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Zhejiang University (abbreviated ZJU; )
also colloquially referred to as Zheda
(), is an elite C9 League university located in
Hangzhou Hangzhou (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ), also Chinese postal romanization, romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang, China, People's Republic of China. It sits at the head of Hangzhou ...
, the capital of
Zhejiang Zhejiang (, formerly romanized as Chekiang) is an eastern, coastal Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Hangzhou. Zhejiang is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai to the north, A ...
province. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest, most selective, and most prestigious institutions of higher education. The university is organized into 37 colleges, schools, and departments offering more than 140 undergraduate and 300 graduate programs. The university is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University and is an active member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the Worldwide Universities Network, the International Association of Universities, and the Global University Network for Innovation. The university possesses a faculty of more than 3,741 scholars, including 45 members from the
Chinese Academy of Sciences Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 10 Liberal Arts and Humanities Senior Professors (文科资深教授), 121 Changjiang Scholars Program, Chang Jiang Scholars Program Professors, and 133 recipients of the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. Zhejiang University maintains 5 academic libraries. The library collection in its entirety contains more than 7.7 million volumes, making it one of China's largest academic collections. The university also includes 7 affiliated hospitals, 1 museum, 2 international joint institutes, and boasts over 150 student organizations. In recent years, it is ranked in the world's top 100 universities according to the most-widely cited university rankings in the world such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THE) and the QS World University Rankings (QS). Regarding research output, the Nature Index 2020 ranks the university 6th in China, 7th in the Asia-Pacific and 18th in the world among the global academic universities.


History


Qing Dynasty

In 1897, then-mayor of Hangzhou, () established the "Qiushi Academy/Ch'iu Shih Academy" (). Lin studied the Western higher education system and applied it to the Qiushi Academy. The Ch'iu-shih Academy was renamed to Chekiang College () in 1902, and to Chekiang Higher Institutes in 1903. A second institution that factored into the early history of Zhejiang University was Yuying Xuetang (''Yuying School'' or ''Yuying College''), established in 1902. This was renamed to Yuying Yishu (''Yuying Public School''), and then to Yuying Academy. In 1911, Yuying Academy became Zhijiang Xuetang (''Zhijiang College'') and moved to Qinwang Hill (), outside of Hangzhou.


1912–1937

In 1912, Zhejiang Medical School was established, later developing into Zhejiang Provincial Medical College and becoming part of Zhejiang University. In 1927, some schools and colleges (e.g. industrial and agricultural colleges/schools) were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the enlarged school was changed to "National Third Sun Zhongshan University" (or, National Third Sun Yat-sen University), after Sun Yat-sen. On April 1, 1928, it was renamed "Che Kiang University" (now Zhejiang University from the pinyin name), and in the same year, "National" was added and it became "National Che Kiang University" ().


War period, 1937–1949

In the latter half of 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, and due to the invading Imperial Japanese Army, the university evacuated from Hangzhou to Guizhou until 1946, after the war ended. Reputed as "Cambridge of the East" by Joseph Needham (twice visited ZJU in 1944) in China's modern history of higher education, National Che Kiang University's was consistently ranked as among top 3 in the nation during that time. During this period, the National Che Kiang University was praised as one of the Four most Prominent Universities in the Republic China (), along with National Central University, National Southwestern Associated University, and Wuhan University, National Wuhan University.


1952–1998

Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges during the 1952 readjustment of China's Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to former Hangzhou University or joined with Fudan University. Its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University. 1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments, and some the other technological parts went to former Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School (now Zhejiang University of Technology, ZJUT). And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the main founders of China's modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT.


After 1998

In 1998, with the approval of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council, the new Zhejiang University was established as a combination of four major universities that had grown up in
Hangzhou Hangzhou (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ), also Chinese postal romanization, romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang, China, People's Republic of China. It sits at the head of Hangzhou ...
over the previous half-century, namely Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University. On September 21, 2006, Chinese billionaires Duan Yongping (Zhejiang University alumnus) and Ding Lei (
Zhejiang Zhejiang (, formerly romanized as Chekiang) is an eastern, coastal Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Hangzhou. Zhejiang is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai to the north, A ...
native) donated together a one-time financial endowment, endowment of 40 million US dollars to Zhejiang University. US$30 million was from Duan with 10 million from Ding. It was the largest private one-off endowment to a university in Mainland China. A ceremony was held at the newly founded Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus to receive the donation.


Academics

Zhejiang University is a comprehensive research university with national and international impact. Research at Zhejiang University spans 12 academic disciplines: agriculture, art, economics, education, engineering, history, law, literature, management, medicine, natural sciences, and philosophy. In the Essential Science Indicator (ESI) rankings of 22 disciplines, Zhejiang University ranks among the top 1% in 15 disciplines and is listed in the top 100 of the world's academic institutions in 4 disciplines. With seven campuses, namely Zijingang, Yuquan, Xixi, Huajiachi, Zhijiang, Zhoushan, and the Haining International campus, Zhejiang University encompasses an area of 5.9 square kilometers with school buildings covering 1.94 million square meters of floor space. The university library holds a collection of more than 7.7 million volumes. In addition, Zhejiang University has 7 high-level affiliated hospitals. In 2018, research funding at Zhejiang University amounted to more than 4.56 billion RMB (~US$680 million). More than a hundred projects under research have each secured a grant of more than 10 million RMB. In 2018, 1,838 Chinese patents were issued to ZJU researchers and 6,903 SCI-included papers were published by ZJU scholars.


Faculty

Among its approximate 3,700 standing faculty members, more than 1,200 faculty members hold the title of professor. The faculty includes: 23 members of the
Chinese Academy of Sciences Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
, 23 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 48 scholars in the national Recruitment Program of Global Experts, 20 chief scientists of national 973 projects, 121 Changjiang Scholars Program, Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Award winners, and 133 recipients of the awards from the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. Zhejiang University also has prominent foreign faculty.


Student body

At present, there are a total of 54,641 full-time students enrolled at Zhejiang University, including 29,216 graduate students, 10,178 Ph.D candidates, and 25,425 undergraduates. In addition, there are 7,074 international students currently attending Zhejiang University.


Rankings

Zhejiang University is consistently ranked among China's top universities. In 2020, it is ranked 38th among the universities around the world by ''SCImago Institutions Rankings''. Regarding research output, the Nature Index 2020 ranks the university 6th in China, 7th in the Asia-Pacific and 18th in the world among the global academic universities.


Campuses

File:Hangzhou Zhijiang Daxue 20120518-25.jpg, Zhijiang Campus Zhejiang University has seven campuses:


Yuquan Campus

The Yuquan campus () is the main campus of engineering, computer science, and the physical sciences. Most students at the Yuquan campus are graduate students within these academic disciplines. The Yuquan campus was the main campus of Zhejiang University until the Zijingang campus was built in 2002.


Xixi Campus

The Xixi campus () was previously Hangzhou University before merging with Zhejiang University in 1998. The campus hosts the Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, the School of Marxism, College of Education, and the School of Humanities.


Haining International Campus

The Haining International Campus () is located in the Zhejiang city of Haining (city), Haining. Clusters of international cooperative partners and institutions reside at this campus, which opened in 2016 as part of Zhejiang University.


Huajiachi Campus

The Huajiachi campus () serves as the campus of agriculture. It was previously Zhejiang Agricultural University before merging with Zhejiang University and served as the old Huajiachi Campus for the "National Che Kiang University". The Huajiachi campus is Zhejiang University's oldest campus. It currently hosts the School of Long-Distance Education.


Zhijiang Campus

The Zhijiang campus () is home to Zhejiang University's Guanghua Law School. Before being acquired by Zhejiang University in 1952, the Zhijiang campus served as the main campus of Zhijiang University.


Zijingang Campus

The Zijingang campus () serves as the main campus of Zhejiang University and is located in the northwest of Hangzhou. The Zijingang Campus boasts a large assortment of academic departments and schools, including the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine, College of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, the College of Animal Sciences, the College of Life Sciences, the College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, the College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, the School of Management, and the School of Public Affairs.


Zhoushan Campus

The Zhoushan campus () is a relatively new campus that opened in 2015 and serves as the campus for the Ocean College and is located in Zhoushan.


Organizations

Under the direct administration of China's Ministry of Education, the new Zhejiang University is a key comprehensive university whose fields of study cover eleven branches of learning, namely philosophy, literature, history, education, science, economics, law, management, engineering, agriculture, and Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, MBBS. The university now has 110 specialties for undergraduate studies, and it is entitled to confer master's degrees in 264 programs and doctoral degrees in 181 programs. Under its administration, there are 13 National Key Laboratories, 2 National Engineering Research Centers and 3 National Engineering Technology Centers. Besides, it has set up 24 national key specialties and 39 post-doctoral stations.


Affiliated institutes

* Zhejiang California International NanoSystems Institute (ZCNI) * Center of Mathematical Sciences, Zhejiang University * Research Institute of Zhejiang University-Taizhou * China Academy of West Region Development * Qiushi Academy for Advanced Studies, Zhejiang University * Zhejiang University Innovation institute(ZII), international * Social Science Experiment Center of Zhejiang University * Life Science Institute, Zhejiang University * Institute of Environment Pollution Control and Treatment, Zhejiang University * Academy of Financial Research, Zhejiang University * Ocean Research Center of Zhoushan, Zhejiang University * International Design Institute, Zhejiang University * Academy of Global Zhejiang Entrepreneurs, Zhejiang University * Institute of Translational Medicine, Zhejiang University * Public Policy Research Institute of Zhejiang University * Institute of Genetics, Zhejiang University * Zhejiang University Institute for Advanced Study in Humanities and Social Sciences * Research Center of Public Service and Performance Evaluation, Zhejiang University


Affiliated hospitals

Zhejiang University has seven affiliated hospitals # The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine # The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (formerly Kwang-Chi Hospital # Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital (donated by Sir Run Run Shaw) # The Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine # Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University, The Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine # The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine # Zhejiang Stomatology Hospital (also named Zhejiang University Affiliated Stomatology Hospital)


Affiliated colleges

* Zhejiang University City College (Hangzhou) * Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University (Ningbo)


Others

* High-tech park of Zhejiang University in Hangzhou * High-tech park of Zhejiang University in Ningbo * Botanical Garden of Zhejiang University


Traditions


Anniversary

May 21 is the Home-coming Day () of Zhejiang University. May 21, 2017 was the 120th anniversary. Dec 31 is the Student Day () of Zhejiang University.


People


Notable alumni

''See List of Zhejiang University alumni'' * Chen Tianhua - Qiushi Academy and the member of Chinese United League and reporter of The People's Daily * Chen Duxiu – the co-founder, the 1st General Secretary and 1st Chairman of Communist Party of China * Xie Xuren – Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China, Minister of Finance of the People's Republic of China * Hu Qiaomu – the 1st President of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, President of Xinhua News Agency * Huang Fu – President and Premier of the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China * Jiang Menglin – Minister of Education (1928–1930) of the Republic of China * Chen Yi (Kuomintang), Chen Yi – Chief Executive and Taiwan Garrison Command, Garrison Commander of Taiwan * Zhang Xinsheng – Chairman of UNESCO’s Executive Board * Ye Duzheng – meteorologist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner 2005 * Xu Guangxian – chemist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner 2009 * Hsiao-Lan Kuo – meteorologist, Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal winner 1970 * Xie Xuejing – geochemist, AAG Gold Medal winner 2007 * Lin Fanghua – mathematician, Bôcher Memorial Prize winner 2002 * Hu Hesheng – mathematician, Noether Lecturer 2002 * Xu-Jia Wang – mathematician, Australian Mathematical Society Medal winner 2002 * T. Tony Cai – statistician, COPSS Presidents' Award winner 2008 * Tsung-Dao Lee – physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (physics, 1957) * Chien-Shiung Wu – physicist, Wolf Prize laureate (physics, 1978) * Xu Liangying – physicist, Andrei Sakharov Prize (APS), Andrei Sakharov Prize recipient 2008 * Chen Hang – horticulturist, The Veitch Memorial Medal, Veitch Memorial Medal winner 1990 * Kun-Liang Guan – biochemist, MacArthur Award winner 1998 * Tao-Chiuh Hsu – biologist, the 13th President of American Society for Cell Biology * Yao Zhen – biologist, the 1st President of Asian-Pacific Organization for Cell Biology * Qiu Fazu – surgeon, Bundesverdienstkreuz recipient 1985 * Wu Guanzhong – painter, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres recipient 1991 * Lu Yongxiang (engineer), Lu Yongxiang – President of Chinese Academy of Science * Ding Zhongli – Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Science * Pan Yunhe – Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Engineering * Pan Jiazheng – Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Engineering * Wang Xufeng – writer, Mao Dun Literature Prize winner 2000 * Min Zhu (entrepreneur), Min Zhu – co-founder and former President and Chief technical officer, CTO of WebEx * Cha Chi Ming – industrialist, entrepreneur, philanthropist, Grand Bauhinia Medal winner 1997 * Zhu Yanfeng – President of First Automobile Works * Wang Jianzhou – Chairman & CEO of China Mobile * Wang Tianpu – President of Sinopec * Shi Zhengrong – Founder & CEO of Suntech Power * Shen Zhongwei – Special Counsel of Alligator Litigation & Progressive Prosecution, computer programmer, dropout, IP activist * Zhu Qinan – shooter, 10 m Air Rifle Shooting at the 2004 Summer Olympics - Men's 10 metre air rifle, olympic champion, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2004 Athens * Zhou Suhong – volleyball player, 2003 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup, World Cup and 2004 Summer Olympics, 2004 Athens Olympic Games team champion.


Notable faculty

* Shing-Tung Yau – Fields Medalist, founder and director of the Center of Mathematical Sciences, Zhejiang University * Shiing-Shen Chern – Wolf Prize laureate, former director and advisor of the Center of Mathematical Sciences * Chien-Shiung Wu – Wolf Prize laureate * Ren Mei'e – Victoria Medal (geography), Victoria Medal winner 1986, former professor and dean of the Department of Geology * Wu Wenjun – Shaw Prize laureate 2006, former teacher of Hangzhou University * Liu Chen (physicist), Liu Chen – Hannes Alfvén Prize recipient 2008, professor and director * Su Buqing - mathematician, co-founder of Chen-Su School, former dean of the Department of Mathematics, former provost of Zhejiang University * Chen Jiangong - mathematician, co-founder of Chen-Su School, former dean of the Department of Mathematics * Bei Shizhang – biologist, former co-founder and professor of the Department of Biology * Tan Jiazhen – geneticist, former professor of the Department of Biology, former dean of the College of Science * Chang Chi-yun – historian, geologist, politician * Coching Chu – meteorologist, geologist, former president of Zhejiang University * Ma Yinchu - economist, former president of Zhejiang University * Jiang Menglin – educator, former president of Zhejiang University * Jin Au Kong – Electromagnetist, founder and former president of the Electromagnetics Academy * Jin Yong – novelist, former dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities * Qian Sanqiang – physicist * Kan-Chang Wang – physicist, discover of the Sigma baryon, proposed neutrino detection which led to neutrino discovery, former dean of the Department of Physics * Xia Yan (playwright), Xia Yan – playwright, screenwriter


See also

* Center of Mathematical Sciences, Zhejiang University * Zhejiang California International NanoSystems Institute * Hangchow University Historic Site * Hangzhou University * High School Attached to Zhejiang University * US-China University Presidents Roundtable


References


For International Students Admissions


External links


Zhejiang University Home Page
{{Authority control Zhejiang University, Universities and colleges in Hangzhou Project 211 Project 985 Plan 111 Educational institutions established in 1897 Universities in China with English-medium medical schools 1897 establishments in China C9 League Vice-ministerial universities in China Universities established in the 20th century