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 Zhejiang (help·info), formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai
Shanghai
to the north, Anhui
Anhui
to the northwest, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west, and Fujian
Fujian
to the south. To the east is the East China
China
Sea, beyond which lie the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
of Japan.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Prehistory 2.2 Ancient history 2.3 Han and the Three Kingdoms 2.4 Six Dynasties 2.5 Sui and Tang eras 2.6 Wuyue
Wuyue
era 2.7 Song era 2.8 Yuan and Ming eras 2.9 Qing era 2.10 Republican era 2.11 People's Republican era

3 Geography 4 Administrative divisions 5 Politics 6 Economy

6.1 Economic and Technological Development Zones 6.2 Economic and technological development concerns

6.2.1 Waste disposal

7 Demographics 8 Religion 9 Media 10 Culture

10.1 Languages 10.2 Music 10.3 Cuisine 10.4 Place names

11 Tourism 12 Sports 13 Education

13.1 Colleges and universities

14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 External links

Etymology[edit] The province's name derives from the Zhe River
Zhe River
(浙江, Zhè Jiāng), the former name of the Qiantang River
Qiantang River
which flows past Hangzhou
Hangzhou
and whose mouth forms Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay. It is usually understood as meaning "Crooked" or "Bent River", from the meaning of Chinese 折,[4] but is more likely a phono-semantic compound formed from adding 氵 (the "water" radical used for river names) to phonetic 折 (pinyin zhé but reconstructed Old Chinese
Old Chinese
*tet[5]), preserving a proto-Wu name of the local Yue, similar to Yuhang, Kuaiji, and Jiang. History[edit] Prehistory[edit] Kuahuqiao
Kuahuqiao
culture was an early Neolithic culture that flourished in the Hangzhou
Hangzhou
area in 6,000-5,000 BC.[6][7] Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was the site of the Neolithic cultures of the Hemudu (starting in 5500 BC) and Liangzhu (starting in 3400 BC).[citation needed] Ancient history[edit] The area of modern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was outside the major sphere of influence of the Shang civilization during the second millennium BC. Instead, this area was populated by peoples collectively known as Dongyue and the Ouyue. The kingdom of Yue began to appear in the chronicles and records written during the Spring and Autumn period. According to the chronicles, the kingdom of Yue was in northern Zhejiang. Shiji
Shiji
claims that its leaders were descended from the Shang founder Yu the Great. The "Song of the Yue Boatman" (Chinese: 越人歌, p Yuèrén Gē, lit. "Song of the man of Yue") was transliterated into Chinese and recorded by authors in north China
China
or inland China
China
of Hebei
Hebei
and Henan around 528 BC. The song shows that the Yue people spoke a language that was mutually unintelligible with the dialects spoken in north and inland China. The Sword of Goujian
Sword of Goujian
bears bird-worm seal script. Yuenü (Chinese: 越女; pinyin: Yuènǚ; Wade–Giles: Yüeh-nü; literally: "the Lady of Yue") was a swordswoman from the state of Yue. To check the growth of the kingdom of Wu, Chu pursued a policy of strengthening Yue. Under King Goujian, Yue recovered from its early reverses and fully annexed the lands of its rival in 473 BC. The Yue kings then moved their capital center from their original home around Mount Kuaiji
Mount Kuaiji
in present-day Shaoxing
Shaoxing
to the former Wu capital at present-day Suzhou. With no southern power to turn against Yue, Chu opposed it directly and, in 333 BC, succeeded in destroying it. Yue's former lands were annexed by the Qin Empire
Qin Empire
in 222 BC and organized into a commandery named for Kuaiji in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
but initially headquartered in Wu in Jiangsu. Han and the Three Kingdoms[edit] Kuaiji Commandery was the initial power base for Xiang Liang and Xiang Yu's rebellion against the Qin Empire
Qin Empire
which initially succeeded in restoring the kingdom of Chu but eventually fell to the Han. Under the Later Han, control of the area returned to the settlement below Mount Kuaiji but authority over the Minyue hinterland was nominal at best and its Yue inhabitants largely retained their own political and social structures. At the beginning of the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
era (220–280 CE), Zhejiang was home to the warlords Yan Baihu and Wang Lang prior to their defeat by Sun Ce
Sun Ce
and Sun Quan, who eventually established the Kingdom of Wu. Despite the removal of their court from Kuaiji to Jianye (present-day Nanjing), and they continued development of the region and benefitted from influxes of refugees fleeing the turmoil in northern China. Industrial kilns were established and trade reached as far as Manchuria
Manchuria
and Funan (South Vietnam). Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was part of the Wu during the Three Kingdoms. Wu (229–280), commonly known as Eastern Wu
Eastern Wu
or Sun Wu, had been the economically most developed state among the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
(220–280 CE). The historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
records that Zhejiang had the best-equipped, strong navy force. The story depicts how the states of Wei (魏) and Shu (蜀), lack of material resources, avoided direct confrontation with the Wu. In armed military conflicts with Wu, the two states relied intensively on tactics of camouflage and deception to steal Wu's military resources including arrows and bows. Six Dynasties[edit] Despite the continuing prominence of Nanjing
Nanjing
(then known as Jiankang), the settlement of Qiantang, the former name of Hangzhou, remained one of the three major metropolitan centers in the south to provide major tax revenue to the imperial centers in the north China. The other two centers in the south were Jiankang
Jiankang
and Chengdu. In 589, Qiantang was raised in status and renamed Hangzhou. Following the fall of Wu and the turmoil of the Wu Hu uprising
Wu Hu uprising
against the Jin dynasty (265–420), most of elite Chinese families had collaborated with the non-Chinese rulers and military conquerors in the north. Some may have lost social privilege, and took refugee in areas south to Yangtze
Yangtze
River. Some of the Chinese refugees from north China
China
might have resided in areas near Hangzhou. For example, the clan of Zhuge Liang
Zhuge Liang
(181–234), a chancellor of the state of Shu Han
Shu Han
from Central Plain in north China
China
during the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
period, gathered together at the suburb of Hangzhou, forming an exclusive, closed village Zhuge Village
Zhuge Village
(Zhege Cun), consisting of villagers all with family name "Zhuge". The village has intentionally isolated itself from the surrounding communities for centuries to this day, and only recently came to be known in public. It suggests that a small number of powerful, elite Chinese refugees from the Central Plain might have taken refugee in south of the Yangtze
Yangtze
River. However, considering the mountainous geography and relative lack of agrarian lands in Zhejiang, most of these refugees might have resided in some areas in south China
China
beyond Zhejiang, where fertile agrarian lands and metropolitan resources were available, mainly southern Jiangsu, eastern Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Anhui, and provinces where less cohesive, organized regional governments had been in place. Metropolitan areas of Sichuan
Sichuan
was another hub for refugees, given that the state of Shu had long been founded and ruled by political and military elites from the Central Plain and north China. Some refugees from the north China
China
might have found residence in south China depending on their social status and military power in the north. The rump Jin state or the Southern dynasties
Southern dynasties
vied against some elite Chinese from the Central Plain and south of the Yangtze
Yangtze
River. Sui and Tang eras[edit] Zhejiang, as the heartland of the Jiangnan
Jiangnan
( Yangtze
Yangtze
River Delta), remained the wealthiest area during the Six Dynasties
Six Dynasties
(220 or 222–589), Sui, and Tang. After being incorporated into the Sui dynasty, its economic richness was used for the Sui dynasty's ambitions to expand north and south, particularly into Korea and Vietnam. The plan led the Sui dynasty
Sui dynasty
to restore and expand the network which became the Grand Canal of China. The Canal regularly transported grains and resources from Zhejiang, through its metropolitan center Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(and its hinterland along both the Zhe River and the shores of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay), and from Suzhou, and thence to the North China
China
Plain. The débâcle of the Korean war led to Sui's overthrow by the Tang, who then presided over a centuries-long golden age for the country. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was an important economic center of the empire's Jiangnan
Jiangnan
East Circuit and was considered particularly prosperous. Throughout the Tang dynasty, The Grand Canal had remained effective, transporting grains and material resources to North China plain and metropolitan centers of the empire. As the Tang dynasty disintegrated, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
constituted most of the territory of the regional kingdom of Wuyue. Wuyue
Wuyue
era[edit]

Portrait of Qian Liu, the King of Wuyue.

After the collapse of the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
in 907, the entire area of what is now Zhejiang
Zhejiang
fell under the control of the kingdom Wuyue established by King Qian Liu, who selected Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(a city in the modern day area of Zhejiang) as his kingdom's capital. Despite being under Wuyue
Wuyue
rule for a relatively short period of time, Zhejiang underwent a long period of financial and cultural prosperity which continued even after the kingdom fell. After Wuyue
Wuyue
was conquered during the reunification of China, many shrines were erected across the former territories of Wuyue, mainly in Zhejiang, where the kings of Wuyue
Wuyue
were memorialised, and sometimes, worshipped as being able to dictate weather and agriculture. Many of these shrines, known as "Shrine of the Qian King" or "Temple to the Qian King", still remain today, with the most popularly visited example being that near West Lake
West Lake
in Hangzhou. China's province of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
during the 940s was also the place of origin of the Hú family (Hồ in Vietnamese) from which the founder of the Hồ Dynasty
Hồ Dynasty
who ruled Vietnam, Emperor Hồ Quý Ly, came from.[8][9] Song era[edit]

Song dynasty
Song dynasty
era (1223) city gate in Shaoxing.

The Song dynasty
Song dynasty
re-established unity around 960. Under the Song, the prosperity of South China
China
began to overtake that of North China. After the north was lost to the Jurchen Jin
Jurchen Jin
dynasty in 1127 following the Jingkang Incident, Hangzhou
Hangzhou
became the capital of the Song dynasty under the name Lin'an, which was renowned for its prosperity and beauty, it was suspected to have been the largest city in the world at the time.[10] From then on, northern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and neighboring southern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
have been synonymous with luxury and opulence in Chinese culture. The Mongol
Mongol
conquest and the establishment of the Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
in 1279 ended Hangzhou's political clout, but its economy continued to prosper. The famous traveler Marco Polo
Marco Polo
visited the city, which he called "Kinsay" (after the Chinese Jingshi, meaning "Capital City") claiming it was "the finest and noblest city in the world".[11] Greenware ceramics made from celadon had been made in the area since the 3rd-century Jin dynasty, but it returned to prominence—particularly in Longquan—during the Southern Song and Yuan. Longquan
Longquan
greenware is characterized by a thick unctuous glaze of a particular bluish-green tint over an otherwise undecorated light-grey porcellaneous body that is delicately potted. Yuan Longquan celadons feature a thinner, greener glaze on larger vessels with decoration and shapes derived from Middle Eastern ceramic and metalwares. These were produced in large quantities for the Chinese export trade to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and (during the Ming) Europe. By the Ming, however, production was notably deficient in quality. It is in this period that the Longquan
Longquan
kilns declined, to be eventually replaced in popularity and ceramic production by the kilns of Jingdezhen
Jingdezhen
in Jiangxi.[12] Yuan and Ming eras[edit]

This tripod planter from the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
was found in Zhejiang province. It is housed in the Smithsonian
Smithsonian
in Washington, D.C.

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was finally conquered by the Mongols in the late 13th century who later established the short lived Yuan dynasty. The Ming dynasty, which drove out the Mongols in 1368, finally established the present day province of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
with its borders having little changes since this establishment. As in other coastal provinces, number of fortresses were constructed along the Zhejiang
Zhejiang
coast during the early Ming to defend the land against pirate incursions. Some of them have been preserved or restored, such as Pucheng in the south of the province (Cangnan County). Qing era[edit] Under the late Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
that followed it, Zhejiang's ports were important centers of international trade.

A restored Qing era (1891) bridge on a coastal road

"In 1727 the to-min or 'idle people' of Cheh Kiang province (a Ningpo name still existing), the yoh-hu or 'music people' of Shanxi
Shanxi
province, the si-min or 'small people' of Kiang Su (Jiangsu) province, and the Tanka people
Tanka people
or 'egg-people' of Canton (to this day the boat population there), were all freed from their social disabilities, and allowed to count as free men."[13] "Cheh Kiang" is another romanization for Zhejiang. The Duomin (Chinese: 惰民; pinyin: duò mín; Wade–Giles: to-min) are a caste of outcasts in this province. During the First Opium War, the British navy defeated Eight Banners forces at Ningbo
Ningbo
and Dinghai. Under the terms of the Treaty of Nanking, signed in 1843, Ningbo
Ningbo
became one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened to virtually unrestricted foreign trade. Much of Zhejiang came under the control of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
during the Taiping Rebellion, which resulted in a considerable loss of life in the north-western and central parts of the province, sparing the rest of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
from the disastrous depopulation that occurred. In 1876, Wenzhou
Wenzhou
became Zhejiang's second treaty port. Jianghuai Mandarin speakers later came to settle in these depopulated regions of northern Zhejiang. Republican era[edit] See also: Chekiang Province, Republic of China During the Second Sino-Japanese War, which led into World War II, much of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was occupied by Japan
Japan
and placed under the control of the Japanese puppet state known as the Reorganized National Government of China. Following the Doolittle Raid, most of the B-25 American crews that came down in China
China
eventually made it to safety with the help of Chinese civilians and soldiers. The Chinese people who helped them, however, paid dearly for sheltering the Americans. The Imperial Japanese Army began the Zhejiang- Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Campaign to intimidate the Chinese out of helping downed American airmen. The Japanese killed an estimated 250,000 civilians from the area of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
to Nanchang
Nanchang
and also Zhuzhou
Zhuzhou
while searching for Doolittle’s men.[14] People's Republican era[edit] After the People's Republic of China
China
took control of Mainland China
China
in 1949, the Republic of China
China
government based in Taiwan
Taiwan
continued to control the Dachen Islands off the coast of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
until 1955, even establishing a rival Zhejiang
Zhejiang
provincial government there, creating a situation similar to Fujian
Fujian
province today. During the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was in chaos and disunity, and its economy was stagnant, especially during the high tide (1966–69) of the revolution. The agricultural policy favoring grain production at the expense of industrial and cash crops intensified economic hardships in the province. Mao’s self-reliance policy and the reduction in maritime trade cut off the lifelines of the port cities of Ningbo
Ningbo
and Wenzhou. While Mao invested heavily in railroads in interior China, no major railroads were built in South Zhejiang, where transportation remained poor.[15] Zhejiang
Zhejiang
benefited less from central government investment than some other provinces due to its lack of natural resources, a location vulnerable to potential flooding from the sea, and an economic base at the national average. Zhejiang, however, has been an epicenter of capitalist development in China, and has led the nation in the development of a market economy and private enterprises.[15] Northeast Zhejiang, as part of the Yangtze
Yangtze
Delta, is flat, more developed, and industrial.[15] Geography[edit]

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View of the West Lake
West Lake
in Hangzhou.

West Lake
West Lake
at night

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
consists mostly of hills, which account for about 70% of its total area. Altitudes tend to be the highest to the south and west and the highest peak of the province, Huangmaojian Peak
Huangmaojian Peak
(1,929 meters or 6,329 feet), is located there. Other prominent mountains include Mounts Yandang, Tianmu, Tiantai, and Mogan, which reach altitudes of 700 to 1,500 meters (2,300 to 4,900 ft). Valleys and plains are found along the coastline and rivers. The north of the province lies just south of the Yangtze
Yangtze
Delta, and consists of plains around the cities of Hangzhou, Jiaxing, and Huzhou, where the Grand Canal of China
China
enters from the northern border to end at Hangzhou. Another relatively flat area is found along the Qu River around the cities of Quzhou
Quzhou
and Jinhua. Major rivers include the Qiangtang and Ou Rivers. Most rivers carve out valleys in the highlands, with plenty of rapids and other features associated with such topography. Well-known lakes include the West Lake
West Lake
of Hangzhou and the South Lake of Jiaxing. There are over three thousand islands along the rugged coastline of Zhejiang. The largest, Zhoushan
Zhoushan
Island, is Mainland China's third largest island, after Hainan
Hainan
and Chongming. There are also many bays, of which Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay is the largest. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
has a humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons. Spring starts in March and is rainy with changeable weather. Summer, from June to September is long, hot, rainy, and humid. Fall is generally dry, warm and sunny. Winters are short but cold except in the far south. Average annual temperature is around 15 to 19 °C (59 to 66 °F), average January temperature is around 2 to 8 °C (36 to 46 °F) and average July temperature is around 27 to 27 to 30 °C (81 to 86 °F). Annual precipitation is about 1,000 to 1,900 mm (39 to 75 in). There is plenty of rainfall in early summer, and by late summer Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is directly threatened by typhoons forming in the Pacific. Administrative divisions[edit] Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Zhejiang and List of township-level divisions of Zhejiang Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is divided into eleven prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (including two sub-provincial cities):

Administrative divisions of Zhejiang

№ Division code[16] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[17] Population 2010[18] Seat Divisions[19]

Districts Counties Aut. counties CL cities

  330000 Zhejiang 浙江省 Zhèjiāng Shěng 101800.00 54,426,891 Hangzhou 37 32 1 19

1 330100 Hangzhou 杭州市 Hángzhōu Shì 16840.75 8,700,400 Jianggan District 10 2

1

2 330200 Ningbo 宁波市 Níngbō Shì 9816.23 7,605,700 Yinzhou District 6 2

2

10 330300 Wenzhou 温州市 Wēnzhōu Shì 12255.77 9,122,100 Lucheng District 4 5

2

4 330400 Jiaxing 嘉兴市 Jiāxīng Shì 4008.75 4,501,700 Nanhu District 2 2

3

3 330500 Huzhou 湖州市 Húzhōu Shì 5818.44 2,893,500 Wuxing District 2 3

8 330600 Shaoxing 绍兴市 Shàoxīng Shì 8279.08 4,912,200 Yuecheng District 3 1

2

5 330700 Jinhua 金华市 Jīnhuá Shì 10926.16 5,361,600 Wucheng District 2 3

4

7 330800 Quzhou 衢州市 Qúzhōu Shì 8841.12 2,122,700 Kecheng District 2 3

1

11 330900 Zhoushan 舟山市 Zhōushān Shì 1378.00 1,121,300 Dinghai
Dinghai
District 2 2

9 331000 Taizhou 台州市 Tāizhōu Shì 10,083.39 5,968,800 Jiaojiang District 3 3

3

6 331100 Lishui 丽水市 Líshuǐ Shì 17298.00 2,117,000 Liandu District 1 6 1 1

  Sub-provincial cities

The eleven prefecture-level divisions of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
are subdivided into 90 county-level divisions (36 districts, 20 county-level cities, 33 counties, and one autonomous county). Those are in turn divided into 1,570 township-level divisions (761 towns, 505 townships, 14 ethnic townships, and 290 subdistricts). Hengdian belongs to Jinhua, which is the largest base of shooting films and TV dramas in China. Hengdian is called "China's Hollywood". Politics[edit] Main articles: Politics of Zhejiang and List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China The politics of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in Mainland China. The Governor of Zhejiang is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Zhejiang. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor is subordinate to the Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Communist Party of China
China
(CPC) Provincial Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the " Zhejiang
Zhejiang
CPC Party Chief". Several political figures who served as Zhejiang's top political office of Communist Party Secretary have played key roles in various events in PRC history. Tan Zhenlin
Tan Zhenlin
(term 1949-1952), the inaugural Party Secretary, was one of the leading voices against Mao's Cultural Revolution during the so-called February Countercurrent of 1967. Jiang Hua (term 1956-1968), was the "chief justice" on the Special
Special
Court in the case against the Gang of Four
Gang of Four
in 1980. Three provincial Party Secretaries since the 1990s have gone onto prominence at the national level. They include CPC General Secretary and President Xi Jinping (term 2002-2007), National People's Congress
National People's Congress
Chairman and former Vice-Premier Zhang Dejiang
Zhang Dejiang
(term 1998-2002), and Zhao Hongzhu (term 2007-2012), the Deputy Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, China's top anti-corruption body. Of Zhejiang's fourteen Party Secretaries since 1949, none were native to the province. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
was home to Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
and many high-ranking officials in the Kuomintang, who fled to Taiwan
Taiwan
in 1949 after losing the Civil War. Economy[edit]

Yuao, a fishing village on Dayu Bay in south Zhejiang
Zhejiang
( Cangnan
Cangnan
County)

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is one of the richest and most developed provinces in China. As of 2016, its nominal GDP was US$711 billion (CN¥ 4.73 trilion), about 6.35% of the country's GDP and ranked 4th among province-level administrative units; the province's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth CN¥196.52 billion (US$29.59 billion), CN¥2.12 trillion (US$319.09 billion), and CN¥2.41 trillion (US$362.70 billion) respectively. Its nominal GDP per capita was US$12,784 (CN¥84,916) and ranked the 5th in the country. The private sector in the province has been playing an increasingly important role in boosting the regional economy since Economic Reform in 1978.[20] Zhejiang's main manufacturing sectors are electromechanical industries, textiles, chemical industries, food, and construction materials. In recent years Zhejiang
Zhejiang
has followed its own development model, dubbed the " Zhejiang
Zhejiang
model", which is based on prioritizing and encouraging entrepreneurship, an emphasis on small businesses responsive to the whims of the market, large public investments into infrastructure, and the production of low-cost goods in bulk for both domestic consumption and export. As a result, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
has made itself one of the richest provinces, and the " Zhejiang
Zhejiang
spirit" has become something of a legend within China. However, some economists now worry that this model is not sustainable, in that it is inefficient and places unreasonable demands on raw materials and public utilities, and also a dead end, in that the myriad small businesses in Zhejiang producing cheap goods in bulk are unable to move to more sophisticated or technologically more advanced industries.[21] The economic heart of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is moving from North Zhejiang, centered on Hangzhou, southeastward to the region centered on Wenzhou
Wenzhou
and Taizhou.[15] The per capita disposable income of urbanites in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
reached 47,237 yuan (US$7,112) in 2016, an annual real growth of 8.1%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents stood at 22,866 yuan (US$3,442), a real growth of 8.2% year-on-year.[22]

Historical GDP of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province for 1978 –present (SNA2008)[20] (purchasing power parity of Chinese Yuan, as Int'l. dollar based on IMF WEO October 2017[23])

year GDP GDP per capita (GDPpc) based on mid-year population Reference index

GDP in millions real growth (%) GDPpc exchange rate 1 foreign currency to CNY

CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) USD 1 Int'l$. 1 (PPP)

2016 4,725,136 711,370 1,349,692 7.6 84,916 12,784 24,255 6.6423 3.5009

2015 4,288,649 688,564 1,208,240 8.0 77,644 12,466 21,875 6.2284 3.5495

2014 4,017,303 653,986 1,131,507 7.6 73,002 11,884 20,562 6.1428 3.5504

2013 3,775,658 609,646 1,055,567 8.2 68,805 11,110 19,236 6.1932 3.5769

2012 3,473,913 550,323 978,347 8.0 63,508 10,061 17,886 6.3125 3.5508

2011 3,236,338 501,074 923,217 9.0 59,331 9,186 16,925 6.4588 3.5055

2010 2,774,765 409,892 838,146 11.9 51,758 7,646 15,634 6.7695 3.3106

2005 1,341,768 163,796 469,314 12.8 27,062 3,304 9,466 8.1917 2.8590

2000 614,103 74,181 225,831 11.0 13,415 1,620 4,933 8.2784 2.7193

1995 355,755 42,600 130,342 16.8 8,149 976 2,986 8.3510 2.7294

1990 90,469 18,914 53,136 3.9 2,138 447 1,256 4.7832 1.7026

1985 42,916 14,614 30,617 21.7 1,067 363 761 2.9366 1.4017

1980 17,992 12,007 12,031 16.4 471 314 315 1.4984 1.4955

1978 12,372 7,349

21.9 331 197

1.6836

Traditionally, the province is known as the "Land of Fish and Rice". True to its name, rice is the main crop, followed by wheat; north Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is also a center of aquaculture in China, and the Zhoushan fishery is the largest fishery in the country. The main cash crops include jute and cotton, and the province also leads the provinces of China
China
in tea production. (The renowned Longjing tea
Longjing tea
is a product of Hangzhou.) Zhejiang's towns have been known for handicraft production of goods such as silk, for which it is ranked second among the provinces. Its many market towns connect the cities with the countryside. As of 1832, the province was exporting silk, paper, fans, pencils, wine, dates, tea and "golden-flowered" hams.[24] See also: Pearl farming in China Ningbo, Wenzhou, Taizhou and Zhoushan
Zhoushan
are important commercial ports. The Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay Bridge between Haiyan County and Cixi, is the longest bridge over a continuous body of sea water in the world. Economic and Technological Development Zones[edit]

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Huzhou
Huzhou
Economic Development Zone Dinghai
Dinghai
Industrial Park Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Economic & Technological Developing Area Hangzhou
Hangzhou
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Export Processing Zone Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Zhijiang National Tourist Holiday Resort Jiaxing
Jiaxing
Export Processing Zone Ningbo
Ningbo
Economic and Technical Development Zone Ningbo
Ningbo
Daxie Island Development Zone Ningbo
Ningbo
Free Trade Zone Ningbo
Ningbo
Export Processing Zone Quzhou
Quzhou
Industrial Park Shenjia Economic and Technological Development Zone Wenzhou
Wenzhou
Economic and Technological Development Zone Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Quzhou
Quzhou
Hi-Tech Park Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhoushan
Zhoushan
Economic Development Zone Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Donggang Economic Development Zone

Economic and technological development concerns[edit] Waste disposal[edit] On Thursday, September 15, 2011, more than 500 people from Hongxiao Village protested over the large-scale death of fish in a nearby river. Angry protesters stormed the Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Jinko Solar Company factory compound, overturned eight company vehicles, and destroyed the offices before police came to disperse the crowd. Protests continued on the two following nights with reports of scuffles, officials said. Chen Hongming, a deputy head of Haining's environmental protection bureau, said the factory's waste disposal had failed pollution tests since April. The environmental watchdog had warned the factory, but it had not effectively controlled the pollution, Chen added.[25] Demographics[edit]

She ethnic county, townships and towns in Zhejiang

Han Chinese
Han Chinese
make up the vast majority of the population, and the largest Han subgroup are the speakers of Wu varieties of Chinese. There are also 400,000 members of ethnic minorities, including approximately 200,000 She people
She people
and approximately 20,000 Hui Chinese[citation needed]. Jingning She Autonomous County
Jingning She Autonomous County
in Lishui
Lishui
is the only She autonomous county in China.[26]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1912[27] 21,440,000 —    

1928[28] 20,643,000 −3.7%

1936-37[29] 21,231,000 +2.8%

1947[30] 19,959,000 −6.0%

1954[31] 22,865,747 +14.6%

Year Pop. ±%

1964[32] 28,318,573 +23.8%

1982[33] 38,884,603 +37.3%

1990[34] 41,445,930 +6.6%

2000[35] 45,930,651 +10.8%

2010[36] 54,426,891 +18.5%

Religion[edit]

Religion in Zhejiang[37][note 1]   Not religious / Chinese folk religion
Chinese folk religion
/ Buddhism
Buddhism
/ Taoism / Confucianism
Confucianism
/ folk sects[note 2] (74.36%)    Chinese ancestral religion
Chinese ancestral religion
(23.02%)    Christianity
Christianity
(2.62%)

The predominant religions in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 23.02% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration, while 2.62% of the population identifies as Christian, decreasing from 3.92% in 2004.[37] The reports didn't give figures for other types of religion; 74.36% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in worship of nature deities, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, folk religious sects. As of the mid-2010s, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
has 34,880 registered folk religious temples greater than 20 sqm, and 10,000 registered places of worship of the five doctrines (Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam).[38][39][40]:35 In mid-2015 the government of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
recognised folk religion as "civil religion" beginning the formal registration of the province's folk religious temples under the aegis of the provincial Bureau of Folk Faith.[41] Buddhism
Buddhism
has an important presence since its arrival in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
1,800 years ago.[42] Catholicism
Catholicism
arrived 400 years ago in the province and Protestantism 150 years ago.[42] Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is one of the provinces of China
China
with the largest concentrations of Protestants, especially notable in the city of Wenzhou.[43] In 1999 Zhejiang's Protestant population comprised 2.8% of the provincial population, a small percentage but higher than the national average.[44] The rapid development of religions in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
has driven the local committee of ethnic and religious affairs to enact policies to rationalise them[45] in 2014, variously named "Three Remodelings and One Demolition" operations or " Special
Special
Treatment Work on Illegally Constructed Sites of Religious and Folk Religion Activities" according to the locality.[46] These regulations have led to cases of demolition of churches and folk religion temples, or the removal of crosses from churches' roofs and spires.[47] An exemplary case was that of the Sanjiang Church.[48] Despite English-language media focused on Christian churches, only 2.3% of the buildings affected by the regulations were Christian churches; most of them were folk religious temples.[40]:36 Islam
Islam
arrived 1,400 years ago in Zhejiang. Today Islam
Islam
is practiced by a small number of people including virtually all the Hui Chinese living in Zhejiang.[42] Another religion present in the province is She shamanism (practiced by She ethnic minority).

Temple of All-Heaven (都天庙 Dōutiānmiào) in Longgang, Cangnan, Wenzhou.

Temple of the Chenghuangshen
Chenghuangshen
(City God) of Hangzhou, by night, in Wushan, Xihu.

Temple of Bao Gong in Ouhai, Wenzhou.

Buddha
Buddha
altar in the Puji Temple of Mount Putuo.

Jusheng Temple in Wuma, Lucheng, Wenzhou.

Temple of the King of Heaven of the Little Putuo Buddhist Monastery in Yinzhou, Ningbo.

Temple of Yue Fei
Yue Fei
in Hangzhou.

Church in Aojiang, Pingyang, Wenzhou.

Catholic Cathedral of Hangzhou, Hangzhou

Media[edit] The Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Radio & Television, Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Radio & Television Group, Ningbo
Ningbo
Radio & Television Group are the local broadcasters in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province. Culture[edit]

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Main article: Wuyue
Wuyue
culture See also: Major national historical and cultural sites (Zhejiang)

A boat on one of Shaoxing's waterways, near the city center. North Zhejiang, known as the "Land of Fish and Rice", is characterized by its canals and waterways.

Languages[edit] Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is mountainous and has therefore fostered the development of many distinct local cultures. Linguistically speaking, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is extremely diverse. Most inhabitants of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
speak Wu, but the Wu dialects are very diverse, especially in the south, where one valley may speak a dialect completely unintelligible to the next valley a few kilometers away. Other varieties of Chinese are spoken as well, mostly along the borders; Mandarin and Huizhou dialects are spoken on the border with Anhui, while Min dialects are spoken on the border with Fujian. (See Hangzhou
Hangzhou
dialect, Shaoxing
Shaoxing
dialect, Ningbo
Ningbo
dialect, Wenzhou
Wenzhou
dialect, Taizhou dialect, Jinhua
Jinhua
dialect, and Quzhou
Quzhou
dialect for more information). Throughout history there have been a series of lingua francas in the area to allow for better communication. The dialects spoken in Hangzhou, Shaoxing, and Ningbo
Ningbo
have taken on this role historically. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China
China
in 1949, Mandarin, which is not mutually intelligible with any of the local dialects, has been promoted as the standard language of communication throughout China. As a result, most of the population now can, to some degree, speak and comprehend Mandarin and can code-switch when necessary. A majority of the population educated since 1978 can speak Mandarin. Urban residents tend to be more fluent in Mandarin than rural people. Nevertheless, a Zhejiang
Zhejiang
accent is detectable in almost everyone from the area communicating in Mandarin, and the home dialect remains an important part of the everyday lives and cultural identities of most Zhejiang
Zhejiang
residents. Music[edit] Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is the home of Yueju (越劇), one of the most prominent forms of Chinese opera. Yueju originated in Shengzhou and is traditionally performed by actresses only, in both male and female roles. Other important opera traditions include Yongju (of Ningbo), Shaoju (of Shaoxing), Ouju (of Wenzhou), Wuju (of Jinhua), Taizhou Luantan (of Taizhou) and Zhuji
Zhuji
Luantan (of Zhuji). Cuisine[edit]

Fish being dried dockside in Pacao Harbor, Cangnan
Cangnan
County

Longjing tea
Longjing tea
(also called dragon well tea), originating in Hangzhou, is one of the most prestigious, if not the most prestigious Chinese tea. Hangzhou
Hangzhou
is also renowned for its silk umbrellas and hand fans. Zhejiang cuisine
Zhejiang cuisine
(itself subdivided into many traditions, including Hangzhou
Hangzhou
cuisine) is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. Place names[edit] Since ancient times, north Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and neighbouring south Jiangsu have been famed for their prosperity and opulence[citation needed], and simply inserting north Zhejiang
Zhejiang
place names (Hangzhou, Jiaxing, etc.) into poetry gave an effect of dreaminess, a practice followed by many noted poets. In particular, the fame of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(as well as Suzhou
Suzhou
in neighbouring Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province) has led to the popular saying: "Above there is heaven; below there is Suzhou
Suzhou
and Hangzhou" (上有天堂,下有苏杭), a saying that continues to be a source of pride for the people of these two still prosperous cities. Tourism[edit]

The Hall of Five Hundred Arhats at Guoqing Temple

Tourist destinations in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
include:

Baoguo Temple, one of the oldest intact wooden structures in Southern China, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north of Ningbo. Mount Putuo, one of the most noted Buddhist mountains in China. Chinese Buddhists associate it with Guan Yin. Qita Temple, Ningbo. Shaoxing, site of the Tomb of Yu the Great, Wuzhen
Wuzhen
and other waterway towns. The ancient capital of Hangzhou. Mount Tiantai, (天台山), a mountain important to Zen Buddhism. West Lake, in Hangzhou. Yandangshan, a mountainous scenic area near Wenzhou. Qiandao Lake, lit. Thousand-island lake. Guoqing Temple, founded in the Sui dynasty, the founding location of Tiantai
Tiantai
Buddhism Mount Mogan, a scenic mountain an hour from Hangzhou
Hangzhou
with many pre- World War II
World War II
villas built by foreigners, along with one of Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang
Kuomintang
compounds Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Museum of Natural History, in Hangzhou.

Sports[edit] Professional sports teams based in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
include:

China
China
League One

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Yiteng F.C.

Chinese Basketball Association

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Golden Bulls Bayi Rockets (in Ningbo)

Chinese Super League

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Greentown F.C.

Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Zhejiang

Zhejiang University
Zhejiang University
(浙江大学) (Hangzhou) Zhejiang Sci-Tech University
Zhejiang Sci-Tech University
(浙江理工大学) (Hangzhou) China
China
Academy of Art (中国美术学院) (Hangzhou) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Dianzi University (杭州电子科技大学) (Hangzhou) China
China
Jiliang University (中国计量大学) (Hangzhou) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Normal University (杭州师范大学)(Hangzhou) Ningbo
Ningbo
University (宁波大学) (Ningbo) University of Nottingham Ningbo
Ningbo
China
China
(诺丁汉大学宁波校区) (Ningbo) Zhejiang
Zhejiang
A & F University (浙江农林大学)(Hangzhou) Zhejiang University
Zhejiang University
of Technology (浙江工业大学) (Hangzhou) Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Medical University Zhejiang Normal University
Zhejiang Normal University
(浙江师范大学) (Jinhua) Zhejiang University
Zhejiang University
of Finance and Economics (浙江财经大学) (Hangzhou) Zhejiang Gongshang University
Zhejiang Gongshang University
(浙江工商大学) (Hangzhou) Shaoxing
Shaoxing
University (绍兴文理学院) (Shaoxing) Wenzhou
Wenzhou
Medical University (温州医科大学)(Wenzhou) Wenzhou
Wenzhou
Teachers College Wenzhou-Kean University Shaoxing
Shaoxing
College of Arts and Science Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Institute of Education Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Institute of Electronic Engineering Hangzhou
Hangzhou
University of Commerce Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Institute of Financial Managers

See also[edit]

List of railway stations in Zhejiang

Notes[edit]

^ The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015)[37] in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: ① Christian churches, and ② the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organised into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China
China
(deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et. al.) was not reported by Wang. ^ May also include a tiny number of Muslims.

References[edit]

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Zhejiang
Provincial Statistic Bureau. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-03-05.  ^ " China
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in the Lower Yangzi River, China. antiquity.ac.uk ^ Yang, Xiaoyan; Zheng, Yunfei; Crawford, Gary W.; Chen, Xugao (2014). "Archaeological Evidence for Peach (Prunus persica) Cultivation and Domestication in China". PLoS ONE. 9 (9): e106595. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106595. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 4156326 . PMID 25192436.  ^ K. W. Taylor (9 May 2013). A History of the Vietnamese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 166–. ISBN 978-0-521-87586-8.  ^ Kenneth R. Hall (2008). Secondary Cities and Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, C. 1400-1800. Lexington Books. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-0-7391-2835-0.  ^ "Largest Cities Through History". Geography.about.com. 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/polo-kinsay.html ^ Vainker, Shelaugh. Chinese Pottery and Porcelain. London: British Museum Press, 1991. ^ Edward Harper Parker (1903). China, past and present. London: Chapman and Hall, ld. p. 404. Retrieved 2012-02-28. the lot of both Manchu and Chinese bondsmen. In 1727 the to-min or "idle people " of Cheh Kiang province (a Ningpo
Ningpo
name still existing), the yoh-hu or " music people " of Shan Si province, the si-min or "small people " of Kiang Su province, and the tan-ka or "egg-people" of Canton (to this day the boat population there), were all freed from their social disabilities, and allowed to count as free men. So far as my own observations go, after residing for a quarter of a century in half the provinces of China, north, south, east, and west, I should be inclined to describe slavery in China
China
as totally invisible to the naked eye ; personal liberty is absolute where feebleness or ignorance do not expose the subject to the rapacity of mandarins, relatives, or speculators. Even savages and foreigners are welcomed as equals, so long as they conform unreservedly to Chinese custom. On the other hand, the oldfashioned social disabilities of policemen, barbers, and playactors still exist in the eyes of the law, though any idea of caste is totally absent therefrom, and "unofficially" these individuals are as good as any other free men. Having now taken a cursory view of Chinese slavery from its historical aspect, let us see what it is in practice. Though the penal code forbids and annuls the sale into slavery of free persons, even by a husband, father, or grandfather, yet the number of free persons who are sold or sell themselves to escape starvation and misery is considerable. It is nominally a punishable offence to keep a free man or lost child as a slave; also for parents to sell their children without the consent of the latter, or to drown their girls; but in practice the law is in both cases ignored, and scarcely ever enforced ; a fortiori the minor offence of selling children, even with their consent. Indeed, sales of girls for secondary wives is of daily occurrence, and, as we have seen, the Emperors Yung-cheng and K'ien-lung explicitly recognized the right of parents to sell children in times of famine, whilst the missionaries unanimously bear witness to the fact that the public sale of children in the streets—for instance, of Tientsin—was frequently witnessed during recent times of dearth. But slave markets and public sales are unknown in a general way. Occasionally old parents sell their children in order to purchase coffins for themselves. Only a few years ago a governor and a censor  ^ "PBS Perilous Flight". Pbs.org. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ a b c d "Regional Inequality in China: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province". Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie. 95: 44–60. 2004-02-16. doi:10.1111/j.0040-747X.2004.00292.x. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 深圳市统计局. 《深圳统计年鉴2014》. 深圳统计网. 中国统计出版社. Retrieved 2015-05-29.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
Beijing
Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部. 《中国民政统计年鉴2016》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7878-0.  ^ a b Historical GDP of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province published on Zhejiang Statistical Yearbook 2017 ^ " China
China
Economy @ China
China
Perspective". Thechinaperspective.com. 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ "2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ Purchasing power parity
Purchasing power parity
(PPP) for Chinese yuan is estimate according to IMF WEO (October 2017) data; Exchange rate of CN¥ to US$ is according to State Administration of Foreign Exchange, published on China
China
Statistical Yearbook. ^ Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 122.  ^ "Protest over factory pollution in E China
China
enters third day". China Daily. Xinhua. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Hangzhou
Hangzhou
- Hundreds of villagers in East China's Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province protested for the third day on Saturday at a solar panel manufacturer, whose parent is a New York-listed firm, over concerns of its harmful wastes.  ^ " China
China
council for the promotion of international trade (ccpit)ZheJiang sub-council". Ccpitzj.gov.cn. Retrieved 2013-09-10.  ^ "1912年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1928年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1936-37年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1947年全国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on August 5, 2009.  ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on June 19, 2012.  ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012.  ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on July 27, 2013.  ^ a b c China
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General Social Survey 2009, Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) 2007. Report by: Xiuhua Wang (2015, p. 15). Archived September 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ “正名”后的民间信仰 浙江新制度共创社会文化效益. Xinhua, 2017/01/03. Retrieved 2017/04/27. Archived. ^ Chen Jinguo, Lin Minxia. 如何走向“善治”:浙江省民間信仰“社會治理”轉型的反思 (How to Go Towards "Good Governance": Reflection on Folk Beliefs' "Social Governance" Transformation in Zhejiang). Qiu Yonghui (ed.). Chinese Religion Report - Religion Blue Book - 2015 Edition. Social Science Literature Publishing House, 2016. Gooread 2017/01/04. Archived. ^ a b Wenzel-Teuber, Katharina. "Statistics on Religions and Churches in the People's Republic of China
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– Update for the Year 2016" (PDF). Religions & Christianity
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in Today's China. VII (2). pp. 26–53. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2017.  ^ 浙江省启动民间信仰活动场所登记编号 昨颁首张证书 ( Zhejiang
Zhejiang
started yesterday to award registration certificates to folk religious activities). Zhejiang
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News, 2015/04/16. Archived. ^ a b c 浙江省宗教概况, 浙江省民族宗教事务委员会 ^ Nanlai Cao. Constructing China's Jerusalem: Christians, Power and Place in the City of Wenzhou. Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2010, 232 pp., Chapter One ^ Statistics for the Protestant Church: China, Chinese Theological Review, 14, p. 154. ^ 冯志礼主任动员我省基督教界支持参与"三改一拆"行动, 浙江省民族宗教事务委员会 ^ Congressional-Executive Commission on China's Annual Report 2014. p. 221 ^ Congressional-Executive Commission on China: Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Government Launches Demolition Campaign, Targets Christian Churches. ^ Govt efforts key to desensitizing religious management, Global Times.

Economic profile of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
at HKTDC

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhejiang.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zhejiang.

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Government website (in Chinese) (in English) (in Japanese) (in English) (in Chinese) Complete Map of the Seven Coastal Provinces from 1821-1850 Geographic data related to Zhejiang
Zhejiang
at OpenStreetMap

Places adjacent to Zhejiang

Anhui Jiangsu Shanghai

Zhejiang

East China
China
Sea

Jiangxi Fujian

v t e

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
topics

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Huangyajian Peak Mount Mogan Tiantai
Tiantai
Mountain Yangtze
Yangtze
Delta Grand Canal of China Qiantang River Oujiang River Zhoushan
Zhoushan
Island Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay

Education

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
University Zhejiang University
Zhejiang University
of Technology Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Normal University Shaoxing
Shaoxing
University

Culture

Wuyue
Wuyue
culture Wu Chinese

Taihu Wu

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
dialect Ningbo
Ningbo
dialect

Wenzhou
Wenzhou
dialect

( Rui'an
Rui'an
dialect)

Jinhua
Jinhua
dialect Quzhou
Quzhou
dialect

Southern Min

Zhenan Min

Shaoxing
Shaoxing
opera

Cuisine

Longjing tea Shaoxing
Shaoxing
wine

Visitor attractions

Baoguo Temple Mount Putuo Tomb of Yu the Great Mount Tiantai Qiandao Lake Guoqing Temple

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial cities

Hangzhou

Gongshu District Shangcheng District Xiacheng District Jianggan District Xihu District Binjiang District Yuhang
Yuhang
District Xiaoshan District Fuyang District Lin'an District Jiande
Jiande
City Tonglu County Chun'an County

Ningbo

Haishu District Jiangbei District Beilun District Zhenhai District Yinzhou District Fenghua District Cixi City Yuyao
Yuyao
City Ninghai County Xiangshan County

Prefecture-level cities

Wenzhou

Lucheng District Longwan District Ouhai District Dongtou District Rui'an
Rui'an
City Yueqing
Yueqing
City Yongjia County Wencheng County Pingyang County Taishun County Cangnan
Cangnan
County

Jiaxing

Nanhu District Xiuzhou District Pinghu
Pinghu
City Haining
Haining
City Tongxiang
Tongxiang
City Jiashan County Haiyan County

Huzhou

Wuxing District Nanxun District Changxing County Deqing County Anji County

Shaoxing

Yuecheng District Keqiao District Shangyu District Zhuji
Zhuji
City Shengzhou City Xinchang County

Jinhua

Wucheng District Jindong District Lanxi City Yongkang City Yiwu
Yiwu
City Dongyang
Dongyang
City Wuyi County Pujiang County Pan'an County

Quzhou

Kecheng District Qujiang District Jiangshan
Jiangshan
City Changshan County Kaihua County Longyou County

Zhoushan

Dinghai
Dinghai
District Putuo District Daishan County Shengsi County

Taizhou

Jiaojiang District Huangyan District Luqiao District Linhai
Linhai
City Wenling
Wenling
City Yuhuan
Yuhuan
City Sanmen County Tiantai
Tiantai
County Xianju County

Lishui

Liandu District Longquan
Longquan
City Jinyun County Qingtian County Yunhe County Suichang County Songyang County Qingyuan County Jingning Autonomous County

v t e

Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

Provinces

Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang

Autonomous regions

Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang

Municipalities

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Special
Special
administrative regions

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Other

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Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

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