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ZHIFU ISLAND (Chinese : 芝罘島; pinyin : Zhīfú dǎo; Wade–Giles : Chih-fu tao) or NORTH ISLAND (Chinese : 北島; pinyin : Běi dǎo; Wade–Giles : Pei tao), is an islet with historical significance in Shandong
Shandong
Province , China
China
. The name of the islet Chefoo was generalized to mean the entire Yantai
Yantai
region in older western literature.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymologies * 2 Administration * 3 History * 4 Geography * 5 References

ETYMOLOGIES

Possibilities include:

* "A Barrier in the Shape of a Magical Plant"

* Zhi is a magical and powerful plant, which the island's shape resembles * Fu a barrier of ocean

* A magical mountain name (significance unknown)

* From Qin Dynasty's Zhifu (之罘), officially changed to the present character in late Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
.

ADMINISTRATION

Administratively, Zhifu Island
Zhifu Island
is a part of Dàtuǎn Village (大疃村), Xingfu Sub-district, Zhifu District , Yantai
Yantai
City , Shandong
Shandong
Province. Dàtuǎn has a part on the mainland, where the offices and most residents are.

HISTORY

Archeological excavations have uncovered over 200 artifacts, including stone axes, and short axes (錛 : Bēn), pottery fragments, bone needles, and bone hairpins. These and Carbon-14
Carbon-14
dating indicated that the island has been settled since the Neolithic
Neolithic
period.

People were buried here during the Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
, including Duke Kang of Qi , who died on the island in 379 BC. The ruins of the cemetery still exist today. The Lord Yang Temple (陽主廟 Yángzhǔ Miào) was built during the early Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
by rulers of the State of Qí in honor of Lord Yang, the fifth deity of the Eight Divine Generals (八神將).

Because of a legend of a Mountain
Mountain
of Immortality, China's first emperor Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang
visited the island three times looking for the elixir. He left a couple of stone inscriptions that are still visible today:

* During his second visit in 218 BC, he left the inscription: "Arrived at Fu, and carved the stone" (登之罘,刻石). * The last time he visited (210 BC) he wrote: "Came to Fu, saw an enormous stone, and shot one fish" (至之罘,見巨石,射殺一魚).

Today, there are places like Shihuang Avenue (始皇道 Shihuang Dao), and Fish-shooting Tower (射魚台 Sheyu Tai) named after the emperor. Having failed to discover the elixir, Qin Shihuang dispatched the court sorcerer Xu Fu
Xu Fu
from Yantai
Yantai
, to sail away and find the elixir of life with hundreds of men and women.

After performing a ceremony in the Yangzhu Temple, Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty also left an inscription in 94 BC: "Arrived at Zhifu, which floats on Great Ocean. Mountains call out ' Ten thousand years
Ten thousand years
!" (登芝罘,浮大海,山稱萬歲).

Now, the island is mainly a tourist attraction where clams and abalones can be fished here in abundance.

GEOGRAPHY

Located in Bohai Sea
Bohai Sea
, the island is 4 km from Downtown Zhifu and is 10 km x 1 km. Part of Public Road No. 26 connects the western end of the island and the north part of the mainland peninsula. Originally, the island was disconnected from the mainland, but for a period of millennium of years, the sand and soil in the ocean floor built up a 600-metre wide pathway. Thus the island is called the "Mainland-connecting Island" in Chinese (陸連島); it could even be considered a small peninsula.

The island's largest mountain is Laoye Mountain
Mountain
(老爺山 Lǎoyé Shān) at 294.1m. The Old Lady Stone (婆婆石 Pópó Shí) is on a cliff, at 43.49 metres above sea level, named because of its resemblance to a woman hugging the ocean waves. The southern part of the island is forested.

REFERENCES

* ^ Aikman, David. (2006). Qi. Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8054-3293-0 , ISBN 978-0-8054-3293-0 . p 91.

* v * t * e

Yantai
Yantai

Subdivisions

DISTRICTS

* Fushan * Laishan * Muping * Zhifu

County -level cities

* Haiyang
Haiyang
* Laiyang * Laizhou
Laizhou
* Longkou
Longkou
* Penglai * Qixia * Zhaoyuan

COUNTIES

* Changdao

DEVELOPMENT ZONES

* Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Zone * Yantai
Yantai
Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

Education

SCHOOLS

* Korean School in Yantai
Yantai
* Chefoo School
Chefoo School
(closed)

UNIVERSITIES

* Ludong University * Shandong
Shandong
Institute of Business and Technology * Yantai
Yantai
University

Other

TRANSPORT

* Yantai
Yantai
Penglai International Airport

* v * t * e

County-level divisions of Shandong
Shandong
Province

Jinan
Jinan
(capital )

SUB-PROVINCIAL CITIES

JINAN

* Shizhong District * Lixia District * Tianqiao District * Huaiyin District * Licheng District * Changqing District
Changqing District
* Zhangqiu District * Pingyin County * Jiyang County * Shanghe County

QINGDAO

* Shinan District
Shinan District
* Shibei District * Licang District
Licang District
* Laoshan District
Laoshan District
* Chengyang District
Chengyang District
* Huangdao District
Huangdao District
* Jimo District * Jiaozhou City
Jiaozhou City
* Pingdu
Pingdu
City * Laixi
Laixi
City

PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES

ZIBO

* Zhangdian District * Linzi District * Zichuan District
Zichuan District
* Boshan District * Zhoucun District * Huantai County
Huantai County
* Gaoqing County
Gaoqing County
* Yiyuan County
Yiyuan County

ZAOZHUANG

* Shizhong District * Shanting District * Yicheng District * Tai\'erzhuang District * Xuecheng District * Tengzhou City

DONGYING

* Dongying
Dongying
District * Hekou District * Kenli District * Guangrao County * Lijin County

YANTAI

* Zhifu District * Muping District * Fushan District * Laishan District
Laishan District
* Longkou
Longkou
City * Haiyang
Haiyang
City * Laiyang City * Laizhou
Laizhou
City * Penglai City * Zhaoyuan City * Qixia City * Changdao County

WEIFANG

* Weicheng District * Hanting District * Fangzi District * Kuiwen District * Anqiu
Anqiu
City * Changyi City * Gaomi
Gaomi
City * Qingzhou
Qingzhou
City * Zhucheng
Zhucheng
City * Shouguang
Shouguang
City * Linqu County * Changle County

JINING

* Rencheng District * Yanzhou District * Qufu
Qufu
City * Zoucheng
Zoucheng
City * Weishan County * Yutai County * Jinxiang County
Jinxiang County
* Jiaxiang County
Jiaxiang County
* Wenshang County * Sishui County * Liangshan County

TAI\\'AN

* Taishan District * Daiyue District
Daiyue District
* Xintai
Xintai
City * Feicheng
Feicheng
City * Ningyang County * Dongping County
Dongping County

WEIHAI

* Huancui District * Wendeng District * Rongcheng City * Rushan City

RIZHAO

* Donggang District * Lanshan District * Wulian County * Ju County

LAIWU

* Laicheng District * Gangcheng District

LINYI

* Lanshan District * Luozhuang District * Hedong District * Tancheng County * Lanling County * Junan County * Yishui County * Mengyin County * Pingyi County * Fei County * Yinan County * Linshu County
Linshu County

DEZHOU

* Decheng District * Lingcheng District * Laoling City * Yucheng City * Pingyuan County * Xiajin County * Wucheng County * Qihe County * Linyi
Linyi
County * Ningjin County * Qingyun County
Qingyun County

LIAOCHENG

* Dongchangfu District * Linqing
Linqing
City * Yanggu County * Shen County
Shen County
* Chiping County
Chiping County
* Dong\'e County * Guan County * Gaotang County

BINZHOU

* Bincheng District * Zhanhua District * Zouping County
Zouping County
* Boxing County * Huimin County * Yangxin County * Wudi County

HEZE

* Mudan District * Dingtao District * Cao County
Cao County
* Chengwu County * Shan County * Juye County * Yuncheng County
Yuncheng County
* Juancheng County * Dongming County

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