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ZHAPU, formerly romanized as CHAPOO or CHAPU, is a town in Pinghu County , Jiaxing Prefecture , Zhejiang Province , China
China
. It is located in the southeastern part of Pinghu and borders Haiyan County to its south and southeast. The town covers an area of 54.4 square kilometers and has a population of 54,000.

HISTORY

Zhapu
Zhapu
is the site of a deepwater harbor on the northern shore of Hangzhou Bay , noted as a port since the Tang . Under the Qing , an extensive canal network connected it to Hangzhou
Hangzhou
and turned it into the area's principal port. Under the dynasty's restrictive trade policies , its merchants monopolized China's trade with Korea and Japan .

At the time of the First Opium War , Chapu was protected by an imperial army garrison and a city wall with a circuit of about 5 miles (8.0 km). The British captured the town on 18 May 1842 but abandoned it shortly thereafter. By that time, the harbor had begun silting up and was only accessible to the lighter-draft British vessels. It was omitted it from the treaty ports at the end of the war and declined in importance relative to nearby Shanghai
Shanghai
and Ningbo .

By the early 20th century, its harbor had effectively silted up and the town became a backwater.

NOTES

* ^ "乍浦镇自然概况". Retrieved 24 July 2016. * ^ A B C D EB (1878) . * ^ "PingHu- China
China
Archived October 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine .". pinghu.gov.cn. Accessed 26 October 2010. * ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (1991). Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World. Princeton University Press. p. 69. ISBN 0-691-00877-9 . * ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (1991). Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World. Princeton University Press. p. 69. ISBN 0-691-00877-9 . * ^ Cassel, Pär (2003), "Excavating Extraterritoriality: The "Judicial Sub-Prefect" as a Prototype for the Mixed Court in Shanghai", Late Imperial China, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 156–182 . * ^ A B EB (1911) .

REFERENCES

* Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Chapu", Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
, 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 398 * Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Chapu", Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
, 5 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 855

Coordinates : 30°36′22″N 121°05′46″E / 30.606°N 121.096°E / 30.606; 121.096

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