Zhifu Island (Chinese: 芝罘島; pinyin: Zhīfú dǎo; Wade–Giles:
Chih-fu tao) or North Island (Chinese: 北島; pinyin: Běi dǎo;
Wade–Giles: Pei tao), is an islet with historical significance in
Shandong Province, China. The name of the islet Chefoo was generalized
to mean the entire
Yantai region in older western literature.
"A Barrier in the Shape of a Magical Plant"
Zhi is a magical and powerful plant, which the island's shape
Fu a barrier of ocean
A magical mountain name (significance unknown)
From Qin Dynasty's Zhifu (之罘), officially changed to the present
character in late Qing Dynasty.
Zhifu Island is a part of Dàtuǎn Village
(大疃村), Xingfu Sub-district, Zhifu District,
Shandong Province. Dàtuǎn has a part on the mainland, where the
offices and most residents are.
Archeological excavations have uncovered over 200 artifacts, including
stone axes, and short axes (錛 : Bēn), pottery fragments, bone
needles, and bone hairpins. These and
Carbon-14 dating indicated that
the island has been settled since the
People were buried here during the Zhou Dynasty, including Duke Kang
of Qi, who died on the island in 379 BC. The ruins of the cemetery
still exist today. The Lord Yang Temple (陽主廟 Yángzhǔ Miào)
was built during the early
Zhou Dynasty by rulers of the State of Qí
in honor of Lord Yang, the fifth deity of the Eight Divine Generals
Because of a legend of a
Mountain of Immortality, China's first
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang visited the island three times looking for the
elixir. He left a couple of stone inscriptions that are still
During his second visit in 218 BC, he left the inscription: "Arrived
at Fu, and carved the stone" (登之罘，刻石).
The last time he visited (210 BC) he wrote: "Came to Fu, saw an
enormous stone, and shot one fish"
Today, there are places like Shihuang Avenue (始皇道 Shihuang Dao),
and Fish-shooting Tower (射魚台 Sheyu Tai) named after the emperor.
Having failed to discover the elixir, Qin Shihuang dispatched the
Xu Fu from Yantai, to sail away and find the elixir of
life with hundreds of men and women.
After performing a ceremony in the Yangzhu Temple, Emperor Wudi of the
Han Dynasty also left an inscription in 94 BC: "Arrived at Zhifu,
which floats on Great Ocean. Mountains call out 'Ten thousand years!"
Now, the island is mainly a tourist attraction where clams and
abalones can be fished here in abundance.
Located in Bohai Sea, the island is 4 km from Downtown Zhifu and
is 10 km x 1 km. Part of Public Road No. 26 connects the
western end of the island and the north part of the mainland
peninsula. Originally, the island was disconnected from the mainland,
but for a period of millennium of years, the sand and soil in the
ocean floor built up a 600-metre wide pathway. Thus the island is
called the "Mainland-connecting Island" in Chinese (陸連島); it
could even be considered a small peninsula.
The island's largest mountain is Laoye
Mountain (老爺山 Lǎoyé
Shān) at 294.1m. The Old Lady Stone (婆婆石 Pópó Shí) is on a
cliff, at 43.49 metres above sea level, named because of its
resemblance to a woman hugging the ocean waves. The southern part of
the island is forested.
^ Aikman, David. (2006). Qi. Publishing Group.
ISBN 0-8054-3293-0, ISBN 978-0-8054-3293-0. p 91.
Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone
Yantai Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone
Korean School in Yantai
Chefoo School (closed)
Shandong Institute of Business and Technology
Yantai Penglai International Airport
County-level divisions of