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Zhifu Island
Zhifu Island
(Chinese: 芝罘島; pinyin: Zhīfú dǎo; Wade–Giles: Chih-fu tao) or North Island (Chinese: 北島; pinyin: Běi dǎo; Wade–Giles: Pei tao), is an islet with historical significance in Shandong
Shandong
Province, China. The name of the islet Chefoo was generalized to mean the entire Yantai
Yantai
region in older western literature.

Contents

1 Etymologies 2 Administration 3 History 4 Geography 5 References

Etymologies[edit] Possibilities include:

"A Barrier in the Shape of a Magical Plant"

Zhi is a magical and powerful plant, which the island's shape resembles Fu a barrier of ocean

A magical mountain name (significance unknown)

From Qin Dynasty's Zhifu (之罘), officially changed to the present character in late Qing Dynasty.

Administration[edit] Administratively, Zhifu Island
Zhifu Island
is a part of Dàtuǎn Village (大疃村), Xingfu Sub-district, Zhifu District, Yantai
Yantai
City, Shandong
Shandong
Province. Dàtuǎn has a part on the mainland, where the offices and most residents are. History[edit] Archeological excavations have uncovered over 200 artifacts, including stone axes, and short axes (錛 : Bēn), pottery fragments, bone needles, and bone hairpins. These and Carbon-14
Carbon-14
dating indicated that the island has been settled since the Neolithic
Neolithic
period. People were buried here during the Zhou Dynasty, including Duke Kang of Qi, who died on the island in 379 BC. The ruins of the cemetery still exist today. The Lord Yang Temple (陽主廟 Yángzhǔ Miào) was built during the early Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
by rulers of the State of Qí in honor of Lord Yang, the fifth deity of the Eight Divine Generals (八神將). Because of a legend of a Mountain
Mountain
of Immortality, China's first emperor Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang
visited the island three times looking for the elixir.[1] He left a couple of stone inscriptions that are still visible today:

During his second visit in 218 BC, he left the inscription: "Arrived at Fu, and carved the stone" (登之罘,刻石). The last time he visited (210 BC) he wrote: "Came to Fu, saw an enormous stone, and shot one fish" (至之罘,見巨石,射殺一魚).

Today, there are places like Shihuang Avenue (始皇道 Shihuang Dao), and Fish-shooting Tower (射魚台 Sheyu Tai) named after the emperor. Having failed to discover the elixir, Qin Shihuang dispatched the court sorcerer Xu Fu
Xu Fu
from Yantai, to sail away and find the elixir of life with hundreds of men and women. After performing a ceremony in the Yangzhu Temple, Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty also left an inscription in 94 BC: "Arrived at Zhifu, which floats on Great Ocean. Mountains call out 'Ten thousand years!" (登芝罘,浮大海,山稱萬歲). Now, the island is mainly a tourist attraction where clams and abalones can be fished here in abundance. Geography[edit] Located in Bohai Sea, the island is 4 km from Downtown Zhifu and is 10 km x 1 km. Part of Public Road No. 26 connects the western end of the island and the north part of the mainland peninsula. Originally, the island was disconnected from the mainland, but for a period of millennium of years, the sand and soil in the ocean floor built up a 600-metre wide pathway. Thus the island is called the "Mainland-connecting Island" in Chinese (陸連島); it could even be considered a small peninsula. The island's largest mountain is Laoye Mountain
Mountain
(老爺山 Lǎoyé Shān) at 294.1m. The Old Lady Stone (婆婆石 Pópó Shí) is on a cliff, at 43.49 metres above sea level, named because of its resemblance to a woman hugging the ocean waves. The southern part of the island is forested. References[edit]

^ Aikman, David. (2006). Qi. Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8054-3293-0, ISBN 978-0-8054-3293-0. p 91.

v t e

Yantai

Subdivisions

Districts

Fushan Laishan Muping Zhifu

County -level cities

Haiyang Laiyang Laizhou Longkou Penglai Qixia Zhaoyuan

Counties

Changdao

Development zones

Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Zone Yantai
Yantai
Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

Education

Schools

Korean School in Yantai Chefoo School
Chefoo School
(closed)

Universities

Ludong University Shandong
Shandong
Institute of Business and Technology Yantai
Yantai
University

Other

Transport

Yantai
Yantai
Penglai International Airport

v t e

County-level divisions of Shandong
Shandong
Province

Jinan
Jinan
(capital)

Sub-provincial cities

Jinan

Shizhong District Lixia District Tianqiao District Huaiyin District Licheng District Changqing District Zhangqiu District Pingyin County Jiyang County Shanghe County

Qingdao

Shinan District Shibei District Licang District Laoshan District Chengyang District Huangdao District Jimo District Jiaozhou City Pingdu
Pingdu
City Laixi
Laixi
City

Prefecture-level cities

Zibo

Zhangdian District Linzi District Zichuan District Boshan District Zhoucun District Huantai County Gaoqing County Yiyuan County

Zaozhuang

Shizhong District Shanting District Yicheng District Tai'erzhuang District Xuecheng District Tengzhou City

Dongying

Dongying
Dongying
District Hekou District Kenli District Guangrao County Lijin County

Yantai

Zhifu District Muping District Fushan District Laishan District Longkou
Longkou
City Haiyang
Haiyang
City Laiyang City Laizhou
Laizhou
City Penglai City Zhaoyuan City Qixia City Changdao County

Weifang

Weicheng District Hanting District Fangzi District Kuiwen District Anqiu
Anqiu
City Changyi City Gaomi
Gaomi
City Qingzhou
Qingzhou
City Zhucheng
Zhucheng
City Shouguang
Shouguang
City Linqu County Changle County

Jining

Rencheng District Yanzhou District Qufu
Qufu
City Zoucheng
Zoucheng
City Weishan County Yutai County Jinxiang County Jiaxiang County Wenshang County Sishui County Liangshan County

Tai'an

Taishan District Daiyue District Xintai
Xintai
City Feicheng
Feicheng
City Ningyang County Dongping County

Weihai

Huancui District Wendeng District Rongcheng City Rushan City

Rizhao

Donggang District Lanshan District Wulian County Ju County

Laiwu

Laicheng District Gangcheng District

Linyi

Lanshan District Luozhuang District Hedong District Tancheng County Lanling County Junan County Yishui County Mengyin County Pingyi County Fei County Yinan County Linshu County

Dezhou

Decheng District Lingcheng District Laoling City Yucheng City Pingyuan County Xiajin County Wucheng County Qihe County Linyi
Linyi
County Ningjin County Qingyun County

Liaocheng

Dongchangfu District Linqing
Linqing
City Yanggu County Shen County Chiping County Dong'e County Guan County Gaotang County

Binzhou

Bincheng District Zhanhua District Zouping County Boxing County Huimin County Yangxin County Wudi County

Heze

Mudan District Dingtao District Cao County Chengwu County Shan County Juye County Yuncheng County Juancheng Coun

.