12.2 (54) 15.5 (59.9) 19.9 (67.8) 23.0 (73.4) 24.8 (76.6) 25.5 (77.9) 25.6 (78.1) 24.3 (75.7) 20.7 (69.3) 16.0 (60.8) 11.3 (52.3) 19.11 (66.39)

Record low °C (°F) 1.3 (34.3) 2.8 (37) 3.4 (38.1) 11.0 (51.8) 15.1 (59.2) 18.4 (65.1) 21.4 (70.5) 21.5 (70.7) 19.0 (66.2) 10.6 (51.1) 5.3 (41.5) 1.9 (35.4) 1.3 (34.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.4 (1.354) 66.8 (2.63) 74.5 (2.933) 185.0 (7.283) 244.7 (9.634) 334.9 (13.185) 241.0 (9.488) 277.7 (10.933) 233.7 (9.201) 78.5 (3.091) 44.9 (1.768) 32.3 (1.272) 1,848.4 (72.772)

Average relative humidity (%) 79 84 85 85 85 85 83 84 83 79 77 77 82.2

Source: China
China
Meteorological Data Service Center

References[edit]

^ Tai Ping Huan Yu Ji 《太平寰宇记》, juan 157, 3019. ^ " Zhongshan
Zhongshan
- The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-01-06.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 中国2010年人口普查分乡, 镇, 街道资料 [ China
China
2010 census, township, street information] (in Chinese). China. 国务院. 人口普查办公室, China. 国家统计局. 人口与就业统计司 (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: 中国统计出版社. 2012. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》 (in Chinese). 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.  ^ " Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Torch Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone". rightsite.asia. 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.  ^ http://www.zsnews.cn/News/2012/04/26/1989666.shtml ^ "中山首个市级森林公园"十一"正式开放_中山日报报业集团·《中山商报》数字报". www.zsnews.cn. Retrieved 2017-01-26.  ^ " Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Overseas Chinese Middle School". Retrieved 14 September 2016.  ^ "广东省中山纪念中学简介". Retrieved 14 September 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhongshan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zhongshan.

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
government website (in English) (in Chinese) Zhongshan
Zhongshan
News website (in Chinese) Zhongshan
Zhongshan
News website (translated to English by Google) Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Overseas Friendship Association website (in Chinese) Map of Zhongshan[permanent dead link]

Places adjacent to Zhongshan

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Zhongshan

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Zhongshan

v t e

Zhongshan

Subdistricts

Dongqu Nanqu Shiqi Xiqu Wuguishan Zhongshangang

Towns

Banfu Dachong Dongfeng Dongsheng Fusha Gangkou Guzhen Henglan Huangpu Nanlang

Cuiheng
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Nantou Minzhong Sanjiao Sanxiang Shaxi Shenwan Tanzhou Xiaolan

Chaozhou

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Luoding
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township-level divisions Guangdong
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Category:County-level divisions of Guangdong

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Qingxin Qingcheng

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Sanshui waterways with Xi Nanhai Chancheng Sanshui

Guangzhou

Panyu Nansha

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Dong River

Dong

Heyuan

Yuancheng

Huizhou

Huicheng

Dongguan Guangzhou

Zengcheng Huangpu

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Xi River

Xi

Gui→Li

Guilin

Diecai Qixing Xiufeng Xiangshan Yanshan

Wuzhou

Changzhou Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

Xun

Yong→Yu

Zuo

Chongzuo

Jiangzhou

Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

You

Baise

Youjiang

Nanning

Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

tributaries of Zuo & You Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang Qingxiu Liangqing Yongning

Guigang

Qintang Gangnan Gangbei

Guiping merged into the Xun

Qian

Liu

Long

Hechi

Jinchengjiang

Yizhou merged into the Liu

Rong

Liuzhou

Liubei Liunan Chengzhong Yufeng

merged into the Liu

tributaries of Long & Rong merged into the Qian

Hongshui

Beipan

Xuanwei Liupanshui

Liuzhi

merged into the Hongshui

Nanpan

Qujing

Qilin

merged into the Hongshui

tributaries of Beipan & Nanpan Heshan Laibin

Xingbin

merged into the Qian

tributaries of Liu & Hongshui Guiping merged into the Xun

tributaries of Yong→Yu & Qian Wuzhou

Changzhou Longxu Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

tributaries of Gui→Li & Xun Wuzhou

Wanxiu

Yunfu

Yun'an

Zhaoqing

Gaoyao Duanzhou Dinghu

Foshan

Sanshui waterways with Bei Gaoming Nanhai Shunde

Heshan Jiangmen

Pengjiang waterways with Shiziyang
Shiziyang
& Lingdingyang

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Jianghai Xinhui

Zhuhai

Doumen Jinwan Xiangzhou

South China
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Sea

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Guangzhou

Liwan Haizhu Yuexiu Tianhe Huangpu

Dongguan Shiziyang

Shiziyang

Pearl tributary of Dong Dongguan Guangzhou

Panyu tributary of Bei Nansha

waterways with Xi

Lingdingyang

Lingdingyang

Shiziyang Guangzhou

Nansha District

waterways with Xi Zhongshan Shenzhen

Bao'an District Guangming New District Longhua New District Nanshan District, Shenzhen Futian District Luohu District Yantian District Longgang District Pingshan New District Dapeng New District

Zhuhai

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Macau

Macau
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Jiuzhouyang

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Lingdingyang South China
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Sea

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Authority control

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